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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

Chapter 268

Section 268.18

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268.18 UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT OVERPAYMENTS.
    Subdivision 1. Nonfraud overpayment. (a) Any applicant who (1) because of a
determination or amended determination issued under section 268.07 or 268.101, or any other
section of this chapter, or (2) because of an appeal decision or order under section 268.105, has
received any unemployment benefits that the applicant was held not entitled to, must promptly
repay the unemployment benefits to the trust fund.
    (b) If the applicant fails to repay the unemployment benefits overpaid, the commissioner may
offset from any future unemployment benefits otherwise payable the amount of the overpayment.
Except when the overpayment resulted because the applicant failed to report deductible earnings
or deductible or benefit delaying payments, no single offset may exceed 50 percent of the amount
of the payment from which the offset is made. The overpayment may also be collected by the
same methods as delinquent payments from an employer.
    (c) If an applicant has been overpaid unemployment benefits under the law of another
state, because of a reason other than fraud, and that state certifies that the applicant is liable
under its law to repay the unemployment benefits and requests the commissioner to recover the
overpayment, the commissioner may offset from future unemployment benefits otherwise payable
the amount of overpayment, except that no single offset may exceed 50 percent of the amount of
the payment from which the offset is made.
    (d) If under paragraph (b) or (c) the reduced unemployment benefits as a result of a 50
percent offset is not a whole dollar amount, it is rounded down to the next lower whole dollar.
    Subd. 2. Overpayment because of fraud. (a) Any applicant who receives unemployment
benefits by knowingly misrepresenting, misstating, or failing to disclose any material fact, or who
makes a false statement or representation without a good faith belief as to the correctness of the
statement or representation, has committed fraud. After the discovery of facts indicating fraud, the
commissioner shall make a determination that the applicant obtained unemployment benefits by
fraud and that the applicant must promptly repay the unemployment benefits to the trust fund. In
addition, the commissioner shall assess a penalty equal to 40 percent of the amount fraudulently
obtained. This penalty is in addition to penalties under section 268.182.
    (b) Unless the applicant files an appeal within 20 calendar days after the sending of the
determination of overpayment by fraud to the applicant by mail or electronic transmission, the
determination is final. Proceedings on the appeal are conducted in accordance with section
268.105.
    (c) If the applicant fails to repay the unemployment benefits, penalty, and interest assessed,
the total due may be collected by the same methods as delinquent payments from an employer. A
determination of overpayment by fraud must state the methods of collection the commissioner
may use to recover the overpayment. Money received in repayment of fraudulently obtained
unemployment benefits, penalties, and interest is first applied to the unemployment benefits
overpaid, then to the penalty amount due, then to any interest due. 62.5 percent of the payments
made toward the penalty are credited to the contingent account and 37.5 percent credited to the
administration account for deterring, detecting, or collecting overpayments.
    (d) If an applicant has been overpaid unemployment benefits under the law of another state
because of fraud and that state certifies that the applicant is liable to repay the unemployment
benefits and requests the commissioner to recover the overpayment, the commissioner may offset
from future unemployment benefits otherwise payable the amount of overpayment.
    (e) Unemployment benefits paid for weeks more than four years before the date of a
determination of overpayment by fraud issued under this subdivision are not considered overpaid
unemployment benefits.
    Subd. 2a.[Renumbered subd 3a]
    Subd. 2b. Interest. (a) On any unemployment benefits fraudulently obtained, and any
penalty amounts assessed under subdivision 2, the commissioner shall assess interest at the rate of
1-1/2 percent per month on any amount that remains unpaid beginning 30 calendar days after
the date of the determination of overpayment by fraud. A determination of overpayment by
fraud must state that interest will be assessed.
