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    Subdivision 1. Motion. A claimant seeking to recover possession of property prior to notice
and hearing as provided in section 565.23 shall proceed by motion seeking such relief. The
motion shall be accompanied by an affidavit setting forth:
(a) the information required by section 565.23, subdivision 1;
(b) the facts establishing grounds for a prehearing seizure, as specified in subdivision 2.
    Subd. 2. Seizure of property prior to hearing. The court may order seizure of the property
from the respondent prior to a hearing only if it makes specific findings, based upon competent
evidence in the form of affidavit or oral testimony, that:
(a) a good faith effort has been made to inform respondent of the motion for a prehearing
seizure or that so informing respondent would endanger the ability of the claimant to recover the
(b) claimant has demonstrated the probability of success on the merits entitling the claimant
to possession of the property; and
(c) (1) respondent is about to remove the property in question from the state with the intent
to hinder, delay or defraud the claimant;
(2) respondent is about to conceal, damage or dispose of the property with intent to hinder,
delay or defraud the claimant; or
(3) due to other circumstances, which must be specified in the court's order, the claimant will
suffer irreparable harm if possession of the property is not obtained prior to a hearing; and
(d) claimant's interest in the property cannot be protected, pending a hearing pursuant to
section 565.23 by an appropriate order of the court other than directing seizure.
    Subd. 3. Order of protection. If the court makes the findings required by 2, clauses (a), (b)
and (c), but does not direct seizure, it may issue an appropriate order protecting the claimant's
interest in the property pending a hearing pursuant to section 565.23.
    Subd. 4. Hearing date. If the court issues an order pursuant to subdivisions 2 or 3, the
order shall establish a date for a hearing at which respondent may be heard and which shall
be conducted at the earliest practicable time and shall take precedence over all matters except
older matters of the same character.
    Subd. 5. Hearing. The hearing held pursuant to subdivision 4 shall be conducted in
accordance with the criteria established in section 565.23, subdivisions 3, 4 and 5. In addition, if
the court finds that the motion for a prehearing seizure was made in bad faith the court may, in its
discretion, award respondent the actual damages incurred by reason of seizure of the property.
    Subd. 6. Service of copy of order. The respondent shall be served with a copy of the order
issued pursuant to this section together with a copy of all pleadings and supporting documents and
a notice of hearing. Service shall be in the manner prescribed for personal service of a summons
or the court in its discretion may prescribe alternative methods of service calculated to provide
actual notice to respondent.
The notice of hearing served upon the respondent shall be signed by claimant or the attorney
for claimant and shall provide, at a minimum, the following information in substantially the
following language:
    Court action has been taken which affects the following property:
[list property]
[Claimant] (hereinafter "claimant")
has claimed that claimant is entitled to
this property and that claimant's interest
in this property would have been harmed
unless this court took immediate action.
You have a right to challenge
claimant's claims at a hearing before a
judge. This hearing has been scheduled for
the ........ day of ..........., .........., at ..........
o'clock ..M., at [place]...........................
After this hearing the judge will decide,
what should be done with the property pending
a final decision on claimant's claim."
History: 1979 c 18 s 4; 1998 c 254 art 1 s 107