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256D.09 PAYMENT; ASSESSMENT; OVERPAYMENT.
    Subdivision 1. Presumptive eligibility; payments. Until the county agency has determined
the initial eligibility of the applicant in accordance with section 256D.07, grants for emergency
general assistance must be in the form of vouchers or vendor payments unless the county agency
determines that a cash grant will best resolve the applicant's need for emergency assistance.
Thereafter, grants of general assistance must be paid in cash, by electronic benefit transfer, or by
direct deposit into the recipient's account in a financial institution, on the first day of the month,
except as allowed in this section.
    Subd. 2. Voucher or vendor payments. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision 1,
the commissioner shall provide by rule for situations in which vouchers or vendor payments
may be issued by county agencies because of the inability of the recipient to manage a general
assistance grant for personal or family benefit.
    Subd. 2a. Vendor payments for drug dependent persons. If, at the time of application
or at any other time, there is a reasonable basis for questioning whether a person applying for
or receiving financial assistance is drug dependent, as defined in section 254A.02, subdivision
5
, the person shall be referred for a chemical health assessment, and only emergency assistance
payments or general assistance vendor payments may be provided until the assessment is
complete and the results of the assessment made available to the county agency. A reasonable
basis for referring an individual for an assessment exists when:
(1) the person has required detoxification two or more times in the past 12 months;
(2) the person appears intoxicated at the county agency as indicated by two or more of
the following:
(i) the odor of alcohol;
(ii) slurred speech;
(iii) disconjugate gaze;
(iv) impaired balance;
(v) difficulty remaining awake;
(vi) consumption of alcohol;
(vii) responding to sights or sounds that are not actually present;
(viii) extreme restlessness, fast speech, or unusual belligerence;
(3) the person has been involuntarily committed for drug dependency at least once in the past
12 months; or
(4) the person has received treatment, including domiciliary care, for drug abuse or
dependency at least twice in the past 12 months.
The assessment and determination of drug dependency, if any, must be made by an assessor
qualified under Minnesota Rules, part 9530.6615, subpart 2, to perform an assessment of
chemical use. The county shall only provide emergency general assistance or vendor payments
to an otherwise eligible applicant or recipient who is determined to be drug dependent, except
up to 15 percent of the grant amount the person would otherwise receive may be paid in cash.
Notwithstanding subdivision 1, the commissioner of human services shall also require county
agencies to provide assistance only in the form of vendor payments to all eligible recipients
who assert chemical dependency as a basis for eligibility under section 256D.05, subdivision 1,
paragraph (a), clauses (1) and (6).
The determination of drug dependency shall be reviewed at least every 12 months. If the
county determines a recipient is no longer drug dependent, the county may cease vendor payments
and provide the recipient payments in cash.
    Subd. 2b. Disability verification; drug or alcohol dependency. If at any time there is
verification that the client's disability is dependent upon the client's continued drug addiction or
alcoholism, general assistance for rent and utilities must be made in the form of vendor payments.
Verification of drug addiction or alcoholism can be received from:
(1) denial of Social Security benefits based on drug addiction or alcoholism;
(2) a statement from the state medical review team that the person's disability is dependent
upon continued drug addiction or alcoholism; or
(3) a doctor's statement that the person's disability is dependent upon continued drug
addiction or alcoholism.
    Subd. 3.[Repealed, 1992 c 513 art 8 s 59]
    Subd. 4.[Repealed, 1991 c 292 art 5 s 82]
    Subd. 5. Vendor payments to landlords. The affected county may require that assistance
paid under the emergency general assistance program in the form of a rental unit damage deposit,
less any amount retained by the landlord to remedy a tenant's default in payment of rent or
other funds due to the landlord pursuant to a rental agreement, or to restore the premises to the
condition at the commencement of the tenancy, ordinary wear and tear excepted, be returned to
the county when the individual vacates the premises or paid to the recipient's new landlord as
a vendor payment. The vendor payment of returned funds shall not be considered a new use of
emergency assistance.
    Subd. 6. Recovery of overpayments. (a) If an amount of general assistance or family
general assistance is paid to a recipient in excess of the payment due, it shall be recoverable
by the county agency. The agency shall give written notice to the recipient of its intention to
recover the overpayment.
(b) When an overpayment occurs, the county agency shall recover the overpayment from
a current recipient by reducing the amount of aid payable to the assistance unit of which the
recipient is a member, for one or more monthly assistance payments, until the overpayment is
repaid. All county agencies in the state shall reduce the assistance payment by three percent of the
assistance unit's standard of need in nonfraud cases and ten percent where fraud has occurred, or
the amount of the monthly payment, whichever is less, for all overpayments.
(c) In cases when there is both an overpayment and underpayment, the county agency shall
offset one against the other in correcting the payment.
(d) Overpayments may also be voluntarily repaid, in part or in full, by the individual, in
addition to the aid reductions provided in this subdivision, to include further voluntary reductions
in the grant level agreed to in writing by the individual, until the total amount of the overpayment
is repaid.
(e) The county agency shall make reasonable efforts to recover overpayments to persons no
longer on assistance under standards adopted in rule by the commissioner of human services. The
county agency need not attempt to recover overpayments of less than $35 paid to an individual no
longer on assistance if the individual does not receive assistance again within three years, unless
the individual has been convicted of violating section 256.98.
History: 1973 c 650 art 21 s 9; 1980 c 536 s 17; 1981 c 40 s 2; 1983 c 312 art 8 s 8,9; 1984
c 640 s 32; 1Sp1985 c 9 art 2 s 61,62; 1Sp1985 c 14 art 9 s 30; 1986 c 444; 1988 c 506 s 1; 1990
c 568 art 4 s 33,84; 1995 c 178 art 2 s 33-35; art 6 s 17; 1995 c 233 art 2 s 56; 1996 c 465
art 3 s 37; 1997 c 85 art 3 s 47; art 5 s 23