514.661 LIEN FOR RENTAL VALUE OF FARM MACHINERY DURING MEDIATION.
Subdivision 1. Definitions.
The definitions in this section apply to this section.
(a) "Reasonable rental value" means an amount not more than the rental value of machinery
of like capacity and age as determined by the director of the University of Minnesota Extension
Service and is limited to the tachometer time during which or the acreage for which the machinery
is used during the mediation period.
(b) "Seasonal use machinery" means machinery, equipment, or implements used exclusively
for planting, for row crop cultivating, or for harvesting. Seasonal use machinery does not include
a tractor, tillage equipment, or utility implements used for general farm purposes.
Subd. 2. Lien; attachment.
(a) A person or entity with a debt secured by a perfected or
unperfected security interest in seasonal use machinery that is subject to mediation who engages
in mediation under sections
, as a result of a debtor's default on a purchase money
loan or contract, has a lien limited to the lesser of: (1) the total of principal and interest amounts
required to bring the debt current until the stay of the creditor's enforcement action is lifted; and
(2) the reasonable rental value of seasonal use machinery that is used for field operation during
mediation until the stay of the creditor's enforcement action is lifted.
(b) The lien attaches to the crops produced by the debtor in the calendar year in which
Subd. 3. Perfection.
To perfect a lien under this section, the lien must attach and a person or
entity entitled to the lien must file a lien statement in the appropriate filing office under section
during mediation or within 30 days after the conclusion of mediation.
Subd. 4. Duties of filing officer.
The filing officer shall enter on the lien statement the time
of day and date of filing. The filing officer shall file, amend, terminate, note the filing of a lien
statement, and charge the fee for filing under this section in the manner provided by sections
for a financing statement. A lien statement is void and may be removed
from the filing system 18 months after the date of filing. The lien statement may be physically
destroyed after 30 months from the date of filing.
Subd. 5. Priority.
(a) A perfected lien has priority over all other liens and security interests
in crops produced by the debtor during the calendar year in which the mediation occurs.
(b) An unperfected lien has the priority of an unperfected security interest under sections
Subd. 6. Enforcement of lien.
(a) The holder of a lien under this section may enforce the
lien in the manner provided in sections
, subject to section
enforcement of the lien, the lienholder is the secured party and the person leasing the property is
the debtor, and each has the respective rights and duties of a secured party and a debtor under
. If a right or duty under sections
contingent upon the existence of express language in a security agreement or may be waived by
express language in a security agreement, the requisite language does not exist.
(b) The principal amount of debt secured by seasonal use machinery must be reduced by
an amount equal to any amount paid in satisfaction of a lien created under this section, less
interest accrued on the debt during mediation.
Subd. 7. Enforcement actions; lien extinguished.
An action to enforce a lien under this
section may be brought in district court in a county where the property is located after the lien
is perfected. A lien statement may be amended, except the amount demanded, by leave of the
court in the furtherance of justice. A lien is extinguished if an action to enforce the lien is not
brought within 18 months after the date the lien statement is filed.
Subd. 8. Exemption from mediation.
A lien created and perfected under this section is
exempt from sections
and is effective against crops growing or to be grown
by the debtor in the calendar year.
History: 1987 c 292 s 3; 1993 c 48 s 11; 2001 c 195 art 2 s 25-28; 2002 c 379 art 1 s 99