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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

501B.86 DISCLAIMER OF INTERESTS PASSING BY DEED, ASSIGNMENT, UNDER
CERTAIN NONTESTAMENTARY INSTRUMENTS, OR UNDER CERTAIN POWERS
OF APPOINTMENT.
    Subdivision 1. Definitions. As used in this section, unless otherwise clearly required by
the context:
(a) "beneficiary" means a person entitled, but for the person's disclaimer, to take an interest:
(1) as grantee;
(2) as donee;
(3) under an assignment or instrument of conveyance or transfer;
(4) by succession to a disclaimed interest, other than by will, intestate succession, or through
the exercise or nonexercise of a testamentary power of appointment;
(5) as beneficiary of an inter vivos trust or insurance contract;
(6) pursuant to the exercise or nonexercise of a nontestamentary power of appointment;
(7) as donee of a power of appointment created by a nontestamentary instrument; or
(8) otherwise under a nontestamentary instrument;
(b) "interest" means:
(1) the whole of any property, real or personal, legal or equitable;
(2) a fractional part, share, particular portion, or specific assets of property;
(3) an estate in property;
(4) a power to appoint, consume, apply, or expend property; or
(5) any other right, power, privilege, or immunity relating to property; and
(c) "disclaimer" means a written instrument that declines, refuses, releases, or disclaims an
interest that would otherwise be succeeded to by a beneficiary, if the instrument defines the
nature and extent of the interest disclaimed and is signed, witnessed, and acknowledged by the
disclaimant in the manner provided for deeds of real estate.
    Subd. 2. Who may disclaim. A beneficiary may disclaim an interest in whole or in part,
or with reference to specific parts, shares, portions, or assets, by filing a disclaimer in court
in the manner provided in this section. A guardian or conservator of the estate of a minor or
an incapacitated person under section 525.54, or the personal representative of the estate of
a deceased beneficiary may execute and file a disclaimer on behalf of the beneficiary if that
representative considers it not detrimental to the best interests of the beneficiary and in the best
interests of those interested in the beneficiary's estate and of those who take the beneficiary's
interest by virtue of the disclaimer. The representative may file the disclaimer with or without
a court order within the time specified in subdivision 3. A beneficiary may file a disclaimer
by an attorney or attorney-in-fact.
    Subd. 3. Filing deadline. A disclaimer under subdivision 2 may be filed at any time after
the creation of the interest, but it must be filed within nine months after the effective date of
the nontestamentary instrument creating the interest, or, if the disclaimant is not then finally
ascertained as a beneficiary or the disclaimant's interest has not then become indefeasibly fixed
both in quality and in quantity, the disclaimer must be filed not later than nine months after the
event that would cause the disclaimant to become finally ascertained and the interest to become
indefeasibly fixed both in quality and quantity.
    Subd. 4. Effective date. (a) A disclaimer under subdivision 2 is effective on being filed in
a district court of the state of Minnesota. A copy of the disclaimer must be delivered or mailed
to the trustee of a trust in which the interest disclaimed exists or to any other person who has
legal title to, or possession of, the property in which the interest disclaimed exists. The trustee
or person is not liable for any otherwise proper distribution or other disposition made without
actual notice of the disclaimer.
(b) If an interest in or relating to real estate is disclaimed, the original of the disclaimer, or
a copy of the disclaimer certified as true and complete by the court administrator of the district
court where the disclaimer has been filed, must also be filed with the county recorder or with the
registrar of titles, as appropriate, in the county or counties where the real estate is situated. The
filed disclaimer is notice to all persons after the time of filing. If title to the real estate has not
been registered under chapter 508, the disclaimer or certified copy must be filed with the county
recorder. If title to the real estate has been registered under chapter 508, the disclaimer or certified
copy must be filed with the registrar of titles.
    Subd. 5. Distribution of disclaimed property. Unless otherwise provided in the
nontestamentary instrument creating the interest with reference to the possibility of a disclaimer
by the beneficiary, the interest disclaimed must be distributed or otherwise disposed of in the
same manner as if the disclaimant had died immediately preceding the death or other event that
causes the disclaimant to become finally ascertained as a beneficiary and the interest to become
indefeasibly fixed both in quality and quantity. The disclaimer relates for all purposes to that date,
whether filed before or after the death or other event. Unless the disclaimer provides otherwise, a
person disclaiming an interest in a nonresiduary gift under a trust instrument or otherwise is not
excluded from sharing in a gift of the residue even though, through lapse, the residue includes
the assets disclaimed.
    Subd. 6. Bars to right to disclaim. The right to disclaim is barred if the beneficiary: (1) is
insolvent; (2) assigns or transfers, or contracts to assign or transfer, an interest in the property
to be disclaimed; (3) in writing, waives the right to disclaim the succession to an interest in the
property; or (4) sells or otherwise disposes of an interest in the property.
    Subd. 7. Effect of restrictions. The right to disclaim granted by this section exists despite
a limitation imposed on the interest of the disclaimant in the nature of an express or implied
spendthrift provision or similar restriction. A disclaimer, when filed under this section, or a
written waiver of the right to disclaim, is binding on the disclaimant or waiving beneficiary and
all parties later claiming by, through, or under the disclaimant or waiving beneficiary, except that
a waiving beneficiary may later transfer, assign, or release the waiving beneficiary's interest if
it is not prohibited by an express or implied spendthrift provision. If an interest in real estate
is disclaimed and the disclaimer is filed in accordance with subdivision 4, the spouse of the
disclaimant, if the spouse has consented to the disclaimer in writing, is automatically debarred
from the spouse's statutory or common law right or estate by curtesy or in dower or otherwise in
the real estate to which the spouse, except for the disclaimer, would have been entitled.
    Subd. 8. Other law. This section does not abridge the right of a person, apart from this
section, under an existing or future statute or rule of law, to disclaim an interest or to assign,
convey, release, renounce, or otherwise dispose of an interest.
    Subd. 9. Interests in existence on May 22, 1965. If an interest existed on May 22, 1965, it
may be disclaimed under this section if it had not then become indefeasibly fixed both in quality
and quantity or if its taker had not then become finally ascertained.
    Subd. 10. Bank deposits. The survivor or survivors of a bank deposit held in the names of
the decedent and the survivor or survivors may at any time disclaim that interest by authorizing
the inclusion of the proceeds of the bank deposit in the inventory and appraisal required by
law to be filed by the representative or executor of the estate of the decedent. For purposes of
this subdivision, "bank deposit" includes a checking or savings account or time deposit in any
financial institution authorized to accept deposits.
History: 1989 c 340 art 1 s 70