400.08 SERVICE AREAS AND CHARGES.
Subdivision 1. Definition.
For purposes of this section, "solid waste management services"
includes recycling and waste reduction services, collection, processing, and disposal of solid
waste, closure and postclosure care of a solid waste facility, and response, as defined in section
, to releases from a solid waste facility or closed solid waste facility.
Subd. 2. Service areas.
In addition to the power that the county may exercise under other
law, and in order to provide solid waste management services to those areas needing services,
the county board by resolution may establish and determine the boundaries of solid waste
management service areas in the county. Before the adoption of the resolution the county board
shall hold a public hearing on the question. If a service area is established, the county board may
impose service charges for solid waste management services for the area and may levy a tax on all
the property in the area, or any combination of charges and taxes. The county board may enlarge
any existing service area following the procedures specified in this section. Upon the petition of
the landowner, land may be added to the service area without a public hearing on the enlargement.
Subd. 3. Service charges.
The county may establish by ordinance, revise when deemed
advisable, and collect just and reasonable rates and charges for solid waste management
services provided by the county or by others under contract with the county. The ordinance may
obligate the owners, lessees, or occupants of property, or any or all of them, to pay charges for
solid waste management services to their properties, including properties owned, leased, or
used by the state or a political subdivision of the state, the Metropolitan Airports Commission
established in section
, the State Agricultural Society established in section
, a local
government unit, and any other political subdivision, and may obligate the user of any facility to
pay a reasonable charge for the use of the facility. Rates and charges may take into account the
character, kind, and quality of the service and of the solid waste, the method of disposition, the
number of people served at each place of collection, and all other factors that enter into the cost of
the service, including but not limited to depreciation and payment of principal and interest on
money borrowed by the county for the acquisition or betterment of facilities. A notice of intention
to enact an ordinance, published pursuant to section
375.51, subdivision 2
, shall provide for a
public hearing prior to the meeting at which the ordinance is to be considered.
Subd. 4. Collection.
(a) The rates and charges may be billed and collected in a manner
the board shall determine.
(b) On or before October 15 in each year, the county board may certify to the county auditor
all unpaid outstanding charges, and a description of the lands against which the charges arose. It
shall be the duty of the county auditor, upon order of the county board, to extend the assessments,
with interest not to exceed the interest rate provided for in section
279.03, subdivision 1
the tax rolls of the county for the taxes of the year in which the assessment is filed. For each
year ending October 15 the assessment with interest shall be carried into the tax becoming
due and payable in January of the following year, and shall be enforced and collected in the
manner provided for the enforcement and collection of real property taxes in accordance with the
provisions of the laws of the state. The charges, if not paid, shall become delinquent and be subject
to the same penalties and the same rate of interest as the taxes under the general laws of the state.
(c) In addition to any other manner of collection that may be established under paragraph (a),
a county may:
(1) require as a condition of a license issued under section
that the licensee collect
service charges established under subdivision 3 from solid waste generators for remittal to the
(2) audit a licensed collector's records of the charges collected under clause (1) and the
amount of waste collected only to the extent necessary to ensure that all charges required to be
collected are remitted to the county.
Data received under clause (2) are private or nonpublic data as defined in section
Subd. 5. Financial incentives to recycle.
A county may:
(1) charge or may require any person who collects solid waste in the county to charge
solid waste generators rates for solid waste management services that increase as the weight or
volume of waste increases;
(2) require collectors to provide financial incentives to solid waste generators who separate
recyclable materials from their waste; or
(3) require use of any other mechanism to provide encouragement or rewards to solid waste
generators who reduce their waste generation or who separate recyclable materials from their
History: 1971 c 403 s 8; 1979 c 164 s 1; 1986 c 425 s 30; 1Sp1989 c 1 art 20 s 25; 1991 c
337 s 60; 1992 c 593 art 1 s 37,38; 1993 c 249 s 38; 1994 c 628 art 3 s 32