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Section Headnote


Subdivision 1.Applicability.

This chapter governs the Minnesota human services system. The system includes the Department of Human Services, local social services agencies, county welfare agencies, human service boards, community mental health center boards, state hospitals, state nursing homes, and persons, agencies, institutions, organizations, and other entities under contract to any of those agencies to the extent specified in the contract.

Subd. 2.Citation.

This chapter may be cited as the "Minnesota Unitary Residence and Financial Responsibility Act."

Subd. 3.Program coverage.

This chapter applies to all social service programs administered by the commissioner in which residence is the determining factor in establishing financial responsibility. These include, but are not limited to: commitment proceedings, including voluntary admissions; emergency holds; poor relief funded wholly through local agencies; social services, including title XX, IV-E and section 256E.12; social services programs funded wholly through the resources of county agencies; social services provided under the Minnesota Indian Family Preservation Act, sections 260.751 to 260.781; costs for delinquency confinement under section 393.07, subdivision 2; service responsibility for these programs; and housing support under chapter 256I.

Subd. 4.Additional coverage.

The provisions in sections 256G.02, subdivision 4, paragraphs (a) to (d); 256G.02, subdivisions 5 to 8; 256G.03; 256G.04; 256G.05; and 256G.07, subdivisions 1 to 3, apply to the following programs: the aid to families with dependent children program formerly codified in sections 256.72 to 256.87, Minnesota family investment program; medical assistance; general assistance; the family general assistance program formerly codified in sections 256D.01 to 256D.23; general assistance medical care formerly codified in chapter 256D; and Minnesota supplemental aid.

Subd. 5.Scope and effect.

Unless stated otherwise, the provisions of this chapter also apply to disputes involving financial responsibility for social services when another definition of the county of financial responsibility has been created in Minnesota Statutes.


Subdivision 1.Applicability.

The definitions in this section apply to this chapter.

Subd. 2.Board and lodging facility.

"Board and lodging facility" means a facility that serves as an alternative to institutionalization and provides a program of on-site care or supervision to persons who cannot live independently in the community because of age or physical, mental, or emotional disability.

Subd. 3.Commissioner.

"Commissioner" means the commissioner of human services.

Subd. 4.County of financial responsibility.

(a) "County of financial responsibility" has the meanings in paragraphs (b) to (f).

(b) For an applicant who resides in the state and is not in a facility described in subdivision 6, it means the county in which the applicant resides at the time of application.

(c) For an applicant who resides in a facility described in subdivision 6, it means the county in which the applicant last resided in nonexcluded status immediately before entering the facility.

(d) For an applicant who has not resided in this state for any time other than the excluded time, and subject to the limitations in section 256G.03, subdivision 2, it means the county in which the applicant resides at the time of making application.

(e) For an individual already having a social service case open in one county, financial responsibility for any additional social services attaches to the case that has the earliest date of application and has been open without interruption.

(f) Notwithstanding paragraphs (b) to (e), the county of financial responsibility for semi-independent living services provided under section 252.275, and chapter 245D, is the county of residence in nonexcluded status immediately before the placement into or request for those services.

Subd. 5.Department.

"Department" means the Department of Human Services.

Subd. 6.Excluded time.

"Excluded time" means:

(1) any period an applicant spends in a hospital, sanitarium, nursing home, shelter other than an emergency shelter, halfway house, foster home, community residential setting licensed under chapter 245D, semi-independent living domicile or services program, residential facility offering care, board and lodging facility or other institution for the hospitalization or care of human beings, as defined in section 144.50, 144A.01, or 245A.02, subdivision 14; maternity home, battered women's shelter, or correctional facility; or any facility based on an emergency hold under section 253B.05, subdivisions 1 and 2;

(2) any period an applicant spends on a placement basis in a training and habilitation program, including: a rehabilitation facility or work or employment program as defined in section 268A.01; semi-independent living services provided under section 252.275, and chapter 245D; or day training and habilitation programs;

(3) any period an applicant is receiving assisted living services, integrated community supports, or day support services; and

(4) any placement for a person with an indeterminate commitment, including independent living.

Subd. 7.Local agency.

"Local agency" means the agency designated by the county board of commissioners, human services boards, local social services agencies in the several counties of the state or multicounty local social services agencies where those have been established in accordance with law.

