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    (a) The board may impose disciplinary action specified in paragraph (b) against an applicant
or licensee whom the board, by a preponderance of the evidence, determines:
    (1) has violated a statute, rule, order, or agreement for corrective action that the board issued
or is otherwise authorized or empowered to enforce;
    (2) is unable to practice physical therapy with reasonable skill and safety by reason of any
mental or physical illness or condition, including deterioration through the aging process or loss
of motor skills, or use of alcohol, drugs, narcotics, chemicals, or any other type of material;
    (3) has been convicted of or has pled guilty or nolo contendere to a felony or other crime, an
element of which is dishonesty or fraud, or has been shown to have engaged in acts or practices
tending to show that the applicant or licensee is incompetent or has engaged in conduct reflecting
adversely on the applicant's or licensee's ability or fitness to engage in the practice of physical
    (4) has been convicted of violating any state or federal narcotic law;
    (5) has obtained or attempted to obtain a license or approval of continuing education
activities, or passed an examination, by fraud or deception;
    (6) has engaged in unprofessional conduct or any other conduct which has the potential for
causing harm to the public, including any departure from or failure to conform to the minimum
standards of acceptable and prevailing practice without actual injury having to be established;
    (7) has engaged in gross negligence in the practice of physical therapy as a physical therapist;
    (8) has treated human ailments by physical therapy after an initial 30-day period of patient
admittance to treatment has lapsed, except by the order or referral of a person licensed in this state
in the practice of medicine as defined in section 147.081, the practice of chiropractic as defined in
section 148.01, the practice of podiatry as defined in section 153.01, or the practice of dentistry as
defined in section 150A.05 and whose license is in good standing; or when a previous diagnosis
exists indicating an ongoing condition warranting physical therapy treatment, subject to periodic
review defined by board of physical therapy rule;
    (9) has treated human ailments, without referral, by physical therapy treatment without first
having practiced one year under a physician's orders as verified by the board's records;
    (10) has failed to consult with the patient's health care provider who prescribed the physical
therapy treatment if the treatment is altered by the physical therapist from the original written
order. The provision does not include written orders to "evaluate and treat";
    (11) has inappropriately delegated to a physical therapist assistant or inappropriately assigned
tasks to an aide, or inadequately supervised a student physical therapist, physical therapist
assistant, student physical therapist assistant, or a physical therapy aide;
    (12) has practiced as a physical therapist performing medical diagnosis, the practice of
medicine as defined in section 147.081, or the practice of chiropractic as defined in section 148.01;
    (13) has failed to comply with a reasonable request to obtain appropriate clearance for
mental or physical conditions that would interfere with the ability to practice physical therapy,
and that may be potentially harmful to patients;
    (14) has divided fees with, or paying or promising to pay a commission or part of the fee to,
any person who contacts the physical therapist for consultation or sends patients to the physical
therapist for treatment;
    (15) has engaged in an incentive payment arrangement, other than that prohibited by clause
(14), that tends to promote physical therapy overuse, that allows the referring person or person
who controls the availability of physical therapy services to a client to profit unreasonably as a
result of patient treatment;
    (16) has failed to refer to a licensed health care professional a patient whose medical
condition at the time of evaluation has been determined by the physical therapist to be beyond
the scope of practice of a physical therapist;
    (17) has failed to report to the board other licensees who violate this section;
    (18) has engaged in the practice of physical therapy under lapsed or nonrenewed credentials;
    (19) has had a license, certificate, charter, registration, privilege to take an examination, or
other similar authority denied, revoked, suspended, canceled, limited, reprimanded, or otherwise
disciplined, or not renewed for cause in any jurisdiction; or has surrendered or voluntarily
terminated a license or certificate during a board investigation of a complaint, as part of a
disciplinary order, or while under a disciplinary order;
    (20) has been subject to a corrective action or similar action in another jurisdiction or by
another regulatory authority; or
    (21) has failed to cooperate with an investigation of the board, including responding fully
and promptly to any question raised by or on behalf of the board relating to the subject of the
investigation, executing all releases requested by the board, providing copies of patient records, as
reasonably requested by the board to assist it in its investigation, and appearing at conferences or
hearings scheduled by the board or its staff.
    (b) If grounds for disciplinary action exist under paragraph (a), the board may take one
or more of the following actions:
    (1) deny the application for licensure;
    (2) deny the renewal of the license;
    (3) revoke the license;
    (4) suspend the license;
    (5) impose limitations or conditions on the licensee's practice of physical therapy, including
the: (i) limitation of scope of practice to designated field specialties; (ii) imposition of retraining
or rehabilitation requirements; (iii) requirement of practice under supervision; or (iv) conditioning
of continued practice on demonstration of knowledge or skills by appropriate examination,
monitoring, or other review of skill and competence;
    (6) impose a civil penalty not to exceed $10,000 for each separate violation, the amount of
the civil penalty to be fixed so as to deprive the physical therapist of any economic advantage
gained by reason of the violation charged, to discourage similar violations, or to reimburse the
board for the cost of the investigation and proceeding including, but not limited to, fees paid for
services provided by the Office of Administrative Hearings, legal and investigative services
provided by the Office of the Attorney General, court reporters, witnesses, reproduction of
records, board members' per diem compensation, board staff time, and travel costs and expenses
incurred by board staff and board members;
    (7) order the licensee to provide unremunerated service;
    (8) censure or reprimand the licensee; or
    (9) any other action as allowed by law and justified by the facts of the case.
    (c) A license to practice as a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant is automatically
suspended if (1) a guardian of the licensee is appointed by order of a court pursuant to sections
524.5-101 to 524.5-502, for reasons other than the minority of the licensee; or (2) the licensee is
committed by order of a court pursuant to chapter 253B. The license remains suspended until the
licensee is restored to capacity by a court and, upon petition by the licensee, the suspension is
terminated by the Board of Physical Therapy after a hearing.
History: 1951 c 479 s 11; 1967 c 119 s 1; 1969 c 6 s 27; 1969 c 927 s 7; 1974 c 61 s 1; 1974
c 406 s 23; 1980 c 412 s 9; 1982 c 581 s 24; 1985 c 182 s 2; 1986 c 444; 1987 c 384 art 2 s 1;
1988 c 549 s 4; 1991 c 106 s 6; 1991 c 199 art 2 s 1; 1Sp1994 c 1 art 2 s 11; 1999 c 245 art 9 s
60; 2004 c 146 art 3 s 9; 2005 c 147 art 2 s 10; 2007 c 123 s 31

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes