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2016 Minnesota Statutes

CHAPTER 149A. MORTUARY SCIENCE; DISPOSITION OF DEAD BODIES

Table of Sections
Section Headnote
149A.001 MS 2006 [Renumbered 15.001]
149A.01 PURPOSE AND SCOPE.
149A.02 DEFINITIONS.
149A.025 [Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 12 s 109]
149A.03 DUTIES OF COMMISSIONER.
149A.04 ENFORCEMENT.
149A.05 CORRECTION ORDERS.
149A.06 ADMINISTRATIVE PENALTY ORDERS.
149A.07 INJUNCTIVE RELIEF.
149A.08 CEASE AND DESIST ORDER.
149A.09 DENIAL; REFUSAL TO REISSUE; REVOCATION; SUSPENSION; LIMITATION OF LICENSE OR PERMIT.
149A.10 ADDITIONAL REMEDIES.
149A.11 PUBLICATION OF DISCIPLINARY ACTIONS.
149A.20 LICENSE TO PRACTICE MORTUARY SCIENCE.
149A.30 RECIPROCAL LICENSING.
149A.40 RENEWAL OF LICENSE TO PRACTICE MORTUARY SCIENCE.
149A.45 EMERITUS REGISTRATION FOR MORTUARY SCIENCE PRACTITIONERS.
149A.50 LICENSE TO OPERATE A FUNERAL ESTABLISHMENT.
149A.51 RENEWAL OF LICENSE TO OPERATE A FUNERAL ESTABLISHMENT.
149A.52 LICENSE TO OPERATE A CREMATORY.
149A.53 RENEWAL OF LICENSE TO OPERATE CREMATORY.
149A.54 LICENSE TO OPERATE AN ALKALINE HYDROLYSIS FACILITY.
149A.55 RENEWAL OF LICENSE TO OPERATE AN ALKALINE HYDROLYSIS FACILITY.
149A.60 PROHIBITED CONDUCT.
149A.61 COMPLAINTS; REPORTING OBLIGATIONS; FORM; RESPONSE.
149A.62 IMMUNITY; REPORTING.
149A.63 PROFESSIONAL COOPERATION.
149A.65 FEES.
149A.70 BUSINESS PRACTICES.
149A.71 FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES; PRICE DISCLOSURES.
149A.72 FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES; MISREPRESENTATIONS.
149A.73 FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES, GOODS, OR SERVICES.
149A.74 FUNERAL SERVICES PROVIDED WITHOUT PRIOR APPROVAL.
149A.745 PROHIBITION ON PREINTERMENT OF OUTER BURIAL CONTAINERS.
149A.75 FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES; RETENTION OF DOCUMENTS.
149A.76 FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES; COMPREHENSION OF DISCLOSURES.
149A.80 DEATH; RIGHT TO CONTROL AND DUTY OF DISPOSITION.
149A.81 ANATOMICAL GIFTS.
149A.90 DEATH; REGISTRATION AND REMOVAL FROM PLACE OF DEATH.
149A.91 PREPARATION OF BODY.
149A.92 PREPARATION AND EMBALMING ROOM.
149A.93 TRANSPORTATION OF DEAD HUMAN BODIES.
149A.94 FINAL DISPOSITION.
149A.941 ALKALINE HYDROLYSIS FACILITIES AND ALKALINE HYDROLYSIS.
149A.95 CREMATORIES AND CREMATION.
149A.96 DISINTERMENT AND REINTERMENT.
149A.97 PRENEED ARRANGEMENTS.
149A.98 RECOVERY OF ATTORNEY FEES.
149A.001 MS 2006 [Renumbered 15.001]

149A.01 PURPOSE AND SCOPE.

Subdivision 1.Purpose.

This chapter regulates the removal, preparation, transportation, arrangements for disposition, and final disposition of dead human bodies for purposes of public health and protection of the public.

Subd. 2.Scope.

In Minnesota no person shall, without being licensed by the commissioner of health:

(1) take charge of or remove from the place of death a dead human body;

(2) prepare a dead human body for final disposition, in any manner; or

(3) arrange, direct, or supervise a funeral, memorial service, or graveside service.

Subd. 3.Exceptions to licensure.

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, nothing in this chapter shall in any way interfere with the duties of:

(1) an anatomical bequest program located within an accredited school of medicine or an accredited college of mortuary science;

(2) a person engaged in the performance of duties prescribed by law relating to the conditions under which unclaimed dead human bodies are held subject to anatomical study;

(3) authorized personnel from a licensed ambulance service in the performance of their duties;

(4) licensed medical personnel in the performance of their duties; or

(5) the coroner or medical examiner in the performance of the duties of their offices.

(b) This chapter does not apply to or interfere with the recognized customs or rites of any culture or recognized religion in the ceremonial washing, dressing, casketing, and public transportation of their dead, to the extent that all other provisions of this chapter are complied with.

(c) Noncompensated persons with the right to control the dead human body, under section 149A.80, subdivision 2, may remove a body from the place of death; transport the body; prepare the body for disposition, except embalming; or arrange for final disposition of the body, provided that all actions are in compliance with this chapter.

(d) Persons serving internships pursuant to section 149A.20, subdivision 6, or students officially registered for a practicum or clinical through a program of mortuary science accredited by the American Board of Funeral Service Education are not required to be licensed, provided that the persons or students are registered with the commissioner and act under the direct and exclusive supervision of a person holding a current license to practice mortuary science in Minnesota.

(e) Notwithstanding this subdivision, nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit an institution or entity from establishing, implementing, or enforcing a policy that permits only persons licensed by the commissioner to remove or cause to be removed a dead body or body part from the institution or entity.

(f) An unlicensed person may arrange for and direct or supervise a memorial service if that person or that person's employer does not have charge of the dead human body. An unlicensed person may not take charge of the dead human body, unless that person has the right to control the dead human body under section 149A.80, subdivision 2, or is that person's noncompensated designee.

Subd. 4.Nonlimiting.

(a) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to limit the powers granted to the commissioner of health, commissioner of commerce, state attorney general, or a county attorney in any other statute, law, or rule, except as described in paragraph (b).

(b) A county, within its jurisdiction as a coroner or medical examiner, may establish transportation standards for transporting a dead human body from the death scene to the place where an autopsy is to be conducted, so long as the standards do not specifically require that the transporter be a licensed funeral director.

149A.02 DEFINITIONS.

Subdivision 1.Scope.

For purposes of this chapter, the terms defined in this section have the meanings given them.

Subd. 1a.Alkaline hydrolysis.

"Alkaline hydrolysis" means the reduction of a dead human body to essential elements through a water-based dissolution process using alkaline chemicals, heat, agitation, and pressure to accelerate natural decomposition; the processing of the hydrolyzed remains after removal from the alkaline hydrolysis vessel; placement of the processed remains in a hydrolyzed remains container; and release of the hydrolyzed remains to an appropriate party. Alkaline hydrolysis is a form of final disposition.

Subd. 1b.Alkaline hydrolysis container.

"Alkaline hydrolysis container" means a hydrolyzable or biodegradable closed container or pouch resistant to leakage of bodily fluids that encases the body and into which a dead human body is placed prior to insertion into an alkaline hydrolysis vessel. Alkaline hydrolysis containers may be hydrolyzable or biodegradable alternative containers or caskets.

Subd. 1c.Alkaline hydrolysis facility.

"Alkaline hydrolysis facility" means a building or structure containing one or more alkaline hydrolysis vessels for the alkaline hydrolysis of dead human bodies.

Subd. 1d.Alkaline hydrolysis vessel.

"Alkaline hydrolysis vessel" means the container in which the alkaline hydrolysis of a dead human body is performed.

Subd. 2.Alternative container.

"Alternative container" means a nonmetal receptacle or enclosure, without ornamentation or a fixed interior lining, which is designed for the encasement of dead human bodies and is made of hydrolyzable or biodegradable materials, corrugated cardboard, fiberboard, pressed-wood, or other like materials.

Subd. 3.Arrangements for disposition.

"Arrangements for disposition" means any action normally taken by a funeral provider in anticipation of or preparation for the entombment, burial in a cemetery, alkaline hydrolysis, or cremation of a dead human body.

Subd. 3a.Burial site goods.

"Burial site goods" means any goods sold or offered for sale or rental directly to the public for use in connection with the final disposition of a dead human body.

Subd. 3b.Burial site services.

"Burial site services" means any services sold or offered for sale directly to the public for use in connection with the final disposition of a dead human body.

Subd. 4.Cash advance item.

"Cash advance item" means any item of service or merchandise described to a purchaser as a "cash advance," "accommodation," "cash disbursement," or similar term. A cash advance item is also any item obtained from a third party and paid for by the funeral provider on the purchaser's behalf. Cash advance items include, but are not limited to, cemetery, alkaline hydrolysis, or crematory services, pallbearers, public transportation, clergy honoraria, flowers, musicians or singers, obituary notices, gratuities, and death records.

Subd. 5.Casket.

"Casket" means a rigid container which is designed for the encasement of a dead human body and is usually constructed of hydrolyzable or biodegradable materials, wood, metal, fiberglass, plastic, or like material, and ornamented and lined with fabric.

Subd. 5a.Clinical student.

"Clinical student" means a person officially registered for a clinical through a program of mortuary science accredited by the American Board of Funeral Service Education.

Subd. 6.Commissioner.

"Commissioner" means the Minnesota commissioner of health.

Subd. 7.Cremated remains.

"Cremated remains" means the postcremation remains of a dead human body.

Subd. 8.Cremated remains container.

"Cremated remains container" means a receptacle in which postcremation remains are placed. For purposes of this chapter, "cremated remains container" is interchangeable with "urn" or similar keepsake storage jewelry.

Subd. 9.Cremation.

"Cremation" means the reduction of a dead human body to essential elements through direct exposure to intense heat and flame and the repositioning or movement of the body during the process to facilitate reduction, the processing of the remains after removal from the cremation chamber, placement of the processed remains in a cremated remains container, and release of the cremated remains to an appropriate party.

Subd. 10.Cremation chamber.

"Cremation chamber" means the enclosed space within which the cremation of a dead human body is performed.

Subd. 11.Cremation container.

"Cremation container" means a combustible, closed container that encases the body and can be made of materials like fiberboard or corrugated cardboard and into which a dead human body is placed prior to insertion into a cremation chamber for cremation. Cremation containers may be combustible "alternative containers" or combustible "caskets."

Subd. 12.Crematory.

"Crematory" means a building or structure containing one or more cremation chambers or retorts for the cremation of dead human bodies.

Subd. 12a.Crypt.

"Crypt" means a space in a mausoleum of sufficient size, used or intended to be used to entomb human remains, cremated remains, or hydrolyzed remains.

Subd. 12b.Direct alkaline hydrolysis.

"Direct alkaline hydrolysis" means a final disposition of a dead human body by alkaline hydrolysis, without formal viewing, visitation, or ceremony with the body present.

Subd. 13.Direct cremation.

"Direct cremation" means a final disposition of a dead human body by cremation, without formal viewing, visitation, or ceremony with the body present.

Subd. 13a.Direct supervision.

"Direct supervision" means overseeing the performance of an individual. For the purpose of a clinical, practicum, or internship, direct supervision means that the supervisor is available to observe and correct, as needed, the performance of the trainee. The mortician supervisor is accountable for the actions of the clinical student, practicum student, or intern throughout the course of the training. The supervising mortician is accountable for any violations of law or rule, in the performance of their duties, by the clinical student, practicum student, or intern.

Subd. 14.Disciplinary action.

"Disciplinary action" means any action taken by the regulatory agency against any person subject to regulation under this chapter for the violation of or the threatened violation of any law, rule, order, stipulation agreement, settlement, compliance agreement, license, or permit adopted, issued, or enforced by the regulatory agency.

Subd. 15.Embalming.

"Embalming" means the process of disinfecting and preserving a dead human body by chemically treating the body to reduce the presence and growth of organisms, to retard organic decomposition, and to restore an acceptable physical appearance.

Subd. 16.Final disposition.

"Final disposition" means the acts leading to and the entombment, burial in a cemetery, alkaline hydrolysis, or cremation of a dead human body.

Subd. 17.Funeral association.

"Funeral association" means a cooperative association that sells or offers to sell funeral goods or services to its members.

Subd. 18.Funeral ceremony.

"Funeral ceremony" means a service or rite commemorating the deceased with the body present.

Subd. 19.Funeral director.

"Funeral director" means any person who, for compensation, arranges, directs, or supervises funerals, memorial services, or graveside services, or engages in the business or practice of preparing dead human bodies for final disposition by means other than embalming.

Subd. 20.Funeral establishment.

"Funeral establishment" means any place or premise devoted to or used in the holding, care, or preparation of a dead human body for final disposition or any place used as the office or place of business of any person that provides funeral goods or services to the public.

Subd. 21.Funeral goods.

"Funeral goods" means the goods which are sold or offered for sale directly to the public for use in connection with funeral services.

Subd. 22.Funeral provider.

"Funeral provider" means any person that sells or offers to sell funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to the public. "Funeral provider" does not include monument builders who sell and install markers and headstones, with or without foundations, at retail to the public, but do not sell any other funeral good, funeral service, burial good, or burial site service.

Subd. 23.Funeral services.

"Funeral services" means any services which may be used to: (1) care for and prepare dead human bodies for burial, alkaline hydrolysis, cremation, or other final disposition; and (2) arrange, supervise, or conduct the funeral ceremony or the final disposition of dead human bodies.

Subd. 24.Graveside service.

"Graveside service" means a service or rite, conducted at the place of interment, commemorating the deceased with the body present.

Subd. 24a.Hydrolyzed remains.

"Hydrolyzed remains" means the remains of a dead human body following the alkaline hydrolysis process. Hydrolyzed remains does not include pacemakers, prostheses, or similar foreign materials.

Subd. 24b.Hydrolyzed remains container.

"Hydrolyzed remains container" means a receptacle in which hydrolyzed remains are placed. For purposes of this chapter, a hydrolyzed remains container is interchangeable with "urn" or similar keepsake storage jewelry.

Subd. 25.Immediate burial.

"Immediate burial" means a disposition of a dead human body by burial, without formal viewing, visitation, or ceremony with the body present, except for a graveside service.

Subd. 26.Intern.

"Intern" means an individual that has met the educational and testing requirements for a license to practice mortuary science in Minnesota, has registered with the commissioner of health, and is engaged in the practice of mortuary science under the direction and supervision of a currently licensed Minnesota mortuary science practitioner.

Subd. 26a.Inurnment.

"Inurnment" means placing hydrolyzed or cremated remains in a hydrolyzed or cremated remains container suitable for placement, burial, or shipment.

Subd. 27.Licensee.

"Licensee" means any person or entity that has been issued a license to practice mortuary science, to operate a funeral establishment, to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility, or to operate a crematory by the Minnesota commissioner of health.

Subd. 28.Memorial service.

"Memorial service" means a ceremony or rite commemorating the deceased without the body present.

Subd. 29.Mortician.

"Mortician" means any person who, for compensation, practices the art of embalming and arranges, directs, or supervises funerals, memorial services, or graveside services, or engages in the business or practice of preparing dead human bodies for final disposition.

Subd. 30.Mortuary science.

"Mortuary science" means the study and practice of preparing dead human bodies for final disposition and providing funeral services. Mortuary science includes any conduct or action associated with the removal, preparation, transportation, arrangements for disposition, or final disposition of dead human bodies, including the actions and duties of a mortician or a funeral director.

Subd. 30a.Niche.

"Niche" means a space in a columbarium used or intended to be used for the placement of hydrolyzed or cremated remains.

Subd. 31.Outer burial container.

"Outer burial container" means any container which is designed for placement in the grave around a casket or alternative container including, but not limited to, containers commonly known as burial vaults, grave boxes, and grave liners.

Subd. 32.Person.

"Person" means an individual or a firm, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, or other legal entity.

Subd. 32a.Placement.

"Placement" means the placing of a container holding hydrolyzed or cremated remains in a crypt, vault, or niche.

Subd. 33.Practicum student.

"Practicum student" means a person officially registered for a practicum through a program of mortuary science accredited by the American Board of Funeral Service Education.

Subd. 33a.Preneed consumer.

"Preneed consumer" means an individual who arranges for funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services prior to the death of that individual or another individual, and who funds those goods or services through prepayment to a funeral provider or through purchase of an insurance policy.

Subd. 34.Preparation of the body.

"Preparation of the body" means placement of the body into an appropriate cremation or alkaline hydrolysis container, embalming of the body or such items of care as washing, disinfecting, shaving, positioning of features, restorative procedures, application of cosmetics, dressing, and casketing.

Subd. 35.Processing.

"Processing" means the removal of foreign objects, drying or cooling, and the reduction of the hydrolyzed or cremated remains by mechanical means including, but not limited to, grinding, crushing, or pulverizing, to a granulated appearance appropriate for final disposition.

Subd. 36.Professional services.

"Professional services" means the basic services of the funeral director or mortician and staff that are furnished by the funeral provider in arranging final disposition. The services include, but are not limited to, conducting the arrangement conference; planning visitations and the funeral, memorial service, or graveside service; arranging for final disposition by securing, preparing, and filing necessary permits and documents; and placing obituary notices.

Subd. 37.Public transportation.

"Public transportation" means all manner of transportation via common carrier available to the general public including airlines, buses, railroads, and ships. For purposes of this chapter, a livery service providing transportation to private funeral establishments, alkaline hydrolysis facilities, or crematories is not public transportation.

Subd. 37a.Regulatory agency.

"Regulatory agency" means:

(1) the commissioner of health for provisions related to a funeral provider who is required to be licensed, registered, or issued a permit under this chapter; and

(2) the commissioner of commerce for provisions related to insurance policies purchased by a preneed consumer to arrange for funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial services.

Subd. 37b.Refrigeration.

"Refrigeration" means to preserve by keeping cool at a temperature of 40 degrees Fahrenheit or less using mechanical or natural means.

Subd. 37c.Scattering.

"Scattering" means the authorized dispersal of hydrolyzed or cremated remains in a defined area of a dedicated cemetery or in areas where no local prohibition exists provided that the hydrolyzed or cremated remains are not distinguishable to the public, are not in a container, and that the person who has control over disposition of the hydrolyzed or cremated remains has obtained written permission of the property owner or governing agency to scatter on the property.

Subd. 38.Transportation costs.

"Transportation costs" means all costs associated with the use of the vehicle used for the initial transfer of the deceased, the funeral coach, funeral sedans, the flower car, any service or utility vehicles, and public transportation.

Subd. 39.Universal precautions.

"Universal precautions" means the universal blood and body fluid precautions recommended by the United States Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, to prevent transmission of blood-borne and body fluid-borne infectious diseases.

Subd. 40.Use of facilities.

"Use of facilities" means the provision of a chapel or room for visitation, provision of a chapel or room for the funeral or memorial service, provision of facilities for parking, or provision of office space for administrative or planning purposes.

Subd. 41.Vault.

"Vault" means a space in a mausoleum of sufficient size, used or intended to be used to entomb human remains, cremated remains, or hydrolyzed remains. Vault may also mean a sealed and lined casket enclosure.

149A.025 [Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 12 s 109]

149A.03 DUTIES OF COMMISSIONER.

The commissioner shall:

(1) enforce all laws and adopt and enforce rules relating to the:

(i) removal, preparation, transportation, arrangements for disposition, and final disposition of dead human bodies;

(ii) licensure and professional conduct of funeral directors, morticians, interns, practicum students, and clinical students;

(iii) licensing and operation of a funeral establishment;

(iv) licensing and operation of an alkaline hydrolysis facility; and

(v) licensing and operation of a crematory;

(2) provide copies of the requirements for licensure and permits to all applicants;

(3) administer examinations and issue licenses and permits to qualified persons and other legal entities;

(4) maintain a record of the name and location of all current licensees and interns;

(5) perform periodic compliance reviews and premise inspections of licensees;

(6) accept and investigate complaints relating to conduct governed by this chapter;

(7) maintain a record of all current preneed arrangement trust accounts;

(8) maintain a schedule of application, examination, permit, and licensure fees, initial and renewal, sufficient to cover all necessary operating expenses;

(9) educate the public about the existence and content of the laws and rules for mortuary science licensing and the removal, preparation, transportation, arrangements for disposition, and final disposition of dead human bodies to enable consumers to file complaints against licensees and others who may have violated those laws or rules;

(10) evaluate the laws, rules, and procedures regulating the practice of mortuary science in order to refine the standards for licensing and to improve the regulatory and enforcement methods used; and

(11) initiate proceedings to address and remedy deficiencies and inconsistencies in the laws, rules, or procedures governing the practice of mortuary science and the removal, preparation, transportation, arrangements for disposition, and final disposition of dead human bodies.

149A.04 ENFORCEMENT.

Subdivision 1.General authority.

The provisions of this chapter and all laws, now in force or later enacted, rules, orders, stipulation agreements, settlements, compliance agreements, licenses, and permits adopted or issued for the regulation of the removal, preparation, transportation, arrangements for disposition, or final disposition of dead human bodies or for the regulation of the practice of mortuary science may be enforced under this section.

Subd. 2.Inspections.

The regulatory agency or a designee of the regulatory agency shall conduct initial licensure inspections and corrective order reinspections. As a condition of continued licensure, compliance reviews or premises inspections of licensees shall be conducted by the regulatory agency or a designee of the regulatory agency at least biennially. A compliance review or an inspection of the premises of any person subject to regulation under this chapter may also be conducted when the regulatory agency reasonably suspects that there may be a violation or a threat of a violation of any law now in force or later enacted, rule, order, stipulation agreement, settlement, compliance agreement, license, or permit issued by the regulatory agency. When possible, all inspections and compliance reviews shall be conducted without prior notice to the subject of the inspection or review and shall be performed in the presence of the subject of the inspection or review or an authorized representative of the subject of the inspection or review.

Subd. 3.Access to information and property.

