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    Subdivision 1. Scope. As used in sections 331A.01 to 331A.11, the terms defined have the
meanings given them except as otherwise expressly provided or indicated by the context.
    Subd. 2. Known office of issue. "Known office of issue" means the newspaper's principal
office devoted primarily to business related to the newspaper, whether or not printing or any other
operations of the newspaper are conducted at or from the office. A newspaper may have only
one known office of issue.
    Subd. 3. Political subdivision. "Political subdivision" means a county, municipality, school
district, or any other local political subdivision or local or area district, commission, board, or
    Subd. 4. Municipality. "Municipality" means a home rule charter or statutory city or town.
    Subd. 5.[Repealed, 2004 c 182 s 33]
    Subd. 6. Proceedings. "Proceedings" means the substance of all official actions taken by
the governing body of a political subdivision at any regular or special meeting, and at minimum
includes the subject matter of a motion, the persons making and seconding a motion, the roll call
vote on a motion, the character of resolutions or ordinances offered, including a brief description
of their subject matter, and whether defeated or adopted.
    Subd. 7. Public notice. "Public notice" means every notice required or authorized by law or
by order of a court to be published by a qualified newspaper, and includes:
(a) every publication of laws, ordinances, resolutions, financial information, and proceedings
intended to give notice in a particular area;
(b) every notice and certificate of election, facsimile ballot, notice of referendum, notice
of public hearing before a governmental body, and notice of meetings of private and public
bodies required by law; and
(c) every summons, order, citation, notice of sale or other notice which is intended to inform
a person that the person may or shall do an act or exercise a right within a designated period or
upon or by a designated date.
(d) this subdivision contains no independent requirement for the publication of any public
    Subd. 8. Qualified newspaper. "Qualified newspaper" means a newspaper which complies
with all of the provisions of section 331A.02. The following terms, when found in laws referring
to the publication of a public notice, shall be taken to mean a qualified newspaper: "qualified legal
newspaper," "legal newspaper," "official newspaper," "newspaper," and "medium of official
and legal publication."
    Subd. 9. Secondary office. "Secondary office" means an office established by a newspaper
in a community other than that in which its known office of issue is located, in the same
or an adjoining county, open on a regular basis to gather news and sell advertisements and
subscriptions, whether or not printing or any other operations of the newspaper are conducted
at or from the office.
    Subd. 10. Summary. "Summary" means an accurate and intelligible abstract or synopsis of
the essential elements of proceedings, ordinances, resolutions, financial statements, and other
official actions. It shall be written in a clear and coherent manner, and shall, to the extent possible,
avoid the use of technical or legal terms not generally familiar to the public. When a summary is
published, the publication shall clearly indicate that the published material is only a summary
and that the full text is available for public inspection at a designated location or by standard or
electronic mail. A summary published in conformity with this section shall be deemed to fulfill
all legal publication requirements as completely as if the entire matter which was summarized
had been published. No liability shall be asserted against a political subdivision in connection
with the publication of a summary or agenda.
History: 1984 c 543 s 20; 1986 c 444; 2004 c 182 s 3-7