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354.46 PAYMENTS AFTER DEATH.
    Subdivision 1. Basic program; benefits for spouse and children of teacher. If a basic
member who has at least 18 months of allowable service credit and who has an average salary as
defined in section 354.44, subdivision 6, equal to or greater than $75 dies prior to retirement or
if a former basic member who, at the time of death, was totally and permanently disabled and
receiving disability benefits pursuant to section 354.48 dies before attaining age 65 or reaching
the five-year anniversary of the effective date of the disability benefit, whichever is later, the
surviving spouse and dependent children of the basic member or former basic member are entitled
to receive a monthly benefit as follows:


(a) Surviving spouse

50 percent of the basic member's monthly average salary
paid in the last full fiscal year preceding death


(b) Each dependent child

ten percent of the basic member's monthly average salary
paid in the last full fiscal year preceding death
Payments for the benefit of any dependent child under the age of 22 years must be made to
the surviving parent, or if there be none, to the legal guardian of the child. The maximum monthly
benefit must not exceed $1,000 for any one family, and the minimum benefit per family must not
be less than 50 percent of the basic member's average salary, subject to the foregoing maximum.
The surviving dependent children's benefit must be reduced pro tanto when any surviving child is
no longer dependent.
If the basic member and the surviving spouse are killed in a common disaster and if the
total of all survivors benefits payable pursuant to this subdivision is less than the accumulated
deductions plus interest payable, the surviving dependent children shall receive the difference in a
lump sum payment.
If the survivor benefits provided in this subdivision exceed in total the monthly average
salary of the deceased basic member, these benefits must be reduced to an amount equal to the
deceased basic member's monthly average salary.
Prior to payment of any survivor benefit pursuant to this subdivision, in lieu of that benefit,
the surviving spouse may elect to receive the joint and survivor annuity provided pursuant to
subdivision 2, or may elect to receive a refund of accumulated deductions with interest in a lump
sum as provided pursuant to section 354.47, subdivision 1. If there are any surviving dependent
children, the surviving spouse may elect to receive the refund of accumulated deductions only
with the consent of the district court of the district in which the surviving dependent child or
children reside.
    Subd. 2. Surviving spouse survivor coverage. (a) If the active or deferred member was
at least age 55 and had credit for at least three years of allowable service on the date of death,
the surviving spouse is entitled to the second portion of a 100 percent joint and survivor annuity
specified under section 354.45, based on the age of the active or deferred member at the time of
death and the age of the surviving spouse at the time the benefit accrues.
(b) If the active or deferred member was under age 55 and had credit for at least 30 years
of allowable service on the date of death, the surviving spouse may elect to receive the second
portion of a 100 percent joint and survivor annuity based on the age of the active or deferred
member on the date of death and the age of the surviving spouse at the time the benefit accrues.
If section 354.44, subdivision 6, applies, the annuity is payable using the full early retirement
reduction under section 354.44, subdivision 6, clause (3)(ii), to age 55 and one-half of the early
retirement reduction from age 55 to the age payment begins.
(c) If the active or deferred member was under age 55 and had credit for at least three years
of allowable service on the date of death, but did not yet qualify for retirement, the surviving
spouse may elect to receive the second portion of a 100 percent joint and survivor annuity based
on the age of the active or deferred member at the time of death and the age of the surviving
spouse at the time the benefit accrues. If section 354.44, subdivision 6, applies, the annuity is
calculated using the full early retirement reduction under section 354.44, subdivision 6, to age 55
and one-half of the early retirement reduction from age 55 to the age the annuity begins.
