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    Subdivision 1. Real property. (a) For the purposes of taxation, "real property" includes the
land itself, rails, ties, and other track materials annexed to the land, and all buildings, structures,
and improvements or other fixtures on it, bridges of bridge companies, and all rights and
privileges belonging or appertaining to the land, and all mines, iron ore and taconite minerals not
otherwise exempt, quarries, fossils, and trees on or under it.
(b) A building or structure shall include the building or structure itself, together with all
improvements or fixtures annexed to the building or structure, which are integrated with and of
permanent benefit to the building or structure, regardless of the present use of the building, and
which cannot be removed without substantial damage to itself or to the building or structure.
(c)(i) Real property does not include tools, implements, machinery, and equipment
attached to or installed in real property for use in the business or production activity conducted
thereon, regardless of size, weight or method of attachment, and mine shafts, tunnels, and other
underground openings used to extract ores and minerals taxed under chapter 298 together with
steel, concrete, and other materials used to support such openings.
(ii) The exclusion provided in clause (i) shall not apply to machinery and equipment
includable as real estate by paragraphs (a) and (b) even though such machinery and equipment
is used in the business or production activity conducted on the real property if and to the extent
such business or production activity consists of furnishing services or products to other buildings
or structures which are subject to taxation under this chapter.
(iii) The exclusion provided in clause (i) does not apply to the exterior shell of a structure
which constitutes walls, ceilings, roofs, or floors if the shell of the structure has structural,
insulation, or temperature control functions or provides protection from the elements. Such an
exterior shell is included in the definition of real property even if it also has special functions
distinct from that of a building.
(d) The term real property does not include tools, implements, machinery, equipment,
poles, lines, cables, wires, conduit, and station connections which are part of a telephone
communications system, regardless of attachment to or installation in real property and regardless
of size, weight, or method of attachment or installation.
    Subd. 2. Personal property. For the purposes of taxation, "personal property" includes:
(1) All goods, chattels, money and effects;
(2) All ships, boats, and vessels belonging to inhabitants of this state and all capital invested
(3) All improvements upon land the fee of which is vested in the United States, and all
improvements upon land the title to which is vested in any corporation whose property is not
subject to the same mode and rule of taxation as other property;
(4) All stock of nursery operators, growing or otherwise;
(5) All gas, electric, and water mains, pipes, conduits, subways, poles, and wires of gas,
electric light, water, heat, or power companies, and all tracks, roads, conduits, poles, and wires of
street railway, plank road, gravel road, and turnpike companies;
(6) All credits over and above debts owed by the creditor;
(7) The income of every annuity, unless the capital of the annuity is taxed within this state;
(8) All public stocks and securities;
(9) All personal estate of moneyed corporations, whether the owners reside within or without
the state;
(10) All shares in foreign corporations owned by residents of this state; and
(11) All shares in banks organized under the laws of the United States or of this state.
    Subd. 3. Construction of terms. For the purposes of chapters 270 to 284, unless a different
meaning is indicated by the context, the words, phrases, and terms defined in subdivisions 4 to 11
shall have the meanings given them.
    Subd. 4. Money or moneys. "Money" or "moneys" means gold and silver coin, treasury
notes, bank notes, and other forms of currency in common use, and every deposit which any
person owning the same, or holding in trust and residing in this state, is entitled to withdraw in
money on demand.
    Subd. 5. Credits. "Credits" includes every claim and demand for money or other valuable
thing, and every annuity or sum of money receivable at stated periods, due or to become due,
and all claims and demands secured by deed or mortgage, due or to become due, upon which the
mortgage registration tax has not been paid, and all shares of stock in corporations 75 percent or
more of the real or tangible personal property of which is not taxable in this state.
    Subd. 6. Tract, lot, parcel, and piece or parcel. (a) "Tract," "lot," "parcel," and "piece or
parcel" of land means any contiguous quantity of land in the possession of, owned by, or recorded
as the property of, the same claimant or person.
(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), property that is owned by a utility, leased for residential
or recreational uses for terms of 20 years or longer, and separately valued by the assessor, will be
treated for property tax purposes as separate parcels.
    Subd. 7. Town or district. "Town" or "district" means town, city, or ward, as the case may be.
    Subd. 8. Market value. "Market value" means the usual selling price at the place where
the property to which the term is applied shall be at the time of assessment; being the price
which could be obtained at a private sale or an auction sale, if it is determined by the assessor
that the price from the auction sale represents an arm's-length transaction. The price obtained at a
forced sale shall not be considered.
    Subd. 9. Person. "Person" includes firm, company, or corporation.
    Subd. 10. Merchant. "Merchant" includes every person who owns, or possesses or controls
with authority to sell, any goods, merchandise, or other personal property within the state,
purchased within or without the state with a view to sale at an advanced price or profit, or which
has been consigned to the person from any place without the state for sale within the state.
    Subd. 11. Manufacturer. "Manufacturer" includes every person who purchases, receives, or
holds personal property for the purpose of adding to its value by any process of manufacturing,
refining, rectifying, or by the combination of different materials, with a view of making gain or
profit thereby.
    Subd. 12.[Repealed, 1971 c 427 s 26]
History: (1977, 1979, 1980, 1981) RL s 796,797,798,799; 1939 c 127; 1947 c 325 s 1;
Ex1967 c 32 art 7 s 1,2; Ex1971 c 31 art 17 s 1; 1973 c 123 art 5 s 7; 1973 c 650 art 24 s 2; 1974
c 545 s 2; 1983 c 222 s 5; 1983 c 342 art 2 s 3; 1984 c 593 s 5,6; 1Sp1985 c 14 art 3 s 4; 1986 c
444; 1991 c 291 art 1 s 11; 1999 c 243 art 5 s 5

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes