462.358 OFFICIAL CONTROLS: SUBDIVISION REGULATION; DEDICATION.
Subdivision 1.[Repealed, 1980 c 566 s 35
Subd. 1a. Authority.
To protect and promote the public health, safety, and general welfare,
to provide for the orderly, economic, and safe development of land, to preserve agricultural
lands, to promote the availability of housing affordable to persons and families of all income
levels, and to facilitate adequate provision for transportation, water, sewage, storm drainage,
schools, parks, playgrounds, and other public services and facilities, a municipality may by
ordinance adopt subdivision regulations establishing standards, requirements, and procedures
for the review and approval or disapproval of subdivisions. The regulations may contain varied
provisions respecting, and be made applicable only to, certain classes or kinds of subdivisions.
The regulations shall be uniform for each class or kind of subdivision.
A municipality may by resolution extend the application of its subdivision regulations to
unincorporated territory located within two miles of its limits in any direction but not in a town
which has adopted subdivision regulations; provided that where two or more noncontiguous
municipalities have boundaries less than four miles apart, each is authorized to control the
subdivision of land equal distance from its boundaries within this area.
Subd. 2.[Repealed, 1980 c 566 s 35
Subd. 2a. Terms of regulations.
The standards and requirements in the regulations may
address without limitation: the size, location, grading, and improvement of lots, structures, public
areas, streets, roads, trails, walkways, curbs and gutters, water supply, storm drainage, lighting,
sewers, electricity, gas, and other utilities; the planning and design of sites; access to solar energy;
and the protection and conservation of flood plains, shore lands, soils, water, vegetation, energy,
air quality, and geologic and ecologic features. The regulations shall require that subdivisions be
consistent with the municipality's official map if one exists and its zoning ordinance, and may
require consistency with other official controls and the comprehensive plan. The regulations
may prohibit certain classes or kinds of subdivisions in areas where prohibition is consistent
with the comprehensive plan and the purposes of this section, particularly the preservation of
agricultural lands. The regulations may prohibit, restrict or control development for the purpose
of protecting and assuring access to direct sunlight for solar energy systems. The regulations may
prohibit the issuance of permits or approvals for any tracts, lots, or parcels for which required
subdivision approval has not been obtained.
The regulations may permit the municipality to condition its approval on the construction
and installation of sewers, streets, electric, gas, drainage, and water facilities, and similar utilities
and improvements or, in lieu thereof, on the receipt by the municipality of a cash deposit, certified
check, irrevocable letter of credit, bond, or other financial security in an amount and with surety
and conditions sufficient to assure the municipality that the utilities and improvements will be
constructed or installed according to the specifications of the municipality. Sections
do not apply to improvements made by a subdivider or a subdivider's contractor.
A municipality may require that an applicant establish an escrow account or other financial
security for the purpose of reimbursing the municipality for direct costs relating to professional
services provided during the review, approval and inspection of the project. A municipality may
only charge the applicant a rate equal to the value of the service to the municipality. Services
provided by municipal staff or contract professionals must be billed at an established rate.
When the applicant vouches, by certified letter to the municipality, that the conditions
required by the municipality for approval under this subdivision have been satisfied, the
municipality has 30 days to release and return to the applicant any and all financial securities tied
to the requirements. If the municipality fails to release and return the letters of credit within the
30-day period, any interest accrued will be paid to the applicant. If the municipality determines
that the conditions required for approval under this subdivision have not been satisfied, the
municipality must send written notice within seven business days upon receipt of the certified
letter indicating to the applicant which specific conditions have not been met. The municipality
shall require a maintenance or performance bond from any subcontractor that has not yet
completed all remaining requirements of the municipality.
The regulations may permit the municipality to condition its approval on compliance
with other requirements reasonably related to the provisions of the regulations and to execute
development contracts embodying the terms and conditions of approval. The municipality may
enforce such agreements and conditions by appropriate legal and equitable remedies.
Subd. 2b. Dedication.
(a) The regulations may require that a reasonable portion of the
buildable land, as defined by municipal ordinance, of any proposed subdivision be dedicated to
the public or preserved for public use as streets, roads, sewers, electric, gas, and water facilities,
storm water drainage and holding areas or ponds and similar utilities and improvements, parks,
recreational facilities as defined in section
, playgrounds, trails, wetlands, or open space.
The requirement must be imposed by ordinance or under the procedures established in section
, subdivision 4a.