(d) The surviving spouse eligible for surviving spouse benefits under this subdivision may
apply for the annuity any time after the member's death. The benefit may not begin to accrue more
than six months before the date the application is filed with the executive director and may
not accrue before the member's death. The benefit is payable for life. Any benefit under this
subdivision is in lieu of benefits under subdivision 1, if applicable, and in lieu of a refund of
accumulated member contributions under section 354.47, subdivision 1.
(e) For purposes of this subdivision, a designated beneficiary must be a former spouse or a
biological or adopted child of the member.
    Subd. 2a. Survivor coverage term certain. In lieu of the 100 percent optional annuity under
subdivision 2, or a refund under section 354.47, subdivision 1, the surviving spouse of a deceased
member may elect to receive survivor coverage in a term certain of five, ten, 15, or 20 years, but
monthly payments must not exceed 75 percent of the average high-five monthly salary of the
deceased member. The monthly term certain annuity must be actuarially equivalent to the 100
percent optional annuity under subdivision 2.
If a surviving spouse elects a term certain payment and dies before the expiration of the
specified term certain period, the commuted value of the remaining annuity payments must be
paid in a lump sum to the surviving spouse's estate.
    Subd. 2b. Dependent child survivor coverage. If there is no surviving spouse eligible for
benefits under subdivision 2, each dependent child as defined in section 354.05, subdivision 8a, is
eligible for monthly surviving child benefits. Surviving child benefits to a dependent child must
be paid from the date of the member's death to the date the dependent child attains age 20 if the
child is under age 15 on the date of the member's death. If the child is 15 years or older on the
date of the member's death, the surviving child benefit is payable for five years. The dependent
surviving child benefit is an amount that is actuarially equivalent to the value of a 100 percent
optional annuity under subdivision 2 calculated using the age of the member and age of the
dependent child as of the date of death in lieu of the age of the member and the spouse. If there is
more than one dependent child, each dependent child is entitled to receive a proportionate share
of the actuarial value of the member's account.
    Subd. 3. Payment after death of retiree. If a former member dies after retirement, the
former member or a designated beneficiary shall be entitled to the annuity payment due for the
full month during which death occurs if no optional or reversionary annuity was designated by the
member. If an optional or reversionary annuity has been designated by the member, a death benefit
shall be paid in accordance with the provisions of such annuity as described in section 354.45.
    Subd. 4.[Repealed, 1974 c 289 s 59]
    Subd. 5. Payment to designated beneficiary. A member who is single or, if the member is
married, a member and the spouse of the member jointly, may make a specification in writing on a
form prescribed by the executive director that the benefits provided in subdivision 2, or in section
354.47, subdivision 1, must be paid only to a designated beneficiary or to designated beneficiaries.
For purposes of subdivision 2, a designated beneficiary may only be either a former spouse or a
biological or an adopted child of the member.
    Subd. 6. Application. (a) A beneficiary designation and an application for benefits under this
section must be in writing on a form prescribed by the executive director.
(b) Sections 354.55, subdivision 11, and 354.60 apply to a deferred annuity payable under
this section.
(c) Unless otherwise specified, the annuity must be computed under section 354.44,
subdivision 2
or 6, whichever is applicable.
History: Ex1957 c 16 s 8; Ex1959 c 50 s 13,14,47; 1961 c 737 s 1-3; 1967 c 604 s 2; 1969 c
485 s 20; 1971 c 40 s 18; 1971 c 86 s 1; 1973 c 728 s 31; 1974 c 289 s 29-31; 1975 c 306 s 19;
1977 c 388 s 2; 1981 c 156 s 1-3; 1982 c 578 art 1 s 7,8; 1984 c 564 s 31,32; 1986 c 444; 1986 c
458 s 17; 1987 c 284 art 6 s 7; 1987 c 372 art 9 s 25; 1989 c 319 art 13 s 62; 1990 c 570 art 12 s
33,34; 1991 c 269 art 2 s 10; 1991 c 340 s 20; 1993 c 307 art 5 s 2; art 6 s 3; 1993 c 336 art 6 s
12-15; 1994 c 528 art 3 s 20,21; 2000 c 461 art 3 s 35; 2004 c 267 art 9 s 18-21