548.36 COLLATERAL SOURCE CALCULATIONS.
Subdivision 1. Definition.
For purposes of this section, "collateral sources" means payments
related to the injury or disability in question made to the plaintiff, or on the plaintiff's behalf up
to the date of the verdict, by or pursuant to:
(1) a federal, state, or local income disability or Workers' Compensation Act; or other public
program providing medical expenses, disability payments, or similar benefits;
(2) health, accident and sickness, or automobile accident insurance or liability insurance that
provides health benefits or income disability coverage; except life insurance benefits available to
the plaintiff, whether purchased by the plaintiff or provided by others, payments made pursuant to
the United States Social Security Act, or pension payments;
(3) a contract or agreement of a group, organization, partnership, or corporation to provide,
pay for, or reimburse the costs of hospital, medical, dental or other health care services; or
(4) a contractual or voluntary wage continuation plan provided by employers or any other
system intended to provide wages during a period of disability, except benefits received from a
private disability insurance policy where the premiums were wholly paid for by the plaintiff.
Subd. 2. Motion.
In a civil action, whether based on contract or tort, when liability is
admitted or is determined by the trier of fact, and when damages include an award to compensate
the plaintiff for losses available to the date of the verdict by collateral sources, a party may file a
motion within ten days of the date of entry of the verdict requesting determination of collateral
sources. If the motion is filed, the parties shall submit written evidence of, and the court shall
(1) amounts of collateral sources that have been paid for the benefit of the plaintiff or are
otherwise available to the plaintiff as a result of losses except those for which a subrogation
right has been asserted; and
(2) amounts that have been paid, contributed, or forfeited by, or on behalf of, the plaintiff
or members of the plaintiff's immediate family for the two-year period immediately before the
accrual of the action to secure the right to a collateral source benefit that the plaintiff is receiving
as a result of losses.
Subd. 3. Duties of the court.
(a) The court shall reduce the award by the amounts determined
under subdivision 2, clause (1), and offset any reduction in the award by the amounts determined
under subdivision 2, clause (2).
(b) If the court cannot determine the amounts specified in paragraph (a) from the written
evidence submitted, the court may within ten days request additional written evidence or schedule
a conference with the parties to obtain further evidence.
(c) In any case where the claimant is found to be at fault under section
, the reduction
required under paragraph (a) must be made before the claimant's damages are reduced under
604.01, subdivision 1
Subd. 4. Calculation of attorney fees.
If the fees for legal services provided to the plaintiff
are based on a percentage of the amount of money awarded to the plaintiff, the percentage must
be based on the amount of the award as adjusted under subdivision 3. Any subrogated provider of
a collateral source not separately represented by counsel shall pay the same percentage of attorney
fees as paid by the plaintiff and shall pay its proportionate share of the costs.
Subd. 5. Jury not informed of collateral sources.
The jury shall not be informed of the
existence of collateral sources or any future benefits which may or may not be payable to the
History: 1986 c 455 s 80; 1990 c 555 s 14