(b) If a municipality adopts the ordinance or proceeds under section
4a, as required by paragraph (a), the municipality must adopt a capital improvement budget
and have a parks and open space plan or have a parks, trails, and open space component in its
comprehensive plan subject to the terms and conditions in this paragraph and paragraphs (c) to (i).
(c) The municipality may choose to accept a cash fee as set by ordinance from the applicant
for some or all of the new lots created in the subdivision, based on fair market value of the
land, no later than at the time of final approval.
(d) In establishing the portion to be dedicated or preserved or the cash fee, the regulations
shall give due consideration to the open space, recreational, or common areas and facilities open
to the public that the applicant proposes to reserve for the subdivision.
(e) The municipality must reasonably determine that it will need to acquire that portion of
land for the purposes stated in this subdivision as a result of approval of the subdivision.
(f) Cash payments received must be placed by the municipality in a special fund to be used
only for the purposes for which the money was obtained.
(g) Cash payments received must be used only for the acquisition and development or
improvement of parks, recreational facilities, playgrounds, trails, wetlands, or open space based
on the approved park systems plan. Cash payments must not be used for ongoing operation or
maintenance of parks, recreational facilities, playgrounds, trails, wetlands, or open space.
(h) The municipality must not deny the approval of a subdivision based solely on an
inadequate supply of parks, open spaces, trails, or recreational facilities within the municipality.
(i) Previously subdivided property from which a park dedication has been received, being
resubdivided with the same number of lots, is exempt from park dedication requirements. If, as
a result of resubdividing the property, the number of lots is increased, then the park dedication
or per-lot cash fee must apply only to the net increase of lots.
Subd. 2c. Nexus.
(a) There must be an essential nexus between the fees or dedication
imposed under subdivision 2b and the municipal purpose sought to be achieved by the fee or
dedication. The fee or dedication must bear a rough proportionality to the need created by the
proposed subdivision or development.
(b) If a municipality is given written notice of a dispute over a proposed fee in lieu of
dedication before the municipality's final decision on an application, a municipality must not
condition the approval of any proposed subdivision or development on an agreement to waive
the right to challenge the validity of a fee in lieu of dedication.
(c) An application may proceed as if the fee had been paid, pending a decision on the appeal
of a dispute over a proposed fee in lieu of dedication, if (1) the person aggrieved by the fee puts
the municipality on written notice of a dispute over a proposed fee in lieu of dedication, (2) prior
to the municipality's final decision on the application, the fee in lieu of dedication is deposited
in escrow, and (3) the person aggrieved by the fee appeals under section
, within 60
days of the approval of the application. If such an appeal is not filed by the deadline, or if the
person aggrieved by the fee does not prevail on the appeal, then the funds paid into escrow must
be transferred to the municipality.
Subd. 3.[Repealed, 1980 c 566 s 35
Subd. 3a. Platting.
The regulations may require that any subdivision creating parcels, tracts,
or lots, shall be platted. The regulations shall require that all subdivisions which create five or
more lots or parcels which are 2-1/2 acres or less in size shall be platted. The regulations shall
not conflict with the provisions of chapter 505 but may address subjects similar and additional to
those in that chapter.
Subd. 3b. Review procedures.
The regulations shall include provisions regarding the
content of applications for proposed subdivisions, the preliminary and final review and approval
or disapproval of applications, and the coordination of such reviews with affected political
subdivisions and state agencies. Subdivisions including lands abutting upon any existing or
proposed trunk highway, county road or highway, or county state-aid highway shall also be
subject to review. The regulations may provide for the consolidation of the preliminary and
final review and approval or disapproval of subdivisions. Preliminary or final approval may
be granted or denied for parts of subdivision applications. The regulations may delegate the
authority to review proposals to the planning commission, but final approval or disapproval shall
be the decision of the governing body of the municipality unless otherwise provided by law or
charter. A municipality must approve a preliminary plat that meets the applicable standards and
criteria contained in the municipality's zoning and subdivision regulations unless the municipality
adopts written findings based on a record from the public proceedings why the application
shall not be approved. The regulations shall require that a public hearing shall be held on all
subdivision applications prior to preliminary approval, unless otherwise provided by law or
charter. The hearing shall be held following publication of notice of the time and place thereof in
the official newspaper at least ten days before the day of the hearing. At the hearing, all persons
interested shall be given an opportunity to make presentations. A subdivision application shall
be preliminarily approved or disapproved within 120 days following delivery of an application
completed in compliance with the municipal ordinance by the applicant to the municipality,
unless an extension of the review period has been agreed to by the applicant. When a division
or subdivision to which the regulations of the municipality do not apply is presented to the city,
the clerk of the municipality shall within ten days certify that the subdivision regulations of the
municipality do not apply to the particular division.
If the municipality or the responsible agency of the municipality fails to preliminarily
approve or disapprove an application within the review period, the application shall be deemed
preliminarily approved, and upon demand the municipality shall execute a certificate to that effect.
Following preliminary approval the applicant may request final approval by the municipality,
and upon such request the municipality shall certify final approval within 60 days if the applicant
has complied with all conditions and requirements of applicable regulations and all conditions
and requirements upon which the preliminary approval is expressly conditioned either through
performance or the execution of appropriate agreements assuring performance. If the municipality
fails to certify final approval as so required, and if the applicant has complied with all conditions
and requirements, the application shall be deemed finally approved, and upon demand the
municipality shall execute a certificate to that effect. After final approval a subdivision may
be filed or recorded.
Subd. 3c. Effect of subdivision approval.
For one year following preliminary approval
and for two years following final approval, unless the subdivider and the municipality agree
otherwise, no amendment to a comprehensive plan or official control shall apply to or affect the
use, development density, lot size, lot layout, or dedication or platting required or permitted by the
approved application. Thereafter, pursuant to its regulations, the municipality may extend the
period by agreement with the subdivider and subject to all applicable performance conditions
and requirements, or it may require submission of a new application unless substantial physical
activity and investment has occurred in reasonable reliance on the approved application and the
subdivider will suffer substantial financial damage as a consequence of a requirement to submit a
new application. In connection with a subdivision involving planned and staged development, a
municipality may by resolution or agreement grant the rights referred to herein for such periods of
time longer than two years which it determines to be reasonable and appropriate.
Subd. 4.[Repealed, 1982 c 415 s 3
Subd. 4a. Disclosure by seller; buyer's action for damages.
A person conveying a new
parcel of land which, or the plat for which, has not previously been filed or recorded, and which
is part of or would constitute a subdivision to which adopted municipal subdivision regulations
apply, shall attach to the instrument of conveyance either: (a) recordable certification by the clerk
of the municipality that the subdivision regulations do not apply, or that the subdivision has been
approved by the governing body, or that the restrictions on the division of taxes and filing and
recording have been waived by resolution of the governing body of the municipality in this case
because compliance will create an unnecessary hardship and failure to comply will not interfere
with the purpose of the regulations; or (b) a statement which names and identifies the location
of the appropriate municipal offices and advises the grantee that municipal subdivision and
zoning regulations may restrict the use or restrict or prohibit the development of the parcel, or
construction on it, and that the division of taxes and the filing or recording of the conveyance may
be prohibited without prior recordable certification of approval, nonapplicability, or waiver from
the municipality. In any action commenced by a buyer of such a parcel against the seller thereof,
the misrepresentation of or the failure to disclose material facts in accordance with this subdivision
shall be grounds for damages. If the buyer establishes a right to damages, a district court hearing
the matter may in its discretion also award to the buyer an amount sufficient to pay all or any part
of the costs incurred in maintaining the action, including reasonable attorney fees, and an amount
for punitive damages not exceeding five per centum of the purchase price of the land.
Subd. 4b. Restrictions on filing and recording conveyances.
(a) In a municipality in which
subdivision regulations are in force and have been filed or recorded as provided in this section,
no conveyance of land to which the regulations are applicable shall be filed or recorded, if the
land is described in the conveyance by metes and bounds or by reference to an unapproved
registered land survey made after April 21, 1961 or to an unapproved plat made after such
regulations become effective.
(b) The foregoing provision does not apply to a conveyance if the land described:
(1) was a separate parcel of record April 1, 1945 or the date of adoption of subdivision
regulations under Laws 1945, Chapter 287, whichever is the later, or of the adoption of
subdivision regulations pursuant to a home rule charter, or
(2) was the subject of a written agreement to convey entered into prior to such time, or
(3) was a separate parcel of not less than 2-1/2 acres in area and 150 feet in width on
January 1, 1966, or
(4) was a separate parcel of not less than five acres in area and 300 feet in width on July
1, 1980, or
(5) is a single parcel of commercial or industrial land of not less than five acres and having a
width of not less than 300 feet and its conveyance does not result in the division of the parcel into
two or more lots or parcels, any one of which is less than five acres in area or 300 feet in width, or
(6) is a single parcel of residential or agricultural land of not less than 20 acres and having a
width of not less than 500 feet and its conveyance does not result in the division of the parcel into
two or more lots or parcels, any one of which is less than 20 acres in area or 500 feet in width.
