Subdivision 1. Mandatory offer of insurance benefits.
On and after January 1, 1975, no
insurance policy providing benefits for injuries arising out of the maintenance or use of a motor
vehicle shall be issued, renewed, continued, delivered, issued for delivery, or executed in this state
with respect to any motor vehicle registered or principally garaged in this state unless coverage
is provided therein or supplemental thereto, under provisions approved by the commissioner,
requiring the insurer to pay, regardless of the fault of the insured, basic economic loss benefits.
A plan of reparation security shall state the name and address of the named insured, the
coverage afforded by the policy, the premium charged, the term and limits of liability, and shall
contain an agreement or endorsement that insurance is provided thereunder in accordance with
and subject to the provisions of sections
Subd. 2. Basic economic loss.
Each plan of reparation security shall provide for payment of
basic economic loss benefits.
Subd. 3. Residual liability insurance.
(1) Each plan of reparation security shall also contain
stated limits of liability, exclusive of interest and costs, with respect to each vehicle for which
coverage is thereby granted, of not less than $30,000 because of bodily injury to one person in
any one accident and, subject to said limit for one person, of not less than $60,000 because of
injury to two or more persons in any one accident, and, if the accident has resulted in injury to
or destruction of property, of not less than $10,000 because of such injury to or destruction of
property of others in any one accident.
(2) Under residual liability insurance the reparation obligor shall be liable to pay, on behalf
of the insured, sums which the insured is legally obligated to pay as damages because of bodily
injury and property damage arising out of the ownership, maintenance or use of any motor
vehicle, including a motor vehicle permissively operated by an insured as that term is defined
65B.43, subdivision 5
, if the injury or damage occurs within this state, the United
States of America, its territories or possessions, or Canada. A reparation obligor shall also be
liable to pay sums which another reparation obligor is entitled to recover under the indemnity
provisions of section
65B.53, subdivision 1
(3) Every plan of reparation security shall be subject to the following provisions which
need not be contained therein:
(a) The liability of the reparation obligor with respect to the residual liability coverage
required by this clause shall become absolute whenever injury or damage occurs; such liability
may not be canceled or annulled by any agreement between the reparation obligor and the insured
after the occurrence of the injury or damage; no statement made by the insured or on the insured's
behalf and no violation of said policy shall defeat or void said policy.
(b) The satisfaction by the insured of a judgment for such injury or damage shall not be a
condition precedent to the right or duty of the reparation obligor to make payment on account
of such injury or damage.
(c) The reparation obligor shall have the right to settle any claim covered by the residual
liability insurance policy, and if such settlement is made in good faith, the amount thereof shall be
deductible from the limits of liability for the accident out of which such claim arose.
(d) Except as provided in subdivision 5a, a residual liability insurance policy shall be excess
of a nonowned vehicle policy whether the nonowned vehicle is borrowed or rented, or used for
business or pleasure. A nonowned vehicle is one not used or provided on a regular basis.
Subd. 3a. Uninsured and underinsured motorist coverages.
(1) No plan of reparation
security may be renewed, delivered or issued for delivery, or executed in this state with respect to
any motor vehicle registered or principally garaged in this state unless separate uninsured and
underinsured motorist coverages are provided therein. Each coverage, at a minimum, must provide
limits of $25,000 because of injury to or the death of one person in any accident and $50,000
because of injury to or the death of two or more persons in any accident. In the case of injury to,
or the death of, two or more persons in any accident, the amount available to any one person must
not exceed the coverage limit provided for injury to, or the death of, one person in any accident.
(2) Every owner of a motor vehicle registered or principally garaged in this state shall
maintain uninsured and underinsured motorist coverages as provided in this subdivision.
(3) No reparation obligor is required to provide limits of uninsured and underinsured
motorist coverages in excess of the bodily injury liability limit provided by the applicable plan
of reparation security.
(4) No recovery shall be permitted under the uninsured and underinsured motorist coverages
of this section for basic economic loss benefits paid or payable, or which would be payable
but for any applicable deductible.
(5) If at the time of the accident the injured person is occupying a motor vehicle, the limit
of liability for uninsured and underinsured motorist coverages available to the injured person is
the limit specified for that motor vehicle. However, if the injured person is occupying a motor
vehicle of which the injured person is not an insured, the injured person may be entitled to excess
insurance protection afforded by a policy in which the injured party is otherwise insured. The
excess insurance protection is limited to the extent of covered damages sustained, and further
is available only to the extent by which the limit of liability for like coverage applicable to any
one motor vehicle listed on the automobile insurance policy of which the injured person is an
insured exceeds the limit of liability of the coverage available to the injured person from the
occupied motor vehicle.
If at the time of the accident the injured person is not occupying a motor vehicle or
motorcycle, the injured person is entitled to select any one limit of liability for any one vehicle
afforded by a policy under which the injured person is insured.
(6) Regardless of the number of policies involved, vehicles involved, persons covered,
claims made, vehicles or premiums shown on the policy, or premiums paid, in no event shall
the limit of liability for uninsured and underinsured motorist coverages for two or more motor
vehicles be added together to determine the limit of insurance coverage available to an injured
person for any one accident.
(7) The uninsured and underinsured motorist coverages required by this subdivision do not
apply to bodily injury of the insured while occupying a motor vehicle owned by the insured,
unless the occupied vehicle is an insured motor vehicle.
(8) The uninsured and underinsured motorist coverages required by this subdivision do not
apply to bodily injury of the insured while occupying a motorcycle owned by the insured.
Subd. 4.[Repealed, 1Sp1985 c 10 s 123
Subd. 4a. Liability on underinsured motor vehicles.
With respect to underinsured motorist
coverage, the maximum liability of an insurer is the amount of damages sustained but not
recovered from the insurance policy of the driver or owner of any underinsured at fault vehicle. If
a person is injured by two or more vehicles, underinsured motorist coverage is payable whenever
any one of those vehicles meets the definition of underinsured motor vehicle in section
. However, in no event shall the underinsured motorist carrier have to pay more
than the amount of its underinsured motorist limits.
Subd. 5.[Repealed, 1980 c 539 s 7
Subd. 5a. Rental vehicles.
(a) Every plan of reparation security insuring a natural person as
named insured, covering private passenger vehicles as defined under section
, and pickup trucks and vans as defined under section
must provide that all of the
obligation for damage and loss of use to a rented private passenger vehicle, including pickup
trucks and vans as defined under section
, and rented trucks with a registered gross vehicle
weight of 26,000 pounds or less would be covered by the property damage liability portion of the
plan. This subdivision does not apply to plans of reparation security covering only motor vehicles
registered under section
168.10, subdivision 1a
, 1b, 1c, or 1d, or recreational vehicles as defined
. The obligation of the plan must not be contingent on fault or negligence.
In all cases where the plan's property damage liability coverage is less than $35,000, the coverage
available under the subdivision must be $35,000. Other than as described in this paragraph or in
paragraph (j), nothing in this section amends or alters the provisions of the plan of reparation
security as to primacy of the coverages in this section.
(b) A vehicle is rented for purposes of this subdivision:
(1) if the rate for the use of the vehicle is determined on a monthly, weekly, or daily basis; or
(2) during the time that a vehicle is loaned as a replacement for a vehicle being serviced or
repaired regardless of whether the customer is charged a fee for the use of the vehicle.
A vehicle is not rented for the purposes of this subdivision if the rate for the vehicle's use is
determined on a period longer than one month or if the term of the rental agreement is longer than
one month. A vehicle is not rented for purposes of this subdivision if the rental agreement has a
purchase or buyout option or otherwise functions as a substitute for purchase of the vehicle.
(c) The policy or certificate issued by the plan must inform the insured of the application
of the plan to private passenger rental vehicles, including pickup trucks and vans as defined
, and that the insured may not need to purchase additional coverage from
the rental company.
(d) Where an insured has two or more vehicles covered by a plan or plans of reparation
security containing the rented motor vehicle coverage required under paragraph (a), the insured
may select the plan the insured wishes to collect from and that plan is entitled to a pro rata
contribution from the other plan or plans based upon the property damage limits of liability. If the
person renting the motor vehicle is also covered by the person's employer's insurance policy or the
employer's automobile self-insurance plan, the reparation obligor under the employer's policy or
self-insurance plan has primary responsibility to pay claims arising from use of the rented vehicle.
(e) A notice advising the insured of rental vehicle coverage must be given by the reparation
obligor to each current insured with the first renewal notice after January 1, 1989. The notice must
be approved by the commissioner of commerce. The commissioner may specify the form of
(f) When a motor vehicle is rented in this state, there must be attached to the rental contract a
separate form containing a written notice in at least 10-point bold type, if printed, or in capital
letters, if typewritten, which states:
Under Minnesota law, a personal automobile insurance policy issued in Minnesota must
cover the rental of this motor vehicle against damage to the vehicle and against loss of use
of the vehicle. Therefore, purchase of any collision damage waiver or similar insurance
affected in this rental contract is not necessary if your policy was issued in Minnesota.
No collision damage waiver or other insurance offered as part of or in conjunction with a
rental of a motor vehicle may be sold unless the person renting the vehicle provides a written
acknowledgment that the above consumer protection notice has been read and understood.
(g) When damage to a rented vehicle is covered by a plan of reparation security as provided
under paragraph (a), the rental contract must state that payment by the reparation obligor within
the time limits of section
is acceptable, and prior payment by the renter is not required.
(h) Compensation for the loss of use of a damaged rented motor vehicle is limited to a
period no longer than 14 days.
(i)(1) For purposes of this paragraph, "rented motor vehicle" means a rented vehicle
described in paragraph (a), using the definition of "rented" provided in paragraph (b).
(2) Notwithstanding section
169.09, subdivision 5a
, an owner of a rented motor vehicle is
not vicariously liable for legal damages resulting from the operation of the rented motor vehicle
in an amount greater than $100,000 because of bodily injury to one person in any one accident
and, subject to the limit for one person, $300,000 because of injury to two or more persons in
any one accident, and $50,000 because of injury to or destruction of property of others in any
one accident, if the owner of the rented motor vehicle has in effect, at the time of the accident,
a policy of insurance or self-insurance, as provided in section
65B.48, subdivision 3
losses up to at least the amounts set forth in this paragraph. Nothing in this paragraph alters or
affects the obligations of an owner of a rented motor vehicle to comply with the requirements of
compulsory insurance through a policy of insurance as provided in section
65B.48, subdivision 2
or through self-insurance as provided in section
65B.48, subdivision 3
; or with the obligations
arising from section
for products sold in conjunction with the rental of a motor vehicle.
Nothing in this paragraph alters or affects liability, other than vicarious liability, of an owner
of a rented motor vehicle.
(3) The dollar amounts stated in this paragraph shall be adjusted for inflation based upon the
Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers, known as the CPI-U, published by the United
States Bureau of Labor Statistics. The dollar amounts stated in this paragraph are based upon the
value of that index for July 1995, which is the reference base index for purposes of this paragraph.
The dollar amounts in this paragraph shall change effective January 1 of each odd-numbered year
based upon the percentage difference between the index for July of the preceding year and the
reference base index, calculated to the nearest whole percentage point. The commissioner shall
announce and publish, on or before September 30 of the preceding year, the changes in the dollar
amounts required by this paragraph to take effect on January 1 of each odd-numbered year. The
commissioner shall use the most recent revision of the July index available as of September 1.
Changes in the dollar amounts must be in increments of $5,000, and no change shall be made
in a dollar amount until the change in the index requires at least a $5,000 change. If the United
States Bureau of Labor Statistics changes the base year upon which the CPI-U is based, the
commissioner shall make the calculations necessary to convert from the old base year to the new
base year. If the CPI-U is discontinued, the commissioner shall use the available index that is
most similar to the CPI-U.
(j) The plan of reparation security covering the owner of a rented motor vehicle is excess
of any residual liability coverage insuring an operator of a rented motor vehicle if the vehicle
is loaned as a replacement for a vehicle being serviced or repaired, regardless of whether a fee
is charged for use of the vehicle, provided that the vehicle so loaned is owned by the service or
Subd. 6.[Repealed, 1980 c 539 s 7
Subd. 7. Additional benefits and coverage not prohibited.
Nothing in sections
shall be construed as preventing the insurer from offering other benefits or coverages
in addition to those required to be offered under this section.
Subd. 8. Compliance.
Any coverage issued by a participating member of the Minnesota
automobile insurance plan shall comply with the provisions of this section, any provisions of law
or of the contract notwithstanding.
Subd. 9. Family or group family day care provider coverage.
No plan of reparation
security shall exclude coverage for a vehicle when used to transport children as part of a family
or group family day care program.
History: 1974 c 408 s 9; 1977 c 266 s 2,3; 1977 c 276 s 3; 1978 c 674 s 57; 1985 c 168
s 10-12; 1985 c 309 s 5,6; 1Sp1985 c 10 s 68,123 subd 5; 1Sp1985 c 13 s 191; 1986 c 444;
1987 c 337 s 106; 1988 c 611 s 2; 1989 c 213 s 1,2; 1989 c 260 s 15; 1989 c 356 s 20,41; 1990
c 394 s 1; 1990 c 496 s 3; 1990 c 504 s 1; 1991 c 207 s 6; 1994 c 465 art 3 s 6; 1994 c 485 s
53; 1995 c 140 s 1; 1995 c 225 s 1; 1996 c 446 art 1 s 72; 2000 c 309 s 1; 2002 c 234 s 1; 2005
c 163 s 88; 2006 c 212 art 1 s 23