256.0451 HEARING PROCEDURES.
Subdivision 1. Scope.
The requirements in this section apply to all fair hearings and appeals
256.045, subdivision 3
, paragraph (a), clauses (1), (2), (3), (5), (6), and (7). Except
as provided in subdivisions 3 and 19, the requirements under this section apply to fair hearings
and appeals under section
256.045, subdivision 3
, paragraph (a), clauses (4), (8), and (9).
The term "person" is used in this section to mean an individual who, on behalf of themselves
or their household, is appealing or disputing or challenging an action, a decision, or a failure to
act, by an agency in the human services system. When a person involved in a proceeding under
this section is represented by an attorney or by an authorized representative, the term "person"
also refers to the person's attorney or authorized representative. Any notice sent to the person
involved in the hearing must also be sent to the person's attorney or authorized representative.
The term "agency" includes the county human services agency, the state human services
agency, and, where applicable, any entity involved under a contract, subcontract, grant, or
subgrant with the state agency or with a county agency, that provides or operates programs or
services in which appeals are governed by section
Subd. 2. Access to files.
A person involved in a fair hearing appeal has the right of access
to the person's complete case files and to examine all private welfare data on the person which
has been generated, collected, stored, or disseminated by the agency. A person involved in a fair
hearing appeal has the right to a free copy of all documents in the case file involved in a fair
hearing appeal. "Case file" means the information, documents, and data, in whatever form, which
have been generated, collected, stored, or disseminated by the agency in connection with the
person and the program or service involved.
Subd. 3. Agency appeal summary.
(a) Except in fair hearings and appeals under section
256.045, subdivision 3
, paragraph (a), clauses (4), (8), and (9), the agency involved in an appeal
must prepare a state agency appeal summary for each fair hearing appeal. The state agency appeal
summary shall be mailed or otherwise delivered to the person who is involved in the appeal at
least three working days before the date of the hearing. The state agency appeal summary must
also be mailed or otherwise delivered to the department's Appeals Office at least three working
days before the date of the fair hearing appeal.
(b) In addition, the appeals referee shall confirm that the state agency appeal summary is
mailed or otherwise delivered to the person involved in the appeal as required under paragraph
(a). The person involved in the fair hearing should be provided, through the state agency appeal
summary or other reasonable methods, appropriate information about the procedures for the fair
hearing and an adequate opportunity to prepare. These requirements apply equally to the state
agency or an entity under contract when involved in the appeal.
(c) The contents of the state agency appeal summary must be adequate to inform the person
involved in the appeal of the evidence on which the agency relies and the legal basis for the
agency's action or determination.
Subd. 4. Enforcing access to files.
A person involved in a fair hearing appeal may enforce
the right of access to data and copies of the case file by making a request to the appeals referee.
The appeals referee will make an appropriate order enforcing the person's rights under the
Minnesota Government Data Practices Act, including but not limited to, ordering access to files,
data, and documents; continuing a hearing to allow adequate time for access to data; or prohibiting
use by the agency of files, data, or documents which have been generated, collected, stored, or
disseminated without compliance with the Minnesota Government Data Practices Act and which
have not been provided to the person involved in the appeal.
Subd. 5. Prehearing conferences.
(a) The appeals referee prior to a fair hearing appeal may
hold a prehearing conference to further the interests of justice or efficiency and must include the
person involved in the appeal. A person involved in a fair hearing appeal or the agency may
request a prehearing conference. The prehearing conference may be conducted by telephone, in
person, or in writing. The prehearing conference may address the following:
(1) disputes regarding access to files, evidence, subpoenas, or testimony;
(2) the time required for the hearing or any need for expedited procedures or decision;
(3) identification or clarification of legal or other issues that may arise at the hearing;
(4) identification of and possible agreement to factual issues; and
(5) scheduling and any other matter which will aid in the proper and fair functioning
of the hearing.
(b) The appeals referee shall make a record or otherwise contemporaneously summarize the
prehearing conference in writing, which shall be sent to both the person involved in the hearing,
the person's attorney or authorized representative, and the agency.
Subd. 6. Appeal request for emergency assistance or urgent matter.
(a) When an appeal
involves an application for emergency assistance, the agency involved shall mail or otherwise
deliver the state agency appeal summary to the department's Appeals Office within two working
days of receiving the request for an appeal. A person may also request that a fair hearing be held
on an emergency basis when the issue requires an immediate resolution. The appeals referee shall
schedule the fair hearing on the earliest available date according to the urgency of the issue
involved. Issuance of the recommended decision after an emergency hearing shall be expedited.
(b) The commissioner shall issue a written decision within five working days of receiving the
recommended decision, shall immediately inform the parties of the outcome by telephone, and
shall mail the decision no later than two working days following the date of the decision.
Subd. 7. Continuance, rescheduling, or adjourning a hearing.
(a) A person involved in a
fair hearing, or the agency, may request a continuance, a rescheduling, or an adjournment of a
hearing for a reasonable period of time. The grounds for granting a request for a continuance, a
rescheduling, or adjournment of a hearing include, but are not limited to, the following:
(1) to reasonably accommodate the appearance of a witness;
(2) to ensure that the person has adequate opportunity for preparation and for presentation
of evidence and argument;
(3) to ensure that the person or the agency has adequate opportunity to review, evaluate, and
respond to new evidence, or where appropriate, to require that the person or agency review,
evaluate, and respond to new evidence;
(4) to permit the person involved and the agency to negotiate toward resolution of some or
all of the issues where both agree that additional time is needed;
(5) to permit the agency to reconsider a previous action or determination;
(6) to permit or to require the performance of actions not previously taken; and
(7) to provide additional time or to permit or require additional activity by the person or
agency as the interests of fairness may require.
(b) Requests for continuances or for rescheduling may be made orally or in writing. The
person or agency requesting the continuance or rescheduling must first make reasonable efforts
to contact the other participants in the hearing or their representatives and seek to obtain an
agreement on the request. Requests for continuance or rescheduling should be made no later than
three working days before the scheduled date of the hearing, unless there is a good cause as
specified in subdivision 13. Granting a continuance or rescheduling may be conditioned upon a
waiver by the requester of applicable time limits but should not cause unreasonable delay.
Subd. 8. Subpoenas.
A person involved in a fair hearing or the agency may request a
subpoena for a witness, for evidence, or for both. A reasonable number of subpoenas shall be
issued to require the attendance and the testimony of witnesses, and the production of evidence
relating to any issue of fact in the appeal hearing. The request for a subpoena must show a need
for the subpoena and the general relevance to the issues involved. The subpoena shall be issued
in the name of the department and shall be served and enforced as provided in section
and the Minnesota Rules of Civil Procedure.
An individual or entity served with a subpoena may petition the appeals referee in writing to
vacate or modify a subpoena. The appeals referee shall resolve such a petition in a prehearing
conference involving all parties and shall make a written decision. A subpoena may be vacated
or modified if the appeals referee determines that the testimony or evidence sought does not
relate with reasonable directness to the issues of the fair hearing appeal; that the subpoena is
unreasonable, over broad, or oppressive; that the evidence sought is repetitious or cumulative;
or that the subpoena has not been served reasonably in advance of the time when the appeal
hearing will be held.
Subd. 9. No ex parte contact.
The appeals referee shall not have ex parte contact on
substantive issues with the agency or with any person or witness in a fair hearing appeal. No
employee of the department or agency shall review, interfere with, change, or attempt to influence
the recommended decision of the appeals referee in any fair hearing appeal, except through
the procedure allowed in subdivision 18. The limitations in this subdivision do not affect the
commissioner's authority to review or reconsider decisions or make final decisions.
Subd. 10. Telephone or face-to-face hearing.
A fair hearing appeal may be conducted by
telephone, by other electronic media, or by an in-person, face-to-face hearing. At the request of
the person involved in a fair hearing appeal or their representative, a face-to-face hearing shall be
conducted with all participants personally present before the appeals referee.
Subd. 11. Hearing facilities and equipment.
The appeals referee shall conduct the hearing
in the county where the person involved resides, unless an alternate location is mutually agreed
upon before the hearing, or unless the person has agreed to a hearing by telephone. Hearings
256.045, subdivision 3
, paragraph (a), clauses (4), (8), and (9), must be conducted
in the county where the determination was made, unless an alternate location is mutually agreed
upon before the hearing. The hearing room shall be of sufficient size and layout to adequately
accommodate both the number of individuals participating in the hearing and any identified
special needs of any individual participating in the hearing. The appeals referee shall ensure that
all communication and recording equipment that is necessary to conduct the hearing and to
create an adequate record is present and functioning properly. If any necessary communication or
recording equipment fails or ceases to operate effectively, the appeals referee shall take any steps
necessary, including stopping or adjourning the hearing, until the necessary equipment is present
and functioning properly. All reasonable efforts shall be undertaken to prevent and avoid any
delay in the hearing process caused by defective communication or recording equipment.
Subd. 12. Interpreter and translation services.
The appeals referee has a duty to inquire
and to determine whether any participant in the hearing needs the services of an interpreter or
translator in order to participate in or to understand the hearing process. Necessary interpreter
or translation services must be provided at no charge to the person involved in the hearing.
If it appears that interpreter or translation services are needed but are not available for the
scheduled hearing, the appeals referee shall continue or postpone the hearing until appropriate
services can be provided.
Subd. 13. Failure to appear; good cause.
If a person involved in a fair hearing appeal fails
to appear at the hearing, the appeals referee may dismiss the appeal. The person may reopen the
appeal if within ten working days the person submits information to the appeals referee to show
good cause for not appearing. Good cause can be shown when there is:
(1) a death or serious illness in the person's family;
(2) a personal injury or illness which reasonably prevents the person from attending the
(3) an emergency, crisis, or unforeseen event which reasonably prevents the person from
attending the hearing;
(4) an obligation or responsibility of the person which a reasonable person, in the conduct of
one's affairs, could reasonably determine takes precedence over attending the hearing;
(5) lack of or failure to receive timely notice of the hearing in the preferred language of the
person involved in the hearing; and
(6) excusable neglect, excusable inadvertence, excusable mistake, or other good cause as
determined by the appeals referee.
Subd. 14. Commencement of hearing.
The appeals referee shall begin each hearing by
describing the process to be followed in the hearing, including the swearing in of witnesses, how
testimony and evidence are presented, the order of examining and cross-examining witnesses,
and the opportunity for an opening statement and a closing statement. The appeals referee shall
identify for the participants the issues to be addressed at the hearing and shall explain to the
participants the burden of proof which applies to the person involved and the agency. The appeals
referee shall confirm, prior to proceeding with the hearing, that the state agency appeal summary,
if required under subdivision 3, has been properly completed and provided to the person involved
in the hearing, and that the person has been provided documents and an opportunity to review the
case file, as provided in this section.
Subd. 15. Conduct of the hearing.
The appeals referee shall act in a fair and impartial
manner at all times. At the beginning of the hearing the agency must designate one person as
their representative who shall be responsible for presenting the agency's evidence and questioning
any witnesses. The appeals referee shall make sure that the person and the agency are provided
sufficient time to present testimony and evidence, to confront and cross-examine all adverse
witnesses, and to make any relevant statement at the hearing. The appeals referee shall make
reasonable efforts to explain the hearing process to persons who are not represented and shall
ensure that the hearing is conducted fairly and efficiently. Upon the reasonable request of the
person or the agency involved, the appeals referee may direct witnesses to remain outside the
hearing room, except during their individual testimony. The appeals referee shall not terminate
the hearing before affording the person and the agency a complete opportunity to submit all
admissible evidence and reasonable opportunity for oral or written statement. When a hearing
extends beyond the time which was anticipated, the hearing shall be rescheduled or continued
from day-to-day until completion. Hearings that have been continued shall be timely scheduled to
minimize delay in the disposition of the appeal.
Subd. 16. Scope of issues addressed at the hearing.
The hearing shall address the
correctness and legality of the agency's action and shall not be limited simply to a review of the
propriety of the agency's action. The person involved may raise and present evidence on all
legal claims or defenses arising under state or federal law as a basis for appealing or disputing
an agency action but not constitutional claims beyond the jurisdiction of the fair hearing. The
appeals referee may take official notice of adjudicative facts.
Subd. 17. Burden of persuasion.
The burden of persuasion is governed by specific state or
federal law and regulations that apply to the subject of the hearing. If there is no specific law, then
the participant in the hearing who asserts the truth of a claim is under the burden to persuade the
appeals referee that the claim is true.
Subd. 18. Inviting comment by department.
The appeals referee or the commissioner
may determine that a written comment by the department about the policy implications of a
specific legal issue could help resolve a pending appeal. Such a written policy comment from the
department shall be obtained only by a written request that is also sent to the person involved and
to the agency or its representative. When such a written comment is received, both the person
involved in the hearing and the agency shall have adequate opportunity to review, evaluate, and
respond to the written comment, including submission of additional testimony or evidence, and
cross-examination concerning the written comment.
Subd. 19. Developing the record.
The appeals referee shall accept all evidence, except
evidence privileged by law, that is commonly accepted by reasonable people in the conduct of
their affairs as having probative value on the issues to be addressed at the hearing. Except in fair
hearings and appeals under section
256.045, subdivision 3
, paragraph (a), clauses (4), (8), and (9),
in cases involving medical issues such as a diagnosis, a physician's report, or a review team's
decision, the appeals referee shall consider whether it is necessary to have a medical assessment
other than that of the individual making the original decision. When necessary, the appeals referee
shall require an additional assessment be obtained at agency expense and made part of the hearing
record. The appeals referee shall ensure for all cases that the record is sufficiently complete to
make a fair and accurate decision.
Subd. 20. Unrepresented persons.
In cases involving unrepresented persons, the appeals
referee shall take appropriate steps to identify and develop in the hearing relevant facts necessary
for making an informed and fair decision. These steps may include, but are not limited to, asking
questions of witnesses and referring the person to a legal services office. An unrepresented person
shall be provided an adequate opportunity to respond to testimony or other evidence presented by
the agency at the hearing. The appeals referee shall ensure that an unrepresented person has a full
and reasonable opportunity at the hearing to establish a record for appeal.
Subd. 21. Closing of the record.
The agency must present its evidence prior to or at the
hearing. The agency shall not be permitted to submit evidence after the hearing except by
agreement at the hearing between the person involved, the agency, and the appeals referee. If
evidence is submitted after the hearing, based on such an agreement, the person involved and
the agency must be allowed sufficient opportunity to respond to the evidence. When necessary,
the record shall remain open to permit a person to submit additional evidence on the issues
presented at the hearing.
Subd. 22. Decisions.
A timely, written decision must be issued in every appeal. Each decision
must contain a clear ruling on the issues presented in the appeal hearing and should contain a
ruling only on questions directly presented by the appeal and the arguments raised in the appeal.
A written decision must be issued within 90 days of the date the person
involved requested the appeal unless a shorter time is required by law. An additional 30 days is
provided in those cases where the commissioner refuses to accept the recommended decision.
(b) Contents of hearing decision.
The decision must contain both findings of fact and
conclusions of law, clearly separated and identified. The findings of fact must be based on
the entire record. Each finding of fact made by the appeals referee shall be supported by a
preponderance of the evidence unless a different standard is required under the regulations of a
particular program. The "preponderance of the evidence" means, in light of the record as a whole,
the evidence leads the appeals referee to believe that the finding of fact is more likely to be true
than not true. The legal claims or arguments of a participant do not constitute either a finding
of fact or a conclusion of law, except to the extent the appeals referee adopts an argument as a
finding of fact or conclusion of law.
The decision shall contain at least the following:
(1) a listing of the date and place of the hearing and the participants at the hearing;
(2) a clear and precise statement of the issues, including the dispute under consideration and
the specific points which must be resolved in order to decide the case;
(3) a listing of the material, including exhibits, records, reports, placed into evidence at the
hearing, and upon which the hearing decision is based;
(4) the findings of fact based upon the entire hearing record. The findings of fact must be
adequate to inform the participants and any interested person in the public of the basis of the
decision. If the evidence is in conflict on an issue which must be resolved, the findings of fact
must state the reasoning used in resolving the conflict;
(5) conclusions of law that address the legal authority for the hearing and the ruling, and
which give appropriate attention to the claims of the participants to the hearing;
(6) a clear and precise statement of the decision made resolving the dispute under
consideration in the hearing; and
(7) written notice of the right to appeal to district court or to request reconsideration, and
of the actions required and the time limits for taking appropriate action to appeal to district
court or to request a reconsideration.
(c) No independent investigation.
The appeals referee shall not independently investigate
facts or otherwise rely on information not presented at the hearing. The appeals referee may not
contact other agency personnel, except as provided in subdivision 18. The appeals referee's
recommended decision must be based exclusively on the testimony and evidence presented at
the hearing, and legal arguments presented, and the appeals referee's research and knowledge
of the law.
(d) Recommended decision.
The commissioner will review the recommended decision and
accept or refuse to accept the decision according to section
256.045, subdivision 5
Subd. 23. Refusal to accept recommended orders.
(a) If the commissioner refuses to
accept the recommended order from the appeals referee, the person involved, the person's
attorney or authorized representative, and the agency shall be sent a copy of the recommended
order, a detailed explanation of the basis for refusing to accept the recommended order, and the
proposed modified order.
(b) The person involved and the agency shall have at least ten business days to respond to
the proposed modification of the recommended order. The person involved and the agency may
submit a legal argument concerning the proposed modification, and may propose to submit
additional evidence that relates to the proposed modified order.
Subd. 24. Reconsideration.
Reconsideration may be requested within 30 days of the date
of the commissioner's final order. If reconsideration is requested, the other participants in the
appeal shall be informed of the request. The person seeking reconsideration has the burden
to demonstrate why the matter should be reconsidered. The request for reconsideration may
include legal argument and may include proposed additional evidence supporting the request.
The other participants shall be sent a copy of all material submitted in support of the request for
reconsideration and must be given ten days to respond.
(a) Findings of fact.
When the requesting party raises a question as to the appropriateness of
the findings of fact, the commissioner shall review the entire record.
(b) Conclusions of law.
When the requesting party questions the appropriateness of a
conclusion of law, the commissioner shall consider the recommended decision, the decision
under reconsideration, and the material submitted in connection with the reconsideration. The
commissioner shall review the remaining record as necessary to issue a reconsidered decision.
(c) Written decision.
The commissioner shall issue a written decision on reconsideration
in a timely fashion. The decision must clearly inform the parties that this constitutes the final
administrative decision, advise the participants of the right to seek judicial review, and the
deadline for doing so.
Subd. 25. Access to appeal decisions.
Appeal decisions must be maintained in a manner so
that the public has ready access to previous decisions on particular topics, subject to appropriate
procedures for safeguarding names, personal identifying information, and other private data on
the individual persons involved in the appeal.
History: 1Sp2003 c 14 art 6 s 49