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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

518.191 SUMMARY REAL ESTATE DISPOSITION JUDGMENT.
    Subdivision 1. Abbreviated judgment and decree. If real estate is described in a judgment
and decree of dissolution, the court may direct either of the parties or their legal counsel to
prepare and submit to the court a proposed summary real estate disposition judgment. Upon
approval by the court and filing of the summary real estate disposition judgment with the court
administrator, the court administrator shall provide to any party upon request certified copies of
the summary real estate disposition judgment.
    Subd. 2. Required information. A summary real estate disposition judgment must contain
the following information:
(1) the full caption and file number of the case and the title "Summary Real Estate
Disposition Judgment";
(2) the dates of the parties' marriage and of the entry of the judgment and decree of
dissolution;
(3) the names of the parties' attorneys or if either or both appeared pro se;
(4) the name of the judge and referee, if any, who signed the order for judgment and decree;
(5) whether the judgment and decree resulted from a stipulation, a default, or a trial and the
appearances at the default or trial;
(6) if the judgment and decree resulted from a stipulation, whether the real property was
described by a legal description;
(7) if the judgment and decree resulted from a default, whether the petition contained the
legal description of the property and whether disposition was made in accordance with the request
for relief;
(8) whether the summons and petition were served personally upon the respondent pursuant
to the Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 4.03(a), or section 543.19;
(9) if the summons and petition were served on the respondent only by publication, the name
of each legal newspaper and county in which the summons and petition were published and
the dates of publications;
(10) whether either party changed the party's name through the judgment and decree;
(11) the legal description of each parcel of real estate;
(12) the name or names of the persons awarded an interest in each parcel of real estate and a
description of the interest awarded;
(13) liens, mortgages, encumbrances, or other interests in the real estate described in the
judgment and decree; and
(14) triggering or contingent events set forth in the judgment and decree affecting the
disposition of each parcel of real estate.
    Subd. 2a. Amended summary real estate disposition judgment. (a) On the court's own
motion or on application by an interested person, the court shall issue an order authorizing the
court administrator to issue an amended summary real estate disposition judgment to correct an
erroneous legal description of real estate contained in the judgment and decree of dissolution.
(b) An application to correct a legal description under this subdivision must contain:
(1) the erroneous legal description contained in the judgment and decree;
(2) the correct legal description of the real estate;
(3) written evidence satisfactory to the court to show the correct legal description, or a
request for an evidentiary hearing to produce evidence of the correct legal description; and
(4) a proposed amended summary real estate disposition judgment.
(c) The court shall consider an application under this subdivision on an expedited basis. The
court's order must be based on the evidence provided in the application, the evidence produced at
an evidentiary hearing, or the evidence already in the record of the proceeding. If the court is
satisfied that an erroneous legal description should be corrected under this subdivision, the court
may issue its order without a hearing or notice to any person. A filing fee is not required for an
application under this subdivision. The court's order must be treated as an amendment of the
court's findings of fact regarding the legal description of the property in question, without the need
to amend the original judgment and decree. The court shall issue the order if the court specifically
finds that the court had jurisdiction over the respondent in the dissolution proceeding and that the
property was sufficiently identified in the original proceedings to prevent prejudice to the rights of
either party to the dissolution and that the amendment will not prejudice their rights. The court's
order is effective retroactive to the date of entry of the original judgment and decree of dissolution.
(d) An amended summary real estate disposition judgment must be treated the same as the
prior summary real estate disposition judgment for all purposes.
(e) On request by any interested person, the court administrator shall provide a certified copy
of an amended summary real estate disposition judgment showing the correct legal description of
the real property affected by the judgment and decree.
(f) This subdivision may not be used to add omitted property to a judgment and decree of
dissolution, unless the court determines that the omitted property is an integral or appurtenant part
of real property already properly included in the judgment and decree.
    Subd. 3. Court order. An order or provision in a judgment and decree that provides that the
judgment and decree must be recorded in the office of the county recorder or filed in the office of
the registrar of titles means, if a summary real estate disposition judgment has been approved by
the court, that the summary real estate disposition judgment, rather than the judgment and decree,
must be recorded in the office of the county recorder or filed in the office of the registrar of titles.
    Subd. 4. Transfer of property. The summary real estate disposition judgment operates as
a conveyance and transfer of each interest in the real estate in the manner and to the extent
described in the summary real estate disposition judgment. A summary real estate disposition
judgment, or an amended summary real estate disposition judgment that supersedes an earlier
judgment, is prima facie evidence of the facts stated in the summary real estate disposition
judgment. A purchaser for value without notice of any defect in the dissolution proceedings may
rely on a summary real estate disposition judgment or a later amended summary real estate
disposition judgment to establish the facts stated in the judgment.
    Subd. 5. Conflict. If a conflict exists between the judgment and decree and the summary
real estate disposition judgment, the summary real estate disposition judgment recorded in the
office of the county recorder or filed in the office of the registrar of titles controls as to the interest
acquired in real estate by any subsequent purchaser in good faith and for a valuable consideration,
who is in possession of the interest or whose interest is recorded with the county recorder or
registrar of titles, before the recording of the judgment and decree in the same office.
History: 1990 c 575 s 7; 2006 c 221 s 17-19