277.20 LIEN FOR PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX.
Subdivision 1. Creation of lien.
Except for property exempt under subdivision 3, the tax
assessed on personal property or manufactured homes and collectible under this chapter is a lien
on all the real and personal property within this state of the person liable for the payment of the
tax. The lien arises on January 2 of the year in which the tax is assessed and continues until the
tax is paid. For purposes of this section and section
, "tax" also includes penalty, interest,
recording fees, sheriff fees, and court costs that may accrue on the unpaid tax.
Subd. 2. Filing of lien for enforceability.
The lien imposed by subdivision 1 is not
enforceable against any purchaser, mortgagee, pledgee, holder of a Uniform Commercial Code
security interest, mechanic's lienor, or judgment lien creditor until a notice of lien has been filed
by the county treasurer in the office of the county recorder of the county in which the property is
situated, or, in the case of personal property, in the office of the secretary of state. Priority of a
lien created under Laws 1991, chapter 291, article 15, shall be determined in accordance with the
provisions of section
. Liens filed in the office of the county recorder shall be filed with
the state tax liens filed pursuant to section
, and the index shall indicate the name of the
county for which the lien was filed. If the land is registered, the notice of lien shall be filed in the
office of the registrar of titles of the county in which the property is registered. Notwithstanding
any other law to the contrary, the county treasurer is exempt from the payment of fees when the
lien is offered for filing or recording; the fee for filing or recording the lien must be paid at the
time the release of lien is offered for filing or recording. Notwithstanding any law to the contrary,
the fee for filing or recording the lien or the release of lien is $15.
Subd. 3. Exempt property.
The lien imposed on personal property by this section, even
though properly filed, is not enforceable against the personal property listed as exempt in sections
, but manufactured homes otherwise exempt under section
, are subject to lien under this section.
Subd. 4. Period of limitations.
Notwithstanding any other law to the contrary, the lien
imposed by this section is enforceable from the time the lien arises and for ten years from the
date of filing the notice of lien. The notice of lien must be filed by the county treasurer within
five years after the date of assessment of the tax. A notice of lien filed in one county may be
transcribed to any other county within ten years after the date of its filing, but the transcription
does not extend the period during which the lien is enforceable. A notice of lien may be renewed
by the county treasurer before the expiration of the ten-year period for an additional ten years.
The taxpayer must receive written notice of the renewal.
Subd. 5. Enforceability of lien.
The lien imposed by this section is enforceable by levy as
authorized in section
, or by judgment lien foreclosure as authorized in chapter 550.
Subd. 6. Notice of mortgage foreclosure or contract termination.
If a lien has been filed
by the county treasurer against real property under this section, and, after the recording of the lien,
a mortgage foreclosure upon the real property is commenced under chapter 580, or a termination
of contract of sale of the real property is commenced under section
, notice of the mortgage
foreclosure or termination of contract of sale must be mailed to the county treasurer at least 25
days before the foreclosure, sale, or date of termination. Notice need not be given under this
subdivision if the lien has been filed within 30 days or less before the foreclosure, sale, or date of
termination. The notice must contain the following information:
(1) the name and address of the taxpayer;
(2) a copy of the notice of mortgage foreclosure or contract for deed cancellation;
(3) a copy of the lien filed by the county treasurer;
(4) the total unpaid balance of the mortgage or contract for deed; and
(5) a legal description of the property.
Upon a request of a party providing notice under this subdivision, the county treasurer shall send
to the party within one business day of receiving the notice a receipt for the notice.
Subd. 7. Filing entitlement.
Execution of notices of liens or of other notices affecting
personal property tax liens by the county treasurer or a delegate entitles them to be filed, and no
other attestation, certification, or acknowledgment is necessary.
Subd. 8. Lien search fees.
Upon request of a person, the filing officer shall issue a certificate
showing whether there is on file, on the date and hour stated in the certificate, any notice of lien or
certificate or notice affecting any lien filed after December 31, 1991, naming a particular person,
and giving the date and hour of filing of each notice or certificate naming the person. The fee
for a certificate is as provided by section
357.18, subdivision 1
, clause (3). Upon
request, the filing officer shall furnish a copy of any notice of lien, or notice or certificate affecting
a lien, for a fee of $1 per page.
History: 1991 c 291 art 15 s 4; 2001 c 195 art 2 s 18; 2003 c 127 art 5 s 30; 2005 c 151
art 2 s 17