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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

Chapter 319B

Section 319B.02

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319B.02 DEFINITIONS.
    Subdivision 1. Scope. For the purposes of sections 319B.01 to 319B.12, the terms defined in
this section have the meanings given them.
    Subd. 2. Board. "Board" means an agency of the state of Minnesota which has jurisdiction
to grant a license to furnish professional services of a category within subdivision 19, except
that in the case of a professional firm that provides legal services, "board" means the Board of
Professional Responsibility.
    Subd. 3. Certificate of authority. "Certificate of authority" means:
(1) with respect to a foreign firm that is a corporation, the certificate of authority required
under sections 303.01 to 303.24 and any notice filed under section 303.115 in connection with
that certificate; and
(2) with respect to a foreign firm that is a limited liability company, the certificate of authority
required under sections 322B.905 to 322B.955 and any notice filed under section 322B.92, clause
(3), in connection with that certificate.
    Subd. 4. Disqualified. "Disqualified" means to have a license to provide pertinent
professional services:
(1) suspended, unless by its terms the suspension will automatically end less than 90 days
after it takes effect; or
(2) revoked.
The disqualification occurs when the suspension or revocation first takes effect.
    Subd. 5. Firm. "Firm" includes a corporation, limited liability company, and limited liability
partnership, wherever incorporated, organized, or registered.
    Subd. 6. Foreign firm. "Foreign firm" means a corporation incorporated, limited liability
company organized, or limited liability partnership registered under the laws of a state other
than Minnesota.
    Subd. 7. Foreign professional firm. "Foreign professional firm" means a foreign firm that
has in effect an election under section 319B.04, subdivision 2.
    Subd. 8. Generally applicable governing law. "Generally applicable governing law" of a
firm means:
(1) with respect to a firm that is a corporation, the state statute under which the corporation
is incorporated;
(2) with respect to a firm that is a limited liability company, the state statute under which the
limited liability company is organized; and
(3) with respect to a firm that is a limited liability partnership, the state statute under which
the limited liability partnership obtains its status as a limited liability partnership;
plus any other law that is generally relevant to the structure, governance, operations, or other
internal affairs of the firm.
    Subd. 9. Governance authority. "Governance authority" means the authority and
responsibility to:
(1) determine important policies for a professional firm;
(2) superintend the professional firm's overall operations; and
(3) maintain general, active management of and ultimate control over all matters involving
professional judgment.
    Subd. 9a. License. "License" includes any license, certificate, registration, or other authority
referred to in subdivision 17 or 19.
    Subd. 10. Minnesota firm. "Minnesota firm" includes a corporation organized under chapter
302A or 317A, limited liability company organized under chapter 322B, and limited liability
partnership that has an effective statement of qualification under section 323A.1001.
    Subd. 11. Minnesota professional firm. "Minnesota professional firm" means a Minnesota
firm that has in effect an election under section 319B.03, subdivision 2.
    Subd. 12. Organizational document. "Organizational document" means:
(1) with respect to a corporation organized under chapter 302A or 317A, that corporation's
articles of incorporation;
(2) with respect to a limited liability company organized under chapter 322B, that limited
liability company's articles of organization; and
(3) with respect to a limited liability partnership that has an effective statement of
qualification under section 323A.1001, that statement of qualification.
    Subd. 13. Owner. "Owner" means:
(1) with respect to a professional firm that is a corporation, except a nonprofit corporation, an
owner of shares in the corporation;
(2) with respect to a professional firm that is a limited liability company, a member in the
limited liability company; and
(3) with respect to a professional firm that is a limited liability partnership, a partner in the
limited liability partnership.
    Subd. 14. Ownership interest. "Ownership interest" means:
(1) with respect to a professional firm that is a corporation, except a nonprofit corporation,
shares in the corporation;
(2) with respect to a professional firm that is a limited liability company, a membership
interest in the limited liability company; and
(3) with respect to a professional firm that is a limited liability partnership, a partnership
interest.
    Subd. 15. Partial right. "Partial right" means a right in or with respect to an ownership
interest where the right is by itself insufficient to make the right's holder an owner.
    Subd. 16. Pertinent professional services. "Pertinent professional services" means, with
respect to a professional firm, the category or categories of professional services specified by the
firm in its election under section 319B.03, subdivision 2, or 319B.04, subdivision 2.
    Subd. 17. Professional. "Professional" means a natural person who is licensed by the laws of
the state of Minnesota or similar laws of another state to furnish one or more of the categories
of professional services listed in subdivision 19. Professional includes a natural person who is
licensed or otherwise authorized to practice law under the laws of a foreign nation.
    Subd. 18. Professional firm. "Professional firm" means both Minnesota professional firms
and foreign professional firms.
    Subd. 19. Professional services. "Professional services" means services of the type required
or permitted to be furnished by a professional under a license, registration, or certificate issued by
the state of Minnesota to practice medicine and surgery under sections 147.01 to 147.22, as a
physician assistant pursuant to sections 147A.01 to 147A.27, chiropractic under sections 148.01
to 148.105, registered nursing under sections 148.171 to 148.285, optometry under sections
148.52 to 148.62, psychology under sections 148.88 to 148.98, social work under chapter 148D,
marriage and family therapy under sections 148B.29 to 148B.39, professional counseling under
sections 148B.50 to 148B.593, dentistry and dental hygiene under sections 150A.01 to 150A.12,
pharmacy under sections 151.01 to 151.40, podiatric medicine under sections 153.01 to 153.25,
veterinary medicine under sections 156.001 to 156.14, architecture, engineering, surveying,
landscape architecture, geoscience, and certified interior design under sections 326.02 to 326.15,
accountancy under chapter 326A, or law under sections 481.01 to 481.17, or under a license or
certificate issued by another state under similar laws. Professional services includes services of
the type required to be furnished by a professional pursuant to a license or other authority to
practice law under the laws of a foreign nation.
    Subd. 20. State. "State" means a state of the United States and the District of Columbia.
    Subd. 21. Statement of foreign qualification. "Statement of foreign qualification" means
with respect to a limited liability partnership that has an effective statement of foreign qualification
under section 323A.1102, that statement of foreign qualification.
    Subd. 22. Update. "Update" means:
(1) with respect to a Minnesota professional firm that is either a Minnesota corporation or a
Minnesota limited liability company, amend the organizational document;
(2) with respect to a foreign professional firm that is a foreign corporation, file a notice under
section 303.115 in connection with the foreign corporation's certificate of authority;
(3) with respect to a foreign firm that is a limited liability company, file a notice under
section 322B.92, clause (3), in connection with the foreign limited liability company's certificate
of authority;
(4) with respect to a Minnesota professional firm that is a limited liability partnership and
has an effective statement of qualification under section 323A.1001, amend that statement
of qualification; and
(5) with respect to a foreign professional firm that is a limited liability partnership and has an
effective statement of foreign qualification under section 323A.1102, amend that statement of
foreign qualification.
History: 1997 c 22 art 1 s 2; 1998 c 309 s 5-7; 1999 c 85 art 3 s 1-4,17; 2000 c 260 s 53;
2001 c 42 s 2; 2001 c 109 art 2 s 4; 2005 c 147 art 1 s 69; 2005 c 153 s 1; 2007 c 123 s 132