514.02 NONPAYMENT FOR IMPROVEMENT; PENALTIES AND REMEDIES.
Subdivision 1. Proceeds of payments; acts constituting theft.
(a) Proceeds of payments
received by a person contributing to an improvement to real estate within the meaning of section
shall be held in trust by that person for the benefit of those persons who furnished the
labor, skill, material, or machinery contributing to the improvement. Proceeds of the payment are
not subject to garnishment, execution, levy, or attachment. Nothing contained in this subdivision
shall require money to be placed in a separate account and not commingled with other money
of the person receiving payment or create a fiduciary liability or tort liability on the part of
any person receiving payment or entitle any person to an award of punitive damages among
persons contributing to an improvement to real estate under section
for a violation
of this subdivision.
(b) If a person fails to use the proceeds of a payment made to that person for the
improvement, for the payment for labor, skill, material, and machinery contributed to the
improvement, knowing that the cost of the labor performed, or skill, material, or machinery
furnished remains unpaid, and who has not furnished the person making such payment either a
valid lien waiver under section
, or a payment bond in the basic amount of the contract
price for the improvement, conditioned for the prompt payment to any person entitled thereto for
the performance of labor or the furnishing of skill, material, or machinery for the improvement,
shall be guilty of theft of the proceeds of the payment and is punishable under section
an improvement to residential real estate made by a person licensed, or who should be licensed,
, a shareholder, officer, director, or agent of a corporation who is responsible
for the theft shall be guilty of theft of the proceeds.
(c) The penalties and remedies provided in this section do not apply to a third party who
receives a payment in the ordinary course of business.
(d) For purposes of this section, "residential real estate" has the meaning given in section
Subd. 1a. Civil action.
A person injured by a violation of subdivision 1 may bring a
civil action and recover damages, together with costs and disbursements, including costs of
investigation and reasonable attorney fees, and receive other relief as determined by the court,
including, without limitation, equitable tracing. A civil action under this subdivision may be
(1) against the person who committed the theft under subdivision 1; and
(2) for an improvement to residential real estate made by a person licensed, or who should be
licensed, under section
, against a shareholder, officer, director, or agent of a corporation
who is not responsible for the theft but who knowingly receives proceeds of the payment as salary,
dividend, loan repayment, capital distribution, or otherwise.
Subd. 2. Notice of nonpayment.
Notice of nonpayment of the cost of labor, skill, material,
and machinery contributing to the improvement of the real estate to the person paid for such
improvement may be given by the person who made payment for such improvement, or by any
person furnishing the labor, skill, material, or machinery contributing to the improvement and
who has not been paid for the contribution. Notice may be given in any reasonable manner. Notice
shall be in writing and in any terms that identify the real estate improved and the nonpayment
Subd. 3. Proof of knowledge of nonpayment.
Proof that such person failed to pay for labor
performed, or skill, material, or machinery furnished within 15 days after receiving notice that the
cost of such labor performed, or skill, material, or machinery furnished remains unpaid will be
sufficient to sustain a finding that the proceeds of such payment were used for a purpose other than
the payment for labor, skill, material, and machinery for such improvement, knowing that the costs
of labor performed, or skill, material, or machinery furnished remains unpaid, unless the person;
(1) Establishes that all proceeds received from the person making such payment have been
applied to the cost of labor, skill, material, or machinery furnished for the improvement; or
(2) Within 15 days after receiving notice shall give a bond or make a deposit with the court
administrator of district court, in an amount and form approved by a judge of district court, to
hold harmless the owner or person having the improvement made from any claim for payment of
anyone furnishing labor, skill, material, or machinery for such improvement.
History: (8491) 1915 c 105 s 1; 1965 c 35 s 9; 1971 c 914 s 1; 1984 c 628 art 3 s 11; 1986 c
444; 1Sp1986 c 3 art 1 s 82; 2000 c 430 s 1,2