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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

256B.0624 ADULT CRISIS RESPONSE SERVICES COVERED.
    Subdivision 1. Scope. Medical assistance covers adult mental health crisis response services
as defined in subdivision 2, paragraphs (c) to (e), subject to federal approval, if provided to a
recipient as defined in subdivision 3 and provided by a qualified provider entity as defined in this
section and by a qualified individual provider working within the provider's scope of practice and
as defined in this subdivision and identified in the recipient's individual crisis treatment plan as
defined in subdivision 11 and if determined to be medically necessary.
    Subd. 2. Definitions. For purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings
given them.
(a) "Mental health crisis" is an adult behavioral, emotional, or psychiatric situation which, but
for the provision of crisis response services, would likely result in significantly reduced levels of
functioning in primary activities of daily living, or in an emergency situation, or in the placement
of the recipient in a more restrictive setting, including, but not limited to, inpatient hospitalization.
(b) "Mental health emergency" is an adult behavioral, emotional, or psychiatric situation
which causes an immediate need for mental health services and is consistent with section 62Q.55.
A mental health crisis or emergency is determined for medical assistance service
reimbursement by a physician, a mental health professional, or crisis mental health practitioner
with input from the recipient whenever possible.
(c) "Mental health crisis assessment" means an immediate face-to-face assessment by
a physician, a mental health professional, or mental health practitioner under the clinical
supervision of a mental health professional, following a screening that suggests that the adult may
be experiencing a mental health crisis or mental health emergency situation.
(d) "Mental health mobile crisis intervention services" means face-to-face, short-term
intensive mental health services initiated during a mental health crisis or mental health emergency
to help the recipient cope with immediate stressors, identify and utilize available resources and
strengths, and begin to return to the recipient's baseline level of functioning.
(1) This service is provided on-site by a mobile crisis intervention team outside of an
inpatient hospital setting. Mental health mobile crisis intervention services must be available
24 hours a day, seven days a week.
(2) The initial screening must consider other available services to determine which service
intervention would best address the recipient's needs and circumstances.
(3) The mobile crisis intervention team must be available to meet promptly face-to-face with
a person in mental health crisis or emergency in a community setting.
(4) The intervention must consist of a mental health crisis assessment and a crisis treatment
plan.
(5) The treatment plan must include recommendations for any needed crisis stabilization
services for the recipient.
(e) "Mental health crisis stabilization services" means individualized mental health services
provided to a recipient following crisis intervention services which are designed to restore the
recipient to the recipient's prior functional level. Mental health crisis stabilization services may be
provided in the recipient's home, the home of a family member or friend of the recipient, another
community setting, or a short-term supervised, licensed residential program. Mental health crisis
stabilization does not include partial hospitalization or day treatment.
    Subd. 3. Eligibility. An eligible recipient is an individual who:
(1) is age 18 or older;
(2) is screened as possibly experiencing a mental health crisis or emergency where a mental
health crisis assessment is needed; and
(3) is assessed as experiencing a mental health crisis or emergency, and mental health crisis
intervention or crisis intervention and stabilization services are determined to be medically
necessary.
    Subd. 4. Provider entity standards. (a) A provider entity is an entity that meets the
standards listed in paragraph (b) and:
(1) is a county board operated entity; or
(2) is a provider entity that is under contract with the county board in the county where the
potential crisis or emergency is occurring. To provide services under this section, the provider
entity must directly provide the services; or if services are subcontracted, the provider entity must
maintain responsibility for services and billing.
(b) The adult mental health crisis response services provider entity must meet the following
standards:
(1) has the capacity to recruit, hire, and manage and train mental health professionals,
practitioners, and rehabilitation workers;
(2) has adequate administrative ability to ensure availability of services;
(3) is able to ensure adequate preservice and in-service training;
(4) is able to ensure that staff providing these services are skilled in the delivery of mental
health crisis response services to recipients;
(5) is able to ensure that staff are capable of implementing culturally specific treatment
identified in the individual treatment plan that is meaningful and appropriate as determined by the
recipient's culture, beliefs, values, and language;
(6) is able to ensure enough flexibility to respond to the changing intervention and care needs
of a recipient as identified by the recipient during the service partnership between the recipient
and providers;
(7) is able to ensure that mental health professionals and mental health practitioners have
the communication tools and procedures to communicate and consult promptly about crisis
assessment and interventions as services occur;
(8) is able to coordinate these services with county emergency services and mental health
crisis services;
(9) is able to ensure that mental health crisis assessment and mobile crisis intervention
services are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week;
(10) is able to ensure that services are coordinated with other mental health service providers,
county mental health authorities, or federally recognized American Indian authorities and others
as necessary, with the consent of the adult. Services must also be coordinated with the recipient's
case manager if the adult is receiving case management services;
(11) is able to ensure that crisis intervention services are provided in a manner consistent
with sections 245.461 to 245.486;
(12) is able to submit information as required by the state;
(13) maintains staff training and personnel files;
(14) is able to establish and maintain a quality assurance and evaluation plan to evaluate the
outcomes of services and recipient satisfaction;
(15) is able to keep records as required by applicable laws;
(16) is able to comply with all applicable laws and statutes;
(17) is an enrolled medical assistance provider; and
(18) develops and maintains written policies and procedures regarding service provision and
administration of the provider entity, including safety of staff and recipients in high-risk situations.
