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469.012 PUBLIC BODY; POWERS, DUTIES, PROGRAMS; TAXES LIMITED.
    Subdivision 1.MS 2002 [Renumbered subdivisions 1 to 2j]
    Subdivision 1. All-purpose, other powers here. (a) An authority shall be a public body
corporate and politic and shall have all the powers necessary or convenient to carry out the
purposes of sections 469.001 to 469.047, except that the power to levy and collect taxes or special
assessments is limited to the power provided in sections 469.027 to 469.033.
(b) Its powers include the powers in subdivisions 1a through 2j, in addition to others granted
in sections 469.001 to 469.047.
    Subd. 1a. Lawsuits, seal, perpetual succession, rules. An authority may:
(1) sue and be sued;
(2) have a seal, which shall be judicially noticed, and may alter it;
(3) have perpetual succession; and
(4) make, amend, and repeal rules consistent with sections 469.001 to 469.047.
    Subd. 1b. Director, other staff; legal services; available public services. An authority may
employ an executive director, technical experts, and officers, agents, and employees, permanent
and temporary, that it requires, and determine their qualifications, duties, and compensation; for
legal services it requires, call upon the chief law officer of the city or employ its own counsel
and legal staff; and, so far as practicable, use the services of local public bodies in its area of
operation, provided that those local public bodies, if requested, shall make the services available.
    Subd. 1c. Delegation. An authority may delegate to one or more of its agents or employees
the powers or duties it deems proper.
    Subd. 1d. Projects. An authority may, within its area of operation, undertake, prepare,
carry out, and operate projects and provide for the construction, reconstruction, improvement,
extension, alteration, or repair of any project or part thereof.
    Subd. 1e. Property, contracts, other instruments. An authority may, subject to the
provisions of section 469.026, give, sell, transfer, convey, or otherwise dispose of real or personal
property or any interest therein and execute leases, deeds, conveyances, negotiable instruments,
purchase agreements, and other contracts or instruments.
    Subd. 1f. Necessary or convenient action. An authority may take action that is necessary or
convenient to carry out the purposes of these sections.
    Subd. 1g. Get property; eminent domain. (a) An authority may, within its area of operation,
acquire real or personal property or any interest therein by gifts, grant, purchase, exchange, lease,
transfer, bequest, devise, or otherwise, and by the exercise of the power of eminent domain, in
the manner provided by chapter 117, acquire real property which it may deem necessary for
its purposes, after the adoption by it of a resolution declaring that the acquisition of the real
property is necessary:
(1) to eliminate one or more of the conditions found to exist in the resolution adopted
pursuant to section 469.003 or to provide decent, safe, and sanitary housing for persons of low
and moderate income; or
(2) to carry out a redevelopment project.
(b) Real property needed or convenient for a project may be acquired by the authority for the
project by condemnation pursuant to this section.
(c) Prior to adoption of a resolution authorizing acquisition of property by condemnation,
the governing body of the authority must hold a public hearing on the proposed acquisition after
published notice in a newspaper of general circulation in the municipality, which must be made
at least one time not less than ten days nor more than 30 days prior to the date of the hearing.
The notice must reasonably describe the property to be acquired and state that the purpose of the
hearing is to consider acquisition by exercise of the authority's powers of eminent domain. Not
less than ten days before the hearing, notice of the hearing must also be mailed to the owner
of each parcel proposed to be acquired, but failure to give mailed notice or any defects in the
notice does not invalidate the acquisition. For the purpose of giving mailed notice, owners are
determined in accordance with section 429.031, subdivision 1, paragraph (a).
(d) Property acquired by condemnation under this section may include any property devoted
to a public use, whether or not held in trust, notwithstanding that the property may have been
previously acquired by condemnation or is owned by a public utility corporation, because the
public use in conformity with the provisions of sections 469.001 to 469.047 shall be deemed a
superior public use. Property devoted to a public use may be so acquired only if the governing
body of the municipality has approved its acquisition by the authority.
(e) An award of compensation shall not be increased by reason of any increase in the value
of the real property caused by the assembly, clearance or reconstruction, or proposed assembly,
clearance or reconstruction for the purposes of sections 469.001 to 469.047 of the real property
in an area.