Subd. 8.Reside.

"Reside" means to have an established place of abode in one state or county and not to have an established place of abode in another state or county.


Subdivision 1.State residence.

For purposes of this chapter, a resident of any Minnesota county is considered a state resident.

Subd. 2.No durational test.

Except as otherwise provided in sections 256J.75; 256B.056, subdivision 1; 256D.02, subdivision 12a, and 256J.12 for purposes of this chapter, no waiting period is required before securing county or state residence. A person cannot, however, gain residence while physically present in an excluded time facility unless otherwise specified in this chapter or in a federal regulation controlling a federally funded human service program. Interstate migrants who enter a shelter for battered women directly from another state can gain residency while in the facility provided the person can provide documentation that the person is a victim of domestic abuse and the county determines that the placement is appropriate.

Subd. 3.Use of Code of Federal Regulations.

In the event that federal legislation eliminates the federal regulatory basis for medical assistance, the state shall continue to determine eligibility for Minnesota's medical assistance program using the provisions of Code of Federal Regulations, title 42, as construed on the day prior to their federal repeal, except as expressly superseded in chapter 256B, or as superseded by federal law, or as modified by state rule or by regulatory waiver granted to the state.


Subdivision 1.Time of determination.

For purposes of establishing financial responsibility, residence must be determined as of the date a local agency receives a signed request or signed application or the date of eligibility, whichever is later. This subdivision extends to cases in which the applicant may move to another county after the date of application but before the grant or service is actually approved.

Subd. 2.Moving out of state.

A person retains county and state residence so long as the person's absence from Minnesota is viewed as a temporary absence within the context of the affected program.

Direct entry into a facility in another state does not end Minnesota residence for purposes of this chapter. Financial responsibility does not continue, however, unless placement was initiated by a human service agency or another governmental entity that has statutory authority to bind the human service agency and is based on a formal, written plan of treatment, or unless federal regulations require payment for an out-of-state resident.


Subdivision 1.

[Repealed, 1996 c 451 art 2 s 61]

Subd. 2.Non-Minnesota residents.

State residence is not required for receiving emergency assistance in the Minnesota supplemental aid program. The receipt of emergency assistance must not be used as a factor in determining county or state residence.


The county of financial responsibility for detoxification services is the county where the client is physically present when the need for services is identified. If that need is identified while the client is a resident of a substance use disorder facility, the provisions of section 256G.02, subdivision 4, paragraphs (c) and (d), apply.


Subdivision 1.Effect of moving.

Except as provided in subdivision 4, a person who has applied for and is receiving services or assistance under a program governed by this chapter, in any county in this state, and who moves to another county in this state, is entitled to continue to receive that service from the county from which that person has moved until that person has resided in nonexcluded status for two full calendar months in the county to which that person has moved.

Subd. 2.Transfer of records.

Before the person has resided in nonexcluded status for two calendar months in the county to which that person has moved, the local agency of the county from which the person has moved shall complete an eligibility review and transfer all necessary records relating to that person to the local agency of the county to which the person has moved.

Subd. 3.Continuation of case.

When the case is terminated for 30 days or less before the recipient reapplies, that case remains the financial responsibility of the county from which the recipient moved until the residence requirement in subdivision 1 is met.

Subd. 3a.

[Repealed, 1996 c 451 art 2 s 61]

Subd. 4.Social service provision.

The types and level of social services to be provided in any case governed by this chapter are those otherwise provided in the county in which the person is physically residing at the time those services are provided.


Subdivision 1.Commitment proceedings.

In cases of voluntary admission or commitment to state or other institutions, the committing county shall initially pay for all costs. This includes the expenses of the taking into custody, confinement, emergency holds under sections 253B.051, subdivisions 1 and 2, and 253B.07, examination, commitment, conveyance to the place of detention, rehearing, and hearings under section 253B.092, including hearings held under that section which are venued outside the county of commitment.

Subd. 2.Responsibility for nonresidents.

If a person committed or voluntarily admitted to a state institution has no residence in this state, financial responsibility belongs to the county of commitment.

Subd. 3.Initiating county responsible.