    Subd. 4a. Alternative provider standards. If a county demonstrates that, due to geographic
or other barriers, it is not feasible to provide mobile crisis intervention services according to the
standards in subdivision 4, paragraph (b), clause (9), the commissioner may approve a crisis
response provider based on an alternative plan proposed by a county or group of counties. The
alternative plan must:
(1) result in increased access and a reduction in disparities in the availability of crisis services;
(2) provide mobile services outside of the usual nine-to-five office hours and on weekends
and holidays; and
(3) comply with standards for emergency mental health services in section 245.469.
    Subd. 5. Mobile crisis intervention staff qualifications. For provision of adult mental
health mobile crisis intervention services, a mobile crisis intervention team is comprised of at
least two mental health professionals as defined in section 245.462, subdivision 18, clauses (1) to
(5), or a combination of at least one mental health professional and one mental health practitioner
as defined in section 245.462, subdivision 17, with the required mental health crisis training and
under the clinical supervision of a mental health professional on the team. The team must have at
least two people with at least one member providing on-site crisis intervention services when
needed. Team members must be experienced in mental health assessment, crisis intervention
techniques, and clinical decision-making under emergency conditions and have knowledge of
local services and resources. The team must recommend and coordinate the team's services with
appropriate local resources such as the county social services agency, mental health services,
and local law enforcement when necessary.
    Subd. 6. Crisis assessment and mobile intervention treatment planning. (a) Prior to
initiating mobile crisis intervention services, a screening of the potential crisis situation must be
conducted. The screening may use the resources of crisis assistance and emergency services as
defined in sections 245.462, subdivision 6, and 245.469, subdivisions 1 and 2. The screening must
gather information, determine whether a crisis situation exists, identify parties involved, and
determine an appropriate response.
(b) If a crisis exists, a crisis assessment must be completed. A crisis assessment evaluates any
immediate needs for which emergency services are needed and, as time permits, the recipient's
current life situation, sources of stress, mental health problems and symptoms, strengths, cultural
considerations, support network, vulnerabilities, and current functioning.
(c) If the crisis assessment determines mobile crisis intervention services are needed, the
intervention services must be provided promptly. As opportunity presents during the intervention,
at least two members of the mobile crisis intervention team must confer directly or by telephone
about the assessment, treatment plan, and actions taken and needed. At least one of the team
members must be on site providing crisis intervention services. If providing on-site crisis
intervention services, a mental health practitioner must seek clinical supervision as required in
subdivision 9.
(d) The mobile crisis intervention team must develop an initial, brief crisis treatment plan
as soon as appropriate but no later than 24 hours after the initial face-to-face intervention. The
plan must address the needs and problems noted in the crisis assessment and include measurable
short-term goals, cultural considerations, and frequency and type of services to be provided to
achieve the goals and reduce or eliminate the crisis. The treatment plan must be updated as
needed to reflect current goals and services.
(e) The team must document which short-term goals have been met and when no further
crisis intervention services are required.
(f) If the recipient's crisis is stabilized, but the recipient needs a referral to other services,
the team must provide referrals to these services. If the recipient has a case manager, planning
for other services must be coordinated with the case manager.
    Subd. 7. Crisis stabilization services. (a) Crisis stabilization services must be provided
by qualified staff of a crisis stabilization services provider entity and must meet the following
standards:
(1) a crisis stabilization treatment plan must be developed which meets the criteria in
subdivision 11;
(2) staff must be qualified as defined in subdivision 8; and
(3) services must be delivered according to the treatment plan and include face-to-face
contact with the recipient by qualified staff for further assessment, help with referrals, updating of
the crisis stabilization treatment plan, supportive counseling, skills training, and collaboration
with other service providers in the community.
(b) If crisis stabilization services are provided in a supervised, licensed residential setting,
the recipient must be contacted face-to-face daily by a qualified mental health practitioner or
mental health professional. The program must have 24-hour-a-day residential staffing which may
include staff who do not meet the qualifications in subdivision 8. The residential staff must have
24-hour-a-day immediate direct or telephone access to a qualified mental health professional
or practitioner.
(c) If crisis stabilization services are provided in a supervised, licensed residential setting
that serves no more than four adult residents, and no more than two are recipients of crisis
stabilization services, the residential staff must include, for at least eight hours per day, at least
one individual who meets the qualifications in subdivision 8.