    Subd. 1h. Redevelopment. (a) An authority may, within its area of operation, and without
the adoption of an urban renewal plan, acquire, by all means as set forth in subdivision 1g but
without the adoption of a resolution provided for in subdivision 1g, real property, and demolish,
remove, rehabilitate, or reconstruct the buildings and improvements or construct new buildings
and improvements thereon, or so provide through other means as set forth in Laws 1974, chapter
228, or grade, fill, and construct foundations or otherwise prepare the site for improvements.
(b) The authority may dispose of the property pursuant to section 469.029, provided that the
provisions of section 469.029 requiring conformance to an urban renewal plan shall not apply.
(c) The authority may finance these activities by means of the redevelopment project fund or
by means of tax increments or tax increment bonds or by the methods of financing provided for
in section 469.033 or by means of contributions from the municipality provided for in section
469.041, clause (9), or by any combination of those means.
(d) Real property with buildings or improvements thereon shall only be acquired under this
subdivision when the buildings or improvements are substandard.
(e) The exercise of the power of eminent domain under this subdivision shall be limited to
real property which contains, or has contained within the three years immediately preceding the
exercise of the power of eminent domain and is currently vacant, buildings and improvements
which are vacated and substandard. Notwithstanding the prior sentence, in cities of the first
class the exercise of the power of eminent domain under this subdivision shall be limited to real
property which contains, or has contained within the three years immediately preceding the
exercise of the power of eminent domain, buildings and improvements which are substandard.
(f) For the purpose of this subdivision, substandard buildings or improvements mean
hazardous buildings as defined in section 463.15, subdivision 3, or buildings or improvements
that are dilapidated or obsolescent, faultily designed, lack adequate ventilation, light, or sanitary
facilities, or any combination of these or other factors that are detrimental to the safety or health
of the community.
(g) The exercise of the power of eminent domain under this subdivision is subject to the
notice and hearing requirements described in subdivision 1g.
    Subd. 1i. Set, use income levels. An authority may, within its area of operation, determine
the level of income constituting low or moderate family income. The authority may establish
various income levels for various family sizes. In making its determination, the authority may
consider income levels that may be established by the Department of Housing and Urban
Development or a similar or successor federal agency for the purpose of federal loan guarantees
or subsidies for persons of low or moderate income. The authority may use that determination
as a basis for the maximum amount of income for admissions to housing development projects
or housing projects owned or operated by it.
    Subd. 1j. Relocation aid. An authority may provide in federally assisted projects any
relocation payments and assistance necessary to comply with the requirements of the Federal
Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970, and any
amendments or supplements thereto.
    Subd. 1k. Property tax exemption; equitable local cooperation. (a) An authority may
make an agreement with the governing body or bodies creating the authority which provides
exemption from all ad valorem real and personal property taxes levied or imposed by the body
or bodies creating the authority. In the case of low-rent public housing that received financial
assistance under the United States Housing Act of 1937, or successor federal legislation, an
authority may make an agreement with the governing body or bodies creating the authority to
provide exemption from all real and personal property taxes levied or imposed by the state, city,
county, or other political subdivision, for which the authority shall make payments in lieu of taxes
to the state, city, county, or other political subdivisions as provided in section 469.040.
(b) The governing body shall agree on behalf of all the applicable governing bodies affected
that local cooperation as required by the federal government shall be provided by the local
governing body or bodies in whose jurisdiction the project is to be located, at no cost or at no
greater cost than the same public services and facilities furnished to other residents.
    Subd. 1l. Cooperate, be agent; take over federal project. An authority may cooperate with
or act as agent for the federal government, the state or any state public body, or any agency or
instrumentality of the foregoing, in carrying out any of the provisions of sections 469.001 to
469.047 or of any other related federal, state, or local legislation, and upon the consent of the
governing body of the city purchase, lease, manage, or otherwise take over any housing project
already owned and operated by the federal government.
    Subd. 1m. Plans for rehabilitation, law enforcement. An authority may make plans for
carrying out a program of voluntary repair and rehabilitation of buildings and improvements and
plans for the enforcement of laws, codes, and regulations relating to:
(1) the use of land and the use and occupancy of buildings and improvements, and
(2) the compulsory repair, rehabilitation, demolition, or removal of buildings and
improvements.
    Subd. 1n. Activities to get rid of slums, blight. The authority may develop, test, and report
methods and techniques, and carry out demonstrations and other activities for the prevention
and elimination of slums and blight.
    Subd. 1o. Loans; assistance. An authority may borrow money or other property and accept
contributions, grants, gifts, services, or other assistance from the federal government, the state
government, state public bodies, or from any other public or private sources.