(c) In any case in which compliance with the foregoing restrictions will create an unnecessary
hardship and failure to comply does not interfere with the purpose of the subdivision regulations,
the platting authority may waive such compliance by adoption of a resolution to that effect and
the conveyance may then be filed or recorded.
(d) Any owner or agent of the owner of land who conveys a lot or parcel in violation of
the provisions of this subdivision shall forfeit and pay to the municipality a penalty of not less
than $100 for each lot or parcel so conveyed.
(e) A municipality may enjoin such conveyance or may recover such penalty by a civil
action in any court of competent jurisdiction.
Subd. 5. Permits.
Except as otherwise provided by this section all electric and gas
distribution lines or piping, roadways, curbs, walks and other similar improvements shall be
constructed only on a street, alley, or other public way or easement which is designated on
an approved plat, or properly indicated on the official map of the municipality, or which has
otherwise been approved by the governing body. When a municipality has adopted an official
map, no permit for the erection of any building shall be issued unless the building is to be
located upon a parcel of land abutting on a street or highway which has been designated upon
an approved plat or on the official map or which has been otherwise approved by the governing
body, and unless the buildings conform to the established building line. This limitation on issuing
permits shall not apply to planned developments approved by the governing body pursuant to
its zoning ordinance. No permit shall be issued for the construction of a building on any lot or
parcel conveyed in violation of the provisions of this section.
Subd. 6. Variances.
Subdivision regulations may provide for a procedure for varying the
regulations as they apply to specific properties where an unusual hardship on the land exists, but
variances may be granted only upon the specific grounds set forth in the regulations. Unusual
hardship includes, but is not limited to, inadequate access to direct sunlight for solar energy
Subd. 7. Vacation.
The governing body of a municipality may vacate any publicly owned
utility easement or boulevard reserve or any portion thereof, which are not being used for sewer,
drainage, electric, telegraph, telephone, gas and steam purposes or for boulevard reserve purposes,
in the same manner as vacation proceedings are conducted for streets, alleys and other public
ways under a home rule charter or other provisions of law.
A boulevard reserve means an easement established adjacent to a dedicated street for the
purpose of establishing open space adjacent to the street and which area is designated on the
recorded plat as "boulevard reserve".
Subd. 8. Plat approval under other laws.
Nothing in this section is to be construed as a
limitation on the authority of municipalities which have not adopted subdivision regulations to
approve plats under any other provision of law.
Subd. 9. Unplatted parcels.
Subdivision regulations adopted by municipalities may apply to
parcels which are taken from existing parcels of record by metes and bounds descriptions, and the
governing body or building authority may deny the issuance of permits or approvals, building
permits issued under sections
, or other permits or approvals to any parcels so
divided, pending compliance with subdivision regulations.
Subd. 10. Limitations.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to require a municipality
to regulate subdivisions or to regulate all subdivisions which it is authorized to regulate by this
Subd. 11. Affordable housing.
For the purposes of this subdivision, a "development
application" means subdivision, planned unit development, site plan, or other similar type action.
If a municipality, in approving a development application that provides all or a portion of the units
for persons and families of low and moderate income, so proposes, the applicant may request that
provisions authorized by clauses (1) to (4) will apply to housing for persons of low and moderate
income, subject to agreement between the municipality and the applicant:
(1) establishing sales prices or rents for housing affordable to low- and moderate-income
(2) establishing maximum income limits for initial and subsequent purchasers or renters of
the affordable units;
(3) establishing means, including, but not limited to, equity sharing, or similar activities, to
maintain the long-term affordability of the affordable units; and
(4) establishing a land trust agreement to maintain the long-term affordability of the
Clauses (1) to (3) shall not apply for more than 20 years from the date of initial occupancy except
where public financing or subsidy requires longer terms.
History: 1965 c 670 s 8; 1971 c 842 s 1; 1973 c 67 s 1; 1973 c 176 s 1; 1975 c 98 s 1; 1976
c 181 s 2; 1978 c 786 s 16,17; 1980 c 560 s 6; 1980 c 566 s 25-33; 1981 c 85 s 7; 1982 c 415 s 2;
1982 c 507 s 23; 1985 c 194 s 24; 1986 c 444; 1989 c 196 s 1; 1989 c 200 s 1; 1989 c 209 art 2
s 1; 1995 c 254 art 1 s 90; art 3 s 6,7; 2000 c 497 s 1; 2001 c 7 s 74; 2002 c 315 s 1; 2004 c
178 s 2,3; 2006 c 209 s 1; 2006 c 269 s 1; 2006 c 270 art 1 s 6