462A.31 NEIGHBORHOOD LAND TRUSTS.
Subdivision 1. Purposes.
A neighborhood land trust must have as one of its purposes the
holding of land and the leasing of land for the purpose of preserving the affordability of housing
on that land for persons and families of low and moderate income.
Subd. 2. Powers.
A neighborhood land trust may have any or all of the powers permitted
to a nonprofit corporation under chapter 317A, except that a neighborhood land trust must have
the power to buy and sell land, to mortgage and otherwise encumber land, and to negotiate and
enter into ground leases with an initial term of up to 99 years.
Subd. 3. Restrictions.
A ground lease in which a neighborhood land trust is the lessor must
contain provisions designed to preserve the affordability of housing on the land. Each ground
lease must reserve to the neighborhood land trust the first option to purchase any building or
improvement on the land, or any condominium or cooperative unit located in a building on the
land, at a limited equity price specified in the ground lease. Each ground lease must grant to the
Minnesota Housing Finance Agency the right to exercise that first option to purchase if the
neighborhood land trust does not, for any reason, exercise the first option. Each ground lease must
exempt sales to persons and families of low and moderate income from the provisions granting
the first option to purchase to the neighborhood land trust and to the Minnesota housing finance
agency. Sales to persons and families of low and moderate income are not exempt from the
limited equity price. A ground lease may also contain appropriate restrictions on:
(1) subletting or assigning the ground lease;
(2) construction and renovation of buildings and other improvements; and
(3) sale of buildings and improvements.
Subd. 4. Mortgages.
(a) A ground lease with a neighborhood land trust must prohibit the
lessee from mortgaging the lessee's interest in the lease or in buildings or other improvements
without the consent of the neighborhood land trust. A ground lease may obligate a neighborhood
land trust as lessor and fee title holder to consent to, join in, or subordinate its interest to, a
mortgage entered into by a lessee as mortgagor for the purpose of obtaining financing for
acquisition, construction, or renovation of housing on the land. A lease provision so obligating a
neighborhood land trust must specify that the mortgage must provide to the neighborhood land
trust the right to receive from the mortgagee prompt notice of default in the mortgage and the right
to cure the default or to purchase the mortgagee's interest in the mortgage. The limited equity
price and provisions in subdivision 3 do not apply if the lessee or the neighborhood land trust fails
to cure the default or purchase the mortgagee's interest in the mortgage.
(b) A ground lease with a neighborhood land trust must provide that the neighborhood land
trust will not, during the term of the lease, mortgage or otherwise encumber its interest in the
property or permit any liens on its interest in the property to exist. This prohibition does not apply
to mortgages that require the mortgagee to subordinate the lien of its mortgage to a mortgage
entered into by a lessee as mortgagor for the purpose of obtaining financing for acquisition,
construction, or renovation of housing on the land.
Subd. 5. Rights of heirs.
A ground lease with a neighborhood land trust must provide that
the heirs of the lessee may assume the lease, if the heirs agree to occupy the lease property as
their homestead. For purposes of this subdivision, "the heirs" means the heirs at law of a lessee
who dies intestate or the devises of a lessee who dies testate.
Subd. 6. City land trust.
A city may by resolution determine to act as a neighborhood land
trust with the powers and duties described in subdivisions 1 to 5.
Subd. 7. Recording of ground lease.
Any ground lease held by a neighborhood land trust
shall include the legal description of the real property subject to the ground lease and shall be
recorded with the county recorder or with the registrar of titles in the county in which the real
property subject to the ground lease is located.
History: 1991 c 287 s 3; 1992 c 522 s 40,41; 1994 c 586 s 11; 2005 c 4 s 112