Subdivision 1. Commission's enforcement powers.
(a) To carry out its duties, the
(1) enforce the federal act;
(2) issue, enter into, or enforce orders, schedules of compliance, and stipulation agreements;
(3) conduct investigations, issue notices, and hold hearings that are necessary or useful to
discharge its duties;
(4) examine and copy any books, papers, records, memoranda, or data of a person that is
related to data required to be submitted to the commission;
(5) enter public or private property to take an action authorized by this section including
obtaining information from a person who has a duty to provide information to the commission; and
(6) issue subpoenas requiring the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production
of evidence relevant to matters involved in a hearing or investigation.
(b) An employee or agent of the commission may examine witnesses and administer oaths in
connection with a subpoena. Witnesses must receive the same fees and mileage as in civil actions.
(c) The commission may delegate its authority under this subdivision to state or local
governmental agencies or organizations to conduct investigations, examine and copy records, and
Subd. 2. Civil action; commission.
The commission may enforce the federal act through a
civil action brought in federal district court under the federal act or in state district court by the
attorney general on request of the commission.
Subd. 3. Civil action; citizen.
A person may commence a civil action against an owner or
operator of a facility in state district court that may be brought in federal district court under
the federal act.
Subd. 4. Civil action; regional or local committee.
A regional review committee or a local
emergency planning committee may commence an action against an owner or operator of a
facility in state district court for a violation of the federal act that the local emergency planning
committee is authorized to commence in federal district court under the federal act.
Subd. 5. Injunctive relief.
In addition to other relief granted, the court may grant injunctive
relief to restrain violations of the federal act.
Subd. 6. Civil penalties.
(a) A violation of the federal act is a violation of state law.
(b) An owner or operator of a facility is liable to the state for civil penalties in the same
manner and amount as the owner or operator is liable to the United States under section 11045,
subpart (a), subpart (b), paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), and subpart (c), paragraphs (1) and (2), of
the federal act.
(c) The commission may enforce the penalties in state district court in the same manner as
the administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency may enforce the civil
penalties in federal district court under the federal act.
(d) For purposes of this subdivision, each day of continued violation constitutes a separate
Subd. 7. Costs and attorney fees.
On the motion of a party prevailing in an action under
this section, the court may award costs, disbursements, and reasonable attorney and witness
fees to the prevailing party.
Subd. 8. Venue.
A civil action authorized by this section may be brought in the District
Court in Ramsey County, in the district court where the alleged violation occurred, or in the
district court where the defendant is located.
Subd. 9. Administrative penalty order.
The commission may issue an order requiring a
violation of the federal act to be corrected and administratively assessing monetary penalties.
Except in the case of serious or repeated violations, the penalty assessed in the order must be
forgiven if the person who is subject to the order corrects the violation before the 31st day
after receiving the order. The procedures in section
must be followed when issuing
administrative penalty orders under this subdivision. The maximum amount of an administrative
penalty order under this subdivision is $10,000 for all violations identified in an inspection or a
review of compliance.
History: 1989 c 315 s 10; 1990 c 388 s 2; 1993 c 282 s 1