609.762 FORFEITURE OF GAMBLING DEVICES, PRIZES AND PROCEEDS.
Subdivision 1. Forfeiture.
The following are subject to forfeiture:
(a) devices used or intended for use, including those defined in section
349.30, subdivision 2
as a gambling device, except as authorized in sections
(b) all moneys, materials, and other property used or intended for use as payment to
participate in gambling or a prize or receipt for gambling;
(c) books, records, and research products and materials, including formulas, microfilm, tapes,
and data used or intended for use in gambling; and
(d) property used or intended to be used to illegally influence the outcome of a horse race.
Subd. 2. Seizure.
Property subject to forfeiture under subdivision 1 may be seized by any
law enforcement agency upon process issued by any court having jurisdiction over the property.
Seizure without process may be made if:
(a) the seizure is incident to an arrest or a search under a search warrant;
(b) the property subject to seizure has been the subject of a prior judgment in favor of the
state in a criminal injunction or forfeiture proceeding; or
(c) the law enforcement agency has probable cause to believe that the property was used or is
intended to be used in a gambling violation and the delay occasioned by the necessity to obtain
process would result in the removal, loss, or destruction of the property.
Subd. 3. Not subject to replevin.
Property taken or detained under subdivision 2 is not
subject to a replevin action, but is considered to be in the custody of the law enforcement
agency subject only to the orders and decrees of the court having jurisdiction over the forfeiture
Subd. 4. Procedures.
Property must be forfeited after a conviction for a gambling violation
according to the following procedure:
(a) a separate complaint must be filed against the property describing it, charging its use in
the specified violation, and specifying the time and place of its unlawful use;
(b) if the person charged with a gambling offense is acquitted, the court shall dismiss the
complaint and order the property returned to the persons legally entitled to it; and
(c) if after conviction the court finds the property, or any part of it, was used in violation
as specified in the complaint, it shall order that the property be sold or retained by the law
enforcement agency for official use. Proceeds from the sale of forfeited property may be retained
for official use and shared equally between the law enforcement agency investigating the offense
involved in the forfeiture and the prosecuting agency that prosecuted the offense involved in the
forfeiture and handled the forfeiture proceedings.
Subd. 5. Exception.
Property may not be seized or forfeited under this section if the owner
shows to the satisfaction of the court that the owner had no notice or knowledge or reason to
believe that the property was used or intended to be used in violation of this section.
History: 1983 c 214 s 39; 1986 c 444