Skip to main content Skip to office menu Skip to footer
Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

53B.03 DEFINITIONS.
    Subdivision 1. Scope. For purposes of this chapter, the definitions in this section apply
unless the context requires otherwise.
    Subd. 2. Applicant. "Applicant" means a person filing an application for a license under
this chapter.
    Subd. 3. Authorized delegate. "Authorized delegate" means an entity designated by the
licensee under this chapter, or by an exempt entity, to sell or issue payment instruments or engage
in the business of transmitting money on behalf of a licensee.
    Subd. 4. Commissioner. "Commissioner" means the commissioner of commerce.
    Subd. 5. Control. "Control" means ownership of, or the power to vote, ten percent or
more of the outstanding voting securities of a licensee or controlling person. For purposes of
determining the percentage of a licensee controlled by any person, the person's interest must be
aggregated with the interest of any other person controlled by the person or by any spouse,
parent, or child of the person.
    Subd. 6. Controlling person. "Controlling person" means any person in control of a licensee.
    Subd. 7. Electronic instrument. "Electronic instrument" means a card or other tangible
object for the transmission or payment of money that contains a microprocessor chip, magnetic
stripe, or other means for the storage of information, that is prefunded and for which the value is
decreased upon each use. The term does not include a prepaid telephone card, electronic benefits
transfer card, or any other card or other tangible object that is redeemable by the issuer in the
issuer's goods or services.
    Subd. 8. Executive officer. "Executive officer" means the licensee's president, chair of the
executive committee, senior officer responsible for the licensee's business, chief financial officer,
and any other person who performs similar functions.
    Subd. 9. Exempt entity. "Exempt entity" means a person to which this chapter does not
apply under section 53B.04.
    Subd. 10. Key shareholder. "Key shareholder" means any person, or group of persons acting
in concert, who is the owner of ten percent or more of any voting class of an applicant's stock.
    Subd. 11. Licensee. "Licensee" means a person licensed under this chapter.
    Subd. 12. Material litigation. "Material litigation" means any litigation in which an
applicant or a licensee has been a defendant or been named in a civil judgment involving claims
of fraud, misrepresentation, conversion, mismanagement of funds, breach of fiduciary duty,
or breach of contract.
    Subd. 13. Money transmission. "Money transmission" means selling or issuing payment
instruments or engaging in the business of receiving money for transmission or transmitting
money within the United States or to locations abroad by any and all means, including but not
limited to payment instrument, wire, facsimile, or electronic transfer.
    Subd. 14. Outstanding payment instrument. "Outstanding payment instrument" means any
payment instrument issued by the licensee that has been sold in the United States directly by the
licensee or any payment instrument issued by the licensee that has been sold by an authorized
delegate of the licensee in the United States, and that has not yet been paid by or for the licensee.
    Subd. 15. Payment instrument. "Payment instrument" means any electronic or written
check, draft, money order, travelers check, or other electronic or written instrument or order for
the transmission or payment of money, sold or issued to one or more persons, whether or not the
instrument is negotiable. The term does not include any credit card voucher, letter of credit, or
instrument that is redeemable by the issuer in goods or services.
    Subd. 16. Permissible investments. "Permissible investments" means:
(1) cash;
(2) certificates of deposit or other debt obligations of a financial institution, either domestic
or foreign;
(3) bills of exchange or time drafts drawn on and accepted by a commercial bank, otherwise
known as bankers' acceptances, that are eligible for purchase by member banks of the Federal
Reserve System;
(4) any investment bearing a rating of one of the three highest grades as defined by a
nationally recognized organization that rates these securities;
(5) investment securities that are obligations of the United States, its agencies or
instrumentalities, or obligations that are guaranteed fully as to principal and interest of the
United States, or any obligations of any state, municipality, or any political subdivision of a
state or municipality;
(6) shares in a money market mutual fund, interest-bearing bills or notes or bonds,
debentures, or a fund composed of one or more permissible investments;
(7) any demand borrowing agreement or agreements made to a corporation or a subsidiary of
a corporation whose capital stock is listed on a national exchange;
(8) receivables that are due to a licensee from its authorized delegates under a contract
described in section 53B.20, that are not past due or doubtful of collection; or
(9) any other investments or security device approved by the commissioner.
    Subd. 17. Person. "Person" means any individual, corporation, limited liability company,
business trust, general or limited partnership, association, sole proprietorship, or similar
organization.
    Subd. 18. Remit. "Remit" means either to make direct payment of the funds to the licensee or
its representatives authorized to receive those funds or to deposit the funds in a bank, credit union,
savings association, or other similar financial institution in an account specified by the licensee.
History: 2001 c 148 s 4