Except as provided in subdivisions 2 and 3, a person who violates this chapter, chapter 18B, 18C, or 18F or a special order, standard, stipulation, agreement, or schedule of compliance of the commissioner is subject to a civil penalty of up to $7,500 per day of violation as determined by the court.
A person who violates a provision of this chapter, chapter 18B, 18C, or 18F or a special order, standard, stipulation, agreement, or schedule of compliance of the commissioner that relates to disposal of agricultural chemicals so that they become hazardous waste, is subject to the penalties in section 115.071.
As a defense to a civil penalty or claim for damages under subdivisions 1 and 2, the defendant may prove that the violation was caused solely by an act of God, an act of war, or an act or failure to act that constitutes sabotage or vandalism, or any combination of these defenses.
In an action to compel performance of an order of the commissioner to enforce a provision of this chapter, the court may require a defendant adjudged responsible to perform the acts within the person's power that are reasonably necessary to accomplish the purposes of the order.
The civil penalties and payments provided for in this section may be recovered by a civil action brought by the county attorney or the attorney general in the name of the state.