The regulatory agency or a designee of the regulatory agency, upon presentation of credentials, may:

(1) examine and copy any relevant books, papers, records, memoranda, or data of any person subject to regulation under this chapter; and

(2) enter upon any property, public or private, for the purpose of taking any action authorized under this chapter or rules, orders, stipulation agreements, settlements, compliance agreements, licenses, or permits adopted or issued by the regulatory agency, including obtaining information from a person that has a duty to provide information under this chapter or conducting inspections or investigations.

Subd. 4.Subpoena power.

The regulatory agency may, as part of an investigation, issue subpoenas to require the attendance and testimony of witnesses and production of books, records, correspondence, and other information relevant to any matter involved in the investigation. The regulatory agency or the regulatory agency's designee may administer oaths to witnesses or take their affirmation. The subpoenas may be served upon any person named therein anywhere in the state by any person authorized to serve subpoenas or other processes in civil actions of the district courts. If a person to whom a subpoena is issued does not comply with the subpoena, the regulatory agency may apply to the district court in any district and the court may order compliance with the subpoena. Failure to obey the order of the court may be punished as contempt of court.

Subd. 5.Data on investigations and disciplinary actions.

Data relating to any disciplinary measures or actions anticipated or taken by the regulatory agency are classified as follows:

(1) data on persons other than individuals are civil investigative data under section 13.39;

(2) data on individuals are licensing data under section 13.41; and

(3) data on individuals who submit complaints to the regulatory agency regarding activities or practices regulated under this chapter are confidential data on individuals while an investigation is active and private data on individuals when an investigation becomes inactive.

Subd. 6.Cooperation with other authorities.

The regulatory agency shall encourage and promote cooperation between and among other state and federal authorities where there is concurrent or overlapping enforcement or licensing jurisdiction.

149A.05 CORRECTION ORDERS.

Subdivision 1.Authorization.

The regulatory agency may issue correction orders that require a person subject to regulation under this chapter to correct violations of this chapter or rules, orders, stipulation agreements, settlements, compliance agreements, licenses, and permits adopted or issued by the regulatory agency.

Subd. 2.Contents of order.

The correction order must include:

(1) a concise statement of the deficiencies alleged to constitute the violation;

(2) a reference to the section of law, rule, order, stipulation agreement, settlement, compliance agreement, license, or permit that has been violated;

(3) a statement of the time by and the manner in which the violation must be corrected; and

(4) a statement of the right to request a hearing under sections 14.57 to 14.62.

Subd. 3.Request for hearing; hearing; and final order.

A request for hearing must be in writing, delivered to the regulatory agency by certified mail within 20 calendar days after the receipt of the correction order, and specifically state the reasons for seeking review of the order. The regulatory agency must initiate a hearing within 30 calendar days from the date of receipt of the written request for hearing. The hearing shall be conducted pursuant to the contested case procedures in sections 14.57 to 14.62. No earlier than ten calendar days after and within 30 calendar days of receipt of the presiding administrative law judge's report, the regulatory agency shall issue a final order modifying, vacating, or making permanent the correction order as the facts require. If, within 20 calendar days of receipt of the correction order, the person that is the subject of the order fails to request a hearing in writing, the correction order becomes the final order of the regulatory agency.

Subd. 4.Review of final order.

A judicial review of the final order issued by the regulatory agency subsequent to a contested case hearing may be requested in the manner prescribed in sections 14.63 to 14.69. Failure to request a contested case hearing pursuant to subdivision 3 shall constitute a waiver of the right to further agency or judicial review of the final order.

Subd. 5.Reinspections and effect of noncompliance.

If upon reinspection, or in the determination of the regulatory agency, it is found that any deficiency specified in a correction order has not been corrected by the person that is subject to the correction order, that person or entity is in noncompliance. The regulatory agency shall issue a notice of noncompliance and may impose any additional remedy available under this chapter.

149A.06 ADMINISTRATIVE PENALTY ORDERS.

Subdivision 1.Authorization.

The regulatory agency may issue an order requiring violations to be corrected and administratively assessing monetary penalties for violations of this chapter or rules, orders, stipulation agreements, settlements, compliance agreements, licenses, and permits adopted, enforced, or issued by the regulatory agency.

Subd. 2.Contents of order.

An order assessing an administrative penalty under this section must include:

(1) a concise statement of the facts alleged to constitute a violation;

(2) a reference to the section of law, rule, order, stipulation agreement, settlement, compliance agreement, license, or permit that has been violated;

(3) a statement of the amount of the administrative penalty to be imposed and the factors upon which the penalty is based; and

(4) a statement of the right to request a hearing pursuant to sections 14.57 to 14.62.

Subd. 3.Concurrent corrective order.

The regulatory agency may issue an order assessing an administrative penalty and requiring the violations cited in the order to be corrected within 30 calendar days from the date the order is received. The subject of the order shall provide to the regulatory agency before the 31st day after the order was received, information demonstrating that the violation has been corrected or that a corrective plan, acceptable to the regulatory agency, has been developed. The regulatory agency shall determine whether the violation has been corrected and notify the subject of the order of the regulatory agency's determination.

Subd. 4.Penalty.

If the regulatory agency determines that the violation has been corrected or an acceptable corrective plan has been developed, the penalty may be forgiven, except, where there are repeated or serious violations, the regulatory agency may issue an order with a penalty that will not be forgiven after corrective action is taken. Unless there is a request for review of the order under subdivision 6 before the penalty is due, the penalty is due and payable:

(1) on the 31st calendar day after the order was received, if the subject of the order fails to provide information to the regulatory agency showing that the violation has been corrected or that appropriate steps have been taken toward correcting the violation;

(2) on the 20th day after the subject of the order receives the regulatory agency's determination that the information provided is not sufficient to show that the violation has been corrected or that appropriate steps have been taken toward correcting the violation; or

(3) on the 31st day after the order was received where the penalty is for repeated or serious violations and according to the order issued, the penalty will not be forgiven after corrective action is taken.

All penalties due under this section are payable to the commissioner of management and budget, state of Minnesota, and shall be credited to the state government special revenue fund in the state treasury.

Subd. 5.Amount of penalty; considerations.

(a) The maximum amount of administrative penalty orders is $10,000 for each specific violation identified in an inspection, investigation, or compliance review.

(b) In determining the amount of the administrative penalty, the regulatory agency shall consider the following:

(1) the willfulness of the violation;

(2) the gravity of the violation;

(3) the history of past violations;

(4) the number of violations;

(5) the economic benefit gained by the person allowing or committing the violation; and

(6) other factors as justice may require, if the regulatory agency specifically identifies the additional factors in the regulatory agency's order.

(c) In determining the amount of a penalty for a violation subsequent to an initial violation under paragraph (a), the regulatory agency shall also consider:

(1) the similarity of the most recent previous violation and the violation to be penalized;

(2) the time elapsed since the last violation; and

(3) the response of the subject of the order to the most recent previous violation.

Subd. 6.Request for hearing; hearing; and final order.

A request for hearing must be in writing, delivered to the regulatory agency by certified mail within 20 calendar days after the receipt of the order, and specifically state the reasons for seeking review of the order. The regulatory agency must initiate a hearing within 30 calendar days from the date of receipt of the written request for hearing. The hearing shall be conducted pursuant to the contested case procedures in sections 14.57 to 14.62. No earlier than ten calendar days after and within 30 calendar days of receipt of the presiding administrative law judge's report, the regulatory agency shall, based on all relevant facts, issue a final order modifying, vacating, or making the original order permanent. If, within 20 calendar days of receipt of the original order, the person that is the subject of the order fails to request a hearing in writing, the order becomes the final order of the regulatory agency.

Subd. 7.Review of final order and payment of penalty.

Once the regulatory agency issues a final order, any penalty due under that order shall be paid within 30 calendar days after the date of the final order, unless review of the final order is requested. The final order of the regulatory agency may be appealed in the manner prescribed in sections 14.63 to 14.69. If the final order is reviewed and upheld, the penalty shall be paid 30 calendar days after the date of the decision of the reviewing court. Failure to request an administrative hearing pursuant to subdivision 6 shall constitute a waiver of the right to further agency or judicial review of the final order.

Subd. 8.Reinspections and effect of noncompliance.

If upon reinspection, or in the determination of the regulatory agency, it is found that any deficiency specified in the order has not been corrected or an acceptable corrective plan has not been developed, the person that is subject to the order is in noncompliance. The regulatory agency shall issue a notice of noncompliance and may impose any additional remedy available under this chapter.

Subd. 9.Enforcement.

The attorney general may proceed on behalf of the regulatory agency to enforce penalties that are due and payable under this section in any manner provided by law for the collection of debts.

Subd. 10.Revocation; suspension; denial of license; permit; or registration.

Failure to pay penalties owed under this section constitutes grounds for the revocation or suspension of or refusal to reissue a license or permit issued by the regulatory agency under this chapter.

Subd. 11.Cumulative remedy.

The authority of the regulatory agency to issue an administrative penalty order is in addition to other lawfully available remedies.

Subd. 12.Mediation.

In addition to review under subdivision 6, the regulatory agency is authorized to enter into mediation concerning an order issued under this section if the regulatory agency and the subject of that order agree to mediation.

149A.07 INJUNCTIVE RELIEF.

In addition to any other remedy provided by law, the regulatory agency may bring an action for injunctive relief in any district court in any district in Minnesota to restrain any person from violation or threatened violation of any law, rule, order, stipulation agreement, settlement, compliance agreement, license, or permit which the regulatory agency is empowered to enforce, regulate, or issue.

149A.08 CEASE AND DESIST ORDER.

Subdivision 1.Authorization.

In addition to any other remedy provided by law, the regulatory agency may issue a cease and desist order to:

(1) stop a person from violating or threatening to violate any law, rule, order, stipulation agreement, settlement, compliance agreement, license, or permit which the regulatory agency is empowered to regulate, enforce, or issue; or

(2) prohibit a funeral provider from engaging in the sale of preneed funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services if the funeral provider has been found in violation of any provision of this chapter.

Subd. 2.Contents of order.

The cease and desist order must be in writing, state the specific reason for its issuance, and give notice of the right to request a hearing under sections 14.57 to 14.62.

Subd. 2a.Sale of preneed goods or services; contents of order, hearing, when effective.

(a) This subdivision applies to cease and desist orders issued pursuant to subdivision 1, clause (2).

(b) In addition to the requirements of subdivision 2, a cease and desist order must also specify that the hearing to which the funeral provider has a right occurs, if requested, before the order goes into effect and that a timely request for a hearing automatically stays the cease and desist order.

(c) A request for a hearing must be in writing, must be delivered to the regulatory agency by certified mail within 20 calendar days after the funeral provider receives the order, and must specifically state the reasons for seeking review of the order. If the funeral provider fails to request a hearing in writing within 20 calendar days of receipt of the order, the cease and desist order becomes the final order of the regulatory agency. If a funeral provider makes a timely request for a hearing, the cease and desist order is automatically stayed pending the outcome of the hearing. The regulatory agency must initiate a hearing within 30 calendar days from the date of receiving the written request for hearing. The hearing shall be conducted pursuant to sections 14.57 to 14.62. No earlier than ten calendar days but within 30 calendar days of receiving the presiding administrative law judge's report, the regulatory agency shall issue a final order modifying, vacating, or making permanent the cease and desist order as the facts require.

Subd. 3.Request for hearing; hearing; and final order.

This subdivision applies to cease and desist orders issued pursuant to subdivision 1, clause (1). A request for hearing must be in writing, delivered to the regulatory agency by certified mail within 20 calendar days after the receipt of the cease and desist order, and specifically state the reasons for seeking review of the order. The regulatory agency must initiate a hearing within 30 calendar days from the date of receipt of the written request for hearing. The hearing shall be conducted pursuant to sections 14.57 to 14.62. No earlier than ten calendar days but within 30 calendar days of receipt of the presiding administrative law judge's report, the regulatory agency shall issue a final order modifying, vacating, or making permanent the cease and desist order as the facts require. If, within 20 calendar days of receipt of the cease and desist order, the subject of the order fails to request a hearing in writing, the cease and desist order becomes the final order of the regulatory agency.

Subd. 4.Request for stay.

This subdivision applies to cease and desist orders issued pursuant to subdivision 1, clause (1). When a request for a stay accompanies a timely hearing request, the regulatory agency may, in the regulatory agency's discretion, grant the stay. If the regulatory agency does not grant a requested stay, the regulatory agency shall refer the request to the Office of Administrative Hearings within three working days from the receipt of the request. Within ten calendar days after receiving the request from the regulatory agency, an administrative law judge shall issue a recommendation to grant or deny the stay. The regulatory agency shall grant or deny the stay within five calendar days of receiving the administrative law judge's recommendation.

Subd. 5.Review of final order.

A judicial review of the final order issued by the regulatory agency may be requested in the manner prescribed in sections 14.63 to 14.69. Failure to request a hearing pursuant to subdivision 3 shall constitute a waiver of the right to further agency or judicial review of the final order.

Subd. 6.Effect of noncompliance with order.

In the event of noncompliance with the cease and desist order, the regulatory agency may:

(1) institute a proceeding in any district court in any district in Minnesota to obtain injunctive relief;

(2) impose an administrative penalty, pursuant to section 149A.06, for each separate violation; or

(3) revoke, suspend, limit, or condition the license or permit issued to the subject of the cease and desist order.

Subd. 7.Additional remedies.

The issuance of a cease and desist order or injunctive relief does not relieve a person subject to regulation under this chapter from criminal prosecution by a competent authority.

149A.09 DENIAL; REFUSAL TO REISSUE; REVOCATION; SUSPENSION; LIMITATION OF LICENSE OR PERMIT.

Subdivision 1.Denial; refusal to renew; revocation; and suspension.

The regulatory agency may deny, refuse to renew, revoke, or suspend any license or permit applied for or issued pursuant to this chapter when the person subject to regulation under this chapter:

(1) does not meet or fails to maintain the minimum qualification for holding a license or permit under this chapter;

(2) submits false or misleading material information to the regulatory agency in connection with a license or permit issued by the regulatory agency or the application for a license or permit;

(3) violates any law, rule, order, stipulation agreement, settlement, compliance agreement, license, or permit that regulates the removal, preparation, transportation, arrangements for disposition, or final disposition of dead human bodies in Minnesota or any other state in the United States;

(4) is convicted of a crime, including a finding or verdict of guilt, an admission of guilt, or a no contest plea in any court in Minnesota or any other jurisdiction in the United States. "Conviction," as used in this subdivision, includes a conviction for an offense which, if committed in this state, would be deemed a felony or gross misdemeanor without regard to its designation elsewhere, or a criminal proceeding where a finding or verdict of guilty is made or returned, but the adjudication of guilt is either withheld or not entered;

(5) is convicted of a crime, including a finding or verdict of guilt, an admission of guilt, or a no contest plea in any court in Minnesota or any other jurisdiction in the United States that the regulatory agency determines is reasonably related to the removal, preparation, transportation, arrangements for disposition or final disposition of dead human bodies, or the practice of mortuary science;

(6) is adjudicated as mentally incompetent, mentally ill, developmentally disabled, or mentally ill and dangerous to the public;

(7) has a conservator or guardian appointed;

(8) fails to comply with an order issued by the regulatory agency or fails to pay an administrative penalty imposed by the regulatory agency;

(9) owes uncontested delinquent taxes in the amount of $500 or more to the Minnesota Department of Revenue, or any other governmental agency authorized to collect taxes anywhere in the United States;

(10) is in arrears on any court ordered family or child support obligations; or

(11) engages in any conduct that, in the determination of the regulatory agency, is unprofessional as prescribed in section 149A.70, subdivision 7, or renders the person unfit to practice mortuary science or to operate a funeral establishment or crematory.

Subd. 2.Hearings related to refusal to renew, suspension, or revocation of license or permit.

If the regulatory agency proposes to deny renewal, suspend, or revoke a license or permit issued under this chapter, the regulatory agency must first notify, in writing, the person against whom the action is proposed to be taken and provide an opportunity to request a hearing under the contested case provisions of sections 14.57 to 14.62. If the subject of the proposed action does not request a hearing by notifying the regulatory agency, by mail, within 20 calendar days after the receipt of the notice of proposed action, the regulatory agency may proceed with the action without a hearing and the action will be the final order of the regulatory agency.

Subd. 3.Review of final order.

A judicial review of the final order issued by the regulatory agency may be requested in the manner prescribed in sections 14.63 to 14.69. Failure to request a hearing pursuant to subdivision 2 shall constitute a waiver of the right to further agency or judicial review of the final order.

Subd. 4.Limitations or qualifications placed on license or permit.

The regulatory agency may, where the facts support such action, place reasonable limitations or qualifications on the right to practice mortuary science or to operate a funeral establishment or crematory.

Subd. 5.Restoring license or permit.

The regulatory agency may, where there is sufficient reason, restore a license or permit that has been revoked, reduce a period of suspension, or remove limitations or qualifications.

149A.10 ADDITIONAL REMEDIES.

Subdivision 1.Reimbursement of costs.

The regulatory agency may impose a fee on any person subject to regulation under this chapter to reimburse the Department of Health for all or part of the cost of contested case proceedings or civil action resulting in disciplinary action, including, but not limited to, the amount paid by the regulatory agency for services from the Office of Administrative Hearings, attorney fees, court reports, witnesses, reproduction of records, staff time, and other expenses.

Subd. 2.Contested case and civil action; award of fees and expenses.

In a contested case proceeding or a civil action, the prevailing party other than the state, upon a showing that the position of the state was not substantially justified, shall be awarded fees and other expenses pursuant to sections 14.62, subdivision 3; and 15.471 to 15.474.

Subd. 3.Other actions.

The regulatory agency may take any other lawful action justified by the facts of the case.

149A.11 PUBLICATION OF DISCIPLINARY ACTIONS.

The regulatory agencies shall report all disciplinary measures or actions taken to the commissioner. At least annually, the commissioner shall publish and make available to the public a description of all disciplinary measures or actions taken by the regulatory agencies. The publication shall include, for each disciplinary measure or action taken, the name and business address of the licensee or intern, the nature of the misconduct, and the measure or action taken by the regulatory agency.

149A.20 LICENSE TO PRACTICE MORTUARY SCIENCE.

Subdivision 1.License required.

Except as provided in section 149A.01, subdivision 3, any person who takes charge of or removes from the place of death a dead human body, or prepares a dead human body for final disposition in any manner, or arranges, directs, or supervises a funeral, memorial service, or graveside service must possess a valid license to practice mortuary science issued by the commissioner. A funeral establishment may provide a nonlicensed individual to direct or supervise a memorial service provided they disclose that information to the person or persons with the authority to make the funeral arrangement as provided in section 149A.80.

Subd. 2.Effective date.

The requirements in subdivisions 3 to 13 for initial licensure in mortuary science are effective on July 1, 1997, except as provided in this chapter.

Subd. 3.Age requirement.

The person must be at least 21 years of age.

Subd. 4.Educational requirements.

The person shall have:

(1) received a bachelor of science degree with a major in mortuary science from an accredited college or university;

(2) received a bachelor of science or arts degree from an accredited college or university and completed a separate course of study in mortuary science from a college of funeral service education accredited by the American Board of Funeral Service Education; or

(3) completed credit hours at accredited colleges or universities that in the numerical aggregate and distribution are the functional equivalent of a bachelor of arts or science degree and have completed a separate course of study in mortuary science from a program of mortuary science accredited by the American Board of Funeral Service Education.

Subd. 5.Examinations.

After having met the educational requirements of subdivision 4, a person must attain a passing score on the National Board Examination administered by the Conference of Funeral Service Examining Boards of the United States, Inc. or any other examination that, in the determination of the commissioner, adequately and accurately assesses the knowledge and skills required to practice mortuary science. In addition, a person must attain a passing score on the state licensing examination administered by or on behalf of the commissioner. The state examination shall encompass the laws and rules of Minnesota that pertain to the practice of mortuary science. The commissioner shall make available copies of all pertinent laws and rules prior to administration of the state licensing examination. If a passing score is not attained on the state examination, the individual must wait two weeks before they can retake the examination.

Subd. 6.Internship.

(a) A person who attains a passing score on both examinations in subdivision 5 must complete a registered internship under the direct supervision of an individual currently licensed to practice mortuary science in Minnesota. Interns must file with the commissioner:

(1) the appropriate fee; and

(2) a registration form indicating the name and home address of the intern, the date the internship begins, and the name, license number, and business address of the supervising mortuary science licensee.

(b) Any changes in information provided in the registration must be immediately reported to the commissioner. The internship shall be a minimum of 2,080 hours to be completed within a three-year period, however, the commissioner may waive up to 520 hours of the internship time requirement upon satisfactory completion of a clinical or practicum in mortuary science administered through the program of mortuary science of the University of Minnesota or a substantially similar program approved by the commissioner. Registrations must be renewed on an annual basis if they exceed one calendar year. During the internship period, the intern must be under the direct supervision of a person holding a current license to practice mortuary science in Minnesota. An intern may be registered under only one licensee at any given time and may be directed and supervised only by the registered licensee. The registered licensee shall have only one intern registered at any given time. The commissioner shall issue to each registered intern a registration permit that must be displayed with the other establishment and practice licenses. While under the direct supervision of the licensee, the intern must complete 25 case reports in each of the following areas: embalming, funeral arrangements, and services. Case reports, on forms provided by the commissioner, shall be completed by the intern and filed with the commissioner prior to the completion of the internship. Information contained in these reports that identifies the subject or the family of the subject embalmed or the subject or the family of the subject of the funeral shall be classified as licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 2.

Subd. 7.Application procedure and documentation.

After completing the registered internship, the applicant for an initial license to practice mortuary science must submit to the commissioner a complete application and the appropriate fee. A complete application includes:

(1) a completed application form, as provided by the commissioner;

(2) proof of age;

(3) an official transcript from each post high school educational institution attended, including colleges of funeral service education;

(4) certification of a passing score on the National Board Examination from the commissioner of the Conference of Funeral Service Examining Boards of the United States, Inc.;

(5) a copy of the notification of a passing score on the state licensing examination; and

(6) a signed, dated, and notarized affidavit from the licensee who supervised the Minnesota internship stating the date the internship began and ended and that both the applicant and the supervising licensee fulfilled the requirements under subdivision 6.

Upon receipt of the completed application and appropriate fee, the commissioner shall review and verify all information. Upon completion of the verification process and resolution of any deficiencies in the application information, the commissioner shall make a determination, based on all the information available, to grant or deny licensure. If the commissioner's determination is to grant licensure, the applicant shall be notified and the license shall issue and remain valid for a period prescribed on the license, but not to exceed one calendar year from the date of issuance of the license. If the commissioner's determination is to deny licensure, the commissioner must notify the applicant, in writing, of the denial and provide the specific reason for the denial.

Subd. 8.

[Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 12 s 109]

Subd. 9.Period of licensure.

All licenses to practice mortuary science issued by the commissioner shall be valid for one calendar year, beginning on January 1 and ending on December 31 regardless of the date of issuance. Fees may not be prorated.

Subd. 10.Display of license.

Each license to practice mortuary science must be conspicuously displayed at all times in the holder's place of business. Conspicuous display means in a location where a member of the general public within the holder's place of business will be able to observe and read the license.

Subd. 11.Nontransferability of license.

A license to practice mortuary science is not assignable or transferable and is not valid for any person other than the individual named.

Subd. 12.Reporting changes in license information.

Any change of license information must be reported to the commissioner, on forms provided by the commissioner, no later than 30 calendar days after the change occurs. Failure to report changes is grounds for disciplinary action.

Subd. 13.Application information.

All information submitted to the commissioner by an applicant for licensure to practice mortuary science is classified as licensing data under section 13.41, with the exception of the name and address of the applicant. Upon issuance of a license to practice mortuary science, all application information becomes licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 5, with the exception of internship case report data as classified under subdivision 6.

149A.30 RECIPROCAL LICENSING.

Subdivision 1.Licensees of other states.

The commissioner may issue a license to practice mortuary science to a person who holds a current license or other credential from another jurisdiction if the commissioner determines that the requirements for that license or other credential are substantially similar to the requirements under this chapter. The individual seeking reciprocal licensing must:

(1) attain a passing score on the Minnesota state licensing examination;

(2) submit to the commissioner the documentation described in section 149A.20, subdivision 7, clauses (1) and (5); and

(3) pay the appropriate licensing fee.

When, in the determination of the commissioner, all of the requirements of this subdivision have been met, the commissioner shall, based on all the information available, grant or deny licensure. If the commissioner grants licensure, the applicant shall be notified and the license shall issue and remain valid for a period prescribed on the license, but not to exceed one calendar year from the date of issuance of the license. If the commissioner denies licensure, the commissioner must notify the applicant, in writing, of the denial and provide the specific reason for denial.

Subd. 2.

[Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 12 s 109]

Subd. 3.Period of licensure.

All reciprocal licenses to practice mortuary science issued by the commissioner shall be valid for one calendar year, beginning on January 1 and ending on December 31 regardless of the date of issuance. Fees shall not be prorated.

Subd. 4.Display of license.

Each reciprocal license to practice mortuary science must be conspicuously displayed at all times in the holder's place of business. Conspicuous display means in a location where a member of the general public within the holder's place of business will be able to observe and read the license.

Subd. 5.Nontransferability of license.

A reciprocal license to practice mortuary science is not assignable or transferable and shall not be valid for any person other than the person named.

Subd. 6.Reporting changes in license information.

Any change of license information must be reported to the commissioner, on forms provided by the commissioner, no later than 30 calendar days after the change occurs. Failure to report changes is grounds for disciplinary action.

Subd. 7.Application information.

All information submitted to the commissioner by an applicant for reciprocal licensure is classified as licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 2, with the exception of the name and address of the applicant. Upon issuance of a license to practice mortuary science, all application information becomes licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 5.

149A.40 RENEWAL OF LICENSE TO PRACTICE MORTUARY SCIENCE.

Subdivision 1.Renewal request.

All licenses to practice mortuary science issued by the commissioner expire on December 31 of the calendar year in which the license is issued and must be renewed to remain valid.

Subd. 2.Limited license; funeral director only.

Any person who held a funeral director only license on July 31, 1957, may renew the license under this section. Individuals practicing under a funeral director only license issued under this subdivision are prohibited from engaging in the practice of embalming a dead human body.

Subd. 3.Renewal procedure and documentation.

Licensees who wish to renew their licenses must submit to the commissioner a completed renewal application and the renewal fee no later than December 31 of the year in which the license was issued. A completed renewal application includes:

(1) a completed renewal application form, as provided by the commissioner; and

(2) the appropriate renewal licensing fee.

Upon receipt of the completed renewal application and appropriate fee, the commissioner shall review and verify all information. Upon completion of the verification process and resolution of any deficiencies in the renewal application information, the commissioner shall make a determination, based on all the information available, to reissue or refuse to reissue the license. If the commissioner's determination is to reissue the license, the applicant shall be notified and the license shall issue and remain valid for a period prescribed on the license, but not to exceed one calendar year from the date of issuance of the license. If the commissioner's determination is to refuse to reissue the license, section 149A.09, subdivision 2, applies.

Subd. 4.Penalty for late filing.

Renewal applications received after the expiration date of a license shall result in the assessment of a late filing penalty. The late filing penalty must be paid before the reissuance of the license and received by the commissioner no later than 31 calendar days after the expiration date of the license.

Subd. 5.Lapse of license.

A license to practice mortuary science shall automatically lapse when a completed renewal application and renewal fee are not received by the commissioner within 31 calendar days after the expiration date of a license or a late filing penalty assessed under subdivision 4 is not received by the commissioner within 31 calendar days after the expiration of a license.

Subd. 6.Effect of lapse of license.

Upon the lapse of a license, the person to whom the license was issued is no longer licensed to practice mortuary science in Minnesota. The commissioner shall issue a cease and desist order to prevent the individual from engaging in the practice of mortuary science in Minnesota and may pursue any additional lawful remedies as justified by the case.

Subd. 7.Restoration of lapsed license.

The commissioner may restore a lapsed license upon receipt and review of a completed renewal application, renewal fee, and late filing penalty, provided that the receipt is made within one calendar year from the expiration date of the lapsed license and the person has not violated the cease and desist order issued by the commissioner. If a lapsed license is not restored within one calendar year from the expiration date of the lapsed license, the person to whom the lapsed license was issued cannot be relicensed until the requirements in section 149A.20 are met.

Subd. 8.

[Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 12 s 109]

Subd. 9.Reporting changes in license information.

Any change of license information must be reported to the commissioner, on forms provided by the commissioner, no later than 30 calendar days after the change occurs. Failure to report changes is grounds for disciplinary action.

Subd. 10.Application information.

All information submitted to the commissioner by an applicant for renewal of licensure to practice mortuary science is classified as licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 2, with the exception of the name and address of the applicant. Upon reissuance of a license to practice mortuary science, all application information becomes licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 5.

Subd. 11.Continuing education.

The commissioner shall require 15 continuing education hours for renewal of a license to practice mortuary science. Nine of the hours must be in the following areas: body preparation, care, or handling, 3 CE hours; professional practices, 3 CE hours; and regulation and ethics, 3 CE hours. Continuing education hours shall be reported to the commissioner every other year based on the licensee's license number. Licensees whose license ends in an odd number must report CE hours at renewal time every odd year. If a licensee's license ends in an even number, the licensee must report the licensee's CE hours at renewal time every even year.

149A.45 EMERITUS REGISTRATION FOR MORTUARY SCIENCE PRACTITIONERS.

Subdivision 1.Application.

Any mortuary science practitioner licensed to practice mortuary science in Minnesota under this chapter may apply to the commissioner for mortuary science practitioner emeritus registration if the person declares that he or she is retired in all jurisdictions from the active practice of mortuary science and if the person is not subject to any disciplinary action by the commissioner and not subject to an order by the commissioner imposing a suspended, conditional, or restricted license to practice mortuary science. For purposes of this section, a person is retired if the person has completely ceased the active practice of mortuary science in all jurisdictions for any reason. The mortuary science practitioner may apply to the commissioner using the practitioner's licensure form or by petitioning the commissioner.

Subd. 2.Status of registrant.

An emeritus registration is not a license to engage in the practice of mortuary science. A person registered under this section shall not engage in the practice of mortuary science.

Subd. 3.Continuing education requirements.

The continuing education requirements that apply to mortuary science practitioners shall not apply to a person registered under this section.

Subd. 4.Documentation of status.

A person granted emeritus registration shall, upon payment of a $50 fee, be issued a certificate by the commissioner certifying that the person has received emeritus registration and has completed his or her active professional career licensed in good standing with the commissioner. The $50 fee shall be a onetime fee.

Subd. 5.Renewal cycle or fee.

A person registered under this section shall not be subject to a registration renewal cycle or any renewal fees.

Subd. 6.

[Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 12 s 109]

Subd. 7.Reinstatement.

After one year a person who registers under this section may reapply meeting current requirements for licensure listed in section 149A.20.

149A.50 LICENSE TO OPERATE A FUNERAL ESTABLISHMENT.

Subdivision 1.License required.

Except as provided in section 149A.01, subdivision 3, no person shall maintain, manage, or operate a place or premise devoted to or used in the holding, care, or preparation of a dead human body for final disposition, or any place used as the office or place of business for the provision of funeral services, without possessing a valid license to operate a funeral establishment issued by the commissioner of health.

Subd. 2.Requirements for funeral establishment.

A funeral establishment licensed under this section must:

(1) comply with preparation and embalming room requirements as described in section 149A.92;

(2) contain office space for making arrangements; and

(3) comply with applicable local and state building codes, zoning laws, and ordinances.

Subd. 3.Application; procedure; documentation; initial inspection.

An applicant for a license to operate a funeral establishment shall submit to the commissioner a completed application and the appropriate fees. A completed application includes:

(1) a completed application form, as provided by the commissioner;

(2) proof of business form and ownership; and

(3) proof of liability insurance coverage or other financial documentation, as determined by the commissioner, that demonstrates the applicant's ability to respond in damages for liability arising from the ownership, maintenance, management, or operation of a funeral establishment.

Upon receipt of the application and appropriate fee, the commissioner shall review and verify all information. Upon completion of the verification process and resolution of any deficiencies in the application information, the commissioner shall conduct an initial inspection of the premises to be licensed. After the inspection and resolution of any deficiencies found, and any reinspections as may be necessary, the commissioner shall make a determination, based on all the information available, to grant or deny licensure. If the commissioner's determination is to grant the license, the applicant shall be notified and the license shall issue and remain valid for a period prescribed on the license, but not to exceed one calendar year from the date of issuance of the license. If the commissioner's determination is to deny the license, the commissioner must notify the applicant, in writing, of the denial and provide the specific reason for denial.

Subd. 4.Nontransferability of license.

A license to operate a funeral establishment is not assignable or transferable and shall not be valid for any person other than the one named. Each license issued to operate a funeral establishment is valid only for the location identified on the license. A 50 percent or more change in ownership or location of the funeral establishment automatically terminates the license. Separate licenses shall be required of two or more persons or other legal entities operating from the same location.

Subd. 5.Display of license.

Each license to operate a funeral establishment must be conspicuously displayed in the funeral establishment at all times. Conspicuous display means in a location where a member of the general public within the funeral establishment will be able to observe and read the license.

Subd. 6.

[Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 12 s 109]

Subd. 7.Period of licensure.

All licenses to operate a funeral establishment issued by the commissioner are valid for a period of one calendar year beginning on July 1 and ending on June 30, regardless of the date of issuance. Fees shall not be prorated.

Subd. 8.Reporting changes in license information.

Any change of license information must be reported to the commissioner, on forms provided by the commissioner, no later than 30 calendar days after the change occurs. Failure to report changes is grounds for disciplinary action.

Subd. 9.Application information.

All information submitted to the commissioner by an applicant for a license to operate a funeral establishment is classified as licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 5.

149A.51 RENEWAL OF LICENSE TO OPERATE A FUNERAL ESTABLISHMENT.

Subdivision 1.Renewal required.

A license to operate a funeral establishment issued by the commissioner expires on June 30 following the date of issuance of the license and must be renewed to remain valid.

Subd. 2.Renewal procedure and documentation.

Licensees who wish to renew their licenses must submit to the commissioner a completed renewal application and the renewal fee no later than June 30 following the date the license was issued. A completed renewal application includes:

(1) a completed renewal application form, as provided by the commissioner; and

(2) proof of liability insurance coverage or other financial documentation, as determined by the commissioner, that demonstrates the applicant's ability to respond in damages for liability arising from the ownership, maintenance, management, or operation of a funeral establishment.

Upon receipt of the completed renewal application and appropriate fee, the commissioner shall review and verify all information. Upon completion of the verification process and resolution of any deficiencies in the renewal application information, the commissioner shall make a determination, based on all the information available, to reissue or refuse to reissue the license. If the commissioner's determination is to reissue the license, the applicant shall be notified and the license shall issue and remain valid for a period prescribed on the license, but not to exceed one calendar year from the date of issuance of the license. If the commissioner's determination is to refuse to reissue the license, section 149A.09, subdivision 2, applies.

Subd. 3.Penalty for late filing.

Renewal applications received after the expiration date of a license shall result in the assessment of a late filing penalty. The late filing penalty must be paid prior to the reissuance of the license and received by the commissioner no later than 31 calendar days after the expiration date of the license.

Subd. 4.Lapse of license.

Licenses to operate funeral establishments shall automatically lapse when a completed renewal application and renewal fee are not received by the commissioner within 31 calendar days after the expiration date of a license or a late filing penalty assessed under subdivision 3 is not received by the commissioner within 31 calendar days after the expiration of a license.

Subd. 5.Effect of lapse of license.

Upon the lapse of a license, the person to whom the license was issued is no longer licensed to operate a funeral establishment in Minnesota. The commissioner shall issue a cease and desist order to prevent the holder of a lapsed license from operating a funeral establishment in Minnesota and may pursue any additional lawful remedies as justified by the case.

Subd. 6.Restoration of lapsed license.

The commissioner may restore a lapsed license upon receipt and review of a completed renewal application, receipt of the renewal fee and late filing penalty, reinspection of the premises, and receipt of the reinspection fee, provided that the receipt is made within one calendar year from the expiration date of the lapsed license, and the cease and desist order issued by the commissioner has not been violated. If a lapsed license is not restored within one calendar year from the expiration date of the lapsed license, the holder of the lapsed license may not be relicensed until the requirements in section 149A.50 are met.

Subd. 7.

[Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 12 s 109]

Subd. 8.Reporting changes in license information.

Any change of license information must be reported to the commissioner, on forms provided by the commissioner, no later than 30 calendar days after the change occurs. Failure to report changes is grounds for disciplinary action.

Subd. 9.Application information.

All information submitted to the commissioner by an applicant for renewal of licensure to operate a funeral establishment is classified as licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 5.

149A.52 LICENSE TO OPERATE A CREMATORY.

Subdivision 1.License requirement.

Except as provided in section 149A.01, subdivision 3, no person shall maintain, manage, or operate a place or premises devoted to or used in the holding and cremation of a dead human body without possessing a valid license to operate a crematory issued by the commissioner of health.

Subd. 2.Requirements for crematory.

(a) A crematory licensed under this section must consist of:

(1) a building or structure that complies with applicable local and state building codes, zoning laws and ordinances, and environmental standards, containing one or more cremation chambers or retorts for the cremation of dead human bodies;

(2) a motorized mechanical device for grinding, crushing, or pulverizing the cremated remains to a granulated appearance appropriate for final disposition; and

(3) an appropriate holding facility for dead human bodies awaiting cremation.

(b) A crematory licensed under this section may also contain a display room for funeral goods.

Subd. 3.Application procedure; documentation; initial inspection.

An applicant for a license to operate a crematory shall submit to the commissioner a completed application. A completed application includes:

(1) a completed application form, as provided by the commissioner;

(2) proof of business form and ownership; and

(3) proof of liability insurance coverage or other financial documentation, as determined by the commissioner, that demonstrates the applicant's ability to respond in damages for liability arising from the ownership, maintenance, management, or operation of a crematory.

Upon receipt of the application and appropriate fee, the commissioner shall review and verify all information. Upon completion of the verification process and resolution of any deficiencies in the application information, the commissioner shall conduct an initial inspection of the premises to be licensed. After the inspection and resolution of any deficiencies found and any reinspections as may be necessary, the commissioner shall make a determination, based on all the information available, to grant or deny licensure. If the commissioner's determination is to grant the license, the applicant shall be notified and the license shall issue and remain valid for a period prescribed on the license, but not to exceed one calendar year from the date of issuance of the license. If the commissioner's determination is to deny the license, the commissioner must notify the applicant, in writing, of the denial and provide the specific reason for denial.

Subd. 4.Nontransferability of license.

A license to operate a crematory is not assignable or transferable and shall not be valid for any person other than the one named. Each license issued to operate a crematory is valid only for the location identified on the license. A 50 percent or more change in ownership or location of the crematory automatically terminates the license. Separate licenses shall be required of two or more persons or other legal entities operating from the same location.

Subd. 5.Display of license.

Each license to operate a crematory must be conspicuously displayed in the crematory at all times. Conspicuous display means in a location where a member of the general public within the crematory will be able to observe and read the license.

Subd. 5a.

[Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 12 s 109]

Subd. 6.Period of licensure.

All licenses to operate a crematory issued by the commissioner are valid for a period of one calendar year beginning on July 1 and ending on June 30, regardless of the date of issuance.

Subd. 7.Reporting changes in license information.

Any change of license information must be reported to the commissioner, on forms provided by the commissioner, no later than 30 calendar days after the change occurs. Failure to report changes is grounds for disciplinary action.

Subd. 8.Application information.

All information submitted to the commissioner by an applicant for a license to operate a crematory is classified as licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 5.

149A.53 RENEWAL OF LICENSE TO OPERATE CREMATORY.

Subdivision 1.Renewal required.

All licenses to operate a crematory issued by the commissioner expire on June 30 following the date of issuance of the license and must be renewed to remain valid.

Subd. 2.Renewal procedure and documentation.

Licensees who wish to renew their licenses must submit to the commissioner a completed renewal application no later than June 30 following the date the license was issued. A completed renewal application includes:

(1) a completed renewal application form, as provided by the commissioner; and

(2) proof of liability insurance coverage or other financial documentation, as determined by the commissioner, that demonstrates the applicant's ability to respond in damages for liability arising from the ownership, maintenance, management, or operation of a crematory.

Upon receipt of the completed renewal application, the commissioner shall review and verify the information. Upon completion of the verification process and resolution of any deficiencies in the renewal application information, the commissioner shall make a determination, based on all the information available, to reissue or refuse to reissue the license. If the commissioner's determination is to reissue the license, the applicant shall be notified and the license shall issue and remain valid for a period prescribed on the license, but not to exceed one calendar year from the date of issuance of the license. If the commissioner's determination is to refuse to reissue the license, section 149A.09, subdivision 2, applies.

Subd. 3.Penalty for late filing.

Renewal applications received after the expiration date of a license will result in the assessment of a late filing penalty. The late filing penalty must be paid before the reissuance of the license and received by the commissioner no later than 31 calendar days after the expiration date of the license.

Subd. 4.Lapse of license.

Licenses to operate crematories shall automatically lapse when a completed renewal application is not received by the commissioner within 31 calendar days after the expiration date of a license, or a late filing penalty assessed under subdivision 3 is not received by the commissioner within 31 calendar days after the expiration of a license.

Subd. 5.Effect of lapse of license.

Upon the lapse of a license, the person to whom the license was issued is no longer licensed to operate a crematory in Minnesota. The commissioner shall issue a cease and desist order to prevent the lapsed license holder from operating a crematory in Minnesota and may pursue any additional lawful remedies as justified by the case.

Subd. 6.Restoration of lapsed license.

The commissioner may restore a lapsed license upon receipt and review of a completed renewal application, receipt of the late filing penalty, and reinspection of the premises, provided that the receipt is made within one calendar year from the expiration date of the lapsed license and the cease and desist order issued by the commissioner has not been violated. If a lapsed license is not restored within one calendar year from the expiration date of the lapsed license, the holder of the lapsed license cannot be relicensed until the requirements in section 149A.52 are met.

Subd. 7.Reporting changes in license information.

Any change of license information must be reported to the commissioner, on forms provided by the commissioner, no later than 30 calendar days after the change occurs. Failure to report changes is grounds for disciplinary action.

Subd. 8.Application information.

All information submitted to the commissioner by an applicant for renewal of licensure to operate a crematory is classified as licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 5.

Subd. 9.

[Repealed, 2013 c 108 art 12 s 109]

149A.54 LICENSE TO OPERATE AN ALKALINE HYDROLYSIS FACILITY.

Subdivision 1.License requirement.

Except as provided in section 149A.01, subdivision 3, a place or premise shall not be maintained, managed, or operated which is devoted to or used in the holding and alkaline hydrolysis of a dead human body without possessing a valid license to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility issued by the commissioner of health.

Subd. 2.Requirements for an alkaline hydrolysis facility.

(a) An alkaline hydrolysis facility licensed under this section must consist of:

(1) a building or structure that complies with applicable local and state building codes, zoning laws and ordinances, and wastewater management and environmental standards, containing one or more alkaline hydrolysis vessels for the alkaline hydrolysis of dead human bodies;

(2) a method approved by the commissioner of health to dry the hydrolyzed remains and which is located within the licensed facility;

(3) a means approved by the commissioner of health for refrigeration of dead human bodies awaiting alkaline hydrolysis;

(4) an appropriate means of processing hydrolyzed remains to a granulated appearance appropriate for final disposition; and

(5) an appropriate holding facility for dead human bodies awaiting alkaline hydrolysis.

(b) An alkaline hydrolysis facility licensed under this section may also contain a display room for funeral goods.

Subd. 3.Application procedure; documentation; initial inspection.

An application to license and operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility shall be submitted to the commissioner of health. A completed application includes:

(1) a completed application form, as provided by the commissioner;

(2) proof of business form and ownership;

(3) proof of liability insurance coverage or other financial documentation, as determined by the commissioner, that demonstrates the applicant's ability to respond in damages for liability arising from the ownership, maintenance management, or operation of an alkaline hydrolysis facility; and

(4) copies of wastewater and other environmental regulatory permits and environmental regulatory licenses necessary to conduct operations.

Upon receipt of the application and appropriate fee, the commissioner shall review and verify all information. Upon completion of the verification process and resolution of any deficiencies in the application information, the commissioner shall conduct an initial inspection of the premises to be licensed. After the inspection and resolution of any deficiencies found and any reinspections as may be necessary, the commissioner shall make a determination, based on all the information available, to grant or deny licensure. If the commissioner's determination is to grant the license, the applicant shall be notified and the license shall issue and remain valid for a period prescribed on the license, but not to exceed one calendar year from the date of issuance of the license. If the commissioner's determination is to deny the license, the commissioner must notify the applicant in writing of the denial and provide the specific reason for denial.

Subd. 4.Nontransferability of license.

A license to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility is not assignable or transferable and shall not be valid for any entity other than the one named. Each license issued to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility is valid only for the location identified on the license. A 50 percent or more change in ownership or location of the alkaline hydrolysis facility automatically terminates the license. Separate licenses shall be required of two or more persons or other legal entities operating from the same location.

Subd. 5.Display of license.

Each license to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility must be conspicuously displayed in the alkaline hydrolysis facility at all times. Conspicuous display means in a location where a member of the general public within the alkaline hydrolysis facility is able to observe and read the license.

Subd. 6.Period of licensure.

All licenses to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility issued by the commissioner are valid for a period of one calendar year beginning on July 1 and ending on June 30, regardless of the date of issuance.

Subd. 7.Reporting changes in license information.

Any change of license information must be reported to the commissioner, on forms provided by the commissioner, no later than 30 calendar days after the change occurs. Failure to report changes is grounds for disciplinary action.

Subd. 8.Notification to the commissioner.

If the licensee is operating under a wastewater or an environmental permit or license that is subsequently revoked, denied, or terminated, the licensee shall notify the commissioner.

Subd. 9.Application information.

All information submitted to the commissioner for a license to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility is classified as licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 5.

149A.55 RENEWAL OF LICENSE TO OPERATE AN ALKALINE HYDROLYSIS FACILITY.

Subdivision 1.Renewal required.

All licenses to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility issued by the commissioner expire on June 30 following the date of issuance of the license and must be renewed to remain valid.

Subd. 2.Renewal procedure and documentation.

Licensees who wish to renew their licenses must submit to the commissioner a completed renewal application no later than June 30 following the date the license was issued. A completed renewal application includes:

(1) a completed renewal application form, as provided by the commissioner; and

(2) proof of liability insurance coverage or other financial documentation, as determined by the commissioner, that demonstrates the applicant's ability to respond in damages for liability arising from the ownership, maintenance, management, or operation of an alkaline hydrolysis facility.

Upon receipt of the completed renewal application, the commissioner shall review and verify the information. Upon completion of the verification process and resolution of any deficiencies in the renewal application information, the commissioner shall make a determination, based on all the information available, to reissue or refuse to reissue the license. If the commissioner's determination is to reissue the license, the applicant shall be notified and the license shall issue and remain valid for a period prescribed on the license, but not to exceed one calendar year from the date of issuance of the license. If the commissioner's determination is to refuse to reissue the license, section 149A.09, subdivision 2, applies.

Subd. 3.Penalty for late filing.

Renewal applications received after the expiration date of a license will result in the assessment of a late filing penalty. The late filing penalty must be paid before the reissuance of the license and received by the commissioner no later than 31 calendar days after the expiration date of the license.

Subd. 4.Lapse of license.

Licenses to operate alkaline hydrolysis facilities shall automatically lapse when a completed renewal application is not received by the commissioner within 31 calendar days after the expiration date of a license, or a late filing penalty assessed under subdivision 3 is not received by the commissioner within 31 calendar days after the expiration of a license.

Subd. 5.Effect of lapse of license.

Upon the lapse of a license, the person to whom the license was issued is no longer licensed to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility in Minnesota. The commissioner shall issue a cease and desist order to prevent the lapsed license holder from operating an alkaline hydrolysis facility in Minnesota and may pursue any additional lawful remedies as justified by the case.

Subd. 6.Restoration of lapsed license.

The commissioner may restore a lapsed license upon receipt and review of a completed renewal application, receipt of the late filing penalty, and reinspection of the premises, provided that the receipt is made within one calendar year from the expiration date of the lapsed license and the cease and desist order issued by the commissioner has not been violated. If a lapsed license is not restored within one calendar year from the expiration date of the lapsed license, the holder of the lapsed license cannot be relicensed until the requirements in section 149A.54 are met.

Subd. 7.Reporting changes in license information.

Any change of license information must be reported to the commissioner, on forms provided by the commissioner, no later than 30 calendar days after the change occurs. Failure to report changes is grounds for disciplinary action.

Subd. 8.Application information.

All information submitted to the commissioner by an applicant for renewal of licensure to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility is classified as licensing data under section 13.41, subdivision 5.

149A.60 PROHIBITED CONDUCT.

The regulatory agency may impose disciplinary measures or take disciplinary action against a person whose conduct is subject to regulation under this chapter for failure to comply with any provision of this chapter or laws, rules, orders, stipulation agreements, settlements, compliance agreements, licenses, and permits adopted, or issued for the regulation of the removal, preparation, transportation, arrangements for disposition or final disposition of dead human bodies, or for the regulation of the practice of mortuary science.

149A.61 COMPLAINTS; REPORTING OBLIGATIONS; FORM; RESPONSE.

Subdivision 1.Permission to report.

Any person, agency, political subdivision, organization, or association that has knowledge of any conduct constituting grounds for disciplinary action relating to licensure, licensed activities or practices, or unlicensed activities under this chapter may report the conduct to the regulatory agency.

Subd. 2.Institutions.

A federal or state agency, political subdivision, agency of a local unit of government, or private agency or organization located in this state or any other state in the United States may report to the regulatory agency any conduct that is regulated under this chapter and that might constitute grounds for disciplinary action. The agency, political subdivision, or organization may report:

(1) any action taken to revoke, suspend, restrict, or condition a license issued by the agency, political subdivision, or organization;

(2) any denial of privileges granted by the agency, political subdivision, or organization;

(3) the resignation of any licensee prior to the conclusion of any disciplinary action or proceeding for conduct that might constitute grounds for disciplinary action under this chapter; or

(4) any other disciplinary action taken by the agency, political subdivision, or organization for conduct that might constitute grounds for disciplinary action under this chapter.

Subd. 3.Professional societies or associations.

A national, regional, state, or local professional society or association for licensees may forward to the regulatory agency any complaint received concerning conduct or activity that is regulated under this chapter. The society or association may report to the regulatory agency any disciplinary action taken against a member of that society or association.

Subd. 4.Licensees and interns.

A licensee or intern regulated under this chapter may report to the commissioner any conduct that the licensee or intern has personal knowledge of, and reasonably believes constitutes grounds for, disciplinary action under this chapter.

Subd. 5.Courts.

The court administrator of district court or any court of competent jurisdiction shall report to the commissioner any judgment or other determination of the court that adjudges or includes a finding that a licensee or intern is a person who is mentally ill, mentally incompetent, guilty of a felony or gross misdemeanor, guilty of violations of federal or state narcotics laws or controlled substances acts; appoints a guardian or conservator for the licensee or intern; or commits a licensee or intern.

Subd. 6.Complaint form.

Complaints or reports made under this section may be submitted to the regulatory agency on forms provided by the regulatory agency. The regulatory agency, where appropriate, shall provide each complainant with a written acknowledgment of the receipt of the completed complaint form.

Subd. 7.Information to complainant.

The regulatory agency shall furnish to a complainant a statement of the result of an investigation of the complaint and a description of the activities and actions of the regulatory agency relating to the complaint to the extent that the statement is consistent with section 149A.04, subdivision 5.

Subd. 8.Classification of data.

Section 149A.04, subdivision 5, applies to data submitted to the regulatory agency under this section.

149A.62 IMMUNITY; REPORTING.

Any person, private agency, organization, society, association, licensee, or intern who, in good faith, submits information to a regulatory agency under section 149A.61 or otherwise reports violations or alleged violations of this chapter, is immune from civil liability or criminal prosecution. This section does not prohibit disciplinary action taken by the commissioner against any licensee or intern pursuant to a self report of a violation.

149A.63 PROFESSIONAL COOPERATION.

A licensee, clinical student, practicum student, intern, or applicant for licensure under this chapter that is the subject of or part of an inspection or investigation by the commissioner or the commissioner's designee shall cooperate fully with the inspection or investigation. Failure to cooperate constitutes grounds for disciplinary action under this chapter.

149A.65 FEES.

Subdivision 1.Generally.

This section establishes the fees for registrations, examinations, initial and renewal licenses, and late fees authorized under the provisions of this chapter.

Subd. 2.Mortuary science fees.

Fees for mortuary science are:

(1) $75 for the initial and renewal registration of a mortuary science intern;

(2) $125 for the mortuary science examination;

(3) $200 for issuance of initial and renewal mortuary science licenses;

(4) $100 late fee charge for a license renewal; and

(5) $250 for issuing a mortuary science license by endorsement.

Subd. 3.Funeral directors.

The license renewal fee for funeral directors is $200. The late fee charge for a license renewal is $100.

Subd. 4.Funeral establishments.

The initial and renewal fee for funeral establishments is $425. The late fee charge for a license renewal is $100.

Subd. 5.Crematories.

The initial and renewal fee for a crematory is $425. The late fee charge for a license renewal is $100.

Subd. 6.Alkaline hydrolysis facilities.

The initial and renewal fee for an alkaline hydrolysis facility is $425. The late fee charge for a license renewal is $100.

Subd. 7.State government special revenue fund.

Fees collected by the commissioner under this section must be deposited in the state treasury and credited to the state government special revenue fund.

149A.70 BUSINESS PRACTICES.

Subdivision 1.Use of titles.

Only a person holding a valid license to practice mortuary science issued by the commissioner may use the title of mortician, funeral director, or any other title implying that the licensee is engaged in the business or practice of mortuary science. Only the holder of a valid license to operate an alkaline hydrolysis facility issued by the commissioner may use the title of alkaline hydrolysis facility, water cremation, water-reduction, biocremation, green-cremation, resomation, dissolution, or any other title, word, or term implying that the licensee operates an alkaline hydrolysis facility. Only the holder of a valid license to operate a funeral establishment issued by the commissioner may use the title of funeral home, funeral chapel, funeral service, or any other title, word, or term implying that the licensee is engaged in the business or practice of mortuary science. Only the holder of a valid license to operate a crematory issued by the commissioner may use the title of crematory, crematorium, green-cremation, or any other title, word, or term implying that the licensee operates a crematory or crematorium.

Subd. 2.Business location.

A funeral establishment, alkaline hydrolysis facility, or crematory shall not do business in a location that is not licensed as a funeral establishment, alkaline hydrolysis facility, or crematory and shall not advertise a service that is available from an unlicensed location.

Subd. 3.Advertising.

No licensee, clinical student, practicum student, or intern shall publish or disseminate false, misleading, or deceptive advertising. False, misleading, or deceptive advertising includes, but is not limited to:

(1) identifying, by using the names or pictures of, persons who are not licensed to practice mortuary science in a way that leads the public to believe that those persons will provide mortuary science services;

(2) using any name other than the names under which the funeral establishment, alkaline hydrolysis facility, or crematory is known to or licensed by the commissioner;

(3) using a surname not directly, actively, or presently associated with a licensed funeral establishment, alkaline hydrolysis facility, or crematory, unless the surname had been previously and continuously used by the licensed funeral establishment, alkaline hydrolysis facility, or crematory; and

(4) using a founding or establishing date or total years of service not directly or continuously related to a name under which the funeral establishment, alkaline hydrolysis facility, or crematory is currently or was previously licensed.

Any advertising or other printed material that contains the names or pictures of persons affiliated with a funeral establishment, alkaline hydrolysis facility, or crematory shall state the position held by the persons and shall identify each person who is licensed or unlicensed under this chapter.

Subd. 4.Solicitation of business.

No licensee shall directly or indirectly pay or cause to be paid any sum of money or other valuable consideration for the securing of business or for obtaining the authority to dispose of any dead human body.

For purposes of this subdivision, licensee includes a registered intern or any agent, representative, employee, or person acting on behalf of the licensee.

Subd. 5.Reimbursement prohibited.

No licensee, clinical student, practicum student, or intern shall offer, solicit, or accept a commission, fee, bonus, rebate, or other reimbursement in consideration for recommending or causing a dead human body to be disposed of by a specific body donation program, funeral establishment, alkaline hydrolysis facility, crematory, mausoleum, or cemetery.

Subd. 5a.Solicitations prohibited in certain situations.

No funeral provider or whole body donation program may directly or indirectly:

(1) call upon an individual at a grave site, in a hospital, nursing home, hospice, or similar institution or facility, or at a visitation, wake, or reviewal for the purpose of soliciting the sale of funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services or for the purpose of making arrangements for a funeral or the final disposition of a dead human body, without a specific request for solicitation from that individual;

(2) solicit the sale of funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services from an individual whose impending death is readily apparent, without a specific request for solicitation from that individual; or

(3) engage in solicitation of an individual who has the right to control the final disposition of a dead human body within ten days after the death of the individual whose body is being disposed, without a specific request for solicitation from that individual.

This subdivision does not apply to communications between an individual and a funeral provider who is related to the individual by blood, adoption, or marriage.

Subd. 6.Use of unlicensed personnel; interns; and practicum students.

Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a licensed funeral establishment may not employ unlicensed personnel to perform the duties of a funeral director or mortician. A licensee may be personally assisted by a nonlicensed employee when removing a dead human body from the place of death and in the lifting of a dead human body at the funeral establishment. The nonlicensed employee must be in the immediate physical presence of the licensee in charge at all times. The funeral establishment and the individual licensee are responsible for compliance and training of the nonlicensed employee outlined in sections 149A.90, subdivision 6, and 149A.92, subdivisions 7 and 10, and shall be fully accountable for all actions of the nonlicensed employee.

Subd. 7.Unprofessional conduct.

No licensee or intern shall engage in or permit others under the licensee's or intern's supervision or employment to engage in unprofessional conduct. Unprofessional conduct includes, but is not limited to:

(1) harassing, abusing, or intimidating a customer, employee, or any other person encountered while within the scope of practice, employment, or business;

(2) using profane, indecent, or obscene language within the immediate hearing of the family or relatives of the deceased;

(3) failure to treat with dignity and respect the body of the deceased, any member of the family or relatives of the deceased, any employee, or any other person encountered while within the scope of practice, employment, or business;

(4) the habitual overindulgence in the use of or dependence on intoxicating liquors, prescription drugs, over-the-counter drugs, illegal drugs, or any other mood altering substances that substantially impair a person's work-related judgment or performance;

(5) revealing personally identifiable facts, data, or information about a decedent, customer, member of the decedent's family, or employee acquired in the practice or business without the prior consent of the individual, except as authorized by law;

(6) intentionally misleading or deceiving any customer in the sale of any goods or services provided by the licensee;

(7) knowingly making a false statement in the procuring, preparation, or filing of any required permit or document; or

(8) knowingly making a false statement on a record of death.

Subd. 8.Disclosure of ownership.

All funeral establishments and funeral providers must clearly state by whom they are owned on all price lists, business literature, stationery, Web sites, correspondence, and contracts. This subdivision does not apply to envelopes, business cards, newspaper advertisements, telephone book advertisements, billboard advertisements, or radio and television advertisements.

Subd. 9.Disclosure of change of ownership.

(a) Within 15 days of a change in ownership of a funeral establishment or funeral provider, the funeral establishment or funeral provider shall notify all preneed consumers by first class mail of the change in ownership. The notification shall advise the preneed consumers of their right to transfer all preneed trust funds to a new funeral provider and shall advise all preneed consumers who have revocable preneed trusts of their right to terminate the trust and receive a refund of all principal paid into the trust, plus interest accrued.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision:

(1) "change in ownership" means:

(i) the sale or transfer of 50 percent or more of the controlling interest or assets of a funeral establishment or funeral provider;

(ii) the sale or transfer of a controlling interest of a funeral establishment or funeral provider; or

(iii) the termination of the business of a funeral establishment or funeral provider where there is no transfer of assets or stock; and

(2) "controlling interest" means:

(i) an interest in a partnership of greater than 50 percent; or

(ii) greater than 50 percent of the issued and outstanding shares of a stock of a corporation.

149A.71 FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES; PRICE DISCLOSURES.

Subdivision 1.Unfair or deceptive acts or practices.

In selling or offering to sell funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to the public, it is an unfair or deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to fail to furnish accurate price information disclosing the cost to the purchaser for each of the specific funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services used in connection with the disposition of dead human bodies to persons inquiring about the purchase of funerals. Any funeral provider who complies with the preventive requirements in subdivision 2 is not engaged in the unfair or deceptive acts or practices defined in this section.

Subd. 2.Preventive requirements.

(a) To prevent unfair or deceptive acts or practices, the requirements of this subdivision must be met.

(b) Funeral providers must tell persons who ask by telephone about the funeral provider's offerings or prices any accurate information from the price lists described in paragraphs (c) to (e) and any other readily available information that reasonably answers the questions asked.

(c) Funeral providers must make available for viewing to people who inquire in person about the offerings or prices of funeral goods or burial site goods, separate printed or typewritten price lists using a ten-point font or larger. Each funeral provider must have a separate price list for each of the following types of goods that are sold or offered for sale:

(1) caskets;

(2) alternative containers;

(3) outer burial containers;

(4) alkaline hydrolysis containers;

(5) cremation containers;

(6) hydrolyzed remains containers;

(7) cremated remains containers;

(8) markers; and

(9) headstones.

(d) Each separate price list must contain the name of the funeral provider's place of business, address, and telephone number and a caption describing the list as a price list for one of the types of funeral goods or burial site goods described in paragraph (c), clauses (1) to (9). The funeral provider must offer the list upon beginning discussion of, but in any event before showing, the specific funeral goods or burial site goods and must provide a photocopy of the price list, for retention, if so asked by the consumer. The list must contain, at least, the retail prices of all the specific funeral goods and burial site goods offered which do not require special ordering, enough information to identify each, and the effective date for the price list. However, funeral providers are not required to make a specific price list available if the funeral providers place the information required by this paragraph on the general price list described in paragraph (e).

(e) Funeral providers must give a printed price list, for retention, to persons who inquire in person about the funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services or prices offered by the funeral provider. The funeral provider must give the list upon beginning discussion of either the prices of or the overall type of funeral service or disposition or specific funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services offered by the provider. This requirement applies whether the discussion takes place in the funeral establishment or elsewhere. However, when the deceased is removed for transportation to the funeral establishment, an in-person request for authorization to embalm does not, by itself, trigger the requirement to offer the general price list. If the provider, in making an in-person request for authorization to embalm, discloses that embalming is not required by law except in certain special cases, the provider is not required to offer the general price list. Any other discussion during that time about prices or the selection of funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services triggers the requirement to give the consumer a general price list. The general price list must contain the following information:

(1) the name, address, and telephone number of the funeral provider's place of business;

(2) a caption describing the list as a "general price list";

(3) the effective date for the price list;

(4) the retail prices, in any order, expressed either as a flat fee or as the prices per hour, mile, or other unit of computation, and other information described as follows:

(i) forwarding of remains to another funeral establishment, together with a list of the services provided for any quoted price;

(ii) receiving remains from another funeral establishment, together with a list of the services provided for any quoted price;

(iii) separate prices for each alkaline hydrolysis or cremation offered by the funeral provider, with the price including an alternative container or alkaline hydrolysis or cremation container, any alkaline hydrolysis or crematory charges, and a description of the services and container included in the price, where applicable, and the price of alkaline hydrolysis or cremation where the purchaser provides the container;

(iv) separate prices for each immediate burial offered by the funeral provider, including a casket or alternative container, and a description of the services and container included in that price, and the price of immediate burial where the purchaser provides the casket or alternative container;

(v) transfer of remains to the funeral establishment or other location;

(vi) embalming;

(vii) other preparation of the body;

(viii) use of facilities, equipment, or staff for viewing;

(ix) use of facilities, equipment, or staff for funeral ceremony;

(x) use of facilities, equipment, or staff for memorial service;

(xi) use of equipment or staff for graveside service;

(xii) hearse or funeral coach;

(xiii) limousine; and

(xiv) separate prices for all cemetery-specific goods and services, including all goods and services associated with interment and burial site goods and services and excluding markers and headstones;

(5) the price range for the caskets offered by the funeral provider, together with the statement "A complete price list will be provided at the funeral establishment or casket sale location." or the prices of individual caskets, as disclosed in the manner described in paragraphs (c) and (d);

(6) the price range for the alternative containers offered by the funeral provider, together with the statement "A complete price list will be provided at the funeral establishment or alternative container sale location." or the prices of individual alternative containers, as disclosed in the manner described in paragraphs (c) and (d);

(7) the price range for the outer burial containers offered by the funeral provider, together with the statement "A complete price list will be provided at the funeral establishment or outer burial container sale location." or the prices of individual outer burial containers, as disclosed in the manner described in paragraphs (c) and (d);

(8) the price range for the alkaline hydrolysis container offered by the funeral provider, together with the statement "A complete price list will be provided at the funeral establishment or alkaline hydrolysis container sale location." or the prices of individual alkaline hydrolysis containers, as disclosed in the manner described in paragraphs (c) and (d);

(9) the price range for the hydrolyzed remains container offered by the funeral provider, together with the statement "A complete price list will be provided at the funeral establishment or hydrolyzed remains container sale location." or the prices of individual hydrolyzed remains container, as disclosed in the manner described in paragraphs (c) and (d);

(10) the price range for the cremation containers offered by the funeral provider, together with the statement "A complete price list will be provided at the funeral establishment or cremation container sale location." or the prices of individual cremation containers, as disclosed in the manner described in paragraphs (c) and (d);

(11) the price range for the cremated remains containers offered by the funeral provider, together with the statement, "A complete price list will be provided at the funeral establishment or cremated remains container sale location," or the prices of individual cremation containers as disclosed in the manner described in paragraphs (c) and (d);

(12) the price for the basic services of funeral provider and staff, together with a list of the principal basic services provided for any quoted price and, if the charge cannot be declined by the purchaser, the statement "This fee for our basic services will be added to the total cost of the funeral arrangements you select. (This fee is already included in our charges for alkaline hydrolysis, direct cremations, immediate burials, and forwarding or receiving remains.)" If the charge cannot be declined by the purchaser, the quoted price shall include all charges for the recovery of unallocated funeral provider overhead, and funeral providers may include in the required disclosure the phrase "and overhead" after the word "services." This services fee is the only funeral provider fee for services, facilities, or unallocated overhead permitted by this subdivision to be nondeclinable, unless otherwise required by law;

(13) the price range for the markers and headstones offered by the funeral provider, together with the statement "A complete price list will be provided at the funeral establishment or marker or headstone sale location." or the prices of individual markers and headstones, as disclosed in the manner described in paragraphs (c) and (d); and

(14) any package priced funerals offered must be listed in addition to and following the information required in paragraph (e) and must clearly state the funeral goods and services being offered, the price being charged for those goods and services, and the discounted savings.

