325F.692 FRAUDULENT TELEPHONE SERVICES; BILLING.
Subdivision 1. Definitions.
(a) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have
the meanings given them.
(b) "Information service" means a billed service transmitted exclusively orally via the
telecommunications network that may include provision of information or advice, participation
in trivia or other games, participation in adult conversation or other group bridging services, or
provision of similar billed services. An information service may be accessed by an information
service customer by various methods including, but not limited to, dialing a 1-900 or 1-800
telephone number, or by the customer receiving a collect call from an information service
provider following the customer's 1-800 call.
(c) "Information service customer" means a person who receives information transmitted
from or participates in conversation enabled by an information service provider.
(d) "Information service provider" means a person who provides information services and
directly, or indirectly through a billing agent, either charges information service customers for use
of the information service or includes the costs associated with providing information services in
the charge for a long-distance call.
(e) "Telephone service subscriber" means a person who contracts with a telephone company
for telephone services.
Subd. 2. Unauthorized information service charges; liability.
A telephone service
subscriber is not responsible for information service charges for calls made by minors or
vulnerable adults as defined in section
626.5572, subdivision 21
, unless expressly authorized
by the subscriber or spouse.
Subd. 3. Billing; segregated charges; notice.
(a) A telephone company or independent
telephone company, as defined in section
, or any other entity that serves as the billing
agent for information service charges shall, to the extent it has knowledge, list the charges for
information services separately from charges for local and long distance telephone service charges
on each telephone service subscriber's billing statement, regardless of whether an information
service customer initiated a call to access the information service or whether the information
service provider initiated a call to the customer to allow the customer access to the information
service. It is fraud under section
to knowingly identify information service charges
as telephone charges. A common carrier is liable for fraud under this subdivision only if it
knowingly participates in the misidentification.
(b) A bill or the portion of a telephone bill for information services must contain the
following language printed in at least ten-point bold type or typewritten in capital letters in a color
or shade that readily contrasts with the background:
"YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO DISPUTE CHARGES FOR INFORMATION SERVICE
CALLS. AS A TELEPHONE SERVICE SUBSCRIBER, YOU ARE NOT LEGALLY
RESPONSIBLE FOR INFORMATION SERVICE CHARGES INCURRED BY MINORS OR
VULNERABLE ADULTS WITHOUT YOUR CONSENT. NEITHER A LONG DISTANCE
COMPANY NOR YOUR LOCAL TELEPHONE COMPANY MAY DISCONNECT YOUR
SERVICE BECAUSE YOU REFUSE TO PAY AN INFORMATION SERVICE CHARGE."
The notice required by this paragraph can be provided in conjunction with other required notices.
Subd. 4. Fraudulent misrepresentation.
It is fraudulent misrepresentation under section
for an information service provider or a provider's agent, including an agent or employee
of an entity that provides billing services for an information service provider, to knowingly advise
an information service customer or a telephone service subscriber, either orally or in writing, that:
(1) information service charges not incurred or authorized by a telephone service subscriber
are the responsibility of the subscriber;
(2) parents or guardians of minors or other vulnerable people are responsible for information
service charges incurred by the minors or other vulnerable persons; or
(3) the availability of telephone service for the subscriber may be affected by failure to pay
information service charges not incurred or authorized by the subscriber.
Subd. 5. Allocation of payment of telephone bills.
The telephone service subscriber shall
have the right to direct partial payments of a telephone bill. Unless otherwise directed by the
telephone service subscriber, a telephone company or other billing entity that receives partial
payment of a telephone bill shall allocate the partial payment first to charges for telephone
services, and last to charges for information services.
Subd. 6. Indemnity.
A telephone company or independent telephone company has a right
of indemnity against anyone who has provided it with false information as to the status of
Subd. 7. Involuntary blocking.
Anyone who has refused to pay for two months of
information charge bills or one month of charges in excess of $500 may be blocked from access to
Subd. 8.[Repealed, 1998 c 345 s 16
Subd. 9. Caller responsibility.
This section does not affect the legal responsibility of the
person who places an information service call for the charges for the call.
Subd. 10. Caller codes regulated.
Information service providers or their agents and
telephone companies shall not issue calling card identification codes or personal identification
numbers (PIN codes) to consumers over the telephone. This subdivision does not apply to the
issuance of identification codes or personal identification numbers to consumers by a financial
institution as defined in United States Code, title 18, section 20, or an affiliate or subsidiary of a
History: 1994 c 449 s 2; 1995 c 185 s 5; 1995 c 229 art 4 s 15; 1998 c 254 art 1 s 85;
1998 c 345 s 15