    (b) If the determination did not state that interest will be assessed, interest is assessed
beginning 30 calendar days after notification, by mail or electronic transmission, to the applicant
that interest is now assessed.
    (c) Interest payments under this section are credited to the administration account.
    Subd. 3.[Renumbered 268.182]
    Subd. 3a. Offset of federal unemployment benefits. The commissioner is authorized
to enter into reciprocal agreements with the United States Secretary of Labor, whereby,
overpayments of unemployment benefits as determined under federal law, may be recovered by
offset from unemployment benefits otherwise payable and unemployment benefit overpayments
under subdivisions 1 and 2 may be recovered by offset from unemployment benefits otherwise
payable under a federal program.
    Subd. 4. Cancellation of overpayments. (a) If unemployment benefits overpaid under
subdivision 1 are not repaid or offset from subsequent unemployment benefits as provided for in
subdivision 1 within six years after the date of the determination or decision holding the applicant
overpaid, the commissioner shall cancel the overpayment balance, and no administrative or legal
proceedings may be used to enforce collection of those amounts.
    (b) If unemployment benefits determined overpaid under subdivision 2 including penalties
and interest are not repaid within 15 years after the date of the determination of overpayment by
fraud, the commissioner shall cancel the overpayment balance and any penalties and interest due,
and no administrative or legal proceeding may be used to enforce collection of those amounts.
    (c) The commissioner may cancel at any time any overpayment, including penalties and
interest, that the commissioner determines is uncollectible because of death or bankruptcy.
    Subd. 4a. Court fees. (a) If the commissioner is required to pay any court fees in an attempt
to enforce collection of overpaid unemployment benefits, penalties, or interest, the commissioner
may add the amount of the court fees to the total amount due.
(b) If an applicant who has been determined overpaid unemployment benefits because of
fraud seeks to have any portion of the debt discharged under the federal bankruptcy code, and
the commissioner files an objection in bankruptcy court to the discharge, the commissioner
may add the commissioner's cost of any court fees to the debt if the bankruptcy court does not
discharge the debt.
    Subd. 5.[Repealed, 1997 c 66 s 81]
    Subd. 5. Remedies. (a) Any method undertaken to recover an overpayment of unemployment
benefits, including any penalties and interest, is not considered an election of a method of recovery.
    (b) Intervention or lack thereof, in whole or in part, in a workers' compensation matter under
section 176.361 is not considered an election of a remedy and does not prevent the commissioner
from determining any unemployment benefits overpaid under subdivision 1 or 2 or taking action
under section 268.182.
    Subd. 6.[Renumbered 268.184]
    Subd. 6. Collection of overpayments. (a) The commissioner may not compromise the
amount that has been determined overpaid under this section including penalties and interest.
    (b) The commissioner has discretion regarding the recovery of any overpayment under
subdivision 1. Regardless of any law to the contrary, the commissioner is not required to refer
any amount determined overpaid under subdivision 1 to a public or private collection agency,
including agencies of this state.
    (c) Amounts determined overpaid under subdivision 1 are not considered a "debt" to the state
of Minnesota for purposes of any reporting requirements to the commissioner of finance.
    (d) A pending appeal under section 268.105 does not suspend the assessment of interest,
penalties, or collection of an overpayment under this section.
    (e) Section 16A.626 applies to the repayment by an applicant of any overpayment, penalty,
or interest under this section.
History: (4337-36) Ex1936 c 2 s 16; 1941 c 554 s 15; 1951 c 442 s 11; 1953 c 97 s 18; 1969
c 567 s 3; 1973 c 254 s 3; 1975 c 336 s 24; 1977 c 4 s 10; 1977 c 430 s 25 subd 1; 1979 c 181
s 17,18; 1Sp1982 c 1 s 37-40; 1983 c 216 art 1 s 42,87; 1983 c 372 s 45,46; 1985 c 248 s 70;
1Sp1985 c 14 art 9 s 75; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 385 s 40-45; 1988 c 712 s 3; 1989 c 209 art 2 s 1;
1990 c 566 s 8; 1992 c 484 s 15; 1994 c 483 s 1; 1995 c 54 s 21-24; 1996 c 417 s 29,31; 1997 c
66 s 71-73,79; 1998 c 265 s 36,45; 1999 c 107 s 55,66; 2000 c 343 s 4; 2001 c 175 s 46; 1Sp2003
c 3 art 2 s 16,17,20; 2004 c 183 s 78-81; 2004 c 206 s 52; 2005 c 112 art 2 s 36-38; 2007 c
128 art 1 s 19; art 2 s 12-14; art 6 s 88,89