115A.965 PROHIBITIONS ON SELECTED TOXICS IN PACKAGING.
Subdivision 1. Packaging.
(a) As soon as feasible but not later than August 1, 1993, no
manufacturer or distributor may sell or offer for sale or for promotional purposes in this state
packaging or a product that is contained in packaging if the packaging itself, or any inks, dyes,
pigments, adhesives, stabilizers, or any other additives to the packaging contain any lead,
cadmium, mercury, or hexavalent chromium that has been intentionally introduced as an element
during manufacture or distribution of the packaging.
(b) For the purposes of this section:
(1) "distributor" means a person who imports packaging or causes packaging to be imported
into the state; it does not include a person involved solely in delivering packages on behalf
of a third party;
(2) "intentional introduction" means the act of deliberately using a regulated metal in the
formulation of a package where its continued presence is desired in the final package to provide a
specific characteristic, appearance, or quality. It does not include:
(i) the use of a regulated metal as a processing agent or intermediate to impart certain
chemical or physical changes during manufacturing, where the incidental retention of a residue of
the metal in the final package is neither desired nor deliberate if the final package is in compliance
with subdivision 2;
(ii) the use of recycled materials as feedstock for the manufacture of new packaging
materials, where some portion of the recycled materials may contain amounts of a regulated metal
if the new package is in compliance with subdivision 2; or
(iii) the incidental presence of any of the regulated metals.
Subd. 2. Total toxics concentration levels.
The total concentration level of lead, cadmium,
mercury, and hexavalent chromium added together in any packaging must not exceed the
(1) 600 parts per million by weight by August 1, 1993;
(2) 250 parts per million by weight by August 1, 1994; and
(3) 100 parts per million by weight by August 1, 1995.
Subd. 3. Exemptions.
(a) Until January 1, 2010, the following packaging is exempt from the
requirements of subdivisions 1 and 2:
(1) packaging that would not exceed the total toxics concentration levels under subdivision 2
but for the addition in the packaging of materials that have fulfilled their intended use and have
been discarded by consumers; and
(2) packages that are reused but exceed the total toxics concentration levels in subdivision
2, provided that:
(i) the product being conveyed by the package is regulated under federal or state health or
(ii) transportation of the packaged product is regulated under federal or state transportation
(iii) disposal of the package is performed according to federal or state radioactive or
hazardous waste disposal requirements.
(b) Until January 1, 2010, packages that have a controlled distribution and reuse, but
exceed the total toxics concentration levels in subdivision 2 and do not meet the requirements of
paragraph (a), may be exempted from subdivisions 1 and 2 if the manufacturers or distributors
of the packages petition for and receive approval from the commissioner. In granting approval,
the commissioner shall base the decision on satisfactory demonstrations that the environmental
benefit of the controlled distribution and reuse is significantly greater compared to the same
package manufactured in compliance with the total toxics concentration levels in subdivision 2,
and on plans proposed by the manufacturer that include each of the following elements:
(1) a means of identifying the packaging in a permanent and visible manner;
(2) a method of regulatory and financial accountability so that a specified percentage of the
packaging manufactured and distributed to other persons is not discarded by those persons after
use but are returned to the manufacturer or the manufacturer's designee;
(3) a system of inventory and record maintenance to account for the packaging placed in,
and removed from, service;
(4) a means of transforming packaging that is no longer reusable into recycled materials for
manufacturing or into manufacturing wastes which are subject to existing federal or state laws or
regulations governing such manufacturing wastes that ensure that these wastes do not enter the
industrial or mixed municipal solid waste stream; and
(5) a system of annually reporting to the commissioner changes to the system and changes in
(c) Packaging to which lead, cadmium, mercury, or hexavalent chromium has been
intentionally introduced in the manufacturing process may be exempted from the requirements of
subdivisions 1 and 2 by the commissioner of the Pollution Control Agency if:
(1) the use of the toxic element in the packaging is required by federal or state health or
safety laws; or
(2) there is no feasible alternative for the packaging because the toxic element used is
essential to the protection, safe handling, or function of the contents of the package.
The commissioner may grant an exemption under this paragraph for a period not to exceed
two years upon application by the packaging manufacturer that includes documentation showing
that the criteria for an exemption are met. Exemptions granted by the commissioner may be
renewed upon reapplication every two years.
Subd. 4. Certificate of compliance.
(a) Beginning August 1, 1993, each manufacturer and
distributor of packaging for sale or other distribution in this state shall certify to each of their
purchasers or receivers that the packaging purchased or received complies with this section. The
certificate of compliance must be in writing and must be signed by an official of the manufacturer
or distributor. For packaging that has received an exemption under subdivision 3, the certificate
of compliance must list the amount of total toxics concentration in the packaging, the specific
toxics present, and the basis for the exemption.
(b) The manufacturer or distributor shall keep on file a copy of the certificate of compliance
for each type of packaging manufactured or distributed and shall make copies available to the
commissioner of the Pollution Control Agency or the attorney general on request, or to any
member of the public within 60 days of receipt of a written request that specifies the type of
packaging for which the information is requested.
(c) Each purchaser or receiver, except a retailer, of packaging shall retain the certificate of
compliance for as long as the packaging is in use.
(d) If a manufacturer or distributor of packaging reformulates the packaging or creates
new packaging, the manufacturer or distributor shall provide an amended or new certificate of
compliance to purchasers and receivers for the reformulated or new packaging.
Subd. 5. Enforcement.
This section may be enforced under sections
A person who fails to comply with this section is subject to a civil fine of up to $5,000 per day
of violation, court costs and attorney fees, and all costs associated with the separate collection,
storage, transfer, and appropriate processing or disposal of nonconforming packaging, to be
determined by the true cost of those activities per ton times the approximate actual tonnage of
nonconforming packaging sold or otherwise distributed in the state.
Subd. 6.[Repealed, 1997 c 186 s 4
Subd. 6a. Implementation.
In the interests of promoting consistent, nationally applicable
standards, the commissioner shall have discretion to coordinate efforts under this section with
similar efforts in other jurisdictions.
Subd. 7. Report.
By September 1 of each odd-numbered year, the commissioner shall
prepare and submit to the senate and house committees having jurisdiction over environment and
natural resources and environment and natural resources finance a report to include:
(1) enforcement actions taken by the commissioner under this section for the reporting
(2) for each exemption granted, the identity of the party requesting the exemption, a brief
description of the packaging, and the basis for granting the exemption.
History: 1991 c 337 s 50; 1993 c 249 s 24; 1994 c 585 s 28,29; 1995 c 247 art 1 s 27; 1996
c 470 s 14,15,27; 1997 c 186 s 1-3; 2000 c 370 s 2; 1Sp2005 c 1 art 2 s 161