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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

13.384 MEDICAL DATA.
    Subdivision 1. Definition. As used in this section:
    (a) "Directory information" means name of the patient, date admitted, and general condition.
    (b) "Medical data" means data collected because an individual was or is a patient or client
of a hospital, nursing home, medical center, clinic, health or nursing agency operated by a
government entity including business and financial records, data provided by private health care
facilities, and data provided by or about relatives of the individual.
    Subd. 2. Public hospitals; directory information. (a) During the time that a person is
a patient in a hospital operated by a government entity under legal commitment, directory
information is public data. After the person is released by termination of the person's legal
commitment, the directory information is private data on individuals.
    (b) If a person is a patient other than pursuant to commitment in a hospital controlled by a
government entity, directory information is public data unless the patient requests otherwise, in
which case it is private data on individuals.
    (c) Directory information about an emergency patient who is unable to communicate which
is public under this subdivision shall not be released until a reasonable effort is made to notify
the next of kin. Although an individual has requested that directory information be private, the
hospital may release directory information to a law enforcement agency pursuant to a lawful
investigation pertaining to that individual.
    Subd. 3. Classification of medical data. Unless the data is summary data or a statute
specifically provides a different classification, medical data are private but are available only to
the subject of the data as provided in sections 144.291 to 144.298, and shall not be disclosed
to others except:
(a) pursuant to section 13.05;
(b) pursuant to section 253B.0921;
(c) pursuant to a valid court order;
(d) to administer federal funds or programs;
(e) to the surviving spouse, parents, children, and siblings of a deceased patient or client
or, if there are no surviving spouse, parents, children, or siblings, to the surviving heirs of the
nearest degree of kindred;
(f) to communicate a patient's or client's condition to a family member or other appropriate
person in accordance with acceptable medical practice, unless the patient or client directs
otherwise; or
(g) as otherwise required by law.
History: 1979 c 328 s 16; 1980 c 603 s 27,28; 1981 c 311 s 16,39; 1982 c 545 s 24; 1989
c 175 s 1; 1995 c 189 s 1; 1996 c 440 art 1 s 8,9; 1997 c 217 art 1 s 1,2; 1999 c 227 s 22;
2007 c 129 s 12,13; 2007 c 147 art 10 s 15