The initial responsible county retains responsibility when adequate facts are not submitted to provide a sufficient legal basis for the transfer of responsibility.


Subdivision 1.General procedures.

If upon investigation the local agency decides that the application or commitment was not filed in the county of financial responsibility as defined by this chapter, but that the applicant is otherwise eligible for assistance, it shall send a copy of the application or commitment claim, together with the record of any investigation it has made, to the county it believes is financially responsible. The copy and record must be sent within 60 days of the date the application was approved or the claim was paid. The first local agency shall provide assistance to the applicant until financial responsibility is transferred under this section.

The county receiving the transmittal has 30 days to accept or reject financial responsibility. A failure to respond within 30 days establishes financial responsibility by the receiving county.

Subd. 2.Financial disputes.

(a) If the county receiving the transmittal does not believe it is financially responsible, it should provide to the department and the initially responsible county a statement of all facts and documents necessary for the department to make the requested determination of financial responsibility. The submission must clearly state the program area in dispute and must state the specific basis upon which the submitting county is denying financial responsibility.

(b) The initially responsible county then has 15 calendar days to submit its position and any supporting evidence to the department. The absence of a submission by the initially responsible county does not limit the right of the department to issue a binding opinion based on the evidence actually submitted.

(c) A case must not be submitted until the local agency taking the application or making the commitment has made an initial determination about eligibility and financial responsibility, and services have been initiated. This paragraph does not prohibit the submission of closed cases that otherwise meet the applicable statute of limitations.

Subd. 3.Department obligations.

The department shall then promptly decide any question of financial responsibility as outlined in this chapter and make an order referring the application to the local agency of the proper county for further action. Further action may include reimbursement by that county of assistance that another county has provided to the applicant under this subdivision. The department shall decide disputes within 60 days of the last county evidentiary submission and shall issue an immediate opinion.

The department may make any investigation it considers proper before making its decision. It may prescribe rules it considers necessary to carry out this subdivision. The order of the department binds the local agency involved and the applicant or recipient. That agency shall comply with the order unless reversed on appeal as provided in section 256.045, subdivision 7. The agency shall comply with the order pending the appeal.

Subd. 4.Appeals.

A local agency that is aggrieved by the order of the department may appeal the opinion to the district court of the county responsible for furnishing assistance or services by serving a written copy of a notice of appeal on the commissioner and any adverse party of record within 30 days after the date the department issued the opinion, and by filing the original notice and proof of service with the court administrator of district court. Service may be made personally or by mail. Service by mail is complete upon mailing.

The commissioner may elect to become a party to the proceedings in district court. The court may consider the matter in or out of chambers and shall take no new or additional evidence.

Subd. 5.Payment pending appeal.

After the department issues an opinion in any submission under this section, the service or assistance covered by the submission must be provided or paid pending or during an appeal to the district court.


The residence of the parent of a minor child, with whom that child last lived in a nonexcluded time setting, or guardian of a ward shall determine the residence of the child or ward for all social services governed by this chapter.

For purposes of this chapter, a minor child is defined as being under 18 years of age unless otherwise specified in a program administered by the commissioner.

Physical or legal custody has no bearing on residence determinations. This section does not, however, apply to situations involving another state, limit the application of an interstate compact, or apply to situations involving state wards where the commissioner is defined by law as the guardian.


This chapter is not retroactive and does not require redetermination of financial responsibility for cases existing on January 1, 1988. This chapter applies only to applications and redeterminations of eligibility taken or routinely made after January 1, 1988.

Notwithstanding this section, existing social services cases shall be treated in the same manner as cases for those programs outlined in section 256G.02, subdivision 4, paragraph (g), for which an application is taken or a redetermination is made after January 1, 1988.


Subdivision 1.Limitation.

A submission to the department for a determination of financial responsibility must be made within three years from the date of application for the program in question.

Subd. 2.Reimbursement.

The obligation of the county ultimately found to be financially responsible extends only to the period immediately following the date the submission was received by the department. In the case of social service programs only, no reimbursement is required until the financially responsible county has an opportunity to review and act on the plan of treatment according to the applicable social service rules.

Subd. 3.Exception.

Subdivision 2 does not apply to timely and routine submissions for determination of financial responsibility under section 256G.09.


1987 c 363 s 12

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes