182.655 OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS.
Subdivision 1. Standards and variances; exempt rules.
Standards and variances shall be
proposed, granted, adopted, modified or revoked by the commissioner in accordance with the
procedures of this section. The standards and variances are exempt from the Administrative
Procedure Act but, to the extent authorized by law to adopt rules, the commissioner may use
the provisions of section
14.386, paragraph (a)
, clauses (1) and (3). Section
, does not apply to these rules.
Subd. 2. Rulemaking procedures.
Whenever the commissioner, in order to serve the
objectives of this chapter, determines that a rule should be promulgated under this section,
establishing, modifying or revoking an occupational safety and health standard, the commissioner
shall publish a proposed rule promulgating, modifying, or revoking an occupational safety or
health standard and shall afford interested persons a period of 30 days after publication to submit
written data or comments.
On or before the last day of the period provided for the submission of written data or
comments, any interested person may file with the commissioner written objections to the
proposed rule, stating the grounds therefor and requesting a public hearing on such objections.
Within 30 days after the last day for filing such objections, the commissioner shall publish a
notice specifying the occupational safety or health standard to which objections have been filed
and a hearing requested, and specifying a time and place for such hearing.
Subd. 3. Rule promulgation.
Within 60 days after the expiration of the period provided for
the submission of written data or comments or within 60 days after the completion of any hearing,
the commissioner shall issue a rule promulgating, modifying, or revoking an occupational safety
or health standard or make a determination that a rule should not be promulgated. Such a rule
may contain a provision delaying its effective date for such period, not in excess of 90 days, as
the commissioner determines may be necessary to insure that affected employers and employees
will be informed of the existence of the standard and of its terms and that employers affected
are given an opportunity to familiarize themselves and their employees with the existence of the
requirements of the standard.
Subd. 4. Standards for hazardous substances and harmful physical agents.
commissioner, in adopting standards dealing with hazardous substances or harmful physical
agents under this section, shall set the standard which most adequately assures, to the extent
feasible, on the basis of the best available evidence, that no employee will suffer material
impairment of health or functional capacity even if the employee has regular exposure to the
hazard dealt with by the standard for the period of the employee's working life. Development of
standards under this subdivision shall be based upon research, demonstrations, experiments, and
other information as may be appropriate. In addition to the attainment of the highest degree of
health and safety protection for the employee, other considerations shall be the latest available
scientific data in the field, the feasibility of the standards, and experience gained under this and
other health and safety laws. Whenever practicable, the standard adopted shall be expressed in
the terms of objective criteria and of the performance desired.
Subd. 5. Variances.
Any employer may apply to the commissioner for a temporary order
granting a variance from a standard or any provision thereof promulgated under this section.
Such temporary order shall be granted only if the employer files an application which meets the
requirements of subdivision 7 and establishes that:
(a) it is unable to comply with a standard by its effective date because of unavailability of
professional or technical personnel or of materials and equipment needed to come into compliance
with the standard or because necessary construction or alteration of facilities cannot be completed
by the effective date;
(b) it is taking all available steps to safeguard employees against the hazards covered by
the standard; and
(c) it has an effective program for coming into compliance with the standard as quickly
Subd. 6. Temporary orders.
Any temporary order issued under this section shall prescribe
the practices, means, methods, operations and processes which the employer must adopt and use
while the order is in effect and state in detail the employer's program for coming into compliance
with the standard. Such a temporary order may be granted only after notice to employees and
to employee representative and an opportunity for a hearing; provided, that the commissioner
may issue one interim order to be effective until a decision is made on the basis of a hearing. No
temporary order may be in effect for longer than the period needed by the employer to achieve
compliance with the standard or one year, whichever is shorter, except that such an order may be
renewed not more than twice. No such order shall be renewed unless the requirements of this
section are met and an application for renewal is filed at least 90 days prior to the expiration date
of the order. No interim order may remain in effect for longer than 180 days.
Subd. 7. Applications for temporary orders.
An application for a temporary order under
this section shall contain:
(a) a specification of the standard or portion thereof from which the employer seeks a
(b) a representation by the employer, supported by representations from qualified persons
having first hand knowledge of the facts represented, that it is unable to comply with the standard
or portion thereof and a detailed statement of the reasons therefor;
(c) a statement of the steps being taken and which will be taken, with specific dates, to
protect employees against the hazards covered by the standard;
(d) a statement of when it expects to be able to comply with the standard and what steps it
has taken and will take, with specific dates, to come into compliance with the standard; and
(e) a certification that it has informed employees of the application by giving a copy thereof
to their authorized representative, posting a statement giving a summary of the application and
specifying where a copy may be examined at the place or places where notices to employees are
normally posted, and by other appropriate means, and that it has informed employees of their
right to petition the commissioner for a hearing.
Subd. 8. Permanent variances.
Any affected employer may apply to the commissioner for a
rule or order for a permanent variance from a standard promulgated under this section. Affected
employees shall be given a notice of each such application and an opportunity to participate in a
hearing. The commissioner shall issue such rule or order if the commissioner determines on the
record, after opportunity for an inspection where appropriate and a hearing, that the proponent of
the variance has demonstrated by a preponderance of the evidence that the conditions, practices,
means, methods, operations or processes used or proposed to be used by an employer will
provide employment and places of employment to employees which are as safe and healthful
as those which would prevail if there was compliance with the standard. The rule or order so
issued shall prescribe the conditions the employer must maintain, and the practices, means,
methods, operations and processes which it must adopt and utilize. Such a rule or order may be
modified or revoked upon application by an employer, employees, or by the commissioner on the
commissioner's own motion, in the manner prescribed for its issuance under this subdivision at
any time after six months from its issuance.
Subd. 9. Variance for experimental techniques.
The commissioner is authorized to grant a
variance from any standard or portion thereof whenever the commissioner determines that such
variance is necessary to permit an employer to participate in an experiment approved by the
commissioner or the United States Secretary of Labor or the United States Secretary of Health,
Education and Welfare, designed to demonstrate or validate new and improved techniques to
safeguard the health and safety of workers.
Subd. 10. Labels and other warnings.
Any standard adopted under this section shall
prescribe the use of labels or other appropriate forms of warning as are necessary to insure
that employees are apprised of all hazards to which they are exposed, relevant symptoms and
appropriate emergency treatment, and proper conditions and precautions of safe use or exposure.
In the case of containers containing a hazardous substance or equipment which generates
a harmful physical agent, a label is required as an appropriate form of warning in providing
substantially the same information as required under section
182.653, subdivision 4b
, 4c, or 4e.
As a minimum, a hazardous substance container must be tagged or marked with (a) the identity of
the hazardous substance; (b) the appropriate hazard warnings; and (c) the name and address of the
chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party.
A label may be a coded reference to an appropriate and accessible data sheet containing
the information required under section
182.653, subdivision 4b
, 4c, or 4e. When appropriate,
a current data sheet may be affixed to, or posted in, accessible close proximity to a container
containing a hazardous substance or a work area where there is a harmful physical agent in
satisfaction of standards adopted for labels under this chapter. Containers may be labeled pursuant
to federal or state labeling requirements that the commissioner certifies as satisfying the labeling
standards adopted under this chapter. Specifically, pesticides that are labeled in accordance with
the federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (United States Code, title 7, section 136
et seq.); any food, food additive, color additive, drug, or cosmetic including materials intended
for use as ingredients in products labeled in accordance with the requirements of the federal
Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (United States Code, title 21, section 301 et seq.); distilled spirits,
(beverage alcohols), wine, or malt beverage labeled in accordance with the federal Alcohol
Administration Act (United States Code, title 27, section 201 et seq.); any consumer products as
defined in the Consumer Product Safety Act (United States Code, title 15, section 2051 et seq.)
and labeled in accordance with the requirement of that act; or any hazardous substance as defined
in the federal Hazardous Substances Act (United States Code, title 15, section 1261 et seq.)
and labeled in accordance with the requirements of that act shall meet the requirements of the
labeling standards adopted under this chapter.
Subd. 10a. Protective equipment; monitoring exposure levels; medical exams.
appropriate, standards shall prescribe suitable protective equipment, if feasible engineering
and administrative methods of protection alone do not provide adequate protection, and this
equipment shall be made available by and at the cost of the employer. The standards shall also
provide for monitoring or measuring employee exposure at the locations and intervals and in the
manner as may be necessary and appropriate for the protection of employees. Where appropriate,
a standard shall prescribe the type and frequency of medical examinations or other tests which
shall be made available by the employer, or at the employer's cost, to employees exposed to
hazards in order to most effectively determine whether the health of those employees is adversely
affected by the exposure. The results of these examinations or tests shall be furnished only to
the commissioner, the employee's physician, at the request of the employee, and the employer
with notice to the employee.
Subd. 11. Emergency temporary standards.
The commissioner shall adopt an emergency
temporary standard to take immediate effect upon publication if the commissioner determines:
(a) that employees are exposed to grave or imminent danger from exposure to hazardous
substances or harmful physical agents or other hazards; and
(b) that the emergency standard is necessary to protect employees from the danger. The
standard shall be effective until superseded by a standard adopted in accordance with the
procedures prescribed in subdivision 2.
Upon publication of the standard or standards, which interested persons may receive upon
request and payment of fees, the commissioner shall commence a proceeding in accordance with
subdivision 2 and the standard as published shall also serve as a proposed rule for the proceeding;
the commissioner shall adopt a standard under this section no later than six months after the
publication of the emergency standard.
Subd. 12. Standards affecting interstate commerce.
Standards promulgated under this
section shall not be different from federal standards where the standard significantly affects
interstate commerce, unless such standards are required by compelling local conditions and
do not unduly burden interstate commerce.
Subd. 13. Relation to federal law.
All standards adopted by the commissioner shall be at
least as effective as those which are presently or will, in the future, be promulgated under section
6 of the federal Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.
Subd. 14. Relation to other standard-setting organizations.
The commissioner may
recommend for adoption those portions of current occupational health and safety standards
deemed significant and deserving of mandatory status adopted by the Threshold Limit Value
Committees of the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, the American
National Standards Institute, or other recognized national standard-setting organizations and
recommended to the commissioner by the council; and may further periodically adopt changes in
such standards under the same circumstances but not more often than once a year.
History: 1973 c 732 s 6; 1975 c 271 s 6; 1981 c 253 s 27; 1982 c 424 s 130; 1983 c 216 art
1 s 88; 1983 c 316 s 18-21,29; 1985 c 130 s 8,9; 1986 c 444; 1997 c 187 art 5 s 27