(f) Funeral providers must give an itemized written statement, for retention, to each consumer who arranges an at-need funeral or other disposition of human remains at the conclusion of the discussion of the arrangements. The itemized written statement must be signed by the consumer selecting the goods and services as required in section 149A.80. If the statement is provided by a funeral establishment, the statement must be signed by the licensed funeral director or mortician planning the arrangements. If the statement is provided by any other funeral provider, the statement must be signed by an authorized agent of the funeral provider. The statement must list the funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services selected by that consumer and the prices to be paid for each item, specifically itemized cash advance items (these prices must be given to the extent then known or reasonably ascertainable if the prices are not known or reasonably ascertainable, a good faith estimate shall be given and a written statement of the actual charges shall be provided before the final bill is paid), and the total cost of goods and services selected. At the conclusion of an at-need arrangement, the funeral provider is required to give the consumer a copy of the signed itemized written contract that must contain the information required in this paragraph.

(g) Upon receiving actual notice of the death of an individual with whom a funeral provider has entered a preneed funeral agreement, the funeral provider must provide a copy of all preneed funeral agreement documents to the person who controls final disposition of the human remains or to the designee of the person controlling disposition. The person controlling final disposition shall be provided with these documents at the time of the person's first in-person contact with the funeral provider, if the first contact occurs in person at a funeral establishment, alkaline hydrolysis facility, crematory, or other place of business of the funeral provider. If the contact occurs by other means or at another location, the documents must be provided within 24 hours of the first contact.

Subd. 3.Prices displayed.

Any funeral provider who sells or offers to sell funeral goods or burial site goods to the public shall, at all times, display the retail price of all displayed funeral goods or burial site goods in a conspicuous place on the goods. "Conspicuous place" means a place where any consumer viewing the funeral goods or burial site goods would be able to see and read the price and reasonably understand that the price seen is the price of the funeral goods or burial site goods viewed. Displayed funeral goods or burial site goods are those goods that the funeral provider regularly maintains in inventory and makes available for viewing and purchase by the consumer.

Subd. 4.Casket, alternate container, alkaline hydrolysis container, and cremation container sales; records; required disclosures.

Any funeral provider who sells or offers to sell a casket, alternate container, alkaline hydrolysis container, hydrolyzed remains container, cremation container, or cremated remains container to the public must maintain a record of each sale that includes the name of the purchaser, the purchaser's mailing address, the name of the decedent, the date of the decedent's death, and the place of death. These records shall be open to inspection by the regulatory agency. Any funeral provider selling a casket, alternate container, or cremation container to the public, and not having charge of the final disposition of the dead human body, shall provide a copy of the statutes and rules controlling the removal, preparation, transportation, arrangements for disposition, and final disposition of a dead human body. This subdivision does not apply to morticians, funeral directors, funeral establishments, crematories, or wholesale distributors of caskets, alternate containers, alkaline hydrolysis containers, or cremation containers.

149A.72 FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES; MISREPRESENTATIONS.

Subdivision 1.Embalming provisions; deceptive acts or practices.

In selling or offering to sell funeral goods or funeral services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to represent that state or local law requires that a dead human body be embalmed when that is not the case or to fail to disclose that embalming is not required by law except in certain cases.

Subd. 2.Embalming provisions; preventive requirements.

To prevent deceptive acts or practices, a funeral provider must not represent that a dead human body is required to be embalmed for direct cremation, immediate burial, or a closed casket funeral without viewing or visitation, when refrigeration is available and when not required by law. The funeral provider must also place the following disclosure on the general price list, described in section 149A.71, subdivision 2, paragraph (e), in immediate conjunction with the price shown for embalming: "Except in certain cases, embalming is not required by law. Embalming may be necessary, however, if you select certain funeral arrangements, such as a funeral with viewing. If you do not want embalming, you usually have the right to choose an arrangement that does not require you to pay for it, such as direct cremation or immediate burial or when refrigeration or use of dry ice is available."

Subd. 3.Casket for alkaline hydrolysis or cremation provisions; deceptive acts or practices.

In selling or offering to sell funeral goods or funeral services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to represent that a casket is required for alkaline hydrolysis or cremations by state or local law or otherwise.

Subd. 3a.Casket for alkaline hydrolysis provision; preventive measures.

To prevent deceptive acts or practices, funeral providers must place the following disclosure in immediate conjunction with the prices shown for alkaline hydrolysis: "Minnesota law does not require you to purchase a casket for alkaline hydrolysis. If you want to arrange for alkaline hydrolysis, you can use an alkaline hydrolysis container. An alkaline hydrolysis container is a hydrolyzable or biodegradable closed container or pouch resistant to leakage of bodily fluids that encases the body and into which a dead human body is placed prior to insertion into an alkaline hydrolysis vessel. The containers we provide are (specify containers provided)." This disclosure is required only if the funeral provider arranges alkaline hydrolysis.

Subd. 4.Casket for cremation provision; preventive measures.

To prevent deceptive acts or practices, funeral providers must place the following disclosure in immediate conjunction with the prices shown for cremations: "Minnesota law does not require you to purchase a casket for cremation. If you want to arrange a cremation, you can use a cremation container. A cremation container is a combustible, closed container that encases the body and can be made of materials like fiberboard or corrugated cardboard and into which a dead human body is placed prior to insertion into a cremation chamber for cremation. The containers we provide are (specify containers provided)." This disclosure is required only if the funeral provider arranges direct cremations.

Subd. 5.Rental caskets; deceptive acts or practices.

In selling or offering to sell funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to fail to disclose that a casket has been used in a previous funeral ceremony when that is the case.

Subd. 6.Rental caskets; preventive measures.

To prevent deceptive acts or practices, funeral providers must place the following disclosure in immediate conjunction with the prices shown for funeral goods or funeral services where a casket may be rented rather than purchased: "If you choose a funeral service where a rental casket is provided, the casket used for the funeral service may have been used in a previous funeral service. If the casket has been used in a previous funeral service, the interior lining has either been replaced or thoroughly cleaned."

Subd. 7.Outer burial container provisions; deceptive acts or practices.

In selling or offering to sell funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to represent that state or local laws or regulations, or particular cemeteries, require outer burial containers when that is not the case or to fail to disclose to consumers arranging funerals that state law or local law does not require the purchase of an outer burial container.

Subd. 8.Outer burial container provisions; preventive requirements.

To prevent deceptive acts or practices, funeral providers must place the following disclosure on the outer burial container price list, described in section 149A.71, subdivision 2, paragraph (c), or, if the prices of outer burial containers are listed on the general price list, described in section 149A.71, subdivision 2, paragraph (e), in immediate conjunction with those prices: "In most areas of the country, state or local law does not require that you buy a container to surround the casket in the grave. However, many cemeteries require that you have such a container so that the grave will not sink in. Either a grave liner or a burial vault will satisfy these requirements."

Subd. 9.Deceptive acts or practices.

In selling or offering to sell funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to represent that federal, state, or local laws, or particular cemeteries, alkaline hydrolysis facilities, or crematories require the purchase of any funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services when that is not the case.

Subd. 10.Preventive requirements.

To prevent deceptive acts or practices, funeral providers must identify and briefly describe in writing on the statement of funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, and burial site services selected, as described in section 149A.71, subdivision 2, paragraph (f), any legal, cemetery, or crematory requirement which the funeral provider represents to consumers as compelling the purchase of funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services for the funeral which that consumer is arranging.

Subd. 11.Claims on preservation; deceptive acts or practices.

In selling or offering to sell funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to represent that funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services will delay the natural decomposition of human remains for a long term or indefinite time or to represent that funeral goods or burial site goods have protective features, beyond a lid sealing casket, or will protect the body from grave site substances, when that is not the case.

Subd. 12.Cash advance provisions; deceptive acts or practices.

In selling or offering to sell funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to represent that the price charged for a cash advance item is the same as the cost to the funeral provider for the item when that is not the case or to fail to disclose to the consumer arranging the funeral that the price charged for a cash advance item is not the same as the cost to the funeral provider when that is not the case.

Subd. 13.Cash advance provisions; preventive requirements.

To prevent deceptive acts or practices, funeral providers must place the following sentence in the itemized statement of funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, and burial site services selected, in immediate conjunction with the list of itemized cash advance items required by section 149A.71, subdivision 2, paragraph (f): "We charge you for our services in obtaining (specify cash advance items provided).", if the funeral provider makes a charge upon, or receives and retains a rebate, commission, or trade or volume discount upon a cash advance item.

149A.73 FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES, GOODS, OR SERVICES.

Subdivision 1.Casket for alkaline hydrolysis or cremation provisions; deceptive acts or practices.

In selling or offering to sell funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to require that a casket be purchased for alkaline hydrolysis or cremation.

Subd. 2.Casket for alkaline hydrolysis or cremation; preventive requirements.

To prevent unfair or deceptive acts or practices, if funeral providers arrange for alkaline hydrolysis or cremations, they must make an alkaline hydrolysis container or cremation container available for alkaline hydrolysis or cremations.

Subd. 3.Required purchases of funeral goods or services; deceptive acts or practices.

(a) In selling or offering to sell funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to condition the furnishing of any funeral good, funeral service, burial site good, or burial site service to a consumer arranging a funeral upon the purchase of any other funeral good, funeral service, burial site good, or burial site service, except as may be otherwise required by law or to charge any fee as a condition to furnishing any funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to a consumer arranging a funeral, other than the fees for services of funeral director and staff, other funeral services, funeral goods, burial site goods, and burial site services selected by the purchaser, and other funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services required to be purchased, as explained on the itemized statement in accordance with section 149A.72, subdivision 10.

(b) In selling or offering to sell funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to charge an increased price for the handling, placing, or setting of a funeral good or burial site good based upon the fact that the good was not purchased from that funeral provider.

Subd. 4.Required purchases of funeral goods or services; preventive requirements.

To prevent unfair or deceptive acts or practices, funeral providers must place the following disclosure in the general price list, immediately above the prices required by section 149A.71, subdivision 2, paragraph (e), clauses (4) to (10): "The goods and services shown below are those we can provide to our customers. You may choose only the items you desire. If legal or other requirements mean that you must buy any items you did not specifically ask for, we will explain the reason in writing on the statement we provide describing the funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, and burial site services you selected." However, if the charge for "services of funeral director and staff" cannot be declined by the purchaser, the statement shall include the sentence "However, any funeral arrangements you select will include a charge for our basic services." between the second and third sentences of the sentences specified in this subdivision. The statement may include the phrase "and overhead" after the word "services" if the fee includes a charge for the recovery of unallocated funeral overhead. If the funeral provider does not include this disclosure statement, then the following disclosure statement must be placed in the statement of funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, and burial site services selected, as described in section 149A.71, subdivision 2, paragraph (f): "Charges are only for those items that you selected or that are required. If we are required by law or by a cemetery, alkaline hydrolysis facility, or crematory to use any items, we will explain the reasons in writing below." A funeral provider is not in violation of this subdivision by failing to comply with a request for a combination of goods or services which would be impossible, impractical, or excessively burdensome to provide.

Subd. 5.Rental of funeral goods.

It is a deceptive act or practice for a funeral provider to require as a condition of providing any funeral good or burial site good that the funeral good or burial site good be purchased by a consumer when rental of the good is practicable.

149A.74 FUNERAL SERVICES PROVIDED WITHOUT PRIOR APPROVAL.

Subdivision 1.Services provided without prior approval; deceptive acts or practices.

In selling or offering to sell funeral goods or funeral services to the public, it is a deceptive act or practice for any funeral provider to embalm a dead human body unless state or local law or regulation requires embalming in the particular circumstances regardless of any funeral choice which might be made, or prior approval for embalming has been obtained from an individual legally authorized to make such a decision. In seeking approval to embalm, the funeral provider must disclose that embalming is not required by law except in certain circumstances; that a fee will be charged if a funeral is selected which requires embalming, such as a funeral with viewing; and that no embalming fee will be charged if the family selects a service which does not require embalming, such as direct alkaline hydrolysis, direct cremation, or immediate burial.

Subd. 2.Services provided without prior approval; preventive requirement.

To prevent unfair or deceptive acts or practices, funeral providers must include on the itemized statement of funeral goods or services, as described in section 149A.71, subdivision 2, paragraph (f), the statement "If you selected a funeral that may require embalming, such as a funeral with viewing, you may have to pay for embalming. You do not have to pay for embalming you did not approve if you selected arrangements such as direct alkaline hydrolysis, direct cremation, or immediate burial. If we charged for embalming, we will explain why below."

149A.745 PROHIBITION ON PREINTERMENT OF OUTER BURIAL CONTAINERS.

A funeral provider is prohibited from interring a lined and sealed outer burial container until the death of the beneficiary.

History:

2000 c 438 s 28

149A.75 FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES; RETENTION OF DOCUMENTS.

Funeral providers must retain and make available for inspection true and accurate copies of the applicable price lists specified in section 149A.71, subdivision 2, paragraphs (c) to (e), for a minimum of one calendar year after the date of their last distribution to customers. In addition, funeral providers must retain a copy of each statement of funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, and burial site services selected, as described in section 149A.71, subdivision 2, paragraph (f), for a minimum of three calendar years from the date of the arrangement conference. Following this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the funeral provider may then place the records in storage or reduce them to microfilm, microfiche, laser disc, or any other method that can produce an accurate reproduction of the original record, for retention for a period of ten calendar years from the date of the arrangement conference. At the end of this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the funeral provider may destroy the records by shredding, incineration, or any other manner that protects the privacy of the individuals identified in the records.

149A.76 FUNERAL INDUSTRY PRACTICES; COMPREHENSION OF DISCLOSURES.

Funeral providers must make all disclosures required under sections 149A.71 to 149A.74 in a clear and conspicuous manner.

History:

1997 c 215 s 33

149A.80 DEATH; RIGHT TO CONTROL AND DUTY OF DISPOSITION.

Subdivision 1.Advance directives and will of decedent.

A person may direct the preparation for, type, or place of that person's final disposition, as well as the type of conveyance to be used to transport the body to the place of final disposition by written instructions. Arrangements made in advance of need must be in writing and dated, signed, and witnessed. The person or persons otherwise entitled to control the final disposition under this chapter shall faithfully carry out the reasonable and otherwise lawful directions of the decedent to the extent that the decedent has provided resources for the purpose of carrying out the directions. If the instructions are contained in a will, they shall be immediately carried out, regardless of the validity of the will in other respects or of the fact that the will may not be offered for or admitted to probate until a later date, subject to other provisions of this chapter or any other law of this state. This subdivision shall be administered and construed so that the reasonable and lawful instructions of the decedent or the person entitled to control the final disposition shall be faithfully and promptly performed.

Subd. 2.Determination of right to control and duty of disposition.

The right to control the dead human body, including the location and conditions of final disposition, unless other directions have been given by the decedent pursuant to subdivision 1, vests in, and the duty of final disposition of the body devolves upon, the following in the order of priority listed:

(1) the person or persons appointed in a dated written instrument signed by the decedent. Written instrument includes, but is not limited to, a health care directive executed under chapter 145C. If there is a dispute involving more than one written instrument, a written instrument that is witnessed or notarized prevails over a written instrument that is not witnessed or notarized. Written instrument does not include a durable or nondurable power of attorney which terminates on the death of the principal pursuant to sections 523.08 and 523.09;

(2) the spouse of the decedent;

(3) the adult child or the majority of the adult children of the decedent, provided that, in the absence of actual knowledge to the contrary, a funeral director or mortician may rely on instructions given by the child or children who represent that they are the sole surviving child, or that they constitute a majority of the surviving children;

(4) the surviving parent or parents of the decedent, each having equal authority;

(5) the adult sibling or the majority of the adult siblings of the decedent, provided that, in the absence of actual knowledge to the contrary, a funeral director or mortician may rely on instructions given by the sibling or siblings who represent that they are the sole surviving sibling, or that they constitute a majority of the surviving siblings;

(6) the adult grandchild or the majority of the adult grandchildren of the decedent, provided that, in the absence of actual knowledge to the contrary, a funeral director or mortician may rely on instructions given by a grandchild or grandchildren who represent that they are the only grandchild or grandchildren reasonably available to control final disposition of the decedent's remains or represent a majority of grandchildren reasonably available to control final disposition of the decedent's remains;

(7) the grandparent or the grandparents of the decedent, each having equal authority;

(8) the adult nieces and nephews of the decedent, or a majority of them, provided that, in the absence of actual knowledge to the contrary, a funeral director or mortician may rely on instructions given by a niece, nephew, or nieces or nephews who represent that they are the only niece, nephew, or nieces or nephews reasonably available to control final disposition of the decedent's remains or represent a majority of nieces and nephews reasonably available to control final disposition of the decedent's remains;

(9) the person or persons who were acting as the guardians of the person of the decedent with authority to make health care decisions for the decedent at the time of death;

(10) an adult who exhibited special care and concern for the decedent;

(11) the person or persons respectively in the next degree of kinship in the order named by law to inherit the estate of the decedent; and

(12) the appropriate public or court authority, as required by law.

For purposes of this subdivision, the appropriate public or court authority includes the county board of the county in which the death occurred if the person dies without apparent financial means to provide for final disposition or the district court in the county in which the death occurred.

Subd. 3.Estranged persons.

Where there is only one person in a degree of relationship to the decedent described in subdivision 2, clauses (1) to (6), and a district court pursuant to subdivision 5, determines that the person and the decedent were estranged at the time of death, the right to control and the duty of disposition shall devolve to the person or persons in the next degree of relationship pursuant to subdivision 2, clauses (1) to (6). For purposes of this subdivision, "estranged" means having a relationship characterized by mutual enmity, hostility, or indifference.

Subd. 4.Refusal of right to control and duty of disposition.

If a person or persons to whom the right to control and duty of disposition devolve pursuant to subdivision 2, clauses (1) to (6), refuses to accept or declines to act upon the right or duty, that right and duty shall pass as follows:

(1) to another person or persons with the same degree of relationship to the decedent as the person or persons refusing to accept or declining to act; or

(2) to the person or persons in the next degree of relationship to the decedent pursuant to subdivision 2, clauses (1) to (6).

Subd. 5.Disputes.

When a dispute exists regarding the right to control or duty of disposition, the parties in dispute or the mortician or funeral director may file a petition in the district court in the county of residence of the decedent requesting that the court make a determination in the matter. Should the right to control and duty of disposition devolve to more than one person with the same degree of relationship to the decedent and those persons cannot, by majority vote, make a decision regarding arrangements and final disposition and a district court has been petitioned to make a determination, the court shall consider the following factors in making its determination:

(1) the reasonableness, practicality, and resources available for payment of the proposed arrangements and final disposition;

(2) the degree of the personal relationship between the decedent and each of the persons in the same degree of relationship to the decedent;

(3) the expressed wishes and directions of the decedent and the extent to which the decedent has provided resources for the purpose of carrying out the wishes or directions; and

(4) the degree to which the arrangements and final disposition will allow for participation by all who wish to pay respect to the decedent.

Subd. 6.Control by funeral director or mortician.

A funeral director or mortician shall have complete authority to control the final disposition and to proceed under this chapter to recover reasonable charges for the final disposition when both of the following apply:

(1) the funeral director or mortician has actual knowledge that none of the persons described in subdivision 2, clauses (1) to (6), exist or that none of the persons so described can be found after reasonable inquiry or contacted by reasonable means; and

(2) the appropriate public or court authority fails to assume responsibility for disposition of the remains within 36 hours after having been given written notice of the facts. Written notice may be delivered by hand, United States mail, facsimile transmission, or telegraph.

Subd. 7.Immunity.

A funeral director or mortician shall not be subject to criminal prosecution or civil liability for carrying out the otherwise lawful instructions of the decedent or the person or persons whom the funeral director or mortician reasonably believes is entitled to control the final disposition.

Subd. 8.Liability for cost of final disposition.

In addition to separate contractual obligations, the liability for the reasonable cost of final disposition devolves upon the estate of the decedent, regardless of whether testate or intestate, and the distributees of the estate pursuant to chapter 524, the Uniform Probate Code. In the case of persons who die without apparent financial means to provide for final disposition, control of final disposition and liability devolves to the county board of the county in which the death occurred, pursuant to section 261.035. In the case of unclaimed bodies delivered for dissection by the medical examiner and anatomical gifts of the entire body made pursuant to section 149A.81, subdivision 2, subject to the terms of the gift, liability for transportation and final disposition shall be borne by the institution receiving the body.

Subd. 9.Interference with body or final disposition.

Any person that arrests, attaches, detains, or claims to detain any human remains for any debt or demand, or upon any pretended lien or charge, or who, without authority of law, obstructs or detains a person charged with the duty or engaged in the final disposition of a dead human body, or fails to release any dead human body upon the receipt of authorization for the release signed by a person or persons entitled to custody of the body is guilty of a misdemeanor. Criminal prosecution shall not preclude the commissioner from taking any other lawful disciplinary action.

149A.81 ANATOMICAL GIFTS.

Subdivision 1.Duty of disposition; gift of part of a body.

This chapter does not apply to or interfere with the making of an anatomical gift under chapter 525A, except as provided in this subdivision.

When the anatomical gift is of a part of a body, after procurement of the gift organ or organs, custody of the remainder of the body vests in the person or persons under legal obligation to dispose of the body under section 149A.80. Once an anatomical gift has been made and custody of the body has passed from the donee to the person or persons lawfully entitled or obligated to dispose of the body, the provisions of this chapter apply.

Subd. 2.Duty of disposition; gift of whole body.

When the gift is of the whole body, after it has served the purpose of the gift, subject to the terms of the gift, the body shall be decently buried in a public or private cemetery or cremated and disposed of in any lawful manner and the expense of transporting and burying or cremating the body shall be borne by the donee of the body. Where the donee allows embalming of the body and a funeral service prior to delivery of the body for gift purposes, this chapter applies until the body is delivered to the donee pursuant to the gift. Where the donee takes immediate delivery of the body pursuant to the gift, the donee must complete and file the death record. If the donee does not accept the gift of the body, the right to control, duty of disposition, and liability for disposition shall be in accordance with section 149A.80.

149A.90 DEATH; REGISTRATION AND REMOVAL FROM PLACE OF DEATH.

Subdivision 1.Death record.

(a) Except as provided in this section, a death record must be completed and filed for every known death by the mortician, funeral director, or other person lawfully in charge of the final disposition of the body.

(b) If the body is that of an individual whose identity is unknown, the person in charge of the final disposition of the body must notify the commissioner for purposes of compliance with section 144.05, subdivision 4.

Subd. 2.Removal from place of death.

No person subject to regulation under this chapter shall remove or cause to be removed any dead human body from the place of death without being licensed by the commissioner. Every dead human body shall be removed from the place of death by a licensed mortician or funeral director, except as provided in section 149A.01, subdivision 3.

Subd. 3.Referrals to coroner or medical examiner.

Referrals to the coroner or medical examiner are outlined in section 390.11.

Subd. 4.Certificate of removal.

No dead human body shall be removed from the place of death by a mortician or funeral director or by a noncompensated person with the right to control the dead human body without the completion of a certificate of removal and, where possible, presentation of a copy of that certificate to the person or a representative of the legal entity with physical or legal custody of the body at the death site. The certificate of removal shall be in the format provided by the commissioner that contains, at least, the following information:

(1) the name of the deceased, if known;

(2) the date and time of removal;

(3) a brief listing of the type and condition of any personal property removed with the body;

(4) the location to which the body is being taken;

(5) the name, business address, and license number of the individual making the removal; and

(6) the signatures of the individual making the removal and, where possible, the individual or representative of the legal entity with physical or legal custody of the body at the death site.

Subd. 5.Retention of certificate of removal.

A copy of the certificate of removal shall be given, where possible, to the person or representative of the legal entity having physical or legal custody of the body at the death site. The original certificate of removal shall be retained by the individual making the removal and shall be kept on file, at the funeral establishment to which the body was taken, for a period of three calendar years following the date of the removal. Following this period, and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the funeral establishment may then place the records in storage or reduce them to microfilm, microfiche, laser disc, or any other method that can produce an accurate reproduction of the original record, for retention for a period of ten calendar years from the date of the removal of the body. At the end of this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the funeral establishment may destroy the records by shredding, incineration, or any other manner that protects the privacy of the individuals identified in the records.

Subd. 6.Removal procedure.

Every individual removing a dead human body from the place of death shall use universal precautions and otherwise exercise all reasonable precautions to minimize the risk of transmitting any communicable disease from the body. Before removal, the body shall be wrapped in a sheet or pouch that is impervious to liquids, covered in such a manner that the body cannot be viewed, and placed on a regulation ambulance cot or on an aircraft ambulance stretcher. A person with the right to control the dead human body or that person's noncompensated designee may use any appropriate cot, stretcher, or tray rigid enough to support a dead human body. Any dead human body measuring 36 inches or less in length may be removed after having been properly wrapped, covered, and encased, but does not need to be placed on an ambulance cot, aircraft ambulance stretcher, or rigid tray.

Subd. 7.Conveyances permitted for removal.

A dead human body may be transported from the place of death by any vehicle that meets the following standards:

(1) promotes respect for and preserves the dignity of the dead human body;

(2) shields the body from being viewed from outside of the conveyance;

(3) has ample enclosed area to accommodate a cot, stretcher, or rigid tray in a horizontal position;

(4) is so designed to permit loading and unloading of the body without excessive tilting of the cot, stretcher, or rigid tray; and

(5) if used for the transportation of more than one dead human body at one time, the vehicle must be designed so that a body or container does not rest directly on top of another body or container and that each body or container is secured to prevent the body or container from excessive movement within the conveyance. A dead human body measuring 36 inches or less in length may be transported from the place of death by passenger automobile. For purposes of this subdivision, a passenger automobile is a vehicle designed and used for carrying not more than ten persons, but excludes motorcycles and motor scooters.

Subd. 8.Proper holding facility required.

The funeral establishment to which a dead human body is taken shall have an appropriate holding facility for storing the body while awaiting final disposition. The holding facility must be secure from access by anyone except the authorized personnel of the funeral establishment, preserve the dignity of the remains, and protect the health and safety of the funeral establishment personnel.

149A.91 PREPARATION OF BODY.

Subdivision 1.Universal precautions.

In handling and preparing dead human bodies for final disposition, any person who comes in direct contact with an unembalmed dead human body or who enters a room where dead human bodies are embalmed, shall use universal precautions and otherwise exercise all reasonable precautions to minimize the risk of transmitting any communicable disease from the body. All persons present in a preparation and embalming room while a body is being prepared for final disposition must be attired in accordance with all applicable state and federal regulations regarding the control of infectious disease and occupational and workplace health and safety.

Subd. 2.Preparation procedures; access to preparation room.

The preparation of a dead human body for final disposition shall be performed in privacy. No person shall be permitted to be present in the preparation room while a dead human body is being embalmed, washed, or otherwise prepared for final disposition, except:

(1) licensed morticians;

(2) registered interns or students as described in subdivision 6;

(3) public officials or representatives in the discharge of their official duties; and

(4) licensed medical personnel.

Licensed funeral homes may work with family and friends of the deceased to allow for their participation in washing and dressing of the body in a private location other than the preparation room of the funeral home.

Subd. 3.Embalming or refrigeration required.

(a) A dead human body must be embalmed by a licensed mortician or registered intern or practicum student or clinical student, refrigerated, or packed in dry ice in the following circumstances:

(1) if the body will be transported by public transportation, pursuant to section 149A.93, subdivision 7;

(2) if final disposition will not be accomplished within 72 hours after death or release of the body by a competent authority with jurisdiction over the body or the body will be lawfully stored for final disposition in the future, except as provided in section 149A.94, subdivision 1;

(3) if the body will be publicly viewed subject to paragraph (b); or

(4) if so ordered by the commissioner of health for the control of infectious disease and the protection of the public health.

(b) For purposes of this subdivision, "publicly viewed" means reviewal of a dead human body by anyone other than those mentioned in section 149A.80, subdivision 2, and their minor children. Dry ice may only be used when the dead human body is publicly viewed within private property.

(c) A body may not be kept in refrigeration for a period that exceeds six calendar days, or packed in dry ice for a period that exceeds four calendar days, from the time and release of the body from the place of death or from the time of release from the coroner or medical examiner.

Subd. 4.Authorization to embalm.

No dead human body shall be embalmed without written authorization. Written authorization to embalm a dead human body must be obtained from the individual lawfully entitled to custody of the body or the individual's legal designee as soon as is practicable following the death. Oral permission to embalm shall constitute an effective authorization to embalm if the individual seeking permission uses the word "embalm," briefly explains the nature of embalming, and briefly outlines the existing laws regulating the timing and reasons for embalming, and obtains written authorization as soon as is possible thereafter. The original written authorization to embalm shall be maintained in the records of the funeral establishment that causes the embalming to be performed and a copy of the authorization must be delivered to the person who has legal right to control the disposition or that person's legal designee. Predeath directives authorizing embalming, duly executed by the deceased, shall be given full legal effect and shall constitute an effective authorization to embalm under this subdivision. When embalming is required by subdivision 3, permission to embalm shall, as a matter of law, be implied.

Subd. 5.Authorization to embalm; required form.

A written authorization to embalm must contain the following information:

(1) the date of the authorization;

(2) the name of the funeral establishment that will perform the embalming;

(3) the name, address, and relationship to the decedent of the person signing the authorization;

(4) an acknowledgment of the circumstances where embalming is required by law under subdivision 3;

(5) a statement certifying that the person signing the authorization is the person with legal right to control the disposition of the body prescribed in section 149A.80 or that person's legal designee;

(6) the name and signature of the person requesting the authorization and that person's relationship to the funeral establishment where the procedure will be performed; and

(7) the signature of the person who has the legal right to control the disposition or their legal designee.

Subd. 6.Mortician required.

Embalming of a dead human body shall be performed only by an individual holding a license to practice mortuary science in Minnesota, a registered intern pursuant to section 149A.20, subdivision 6, or a student registered for a practicum or clinical through an accredited college or university or a college of funeral service education accredited by the American Board of Funeral Service Education. An individual who holds a funeral director only license issued pursuant to section 149A.40, subdivision 2, is prohibited from engaging in the embalming of a dead human body.

Subd. 7.Embalming chemicals; prohibited compounds.

Embalming fluid containing compounds of arsenic, mercury, zinc, silver, or other poisonous metals shall not be sold in Minnesota or used for or in the embalming of any dead human body.

Subd. 8.Minimum standards for embalming.

In every case where a dead human body is embalmed, standards of performance known to and accepted in the practice of mortuary science shall be followed to ensure the inhibition of pathogenic organisms in the dead human body.

Subd. 9. Bodies awaiting final disposition.

All bodies awaiting final disposition shall be kept in an appropriate holding facility or preparation and embalming room. The holding facility must be secure from access by anyone except the authorized personnel of the funeral establishment, preserve the dignity and integrity of the body, and protect the health and safety of the personnel of the funeral establishment.

Subd. 10.Required records.

Every funeral establishment that causes a dead human body to be embalmed shall create and maintain on its premises or other business location in Minnesota an accurate record of every embalming performed. The record shall include all of the following information for each embalming:

(1) the name of the decedent and the date of death;

(2) the date the funeral establishment took physical custody of the body and, if applicable, the name of the person releasing the body to the custody of the funeral establishment;

(3) the reason for embalming the body;

(4) the name, address, and relationship to the decedent of the person who authorized the embalming of the body;

(5) the date the body was embalmed, including the time begun and the time of completion;

(6) the name, license number, and signature of the mortician who performed or personally supervised the intern or student who performed the embalming;

(7) the name, permit number, if applicable, and signature of any intern or practicum student or clinical student that participates in the embalming of a body, whether the intern or practicum student or clinical student performs part or all of the embalming; and

(8) the original written authorization to embalm and any other supporting documentation that establishes the legal right of the funeral establishment to physical custody of the body and to embalm the body.

Subd. 11.Retention of records.

Records required under subdivision 10 shall be maintained for a period of three calendar years after the embalming of the body. Following this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the funeral establishment may then place the records in storage or reduce them to microfilm, microfiche, laser disc, or any other method that can produce an accurate reproduction of the original record, for retention for a period of ten calendar years from the date of the embalming of the body. At the end of this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the funeral establishment may destroy the records by shredding, incineration, or any other manner that protects the privacy of the individuals identified in the records.

149A.92 PREPARATION AND EMBALMING ROOM.

Subdivision 1.Scope.

(a) Any room used by a funeral establishment for preparation and embalming must comply with the minimum standards of this section. A funeral establishment where no preparation and embalming is performed, but which conducts viewings, visitations, and services, or which holds human remains while awaiting final disposition, need not comply with the minimum standards of this section.

(b) Each funeral establishment must have a preparation and embalming room that complies with the minimum standards of this section, except that a funeral establishment that operates branch locations need only have one compliant preparation and embalming room for all locations.

Subd. 2.Minimum requirements; general.

Every funeral establishment must have a preparation and embalming room. The room shall be of sufficient size and dimensions to accommodate a preparation or embalming table, an approved flush bowl with water connections, a hand sink with water connections, and an instrument table, cabinet, or shelves.

Subd. 3.Minimum requirements; lighting and ventilation.

The room shall be properly lit and ventilated with an exhaust fan that provides at least 12 air changes per hour and is located so that air is drawn away from the person performing the preparation.

Subd. 4.Minimum requirements; plumbing connections.

All plumbing fixtures, water supply lines, plumbing vents, and waste drains shall be properly vented and connected pursuant to the Minnesota Plumbing Code. Where a municipal sewerage system is available, the building drainage system shall be discharged into that system. Where a municipal system is not available, the building system must be discharged into an approved private system of waste disposal.

Subd. 5.Minimum requirements; flooring, walls, ceiling, doors, and windows.

All preparation and embalming rooms shall have nonporous flooring, so that a sanitary condition is provided. The walls and ceiling of the preparation and embalming room shall run from floor to ceiling and be covered with tile, or by plaster or sheetrock painted with washable paint, or other appropriate material so that a sanitary condition is provided. The doors, walls, ceiling, and windows shall be constructed to prevent odors from entering any other part of the building. All windows or other openings to the outside must be screened and all windows must be treated in a manner that prevents viewing into the preparation room from the outside.

Subd. 6.Minimum requirements; equipment and supplies.

The preparation and embalming room must have a functional aspirator, eye wash, and quick drench shower. Where embalmings are actually performed in the room, the room must be equipped with a preparation and embalming table, a functional method for injection of fluids, and sufficient supplies and instruments for normal operation. The preparation and embalming table shall have a nonporous top of rustproof metal or porcelain, with raised edges around the top of the entire table and a drain opening at the lower end. All supplies must be stored and used in accordance with all applicable state and federal regulations for occupational health and safety.

Subd. 7.Access and privacy.

The preparation and embalming room must be private and have no general passageway through it. The room shall, at all times, be secure from the entrance of unauthorized persons. Authorized persons are those persons described in section 149A.91, subdivision 2. Each door allowing ingress or egress shall carry a sign that indicates that the room is private and access is limited. All authorized persons who are present in or enter a preparation and embalming room while a body is being prepared for final disposition must be attired in accordance with all applicable state and federal regulations regarding the control of infectious disease and occupational and workplace health and safety.

Subd. 8.Sanitary conditions and permitted use.

The preparation and embalming room and all fixtures, equipment, instruments, receptacles, clothing, and other appliances or supplies stored or used in the room must be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition at all times. A preparation and embalming room shall not be used for any other purposes.

Subd. 9.Waste disposal.

Infectious and pathological waste generated in preparation of the body shall be handled and disposed of according to the Infectious Waste Control Act, sections 116.75 to 116.83, and packaged for disposal in the manner prescribed by rules.

Subd. 10.Occupational and workplace safety.

All applicable provisions of state and federal regulations regarding exposure to workplace hazards and accidents shall be followed in order to protect the health and safety of all authorized persons who enter the preparation and embalming room.

Subd. 11.

[Repealed, 2016 c 189 art 20 s 26]

149A.93 TRANSPORTATION OF DEAD HUMAN BODIES.

Subdivision 1.Permits required.

After removal from the place of death to any location where the body is held awaiting final disposition, further transportation of the body shall require a certificate of removal. The certificate of removal shall contain the information required in the format as furnished by the commissioner.

Subd. 2.Certificate of removal.

A certificate of removal is required when:

(1) legal and physical custody of the body is transferred;

(2) a body is transported by public transportation; or

(3) a body is removed from the state.

Subd. 2a.Retention of certificate of removal.

A copy of the certificate of removal shall be retained by the funeral establishment or representative of the legal entity releasing legal and physical custody of the body. The original certificate of removal shall accompany the remains to the legal entity to which custody is transferred. The funeral establishment releasing the custody of the remains shall retain a copy of the certificate of removal for a period of three calendar years following the date of the transfer of custody. Following this period, and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the funeral establishment may then place the records in storage or reduce them to microfilm, microfiche, laser disc, or any other method that can produce an accurate reproduction of the original record, for retention for a period of ten calendar years from the date of the removal of the body. At the end of this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the funeral establishment may destroy the records by shredding, incineration, or any other manner that protects the privacy of the individuals identified in the records.

Subd. 3.Disposition permit.

A disposition permit is required before a body can be buried, entombed, alkaline hydrolyzed, or cremated. No disposition permit shall be issued until a fact of death record has been completed and filed with the state registrar of vital records.

Subd. 4.Possession of permit.

Until the body is delivered for final disposition, the disposition permit shall be in possession of the person in physical or legal custody of the body, or attached to the transportation container which holds the body. At the place of final disposition, legal and physical custody of the body shall pass with the filing of the disposition permit with the person in charge of that place.

Subd. 5.Death outside state; disposition permit.

When a death occurs outside of the state and the body travels into or through this state, the body must be accompanied by a permit for burial, removal, or other disposition issued in accordance with the laws and rules of the state where the death occurred.

Subd. 6.Conveyances permitted for transportation.

A dead human body may be transported by means of private vehicle or private aircraft, provided that the body must be encased in an appropriate container, that meets the following standards:

(1) promotes respect for and preserves the dignity of the dead human body;

(2) shields the body from being viewed from outside of the conveyance;

(3) has ample enclosed area to accommodate a cot, stretcher, rigid tray, casket, alternative container, alkaline hydrolysis container, or cremation container in a horizontal position;

(4) is designed to permit loading and unloading of the body without excessive tilting of the cot, stretcher, rigid tray, casket, alternative container, alkaline hydrolysis container, or cremation container; and

(5) if used for the transportation of more than one dead human body at one time, the vehicle must be designed so that a body or container does not rest directly on top of another body or container and that each body or container is secured to prevent the body or container from excessive movement within the conveyance.

A vehicle that is a dignified conveyance and was specified for use by the deceased or by the family of the deceased may be used to transport the body to the place of final disposition.

Subd. 7.Transportation procedures.

When a dead human body is transported by public transportation, it must be properly embalmed and enclosed in a casket or alternative container and an appropriate outside shipping container. All applicable regulations and policies of the carrier must be followed. When transportation is by any private vehicle or aircraft, the outside shipping container may be omitted or the casket or alternative container and the outside container may both be omitted and, in such case, the body shall be wrapped in a sheet that is impervious to liquids, covered in such a manner that the body cannot be viewed, encased in a secure pouch, and placed on a cot, stretcher, or rigid tray.

Subd. 8.Who may transport.

A dead human body may be transported by unlicensed personnel according to section 149A.90. A licensed mortician or funeral director who directs the transport of a dead human body by unlicensed personnel shall be held strictly accountable for compliance with this chapter.

Subd. 9.

[Repealed, 2007 c 114 s 75]

149A.94 FINAL DISPOSITION.

Subdivision 1.Generally.

Every dead human body lying within the state, except unclaimed bodies delivered for dissection by the medical examiner, those delivered for anatomical study pursuant to section 149A.81, subdivision 2, or lawfully carried through the state for the purpose of disposition elsewhere; and the remains of any dead human body after dissection or anatomical study, shall be decently buried or entombed in a public or private cemetery, alkaline hydrolyzed, or cremated within a reasonable time after death. Where final disposition of a body will not be accomplished within 72 hours following death or release of the body by a competent authority with jurisdiction over the body, the body must be properly embalmed, refrigerated, or packed with dry ice. A body may not be kept in refrigeration for a period exceeding six calendar days, or packed in dry ice for a period that exceeds four calendar days, from the time of death or release of the body from the coroner or medical examiner.

Subd. 2.

[Repealed, 2007 c 114 s 75]

Subd. 3.Permit required.

No dead human body shall be buried, entombed, or cremated without a disposition permit. The disposition permit must be filed with the person in charge of the place of final disposition. Where a dead human body will be transported out of this state for final disposition, the body must be accompanied by a certificate of removal.

Subd. 4.Alkaline hydrolysis or cremation.

Inurnment of alkaline hydrolyzed or cremated remains and release to an appropriate party is considered final disposition and no further permits or authorizations are required for transportation, interment, entombment, or placement of the cremated remains, except as provided in section 149A.95, subdivision 16.

149A.941 ALKALINE HYDROLYSIS FACILITIES AND ALKALINE HYDROLYSIS.

Subdivision 1.License required.

A dead human body may only be hydrolyzed in this state at an alkaline hydrolysis facility licensed by the commissioner of health.

Subd. 2.General requirements.

Any building to be used as an alkaline hydrolysis facility must comply with all applicable local and state building codes, zoning laws and ordinances, wastewater management regulations, and environmental statutes, rules, and standards. An alkaline hydrolysis facility must have, on site, a purpose built human alkaline hydrolysis system approved by the commissioner of health, a system approved by the commissioner of health for drying the hydrolyzed remains, a motorized mechanical device approved by the commissioner of health for processing hydrolyzed remains, and in the building a holding facility approved by the commissioner of health for the retention of dead human bodies awaiting alkaline hydrolysis. The holding facility must be secure from access by anyone except the authorized personnel of the alkaline hydrolysis facility, preserve the dignity of the remains, and protect the health and safety of the alkaline hydrolysis facility personnel.

Subd. 3.Lighting and ventilation.

The room where the alkaline hydrolysis vessel is located and the room where the chemical storage takes place shall be properly lit and ventilated with an exhaust fan that provides at least 12 air changes per hour.

Subd. 4.Plumbing connections.

All plumbing fixtures, water supply lines, plumbing vents, and waste drains shall be properly vented and connected pursuant to the Minnesota Plumbing Code. The alkaline hydrolysis facility shall be equipped with a functional sink with hot and cold running water.

Subd. 5.Flooring, walls, ceiling, doors, and windows.

The room where the alkaline hydrolysis vessel is located and the room where the chemical storage takes place shall have nonporous flooring, so that a sanitary condition is provided. The walls and ceiling of the room where the alkaline hydrolysis vessel is located and the room where the chemical storage takes place shall run from floor to ceiling and be covered with tile, or by plaster or sheetrock painted with washable paint or other appropriate material so that a sanitary condition is provided. The doors, walls, ceiling, and windows shall be constructed to prevent odors from entering any other part of the building. All windows or other openings to the outside must be screened, and all windows must be treated in a manner that prevents viewing into the room where the alkaline hydrolysis vessel is located and the room where the chemical storage takes place. A viewing window for authorized family members or their designees is not a violation of this subdivision.

Subd. 6.Equipment and supplies.

The alkaline hydrolysis facility must have a functional emergency eye wash and quick drench shower.

Subd. 7.Access and privacy.

(a) The room where the alkaline hydrolysis vessel is located and the room where the chemical storage takes place must be private and have no general passageway through it. The room shall, at all times, be secure from the entrance of unauthorized persons. Authorized persons are:

(1) licensed morticians;

(2) registered interns or students as described in section 149A.91, subdivision 6;

(3) public officials or representatives in the discharge of their official duties;

(4) trained alkaline hydrolysis facility operators; and

(5) the person or persons with the right to control the dead human body as defined in section 149A.80, subdivision 2, and their designees.

(b) Each door allowing ingress or egress shall carry a sign that indicates that the room is private and access is limited. All authorized persons who are present in or enter the room where the alkaline hydrolysis vessel is located while a body is being prepared for final disposition must be attired according to all applicable state and federal regulations regarding the control of infectious disease and occupational and workplace health and safety.

Subd. 8.Sanitary conditions and permitted use.

The room where the alkaline hydrolysis vessel is located and the room where the chemical storage takes place and all fixtures, equipment, instruments, receptacles, clothing, and other appliances or supplies stored or used in the room must be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition at all times.

Subd. 9.Boiler use.

When a boiler is required by the manufacturer of the alkaline hydrolysis vessel for its operation, all state and local regulations for that boiler must be followed.

Subd. 10.Occupational and workplace safety.

All applicable provisions of state and federal regulations regarding exposure to workplace hazards and accidents shall be followed in order to protect the health and safety of all authorized persons at the alkaline hydrolysis facility.

Subd. 11.Licensed personnel.

A licensed alkaline hydrolysis facility must employ a licensed mortician to carry out the process of alkaline hydrolysis of a dead human body. It is the duty of the licensed alkaline hydrolysis facility to provide proper procedures for all personnel, and the licensed alkaline hydrolysis facility shall be strictly accountable for compliance with this chapter and other applicable state and federal regulations regarding occupational and workplace health and safety.

Subd. 12.Authorization to hydrolyze required.

No alkaline hydrolysis facility shall hydrolyze or cause to be hydrolyzed any dead human body or identifiable body part without receiving written authorization to do so from the person or persons who have the legal right to control disposition as described in section 149A.80 or the person's legal designee. The written authorization must include:

(1) the name of the deceased and the date of death of the deceased;

(2) a statement authorizing the alkaline hydrolysis facility to hydrolyze the body;

(3) the name, address, telephone number, relationship to the deceased, and signature of the person or persons with legal right to control final disposition or a legal designee;

(4) directions for the disposition of any nonhydrolyzed materials or items recovered from the alkaline hydrolysis vessel;

(5) acknowledgment that the hydrolyzed remains will be dried and mechanically reduced to a granulated appearance and placed in an appropriate container and authorization to place any hydrolyzed remains that a selected urn or container will not accommodate into a temporary container;

(6) acknowledgment that, even with the exercise of reasonable care, it is not possible to recover all particles of the hydrolyzed remains and that some particles may inadvertently become commingled with particles of other hydrolyzed remains that remain in the alkaline hydrolysis vessel or other mechanical devices used to process the hydrolyzed remains;

(7) directions for the ultimate disposition of the hydrolyzed remains; and

(8) a statement that includes, but is not limited to, the following information: "During the alkaline hydrolysis process, chemical dissolution using heat, water, and an alkaline solution is used to chemically break down the human tissue and the hydrolyzable alkaline hydrolysis container. After the process is complete, the liquid effluent solution contains the chemical by-products of the alkaline hydrolysis process except for the deceased's bone fragments. The solution is cooled and released according to local environmental regulations. A water rinse is applied to the hydrolyzed remains which are then dried and processed to facilitate inurnment or scattering."

Subd. 13.Limitation of liability.

A licensed alkaline hydrolysis facility acting in good faith, with reasonable reliance upon an authorization to hydrolyze, pursuant to an authorization to hydrolyze and in an otherwise lawful manner, shall be held harmless from civil liability and criminal prosecution for any actions taken by the alkaline hydrolysis facility.

Subd. 14.Acceptance of delivery of body.

(a) No dead human body shall be accepted for final disposition by alkaline hydrolysis unless:

(1) encased in an appropriate alkaline hydrolysis container;

(2) accompanied by a disposition permit issued pursuant to section 149A.93, subdivision 3, including a photocopy of the completed death record or a signed release authorizing alkaline hydrolysis of the body received from the coroner or medical examiner; and

(3) accompanied by an alkaline hydrolysis authorization that complies with subdivision 12.

(b) An alkaline hydrolysis facility shall refuse to accept delivery of an alkaline hydrolysis container where there is:

(1) evidence of leakage of fluids from the alkaline hydrolysis container;

(2) a known dispute concerning hydrolysis of the body delivered;

(3) a reasonable basis for questioning any of the representations made on the written authorization to hydrolyze; or

(4) any other lawful reason.

Subd. 15.Bodies awaiting hydrolysis.

A dead human body must be hydrolyzed within 24 hours of the alkaline hydrolysis facility accepting legal and physical custody of the body.

Subd. 16.Handling of alkaline hydrolysis containers for dead human bodies.

All alkaline hydrolysis facility employees handling alkaline hydrolysis containers for dead human bodies shall use universal precautions and otherwise exercise all reasonable precautions to minimize the risk of transmitting any communicable disease from the body. No dead human body shall be removed from the container in which it is delivered.

Subd. 17.Identification of body.

All licensed alkaline hydrolysis facilities shall develop, implement, and maintain an identification procedure whereby dead human bodies can be identified from the time the alkaline hydrolysis facility accepts delivery of the remains until the hydrolyzed remains are released to an authorized party. After hydrolyzation, an identifying disk, tab, or other permanent label shall be placed within the hydrolyzed remains container before the hydrolyzed remains are released from the alkaline hydrolysis facility. Each identification disk, tab, or label shall have a number that shall be recorded on all paperwork regarding the decedent. This procedure shall be designed to reasonably ensure that the proper body is hydrolyzed and that the hydrolyzed remains are returned to the appropriate party. Loss of all or part of the hydrolyzed remains or the inability to individually identify the hydrolyzed remains is a violation of this subdivision.

Subd. 18.Alkaline hydrolysis vessel for human remains.

A licensed alkaline hydrolysis facility shall knowingly hydrolyze only dead human bodies or human remains in an alkaline hydrolysis vessel, along with the alkaline hydrolysis container used for infectious disease control.

Subd. 19.Alkaline hydrolysis procedures; privacy.

The final disposition of dead human bodies by alkaline hydrolysis shall be done in privacy. Unless there is written authorization from the person with the legal right to control the disposition, only authorized alkaline hydrolysis facility personnel shall be permitted in the alkaline hydrolysis area while any dead human body is in the alkaline hydrolysis area awaiting alkaline hydrolysis, in the alkaline hydrolysis vessel, being removed from the alkaline hydrolysis vessel, or being processed and placed in a hydrolyzed remains container.

Subd. 20.Alkaline hydrolysis procedures; commingling of hydrolyzed remains prohibited.

Except with the express written permission of the person with the legal right to control the disposition, no alkaline hydrolysis facility shall hydrolyze more than one dead human body at the same time and in the same alkaline hydrolysis vessel, or introduce a second dead human body into an alkaline hydrolysis vessel until reasonable efforts have been employed to remove all fragments of the preceding hydrolyzed remains, or hydrolyze a dead human body and other human remains at the same time and in the same alkaline hydrolysis vessel. This section does not apply where commingling of human remains during alkaline hydrolysis is otherwise provided by law. The fact that there is incidental and unavoidable residue in the alkaline hydrolysis vessel used in a prior hydrolyzation is not a violation of this subdivision.

Subd. 21.Alkaline hydrolysis procedures; removal from alkaline hydrolysis vessel.

Upon completion of the alkaline hydrolysis process, reasonable efforts shall be made to remove from the alkaline hydrolysis vessel all of the recoverable hydrolyzed remains and nonhydrolyzed materials or items. Further, all reasonable efforts shall be made to separate and recover the nonhydrolyzed materials or items from the hydrolyzed human remains and dispose of these materials in a lawful manner, by the alkaline hydrolysis facility. The hydrolyzed human remains shall be placed in an appropriate container to be transported to the processing area.

Subd. 22.Drying device or mechanical processor procedures; commingling of hydrolyzed remains prohibited.

Except with the express written permission of the person with the legal right to control the final disposition or otherwise provided by law, no alkaline hydrolysis facility shall dry or mechanically process the hydrolyzed human remains of more than one body at a time in the same drying device or mechanical processor, or introduce the hydrolyzed human remains of a second body into a drying device or mechanical processor until processing of any preceding hydrolyzed human remains has been terminated and reasonable efforts have been employed to remove all fragments of the preceding hydrolyzed remains. The fact that there is incidental and unavoidable residue in the drying device, the mechanical processor, or any container used in a prior alkaline hydrolysis process, is not a violation of this provision.

Subd. 23.Alkaline hydrolysis procedures; processing hydrolyzed remains.

The hydrolyzed human remains shall be dried and then reduced by a motorized mechanical device to a granulated appearance appropriate for final disposition and placed in an alkaline hydrolysis remains container along with the appropriate identifying disk, tab, or permanent label. Processing must take place within the licensed alkaline hydrolysis facility. Dental gold, silver or amalgam, jewelry, or mementos, to the extent that they can be identified, may be removed prior to processing the hydrolyzed remains, only by staff licensed or registered by the commissioner of health; however, any dental gold and silver, jewelry, or mementos that are removed shall be returned to the hydrolyzed remains container unless otherwise directed by the person or persons having the right to control the final disposition. Every person who removes or possesses dental gold or silver, jewelry, or mementos from any hydrolyzed remains without specific written permission of the person or persons having the right to control those remains is guilty of a misdemeanor. The fact that residue and any unavoidable dental gold or dental silver, or other precious metals remain in the alkaline hydrolysis vessel or other equipment or any container used in a prior hydrolysis is not a violation of this section.

Subd. 24.Alkaline hydrolysis procedures; container of insufficient capacity.

If a hydrolyzed remains container is of insufficient capacity to accommodate all hydrolyzed remains of a given dead human body, subject to directives provided in the written authorization to hydrolyze, the alkaline hydrolysis facility shall place the excess hydrolyzed remains in a secondary alkaline hydrolysis remains container and attach the second container, in a manner so as not to be easily detached through incidental contact, to the primary alkaline hydrolysis remains container. The secondary container shall contain a duplicate of the identification disk, tab, or permanent label that was placed in the primary container and all paperwork regarding the given body shall include a notation that the hydrolyzed remains were placed in two containers. Keepsake jewelry or similar miniature hydrolyzed remains containers are not subject to the requirements of this subdivision.

Subd. 25.Disposition procedures; commingling of hydrolyzed remains prohibited.

No hydrolyzed remains shall be disposed of or scattered in a manner or in a location where the hydrolyzed remains are commingled with those of another person without the express written permission of the person with the legal right to control disposition or as otherwise provided by law. This subdivision does not apply to the scattering or burial of hydrolyzed remains at sea or in a body of water from individual containers, to the scattering or burial of hydrolyzed remains in a dedicated cemetery, to the disposal in a dedicated cemetery of accumulated residue removed from an alkaline hydrolysis vessel or other alkaline hydrolysis equipment, to the inurnment of members of the same family in a common container designed for the hydrolyzed remains of more than one body, or to the inurnment in a container or interment in a space that has been previously designated, at the time of sale or purchase, as being intended for the inurnment or interment of the hydrolyzed remains of more than one person.

Subd. 26.Alkaline hydrolysis procedures; disposition of accumulated residue.

Every alkaline hydrolysis facility shall provide for the removal and disposition in a dedicated cemetery of any accumulated residue from any alkaline hydrolysis vessel, drying device, mechanical processor, container, or other equipment used in alkaline hydrolysis. Disposition of accumulated residue shall be according to the regulations of the dedicated cemetery and any applicable local ordinances.

Subd. 27.Alkaline hydrolysis procedures; release of hydrolyzed remains.

Following completion of the hydrolyzation, the inurned hydrolyzed remains shall be released according to the instructions given on the written authorization to hydrolyze. If the hydrolyzed remains are to be shipped, they must be securely packaged and transported by a method which has an internal tracing system available and which provides for a receipt signed by the person accepting delivery. Where there is a dispute over release or disposition of the hydrolyzed remains, an alkaline hydrolysis facility may deposit the hydrolyzed remains with a court of competent jurisdiction pending resolution of the dispute or retain the hydrolyzed remains until the person with the legal right to control disposition presents satisfactory indication that the dispute is resolved.

Subd. 28.Unclaimed hydrolyzed remains.

If, after 30 calendar days following the inurnment, the hydrolyzed remains are not claimed or disposed of according to the written authorization to hydrolyze, the alkaline hydrolysis facility or funeral establishment may give written notice, by certified mail, to the person with the legal right to control the final disposition or a legal designee, that the hydrolyzed remains are unclaimed and requesting further release directions. Should the hydrolyzed remains be unclaimed 120 calendar days following the mailing of the written notification, the alkaline hydrolysis facility or funeral establishment may dispose of the hydrolyzed remains in any lawful manner deemed appropriate.

Subd. 29.Required records.

Every alkaline hydrolysis facility shall create and maintain on its premises or other business location in Minnesota an accurate record of every hydrolyzation provided. The record shall include all of the following information for each hydrolyzation:

(1) the name of the person or funeral establishment delivering the body for alkaline hydrolysis;

(2) the name of the deceased and the identification number assigned to the body;

(3) the date of acceptance of delivery;

(4) the names of the alkaline hydrolysis vessel, drying device, and mechanical processor operator;

(5) the time and date that the body was placed in and removed from the alkaline hydrolysis vessel;

(6) the time and date that processing and inurnment of the hydrolyzed remains was completed;

(7) the time, date, and manner of release of the hydrolyzed remains;

(8) the name and address of the person who signed the authorization to hydrolyze;

(9) all supporting documentation, including any transit or disposition permits, a photocopy of the death record, and the authorization to hydrolyze; and

(10) the type of alkaline hydrolysis container.

Subd. 30.Retention of records.

Records required under subdivision 29 shall be maintained for a period of three calendar years after the release of the hydrolyzed remains. Following this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the alkaline hydrolysis facility may then place the records in storage or reduce them to microfilm, microfiche, laser disc, or any other method that can produce an accurate reproduction of the original record, for retention for a period of ten calendar years from the date of release of the hydrolyzed remains. At the end of this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the alkaline hydrolysis facility may destroy the records by shredding, incineration, or any other manner that protects the privacy of the individuals identified.

149A.95 CREMATORIES AND CREMATION.

Subdivision 1.License required.

No person shall cremate a dead human body or cause any dead human body to be cremated in this state without being licensed by the commissioner of health.

Subd. 2.General requirements.

Any building to be used as a crematory must comply with all applicable local and state building codes, zoning laws and ordinances, and environmental standards. A crematory must have, on site, a human cremation system approved by the commissioner, a motorized mechanical device for processing cremated remains and must have, in the building , a holding facility for the retention of dead human bodies awaiting cremation. The holding facility must be secure from access by anyone except the authorized personnel of the crematory, preserve the dignity of the remains, and protect the health and safety of the crematory personnel.

Subd. 3.Unlicensed personnel.

A licensed crematory may employ unlicensed personnel, provided that all applicable provisions of this chapter are followed. It is the duty of the licensed crematory to provide proper training for all unlicensed personnel and the licensed crematory shall be strictly accountable for compliance with this chapter and other applicable state and federal regulations regarding occupational and workplace health and safety.

Subd. 4.Authorization to cremate required.

No crematory shall cremate or cause to be cremated any dead human body or identifiable body part without receiving written authorization to do so from the person or persons who have the legal right to control disposition as described in section 149A.80 or the person's legal designee. The written authorization must include:

(1) the name of the deceased and the date of death;

(2) a statement authorizing the crematory to cremate the body;

(3) the name, address, relationship to the deceased, and signature of the person or persons with legal right to control final disposition or a legal designee;

(4) certification that the body does not contain any implanted mechanical or radioactive device, such as a heart pacemaker, that may create a hazard when placed in the cremation chamber;

(5) authorization to remove the body from the container in which it was delivered, if that container is not appropriate for cremation, and to place the body in an appropriate cremation container and directions for the disposition of the original container;

(6) authorization to open the cremation chamber and reposition the body to facilitate a thorough cremation and to remove from the cremation chamber and separate from the cremated remains, any noncombustible materials or items;

(7) directions for the disposition of any noncombustible materials or items recovered from the cremation chamber;

(8) acknowledgment that the cremated remains will be mechanically reduced to a granulated appearance and placed in an appropriate container and authorization to place any cremated remains that a selected urn or container will not accommodate into a temporary container;

(9) acknowledgment that, even with the exercise of reasonable care, it is not possible to recover all particles of the cremated remains and that some particles may inadvertently become commingled with disintegrated chamber material and particles of other cremated remains that remain in the cremation chamber or other mechanical devices used to process the cremated remains; and

(10) directions for the ultimate disposition of the cremated remains.

Subd. 5.Limitation of liability.

A licensed crematory acting in good faith, with reasonable reliance upon an authorization to cremate, pursuant to an authorization to cremate, and in an otherwise lawful manner shall be held harmless from civil liability and criminal prosecution for any actions taken by the crematory.

Subd. 6.Acceptance of delivery of body.

No dead human body shall be accepted for final disposition by cremation unless encased in an appropriate cremation container or wrapped in an impermeable sheet or pouch and placed on a tray rigid enough for handling with ease, accompanied by a disposition permit issued pursuant to section 149A.93, subdivision 3, including a photocopy of the completed death record or a signed release authorizing cremation of the body received from the coroner or medical examiner, and accompanied by a cremation authorization that complies with subdivision 4. A crematory shall refuse to accept delivery of a cremation container where there is:

(1) evidence of leakage of fluids from the cremation container;

(2) a known dispute concerning cremation of the body delivered;

(3) a reasonable basis for questioning any of the representations made on the written authorization to cremate; or

(4) any other lawful reason.

Subd. 6a.Bodies awaiting cremation.

A dead human body must be cremated within 24 hours of the crematory accepting legal and physical custody of the body.

Subd. 7.Handling of cremation containers for dead human bodies.

All crematory employees handling cremation containers for dead human bodies shall use universal precautions and otherwise exercise all reasonable precautions to minimize the risk of transmitting any communicable disease from the body. No dead human body shall be removed from the container in which it is delivered to the crematory without express written authorization of the person or persons with legal right to control the disposition and only by a licensed mortician. If, after accepting delivery of a body for cremation, it is discovered that the body contains an implanted mechanical or radioactive device, that device must be removed from the body by a licensed mortician or physician prior to cremation.

Subd. 8.Identification of body.

All licensed crematories shall develop, implement, and maintain an identification procedure whereby dead human bodies can be identified from the time the crematory accepts delivery of the remains until the cremated remains are released to an authorized party. After cremation, an identifying disk, tab, or other permanent label shall be placed within the cremated remains container before the cremated remains are released from the crematory. Each identification disk, tab, or label shall have a number that shall be recorded on all paperwork regarding the decedent. This procedure shall be designed to reasonably ensure that the proper body is cremated and that the cremated remains are returned to the appropriate party.

Subd. 9.Cremation chamber for human remains.

A licensed crematory shall knowingly cremate only dead human bodies or human remains in a cremation chamber, along with the cremation container and the sheet or pouch used for disease control.

Subd. 10.Cremation procedures; privacy.

The final disposition of dead human bodies by cremation shall be done in privacy. Unless there is written authorization from the person with the legal right to control the disposition, only authorized crematory personnel shall be permitted in the cremation area while any dead human body is in the cremation area awaiting cremation, in the cremation chamber, being removed from the cremation chamber, or being processed and placed in a cremated remains container.

Subd. 11.Cremation procedures; commingling of remains prohibited.

Except with the express written permission of the person with legal right to control the disposition, no crematory shall cremate more than one dead human body at the same time and in the same cremation chamber, or introduce a second dead human body into a cremation chamber until reasonable efforts have been employed to remove all fragments of the preceding cremated remains, or cremate a dead human body and other human remains at the same time and in the same cremation chamber. This section does not apply where commingling of human remains during cremation is otherwise provided by law. The fact that there is incidental and unavoidable residue in the cremation chamber used in a prior cremation is not a violation of this subdivision.

Subd. 12.Cremation procedures; removal from cremation chamber.

Upon completion of the heat and flame reduction process, reasonable efforts shall be made to remove from the cremation chamber all of the recoverable cremated human remains and noncombustible materials or items. If possible, the noncombustible materials or items shall be separated from the cremated human remains and disposed of, in any lawful manner, by the crematory. The cremated human remains shall be placed in an appropriate container to be transported to the processing area.

Subd. 13.Cremation procedures; commingling of cremated remains prohibited.

Except with the express written permission of the person with legal right to control the final disposition or otherwise provided by law, no crematory shall mechanically process the cremated human remains of more than one body at a time in the same mechanical processor, or introduce the cremated human remains of a second body into a mechanical processor until processing of any preceding cremated human remains has been terminated and reasonable efforts have been employed to remove all fragments of the preceding cremated remains. The fact that there is incidental and unavoidable residue in the mechanical processor or any container used in a prior cremation is not a violation of this provision.

Subd. 14.Cremation procedures; processing cremated remains.

The cremated human remains shall be reduced by a motorized mechanical device to a granulated appearance appropriate for final disposition and placed in a cremated remains container along with the appropriate identifying disk, tab, or permanent label.

Subd. 15.Cremation procedures; container of insufficient capacity.

If a cremated remains container is of insufficient capacity to accommodate all cremated remains of a given dead human body, subject to directives provided in the written authorization to cremate, the crematory shall place the excess cremated remains in a secondary cremated remains container and attach the second container, in a manner so as not to be easily detached through incidental contact, to the primary cremated remains container. The secondary container shall contain a duplicate of the identification disk, tab, or permanent label that was placed in the primary container and all paperwork regarding the given body shall include a notation that the cremated remains were placed in two containers.

Subd. 16.Disposition procedures; commingling of cremated remains prohibited.

No cremated remains shall be disposed of or scattered in a manner or in a location where the cremated remains are commingled with those of another person without the express written permission of the person with the legal right to control disposition or as otherwise provided by law. This subdivision does not apply to the burial of cremated remains at sea from individual containers, to the scattering or burial of cremated remains in a dedicated cemetery, to the disposal in a dedicated cemetery of accumulated residue removed from a cremation chamber or other cremation equipment, to the inurnment of members of the same family in a common container designed for the cremated remains of more than one body, or to the inurnment in a container or interment in a space that has been previously designated, at the time of sale or purchase, as being intended for the inurnment or interment of the cremated remains of more than one person.

Subd. 17.Cremation procedures; disposition of accumulated residue.

Every crematory shall provide for the removal and disposition in a dedicated cemetery of any accumulated residue from any cremation chamber, mechanical processor, container, or other equipment used in cremation. Disposition of accumulated residue shall be in accord with the regulations of the dedicated cemetery and any applicable local ordinances.

Subd. 18.Cremation procedures; release of cremated remains.

Following completion of the cremation, the inurned cremated remains shall be released according to the instructions given on the written authorization to cremate. If the cremated remains are to be shipped, they must be securely packaged and transported by a method which has an internal tracing system available and which provides for a receipt signed by the person accepting delivery. Where there is a dispute over release or disposition of the cremated remains, a crematory may deposit the cremated remains with a court of competent jurisdiction pending resolution of the dispute or retain the cremated remains until the person with the legal right to control disposition presents satisfactory indication that the dispute is resolved.

Subd. 19.Unclaimed cremated remains.

If, after 30 calendar days following the inurnment, the cremated remains are not claimed or disposed of according to the written authorization to cremate, the crematory or funeral establishment shall give written notice, by certified mail, to the person with the legal right to control the final disposition or a legal designee, that the cremated remains are unclaimed and requesting further release directions. Should the cremated remains be unclaimed 120 calendar days following the mailing of the written notification, the crematory or funeral establishment may dispose of the cremated remains in any lawful manner deemed appropriate.

Subd. 20.Required records.

Every crematory shall create and maintain on its premises or other business location in Minnesota an accurate record of every cremation provided. The record shall include all of the following information for each cremation:

(1) the name of the person or funeral establishment delivering the body for cremation;

(2) the name of the deceased and the identification number assigned to the body;

(3) the date of acceptance of delivery;

(4) the names of the cremation chamber and mechanical processor operator;

(5) the time and date that the body was placed in and removed from the cremation chamber;

(6) the time and date that processing and inurnment of the cremated remains was completed;

(7) the time, date, and manner of release of the cremated remains;

(8) the name and address of the person who signed the authorization to cremate;

(9) all supporting documentation, including any transit or disposition permits, a photocopy of the death record, and the authorization to cremate; and

(10) the type of cremation container.

Subd. 21.Retention of records.

Records required under subdivision 20 shall be maintained for a period of three calendar years after the release of the cremated remains. Following this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the crematory may then place the records in storage or reduce them to microfilm, microfiche, laser disc, or any other method that can produce an accurate reproduction of the original record, for retention for a period of ten calendar years from the date of release of the cremated remains. At the end of this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the crematory may destroy the records by shredding, incineration, or any other manner that protects the privacy of the individuals identified.

149A.96 DISINTERMENT AND REINTERMENT.

Subdivision 1.Written authorization.

Except as provided in this section, no dead human body or human remains shall be disinterred and reinterred without the written authorization of the person or persons legally entitled to control the body or remains and a disinterment-reinterment permit properly issued by the commissioner or a licensed mortician. Permits shall contain the information required on the permit form as furnished by the commissioner.

Subd. 2.Interment defined.

For purposes of this section, "interment" means final disposition by burial or entombment. Bodies held in a receiving vault for nonwinter burials pursuant to a directive from the person or persons with legal right to control final disposition and section 306.99 shall not be considered interred for purposes of this section.

Subd. 3.Exception; movement within a dedicated cemetery.

The authorities in charge of a cemetery may disinter and reinter a body or remains within the same dedicated cemetery upon receipt of the written and notarized authorization of the person or persons with the right to control the disposition as described in section 149A.80.

Subd. 4.Disinterment opposed.

If the disinterment is opposed, no disinterment-reinterment permit shall be issued until the state registrar or licensed mortician receives a certified copy of a court order that specifically orders the disinterment and reinterment.

Subd. 5.Reasonable cause to disinter; factors to be considered.

A presumption against removal operates against anyone who seeks to have a body or remains disinterred. To overcome the presumption, the party requesting disinterment must show reasonable cause for disinterment. A district court in the district where the body or remains are interred shall consider the following factors when deciding whether reasonable cause for disinterment exists:

(1) the degree of relationship that the party seeking disinterment bears to the body or remains;

(2) the degree of relationship that the party seeking to prevent disinterment bears to the body or remains;

(3) if applicable, the expressed wishes of the decedent;

(4) the conduct of the party requesting disinterment, especially as it may relate to the circumstances of the original interment;

(5) the conduct of the party opposing disinterment, especially as it may relate to the circumstances of the original interment;

(6) the length of time that has elapsed since the original interment;

(7) the strength of the reasons offered both in favor of and in opposition to disinterment; and

(8) the integrity and capacity of the party seeking disinterment to provide a secure and comparable resting place for the body or remains.

Subd. 6.Transportation of disinterred bodies.

All disinterred bodies or remains removed from a dedicated cemetery shall be transported in an appropriate container and manner.

Subd. 7.Filing of documentation of disinterment and reinterment.

The cemetery where the body or remains were originally interred shall retain a copy of the disinterment-reinterment permit, the authorization to disinter, and, if applicable, the court order showing reasonable cause to disinter. Until the body or remains are reinterred the original permit and other documentation shall be in the possession of the person in physical or legal custody of the body or remains, or attached to the transportation container which holds the body or remains. At the time of reinterment, the permit and other documentation shall be filed according to the laws, rules, or regulations of the state or country where reinterment occurs. If the death occurred in Minnesota, the state registrar or a licensed mortician shall inform the person requesting the disinterment and reinterment of the right to request an amendment to the death record according to Minnesota Rules, chapter 4601.

Subd. 8.Opening of disinterred caskets or alternative containers.

The opening of any disinterred casket or alternative container is prohibited except when so ordered by a court of competent jurisdiction.

Subd. 9.Hydrolyzed and cremated remains.

Subject to section 149A.95, subdivision 16, inurnment of the hydrolyzed or cremated remains and release to an appropriate party is considered final disposition and no further permits or authorizations are required for disinterment, transportation, or placement of the hydrolyzed or cremated remains.

Subd. 10.Penalty for noncompliance.

In addition to any disciplinary action or measures taken by the commissioner pursuant to this chapter, any person violating this section may be guilty of a felony pursuant to section 307.08, subdivision 2.

149A.97 PRENEED ARRANGEMENTS.

Subdivision 1.Purpose and intent.

It is the intent of the legislature that this section be construed as a limitation upon the manner in which a funeral provider is permitted to accept funds in prepayment of funeral services or burial site services to be performed in the future or in prepayment of funeral or burial goods to be used in connection with the final disposition of human remains. It is further intended to allow members of the public to arrange and pay for funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services for themselves and their families in advance of need while at the same time providing all possible safeguards so that the prepaid funds cannot be dissipated, whether intentionally or not, so as to be available for the payment of the services and goods selected.

Subd. 2.Scope and requirements.

This section shall not apply to any funeral goods or burial site goods purchased and delivered, either at purchase or within a commercially reasonable amount of time thereafter. When prior to the death of any person, that person or another, on behalf of that person, enters into any transaction, makes a contract, or any series or combination of transactions or contracts with a funeral provider lawfully doing business in Minnesota, other than an insurance company licensed to do business in Minnesota selling approved insurance or annuity products, by the terms of which, goods or services related to the final disposition of that person will be furnished at-need, then the total of all money paid by the terms of the transaction, contract, or series or combination of transactions or contracts shall be held in trust for the purpose for which it has been paid. The person for whose benefit the money was paid shall be known as the beneficiary, the person or persons who paid the money shall be known as the purchaser, and the funeral provider shall be known as the depositor.

Subd. 3.Nature of trust.

Except as provided in this section, nothing in this section shall abate the rights, duties, and powers granted under chapters 501C and 520. A trust created for the holding of preneed arrangement funds shall be revocable, in its entirety, unless specifically limited by the person purchasing the preneed funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services. If the purchaser chooses to limit the revocability of the trust funds, the limitation must be declared in the trust instrument and must be limited to an amount equivalent to the allowable Supplemental Security Income asset exclusion used for determining eligibility for public assistance at the time the trust is created.

Subd. 3a.Requirements for preneed funeral agreements.

It is unlawful for any person residing or doing business in this state to enter a preneed funeral agreement unless the agreement:

(1) is written in clear, understandable language and printed in a type that is easy to read in size and style;

(2) contains a complete, itemized description of the funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services selected or purchased, including, when appropriate, manufacturer's name, model numbers, style numbers, and description of the type of material used in construction;

(3) discloses clearly and conspicuously whether the prices of the goods and services selected are guaranteed;

(4) discloses that funding options for a preneed funeral agreement consist of either prepayment to the funeral provider or the purchase of an insurance policy;

(5) discloses whether the funds received from the purchaser are required to be placed in a trust and, if the funds are required to be placed in a trust, provides the following information:

(i) lists the location of the trust account, including the name, address, and telephone number of the institution where the money will be held and any identifying account numbers, the amount of money to be trusted, and the names of the trustees; and

(ii) advises the purchaser as to the disposition of the interest from the trust and as to responsibility for taxes owed on the interest;

(6) contains the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of the Minnesota Department of Health as the regulatory agency for preneed trust accounts and the Minnesota Attorney General's Office as the regulatory agency that handles consumer complaints;

(7) discloses clearly and conspicuously that any person who makes payment under a preneed funeral agreement may cancel the agreement subject to the procedures for cancellation specified in subdivision 6a;

(8) contains the following statement, in boldfaced type and a minimum size of ten points:

"Within 15 calendar days after receipt of any money required to be held in trust, all such money must be deposited in a banking institution, savings association, or credit union, organized under state or federal laws, the accounts of which are insured by an instrumentality of the federal government. The person for whose benefit the money was paid according to this agreement shall be known as the beneficiary; the person or persons who paid the money shall be known as the purchaser; and the funeral provider shall be known as the depositor. The money must be carried in a separate account with the names of the depositor and the purchaser as trustees for the beneficiary.

The preneed arrangement trust shall be considered an asset of the purchaser until the death of the beneficiary. At the death of the beneficiary, the money in the trust shall be considered an asset of the beneficiary's estate, to the extent that the value of the trust exceeds the actual value for the goods and services provided at-need. This does not alter any asset exclusion requirements that exist under federal law. The depositor as trustee must disclose in writing the location of the trust account, including the name and address of the institution where the money is being held and any identifying account numbers, to the beneficiary when the money is deposited and when there are any subsequent changes to the location of the trust account.";

(9) for agreements with revocable trusts, contains the following statement, in boldfaced type and a minimum size of ten points:

"REVOCABLE TRUST:

The preneed arrangement trust being created by the purchaser is revocable. These trust funds, including all principal and accrued interest, are the purchaser's assets. The purchaser may withdraw the principal and accrued interest at any time prior to the death of the beneficiary. At the death of the beneficiary, the funds shall be distributed in their entirety, principal plus accrued interest, with no fees retained by the trustees as administrative fees. The funds shall be distributed for the payment of the at-need funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services selected, with any excess funds distributed to the beneficiary's estate. At any time before or at the time of the beneficiary's death, the purchaser may transfer the preneed arrangements and related trust funds for use in the payment of funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services. The purchaser may not be charged any fee in connection with the transfer of a preneed arrangement and trust funds.";

(10) for agreements with irrevocable trusts, contains the following statement, in boldfaced type and a minimum size of ten points:

"IRREVOCABLE TRUST:

A trust created to hold preneed arrangement funds is revocable in its entirety unless specifically limited by the purchaser. The purchaser has chosen to create an irrevocable trust in the amount of $ (insert the dollar amount of the purchaser's irrevocable trust). The revocable portion of this trust fund is limited to that amount that exceeds the allowable Supplemental Security Income asset exclusion used for determining eligibility for public assistance at the time the trust is created. The principal and accrued interest may not be withdrawn from the trust prior to the beneficiary's death, except to the extent that the trust funds exceed the irrevocable trust limitation. At the time of the beneficiary's death, the funds shall be distributed in their entirety, principal plus accrued interest, with no fees retained by the trustees as administrative fees. The funds shall be distributed for the payment of the at-need funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services selected, with any excess funds distributed to the beneficiary's estate. At any time prior to or at the time of the beneficiary's death, the purchaser may transfer the preneed arrangements and trust funds for use in the payment of funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services. The purchaser may not be charged any fee in connection with the transfer of a preneed arrangement and trust funds.";

(11) provides that if the particular funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services specified in the agreement are unavailable at the time of delivery, the funeral provider must furnish goods and services similar in style and at least equal in quality to the material and workmanship of the goods or services specified and that the representative of the beneficiary has the right to choose the goods or services to be substituted; and

(12) contains an itemization of the sale of grave lots, spaces, lawn crypts, niches, or mausoleum crypts separate from all other goods and services selected.

Subd. 4.Freedom of choice; designation of trustee.

The purchaser, regardless of whether the funds held in trust are designated revocable or irrevocable, retains the right to designate the trustee. At any time prior to the death of the beneficiary, the purchaser may designate a different trustee. Upon the death of the beneficiary, subject to section 149A.80, the rights of the purchaser vest in the individual with the legal right to control the disposition of the remains of the beneficiary. The depositor as trustee shall not have the right or power to designate another trustee prior to the death of the beneficiary or subsequent to such death.

Subd. 4a.Finance charges on preneed arrangements prohibited.

Funeral providers are prohibited from assessing finance charges on preneed arrangements.

Subd. 5.Deposit of trust funds and disclosures.

Within 15 calendar days after receipt of any money required to be held in trust, all of the money must be deposited in a banking institution, savings or building and loan association, or credit union, organized under state or federal laws, the accounts of which are insured by an instrumentality of the federal government. The money must be carried in a separate account with the name of the depositor and the purchaser as trustees for the beneficiary. The depositor as trustee shall not have power to distribute funds, either principal or interest, from the account until the death of the beneficiary, subject to section 149A.80. For purposes of this section, distribute does not mean transferring the trust funds to different investment accounts within an institution or between institutions provided that the depositor as trustee does not have sole access to the funds in a negotiable form. This section shall be construed to limit the depositor's access to trust funds, in a negotiable form, prior to the death of a beneficiary. The preneed arrangements trust shall be considered an asset of the purchaser until the death of the beneficiary, whereupon the money shall be considered an asset of the estate of the beneficiary, to the extent that the value of the trust exceeds the actual value for the goods and services provided at-need. The location of the trust account, including the name and address of the institution in which the money is being held and any identifying account numbers, must be disclosed in writing to the beneficiary by the depositor as trustee at the time the money is deposited and when there are any subsequent changes to the location of the trust account. The depositor shall annually report to the beneficiary the amount of funds in the beneficiary's preneed arrangement trust account, including principal and accrued interest. The depositor may arrange for the banking institution, savings or building and loan association, or credit union to issue such reports. Upon the provision of any funeral or burial site goods or services in connection with a preneed arrangement, the depositor shall provide a statement itemizing the goods or services provided and cost of such goods or services and describing the disposition of all funds in the account.

Subd. 6.Disbursement of trust funds.

The funds held in trust, including principal and accrued interest, may be distributed prior to the death of the beneficiary upon demand by the purchaser as specified in subdivision 6a, to the extent that the trust is designated revocable. At the death of the beneficiary and with satisfactory proof of death provided to the institution holding the trust funds, the funds, including principal and accrued interest, may be distributed by either the depositor as trustee or the purchaser as trustee, subject to section 149A.80. The funds shall be distributed in their entirety, with no fees to be retained by the trustees as administrative fees. The funds shall be distributed for the payment of the actual at-need value of the funeral goods, funeral services, burial site goods, or burial site services selected with any excess funds distributed to the estate of the decedent.

Subd. 6a.Cancellation of agreement for preneed arrangements.

(a) If a purchaser cancels an agreement for an irrevocable trust for preneed arrangements at any time before midnight of the third business day after the date of the agreement, the purchaser shall receive a refund of all consideration paid according to the agreement. The refund must be distributed to the purchaser within 15 business days following receipt by the funeral provider of the cancellation notice from the purchaser.

(b) If the purchaser cancels an agreement for a revocable trust for preneed arrangements at any time after the date of the agreement, all funds held in a revocable trust, including all principal and accrued interest, must be distributed to the purchaser within 15 business days following receipt by the funeral provider of the cancellation notice.

(c) Cancellation is evidenced by the purchaser giving written notice of cancellation to the funeral provider at the address provided in the agreement. Notice of cancellation, if given by mail, is effective upon deposit in a mailbox, properly addressed to the funeral provider and postage prepaid. Notice of cancellation need not take any specific form and is sufficient if it indicates, by any form of written expression, the intention of the purchaser not to be bound by the agreement.

Subd. 7.Reports to commissioner.

Every funeral provider lawfully doing business in Minnesota that accepts funds under subdivision 2 must make a complete annual report to the commissioner. The reports may be on forms provided by the commissioner or substantially similar forms containing, at least, identification and the state of each trust account, including all transactions involving principal and accrued interest, and must be filed by March 31 of the calendar year following the reporting year along with a filing fee of $25 for each report. Fees shall be paid to the commissioner of management and budget, state of Minnesota, for deposit in the state government special revenue fund in the state treasury. Reports must be signed by an authorized representative of the funeral provider and notarized under oath. All reports to the commissioner shall be reviewed for account inaccuracies or possible violations of this section. If the commissioner has a reasonable belief to suspect that there are account irregularities or possible violations of this section, the commissioner shall report that belief, in a timely manner, to the state auditor or other state agencies as determined by the commissioner. The commissioner may require a funeral provider reporting preneed trust accounts under this section to arrange for and pay an independent third-party auditing firm to complete an audit of the preneed trust accounts every other year. The funeral provider shall report the findings of the audit to the commissioner by March 31 of the calendar year following the reporting year. This report is in addition to the annual report. The commissioner shall also file an annual letter with the state auditor disclosing whether or not any irregularities or possible violations were detected in review of the annual trust fund reports filed by the funeral providers. This letter shall be filed with the state auditor by May 31 of the calendar year following the reporting year.

Subd. 8.

[Repealed, 1Sp2003 c 1 art 2 s 136]

Subd. 9.Required records.

Every funeral provider lawfully doing business in Minnesota that accepts funds under subdivision 2 must create and maintain on its premises or other business location in Minnesota an accurate record of every trust fund established with the funeral provider as trustee. The record must contain the following information:

(1) the names of the purchaser, beneficiary, and depositor;

(2) the date, location, identifying account numbers, and amount of the funds originally deposited;

(3) any subsequent changes to the location of the account, identifying account number, or trustee designation;

(4) the date, amount, and payee of any distributions from the account; and

(5) all supporting documentation, including a copy of the original trust agreement, copies of any contracts for the purchase of preneed goods and services, and any other appropriate documentation.

Subd. 10.Retention of records.

Records required under subdivision 9 shall be maintained for a period of three calendar years after the release of the trust funds. Following this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the funeral provider may then place the records in storage or reduce them to microfilm, microfiche, laser disc, or any other method that can produce an accurate reproduction of the original record, for retention for a period of ten calendar years from the date of release of the trust funds. At the end of this period and subject to any other laws requiring retention of records, the funeral provider may destroy the records by shredding, incineration, or any other manner that protects the privacy of the individuals identified.

Subd. 11.Report data.

Data on individuals collected and maintained under subdivision 7 are private data on individuals as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 12. Section 13.10 applies to data on decedents collected under subdivision 7.

Subd. 12.Penalties.

Any violation of this section is grounds for disciplinary action pursuant to sections 149A.04 to 149A.10.

149A.98 RECOVERY OF ATTORNEY FEES.

A funeral provider who prevails in an action for the recovery of fees for services provided under this chapter may be awarded reasonable attorney fees incurred in the action, provided that the funeral provider otherwise complied with the requirements of this chapter in connection with the provision of those services.

History:

2005 c 71 s 1

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