(d) If crisis stabilization services are provided in a supervised, licensed residential setting
that serves more than four adult residents, and one or more are recipients of crisis stabilization
services, the residential staff must include, for 24 hours a day, at least one individual who meets
the qualifications in subdivision 8. During the first 48 hours that a recipient is in the residential
program, the residential program must have at least two staff working 24 hours a day. Staffing
levels may be adjusted thereafter according to the needs of the recipient as specified in the crisis
stabilization treatment plan.
    Subd. 8. Adult crisis stabilization staff qualifications. (a) Adult mental health crisis
stabilization services must be provided by qualified individual staff of a qualified provider entity.
Individual provider staff must have the following qualifications:
(1) be a mental health professional as defined in section 245.462, subdivision 18, clauses
(1) to (5);
(2) be a mental health practitioner as defined in section 245.462, subdivision 17. The mental
health practitioner must work under the clinical supervision of a mental health professional; or
(3) be a mental health rehabilitation worker who meets the criteria in section 256B.0623,
subdivision 5
, clause (3); works under the direction of a mental health practitioner as defined in
section 245.462, subdivision 17, or under direction of a mental health professional; and works
under the clinical supervision of a mental health professional.
(b) Mental health practitioners and mental health rehabilitation workers must have completed
at least 30 hours of training in crisis intervention and stabilization during the past two years.
    Subd. 9. Supervision. Mental health practitioners may provide crisis assessment and mobile
crisis intervention services if the following clinical supervision requirements are met:
(1) the mental health provider entity must accept full responsibility for the services provided;
(2) the mental health professional of the provider entity, who is an employee or under
contract with the provider entity, must be immediately available by phone or in person for
clinical supervision;
(3) the mental health professional is consulted, in person or by phone, during the first three
hours when a mental health practitioner provides on-site service;
(4) the mental health professional must:
(i) review and approve of the tentative crisis assessment and crisis treatment plan;
(ii) document the consultation; and
(iii) sign the crisis assessment and treatment plan within the next business day;
(5) if the mobile crisis intervention services continue into a second calendar day, a mental
health professional must contact the recipient face-to-face on the second day to provide services
and update the crisis treatment plan; and
(6) the on-site observation must be documented in the recipient's record and signed by the
mental health professional.
    Subd. 10. Recipient file. Providers of mobile crisis intervention or crisis stabilization
services must maintain a file for each recipient containing the following information:
(1) individual crisis treatment plans signed by the recipient, mental health professional, and
mental health practitioner who developed the crisis treatment plan, or if the recipient refused to
sign the plan, the date and reason stated by the recipient as to why the recipient would not sign the
plan;
(2) signed release forms;
(3) recipient health information and current medications;
(4) emergency contacts for the recipient;
(5) case records which document the date of service, place of service delivery, signature of
the person providing the service, and the nature, extent, and units of service. Direct or telephone
contact with the recipient's family or others should be documented;
(6) required clinical supervision by mental health professionals;
(7) summary of the recipient's case reviews by staff; and
(8) any written information by the recipient that the recipient wants in the file.
Documentation in the file must comply with all requirements of the commissioner.
    Subd. 11. Treatment plan. The individual crisis stabilization treatment plan must include,
at a minimum:
(1) a list of problems identified in the assessment;
(2) a list of the recipient's strengths and resources;
(3) concrete, measurable short-term goals and tasks to be achieved, including time frames
for achievement;
(4) specific objectives directed toward the achievement of each one of the goals;
(5) documentation of the participants involved in the service planning. The recipient, if
possible, must be a participant. The recipient or the recipient's legal guardian must sign the
service plan or documentation must be provided why this was not possible. A copy of the plan
must be given to the recipient and the recipient's legal guardian. The plan should include services
arranged, including specific providers where applicable;
(6) planned frequency and type of services initiated;
(7) a crisis response action plan if a crisis should occur;
(8) clear progress notes on outcome of goals;
(9) a written plan must be completed within 24 hours of beginning services with the
recipient; and
(10) a treatment plan must be developed by a mental health professional or mental health
practitioner under the clinical supervision of a mental health professional. The mental health
professional must approve and sign all treatment plans.
    Subd. 12. Excluded services. The following services are excluded from reimbursement
under this section:
(1) room and board services;
(2) services delivered to a recipient while admitted to an inpatient hospital;
(3) recipient transportation costs may be covered under other medical assistance provisions,
but transportation services are not an adult mental health crisis response service;
(4) services provided and billed by a provider who is not enrolled under medical assistance
to provide adult mental health crisis response services;
(5) services performed by volunteers;
(6) direct billing of time spent "on call" when not delivering services to a recipient;
(7) provider service time included in case management reimbursement. When a provider is
eligible to provide more than one type of medical assistance service, the recipient must have a
choice of provider for each service, unless otherwise provided for by law;
(8) outreach services to potential recipients; and
(9) a mental health service that is not medically necessary.
History: 1Sp2001 c 9 art 9 s 40; 2002 c 379 art 1 s 113; 2005 c 165 art 1 s 3