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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

181.954 PRIVACY, CONFIDENTIALITY, AND PRIVILEGE SAFEGUARDS.
    Subdivision 1. Privacy limitations. A laboratory may only disclose to the employer test
result data regarding the presence or absence of drugs, alcohol, or their metabolites in a sample
tested.
    Subd. 2. Confidentiality limitations. Test result reports and other information acquired
in the drug or alcohol testing process are, with respect to private sector employees and job
applicants, private and confidential information, and, with respect to public sector employees and
job applicants, private data on individuals as that phrase is defined in chapter 13, and may not
be disclosed by an employer or laboratory to another employer or to a third-party individual,
governmental agency, or private organization without the written consent of the employee or
job applicant tested.
    Subd. 3. Exceptions to privacy and confidentiality disclosure limitations. Notwithstanding
subdivisions 1 and 2, evidence of a positive test result on a confirmatory test may be: (1) used in
an arbitration proceeding pursuant to a collective bargaining agreement, an administrative hearing
under chapter 43A or other applicable state or local law, or a judicial proceeding, provided that
information is relevant to the hearing or proceeding; (2) disclosed to any federal agency or other
unit of the United States government as required under federal law, regulation, or order, or in
accordance with compliance requirements of a federal government contract; and (3) disclosed to a
substance abuse treatment facility for the purpose of evaluation or treatment of the employee.
    Subd. 4. Privilege. Positive test results from an employer drug or alcohol testing program
may not be used as evidence in a criminal action against the employee or job applicant tested.
History: 1987 c 388 s 5