    Subd. 1p. Conditions by, default to, U.S.; reconveyance. An authority may:
(1) include in any contract for financial assistance with the federal government any conditions
that the federal government may attach to its financial aid of a project, not inconsistent with
purposes of sections 469.001 to 469.047, including obligating itself (which obligation shall be
specifically enforceable and not constitute a mortgage, notwithstanding any other laws) to convey
to the federal government the project to which the contract relates upon the occurrence of a
substantial default with respect to the covenants or conditions to which the authority is subject; and
(2) provide in the contract that, in case of such conveyance, the federal government may
complete, operate, manage, lease, convey, or otherwise deal with the project until the defaults are
cured if the federal government agrees in the contract to reconvey to the authority the project as
then constituted when the defaults have been cured.
    Subd. 1q. Issue bonds; give security. An authority may issue bonds for any of its corporate
purposes and to secure the bonds by mortgages upon property held or to be held by it or by pledge
of its revenues, including grants or contributions.
    Subd. 1r. Invest idle money. An authority may invest any funds held in reserves or sinking
funds, or any funds not required for immediate disbursement, in property or securities in which
savings banks may legally invest funds subject to their control or in the manner and subject to the
conditions provided in section 118A.04 for the deposit and investment of public funds.
    Subd. 1s. Identify blight, bad housing. An authority may, within its area of operation,
determine where blight exists or where there is unsafe, unsanitary, or overcrowded housing.
    Subd. 1t. Needs assessment. (a) An authority may:
(1) carry out studies of the housing and redevelopment needs within its area of operation and
of the meeting of those needs; and
(2) make the results of those studies and analyses available to the public and to building,
housing, and supply industries.
(b) Studies under paragraph (a) include the study of data on population and family groups
and their distribution according to income groups, the amount and quality of available housing and
its distribution according to rentals and sales prices, employment, wages, desirable patterns for
land use and community growth, and other factors affecting the local housing and redevelopment
needs and the meeting of those needs.
    Subd. 1u. Plan if no local plan. An authority may, if a local public body does not have a
planning agency or the planning agency has not produced a comprehensive or general community
development plan, make or cause to be made a plan to be used as a guide in the more detailed
planning of housing and redevelopment areas.
    Subd. 1v. Lease; set rent. An authority may lease or rent any dwellings, accommodations,
lands, buildings, structures, or facilities included in any project and, subject to the limitations
contained in sections 469.001 to 469.047 with respect to the rental of dwellings in housing
projects, to establish and revise the rents or charges therefor.
    Subd. 1w. Have, fix, get rid of property. An authority may:
(1) own, hold, and improve real or personal property, and
(2) sell, lease, exchange, transfer, assign, pledge, or dispose of any real or personal property
or any interest therein.
    Subd. 1x. Insurance. An authority may insure or provide for the insurance of any real or
personal property or operations of the authority against any risks or hazards.
    Subd. 1y.[Reserved]
    Subd. 1z.[Reserved]
    Subd. 2. Government insurance, guarantees for bonds. An authority may procure or agree
to the procurement of government insurance or guarantees of the payment of any bonds or parts
thereof issued by an authority and to pay premiums on the insurance.
    Subd. 2a. Necessary spending. An authority may make expenditures necessary to carry out
the purposes of sections 469.001 to 469.047.
    Subd. 2b. Relocation help to displaced. An authority may enter into an agreement or
agreements with any state public body to provide informational service and relocation assistance
to families, individuals, business concerns, and nonprofit organizations displaced or to be
displaced by the activities of any state public body.
    Subd. 2c. Catalogs; disposable property. An authority may:
(1) compile and maintain a catalog of all vacant, open and undeveloped land, or land which
contains substandard buildings and improvements as that term is defined in subdivision 1g, that is
owned or controlled by the authority or by the governing body within its area of operation; and
(2) compile and maintain a catalog of all authority owned real property that is in excess of
the foreseeable needs of the authority,
in order to determine and recommend if the real property compiled in either catalog is appropriate
for disposal pursuant to the provisions of section 469.029, subdivisions 9 and 10.
    Subd. 2d. Comment on code enforcement. An authority may recommend to the city
concerning the enforcement of the applicable health, housing, building, fire prevention, and
housing maintenance code requirements as they relate to residential dwelling structures that are
being rehabilitated by low- or moderate-income persons pursuant to section 469.029, subdivision
9
, for the period of time necessary to complete the rehabilitation, as determined by the authority.
