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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

176.421 APPEALS TO WORKERS' COMPENSATION COURT OF APPEALS.
    Subdivision 1. Time for taking; grounds. When a petition has been heard before a
compensation judge, within 30 days after a party in interest has been served with notice of an
award or disallowance of compensation, or other order affecting the merits of the case, the party
may appeal to the Workers' Compensation Court of Appeals on any of the following grounds:
(1) the order does not conform with this chapter; or
(2) the compensation judge committed an error of law; or
(3) the findings of fact and order were clearly erroneous and unsupported by substantial
evidence in view of the entire record as submitted; or
(4) the findings of fact and order were procured by fraud, or coercion, or other improper
conduct of a party in interest.
    Subd. 2. Extension of time. Where a party shows cause within the 30-day period referred to
in subdivision 1, the Workers' Compensation Court of Appeals may extend the time for taking the
appeal for not more than 30 additional days.
    Subd. 3. Notice of appeal. The appellant or the appellant's attorney shall prepare and sign a
written notice of appeal specifying:
(1) the order appealed from;
(2) that appellant appeals from the order to the Workers' Compensation Court of Appeals;
(3) the particular finding of fact or conclusion of law which the appellant claims was
unsupported by substantial evidence in view of the entire record as submitted or procured by
fraud, coercion, or other improper conduct; and
(4) any other ground upon which the appeal is taken.
An appeal initiates the preparation of a typewritten transcript of the entire record unless the
appeal is solely from an award of attorney's fees or an award of costs and disbursements or unless
otherwise ordered by the court of appeals. On appeals from an award of attorney's fees or an award
of costs and disbursements, the appellant must specifically delineate in the notice of appeal the
portions of the record to be transcribed in order for the Court of Appeals to consider the appeal.
    Subd. 3a. Cross-appeal. The respondent may cross-appeal within the 30-day period for
taking an appeal, or within 15 days after service of the notice of appeal on that respondent,
whichever is later.
    Subd. 4. Service and filing of notice; cost of transcript. Within the 30-day period for
taking an appeal, the appellant shall:
(1) serve a copy of the notice of appeal on each adverse party; and
(2) file the original notice, with proof of service by admission or affidavit, with the chief
administrative law judge and file a copy with the commissioner. Alternatively, the original
may be retained by the filing party and a copy of the original filed by facsimile with the chief
administrative law judge and the commissioner. Facsimile filings must be 15 pages or less in
length. A facsimile appeal received after 4:30 p.m. on a state business day is considered filed on
the next state business day.
In order to defray the cost of the preparation of the record of the proceedings appealed
from, each appellant and cross-appellant shall pay to the commissioner of finance, Office of
Administrative Hearings account the sum of $25. The filing fee must be received by the Office of
Administrative Hearings within ten business days after the end of the appeal period. If the filing
fee is not received within ten days after the appeal period, the appeal is not timely filed.
The first party to file an appeal is liable for the original cost of preparation of the transcript.
Cross-appellants or any other persons requesting a copy of the transcript are liable for the cost
of the copy. The chief administrative law judge may require payment for transcription costs
to be made in advance of the transcript preparation. The cost of a transcript prepared by a
nongovernmental source shall be paid directly to that source and shall not exceed the cost that the
source would be able to charge the state for the same service.
Upon a showing of cause, the chief administrative law judge may direct that a transcript be
prepared without expense to the party requesting its preparation, in which case the cost of the
transcript shall be paid by the Office of Administrative Hearings.
All fees received by the Office of Administrative Hearings for the preparation of the record
for submission to the Workers' Compensation Court of Appeals or for the cost of transcripts
prepared by the office shall be deposited in the Office of Administrative Hearings account in the
state treasury and shall be used solely for the purpose of keeping the record of hearings conducted
under this chapter and the preparation of transcripts of those hearings.
    Subd. 5. Transcript; certification of the record. When the notice of appeal has been filed
with the chief administrative law judge and the fee for the preparation of the record has been
paid, the chief administrative law judge shall immediately order the preparation of a typewritten
transcript of that part of the hearing delineated in the notice. The official reporter or other person
designated by the chief administrative law judge who transcribes the proceedings shall certify
to their correctness.
If the transcript is prepared by a person who is not an employee of the Office of
Administrative Hearings, upon completion of the transcript, the original shall be filed with the
chief administrative law judge.
When the transcript has been completed and is on file with the chief administrative law
judge, the chief judge shall certify the record to the Workers' Compensation Court of Appeals and
notify the commissioner of the certification.
    Subd. 6. Powers of Workers' Compensation Court of Appeals on appeal. On an appeal
taken under this section, the Workers' Compensation Court of Appeals' review is limited to the
issues raised by the parties in the notice of appeal or by a cross-appeal. In these cases, on those
issues raised by the appeal, the Workers' Compensation Court of Appeals may:
(1) grant an oral argument based on the record before the compensation judge;
(2) examine the record;
(3) substitute for the findings of fact made by the compensation judge findings based on the
total evidence;
(4) sustain, reverse, make or modify an award or disallowance of compensation or other
order based on the facts, findings, and law; and
(5) remand or make other appropriate order.
    Subd. 6a. Time limit for decision. The court shall issue a decision in each case within
90 days after certification of the record to the court by the chief administrative law judge, the
filing of a cross-appeal, oral argument, or a final submission of briefs or memoranda by the
parties, whichever is latest. For cases submitted without oral argument, a decision shall be issued
within 90 days after assignment of the case to the judges. The chief judge may waive the 90-day
limitation for any proceeding before the court for good cause shown. No part of the salary of a
Workers' Compensation Court of Appeals judge may be paid unless the judge, upon accepting the
payment, certifies that decisions in cases in which the judge has participated have been issued
within the time limits prescribed by this subdivision.
    Subd. 7. Record of proceedings. At the division's own expense, the commissioner shall
make a complete record of all proceedings before the commissioner and shall provide a
stenographer or an audio magnetic recording device to make the record of the proceedings.
The commissioner shall furnish a transcript of these proceedings to any person who
requests it and who pays a reasonable charge which shall be set by the commissioner. Upon a
showing of cause, the commissioner may direct that a transcript be prepared without expense
to the person requesting the transcript, in which case the cost of the transcript shall be paid
by the division. Transcript fees received under this subdivision shall be paid to the Workers'
Compensation Division account in the state treasury and shall be annually appropriated to the
division for the sole purpose of providing a record and transcripts as provided in this subdivision.
This subdivision does not apply to any administrative conference or other proceeding before the
commissioner which may be heard de novo in another proceeding including but not limited to
proceedings under section 176.106 or 176.239.
History: 1953 c 755 s 59; Ex1967 c 1 s 6; 1969 c 276 s 2; 1973 c 388 s 113-115; 1975 c 271
s 6; 1975 c 359 s 23; 1976 c 134 s 78; 1981 c 346 s 120-124; 3Sp1981 c 2 art 1 s 21-23; 1983 c
290 s 150-153; 1983 c 301 s 148-150; 1984 c 432 art 2 s 46; 1984 c 640 s 32; 1986 c 444; 1986 c
461 s 32; 1987 c 332 s 92,93; 1989 c 209 art 2 s 25; 1990 c 426 art 1 s 23; 1990 c 571 s 38; 1991
c 345 art 1 s 79; 1992 c 510 art 2 s 10; 2003 c 112 art 2 s 50; 2006 c 178 s 2