    Subd. 2e. Suggest use of city powers on bad buildings. An authority may recommend to
the city the initiation of municipal powers, against certain real properties, relating to repair,
closing, condemnation, or demolition of unsafe, unsanitary, hazardous, and unfit buildings, as
provided in section 469.041, clause (5).
    Subd. 2f. Sale of loan security. An authority may sell, at private or public sale, at the price
or prices determined by the authority, any note, mortgage, lease, sublease, lease purchase, or
other instrument or obligation evidencing or securing a loan made for the purpose of economic
development, job creation, redevelopment, or community revitalization by a public agency to a
business, for-profit or nonprofit organization, or an individual.
    Subd. 2g. Get, sell subsidized affordable housing. An authority may, within its area of
operation, acquire and sell real property that is benefited by federal housing assistance payments,
other rental subsidies, interest reduction payments, or interest reduction contracts for the purpose
of preserving the affordability of low- and moderate-income multifamily housing.
    Subd. 2h. Section 8 programs. (a) An authority may apply for, enter into contracts with the
federal government, administer, and carry out a Section 8 program.
(b) Authorization by the governing body creating the authority to administer the program at
the authority's initial application is sufficient to authorize operation of the program in its area of
operation for which it was created without additional local governing body approval.
(c) Approval by the governing body or bodies creating the authority constitutes approval of a
housing program for purposes of any special or general law requiring local approval of Section 8
programs undertaken by city, county, or multicounty authorities.
    Subd. 2i. Receivers, assignment of rent as security. An authority may secure a mortgage or
loan for a rental housing project by obtaining the appointment of receivers or assignments of rents
and profits under sections 559.17 and 576.01, except that the limitation relating to the minimum
amounts of the original principal balances of mortgages specified in sections 559.17, subdivision
2
, clause (2); and 576.01, subdivision 2, does not apply.
    Subd. 2j. May be in LLP, LLC, or corporation; bound as if HRA. An authority may
become a member or shareholder in and enter into or form limited partnerships, limited liability
companies, or corporations for the purpose of developing, constructing, rehabilitating, managing,
supporting, or preserving housing projects and housing development projects, including
low-income housing tax credit projects. These limited partnerships, limited liability companies, or
corporations are subject to all of the provisions of sections 469.001 to 469.047 and other laws that
apply to housing and redevelopment authorities, as if the limited partnership, limited liability
company, or corporation were a housing and redevelopment authority.
    Subd. 3. Exercise of HRA powers. (a) An authority may exercise all or any part or
combination of the powers granted by sections 469.001 to 469.047 within its area of operation.
(b) Any two or more authorities may join with one another in the exercise, either jointly or
otherwise, of any or all of their powers for the purpose of financing, including the issuance of
bonds and giving security therefor, planning, undertaking, owning, constructing, operating, or
contracting with respect to a housing project located within the area of operation of any one or
more of the authorities. For this purpose an authority may by resolution prescribe and authorize
any other housing authority, so joining with it, to act on its behalf with respect to any or all
powers, as its agent or otherwise, in the name of the authority so joining or in its own name.
(c) A city, county, or multicounty authority may by resolution authorize another housing
authority to exercise its powers within the authorizing authority's area of operation at the same
time that the authorizing authority is exercising the same powers.
(d) A county or city may join with any authority to permit the authority, on behalf of the
county, town within the county, or city, to plan, undertake, administer, and carry out a leased
existing housing assistance payments program, pursuant to Section 8 of the United States Housing
Act of 1937 as amended, 42 United States Code, section 1437f.
(e) A city may so join with an authority unless there is an authority in the city which has
been authorized by resolution under section 469.003 to transact business or exercise powers.
(f) A county may so join with an authority unless:
(1) there is a county authority which has been authorized by resolution under section 469.004
to exercise powers, or the county is a member of a multicounty authority, and
(2) the authority has initiated or has in progress an active program or has applied for federal
assistance in a public housing, Section 8, or redevelopment program within 12 months after its
establishment.
(g) Notwithstanding the other provisions of this subdivision, an authority administering and
carrying out a leased existing housing assistance payments program, under Section 8 of the
United States Housing Act of 1937, United States Code, title 42, section 1437f, as amended, may
administer the leased existing housing assistance payments program under the statutory and
regulatory portability provisions of the federal Section 8 existing housing assistance payments
program, United States Code, title 42, section 1437f(r), as amended.
    Subd. 4. Subject to laws of locality. All projects shall be subject to the planning, zoning,
sanitary, and building laws, ordinances, and regulations applicable to the locality in which the
project is situated.
    Subd. 4a. Veterans' preferences. An authority may include in any contract with the federal
government provision for veterans' and service persons' preferences that may be required by any
federal law or regulation as a condition of federal financial assistance for a project.
    Subd. 5.[Repealed, 1989 c 335 art 1 s 270]
    Subd. 6. Housing rehabilitation loan, grant program. An authority may develop and
administer a housing rehabilitation loan and grant program with respect to property located
anywhere within its boundaries which is owned by persons of low and moderate income, on the
terms and conditions it determines.
    Subd. 7. Interest reduction program. (a) An authority may develop and administer an
interest reduction program to assist the financing of the construction, rehabilitation, and purchase
of housing units which are intended primarily for occupancy by individuals of low or moderate
income and related and subordinate facilities.
(b) An authority may:
(1) pay in periodic payments or in a lump sum payment any or all of the interest on loans
made pursuant to chapter 462C or subdivision 6;
(2) pay any or all of the interest on bonds issued pursuant to chapter 462C, or pursuant to
sections 469.001 to 469.047 for the purpose of making loans authorized by subdivision 6;
(3) pay in periodic payments or in a lump sum payment any or all of the interest on loans
made by private lenders to purchasers of housing units;
(4) pay any or all of the interest due on loans made by private lenders to a developer for the
construction or rehabilitation of housing units;
(5) pay in periodic payments or in a lump sum payment any or all of the interest on
loans made by any person to a developer for the construction, rehabilitation, and purchase of
commercial facilities which are related and subordinate to the construction, rehabilitation,
or purchase of housing units that receive interest reduction assistance provided that the entire
development is composed primarily of housing units;
(6) pay any or all of the interest on bonds issued pursuant to sections 469.152 to 469.165,
when the bonds are issued for a project that is related and subordinate to the construction,
rehabilitation, or purchase of housing units that receive interest reduction assistance provided that
the entire development is composed primarily of housing units;
(7) pay in periodic payments or in a lump sum payment any or all of the interest on
loans made pursuant to section 469.184 for the rehabilitation or preservation of small- and
medium-sized commercial buildings; and
(8) pay any or all of the interest on bonds issued pursuant to section 469.184.
    Subd. 8. Interest reduction program; considerations, limits. (a) In developing the interest
reduction program authorized by subdivision 7 the authority shall consider:
(1) the availability and affordability of other governmental programs;
(2) the availability and affordability of private market financing; and
(3) the need for additional affordable mortgage credit to encourage the construction and
enable the purchase of housing units within the jurisdiction of the authority.
(b) The authority shall adopt rules for the interest reduction program. Interest reduction
assistance shall not be provided if the authority determines that financing for the purchase of a
housing unit or for the construction or rehabilitation of housing units is otherwise available
from private lenders upon terms and conditions that are affordable by the applicant, as provided
by the authority in its rules.
(c) For the purposes of this subdivision an "assisted housing unit" is a housing unit which is
rented or to be rented and which is a part of a rental housing development where the financing
for the rental housing development is assisted with interest reduction assistance provided by the
authority during the calendar year.
(d) If interest reduction assistance is provided for construction period interest for a rental
housing development, the housing units in the housing development shall be considered assisted
housing units for a period after occupancy of the housing units which is equal to the period
during which interest reduction assistance is provided to assist the construction financing of the
rental housing development.
(e) In any calendar year when an authority provides interest reduction assistance for assisted
housing units:
(1) at least 20 percent of the total assisted housing units within the jurisdiction of the
authority shall be held available for rental to families or individuals with an adjusted gross income
which is equal to or less than 80 percent of the median family income; and
(2) at least an additional 55 percent of the total assisted housing units within the jurisdiction
of the authority shall be held available for rental to individuals or families with an annual adjusted
gross income which is equal to or less than 66 times 120 percent of the monthly fair market rent
for the unit established by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.
(f) At least 80 percent of the aggregate dollar amount of funds appropriated by an authority
within any calendar year to provide interest reduction assistance for financing of construction,
rehabilitation, or purchase of single-family housing, as that term is defined in section 462C.02,
subdivision 4
, shall be appropriated for housing units that are to be sold to or occupied by
families or individuals with an adjusted gross income which is equal to or less than 110 percent
of median family income.
(g) For the purposes of this subdivision, "median family income" means the median family
income established by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development for the
nonmetropolitan county or the standard metropolitan statistical area, as the case may be.
(h) The adjusted gross income must be adjusted by the authority for family size.
(i) The limitations imposed upon assisted housing units by this subdivision do not apply
to interest reduction assistance for a rental housing development located in a targeted area as
defined in section 462C.02.
(j) An authority that establishes a program pursuant to this subdivision shall by January 2
each year report to the commissioner of employment and economic development a description of
the program established and a description of the recipients of interest reduction assistance.
    Subd. 9. Interest reduction program; payoff to HRA on sale. (a) Under any interest
reduction program authorized by subdivision 7 which provides interest reduction assistance
pursuant to paragraph (b), clauses (1) to (6), the authority shall obtain an agreement from the
developer or other benefited owner of the property. The agreement shall provide that, upon
the benefited owner's sale or transfer of the property, the authority shall be paid in an amount
determined under paragraph (c) and that this obligation is secured by an interest in the property.
The interest in the property shall consist of either a right of co-ownership or a lien or mortgage
against the property and may be subordinate to other interests in the property.
(b) For purposes of this subdivision, "property" means property the construction, acquisition,
or improvement of which is financed in whole or part with the proceeds of a loan upon which the
interest payments are reduced under an interest reduction program.
(c) The amount required to be paid to the authority under paragraph (a) shall equal at least:
(1) the sale price of the property,
(2) less the downpayment, any payments of principal, other payments made to construct,
acquire, or improve the property and any outstanding liens or mortgages securing loans, advances,
or goods and services provided for the construction, acquisition, or improvement of the property,
(3) less the amount, if any, which the authority determines should be allowed for the
developer or other benefited property owner as a return on the developer's or other benefited
property owner's investment in the property,
(4) multiplied by a fraction, the numerator of which is the interest reduction payments made
by the authority and the denominator of which is the total of the downpayment, all principal
and interest payments including any portion paid by the authority, and other payments made to
construct, acquire, or improve the property. In the case of a transfer, other than an arm's-length
sale, an appraisal shall be substituted for the sale price.
(d) If the interest reduction payments are made for a bond issue, or other obligation, the
proceeds of which are lent to five or more purchasers of separate housing units, the fraction
under paragraph (c), clause (4), may be determined on the basis of an estimate of the aggregate
factors for all the borrowers of the proceeds, of the bonds or other obligations participating
in the interest reduction program.
(e) The provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to interest reduction assistance
provided for construction period interest for housing units which are to be sold upon completion
to purchasers who intend at the time of purchase to occupy the housing units as their principal
place of residence.
    Subd. 10.[Repealed, 1988 c 551 s 1]
    Subd. 11. HRAs created by special law. Except as expressly limited by the special law
establishing the authority, an authority created pursuant to special law shall have the powers
granted by any statute to any authority created pursuant to this chapter.
    Subd. 12. Parking facilities. An authority may operate and maintain public parking facilities
in connection with any of its projects.
    Subd. 13. Down payment assistance loans, grants; findings. (a) An authority may develop
and administer a down payment assistance loan and grant program with respect to property
located within its boundaries on terms and conditions it determines.
(b) Before carrying out a down payment assistance loan and grant program, an authority
must find that the program is necessary in the areas in which it is made available in furtherance
of a policy of the authority to promote economic integration or to encourage owner occupancy
of single family residences.
History: 1987 c 291 s 12,243; 1987 c 312 art 1 s 26 subd 2; 1987 c 386 art 6 s 3; 1988 c 580
s 3; 1988 c 702 s 3; 1989 c 277 art 2 s 60; 1989 c 328 art 3 s 5; 1990 c 532 s 6,7; 1991 c 291 art
10 s 3; 1992 c 376 art 3 s 3,4; 1993 c 320 s 2; 1993 c 375 art 14 s 3; 1996 c 399 art 2 s 6; 1997 c
231 art 2 s 42; 1999 c 243 art 5 s 38; 2002 c 390 s 6; 2003 c 50 s 1; 1Sp2003 c 4 s 1