115B.443 SETTLEMENT PROCESS.
Subdivision 1. Determination of facility costs.
Beginning not later than one year after
selection of a qualified facility under section
115B.442, subdivision 1
, the commissioner shall
determine the current total estimated amount of environmental response costs incurred and to
be incurred by the state for the qualified facility under sections
reimbursement under section
Subd. 2. Settlement offers.
The attorney general and the commissioner shall select one or
more insurers who have been identified by the commissioner as providing potential coverage to
persons identified under section
as potential insurance policyholders for a qualified
facility and shall make settlement offers with respect to one or more of the qualified facilities to
the selected insurers. The attorney general and the commissioner shall base the settlement offer
on their evaluation of the potential coverage available for environmental response costs under
policies issued by the insurer to persons identified as potential insurance policyholders for that
qualified facility and on the total estimated costs for the qualified facility, as determined under
subdivision 1. The attorney general shall provide written notice of the settlement to the insurer
together with a written explanation of how the offer was calculated. The attorney general may
exclude from a settlement offer claims relating to policyholders who are known by the attorney
general to have claims against the insurer for coverage for environmental liabilities at locations
other than qualified facilities, or who are actively litigating or settling claims against their insurers
relating to any qualified facility.
Subd. 3. Settlement negotiations; mediation.
An insurer shall have 60 days after receipt
of a settlement offer and written explanation from the state to evaluate the offer, after which the
insurer, the commissioner, and the attorney general shall commence negotiations to attempt to
reach a settlement with respect to the potential insurance coverage and qualified facilities subject
to the settlement offer. The insurer shall have 180 days to negotiate and commit to a settlement
with the state before the attorney general may commence an action under section
unless the commissioner and the attorney general agree to extend the negotiation period upon
request by the insurer made before expiration of the 180-day period. Any extension shall be
limited to one additional 60-day period.
The attorney general, commissioner, and the insurer may agree to use any method of
alternative dispute resolution for all or a portion of the issues in the negotiation, or may agree
to negotiate all matters directly among themselves. If the parties do not agree in writing on the
manner in which they will negotiate a settlement within 60 days after commencement of the
negotiation period, the parties shall submit the negotiation of the settlement to mediation by an
independent and neutral mediator selected by the Minnesota Office of Dispute Resolution. The
attorney general shall submit on behalf of all parties a request to the Office of Dispute Resolution
to appoint a mediator for the negotiations. The cost of mediation under this subdivision shall be
divided equally between the state and the insurer.
Any settlement offer or any proposal, statement, or view expressed or document prepared in
the course of negotiation under this section shall not be considered an admission by any party
and shall not be admissible in evidence in any judicial proceeding affecting matters subject to
settlement negotiation, provided that any matter otherwise admissible in a judicial proceeding is
not made inadmissible by virtue of its use in negotiation under this section.
Subd. 4. Participation by affected policyholders.
(a) Within 30 days of notifying an insurer
of a settlement offer, the attorney general shall make reasonable efforts to notify policyholders
who may be affected by settlement negotiations under subdivision 3. The notification shall inform
the policyholder of the commencement of negotiations between the state and the insurer and the
manner in which a policyholder, with agreement of the insurer, may participate in the negotiation
process. If the insurer and the state reach a settlement of the state's claims, the attorney general
shall provide notice of any proposed settlement to any affected policyholder who makes a written
request for such notice.
(b) Subject to the limitations of this paragraph, an insurer to whom a settlement offer is made
under subdivision 3, and any policyholder who may be affected by the negotiation, may agree
to negotiate a resolution of any other outstanding environmental claims, related to the qualified
facility or facilities that are subject to the state's settlement offer, within the settlement negotiation
process provided under this section. Environmental claims unrelated to the qualified facility or
facilities that are subject to the state settlement offer may be included within the settlement
negotiation process provided under this section at the discretion of the attorney general, provided
that the state will not bear any costs of mediation or alternative dispute resolution arising from
the unrelated claims. The agreement of the insurer and affected policyholders to negotiate must
be reached by the time that the insurer and the state commence negotiations as provided under
subdivision 3. The policyholder shall not participate in the selection of the method of negotiation
by the state and the insurer under subdivision 3. If the attorney general in the attorney general's
discretion determines, at any time after the first 60 days of the negotiation period, that continued
participation of the policyholders in the negotiation process with the state and the insurer is
detrimental to the effective negotiation of a settlement between the state and the insurer, the
attorney general shall so notify the insurer and the policyholders. After such notification by the
attorney general, the insurer and policyholders may continue to negotiate separately from the
negotiation between the insurer and the state, and may use the same mediator or other person who
is facilitating negotiation between the state and the insurer. Policyholders shall be responsible
for an equitable share of any costs of mediation or other alternative dispute resolution process in
which they participate. Notwithstanding a determination to discontinue negotiations involving
policyholders, the attorney general may engage in an additional 30 days of negotiation with
the insurer and policyholders if, within the time limit for committing to a settlement provided
under subdivision 3, the attorney general finds, in the discretion of the attorney general, that
participation by the policyholders in a settlement between the state and the insurer would be
beneficial to that settlement.
Inability of the insurer or the state to reach a settlement with policyholders under this subdivision
shall not preclude a settlement between the state and the insurer.
Subd. 5. Adjustment for retrospective premiums.
A settlement that includes payment of
any amount under a policy subject to a retrospective premium plan shall include terms which
assure that the settlement does not result in the imposition of any retrospective premium on any
policyholder. In negotiating with respect to any state offer of settlement which is based in whole
or in part on coverage known to the insurer to be subject to a retrospective premium plan:
(1) the insurer shall calculate the amount of any retrospective premium that would result
from payment of the state's settlement offer amount and shall disclose the calculation and the
basis for it to the attorney general and the commissioner; and
(2) the attorney general and commissioner may reduce the settlement offer amount by the
amount of the retrospective premium or agree to assume the obligation to pay the retrospective
premium in order to assure that no retrospective premium is imposed on the policyholder.
Subd. 6. Option to settle natural resource damages.
An insurer who has received a
settlement offer may request the attorney general and the commissioner to address in any
settlement under this section natural resource damages related to qualified facilities subject to the
settlement offer. The attorney general and the commissioner, after receiving a request under this
subdivision, shall determine an amount to be added to the state's settlement offer that would be
sufficient to address and resolve in the settlement any state claims for natural resource damages
related to the qualified facilities subject to the settlement.
Subd. 7. Settlement option for all qualified facilities.
If an insurer has entered settlements
with the state under this section with respect to qualified facilities for which the aggregate amount
of total estimated environmental response costs equals at least 60 percent of the total estimated
environmental response costs for all qualified facilities as determined by the commissioner, the
attorney general and the commissioner, upon request of the insurer, may settle with the insurer
with respect to the remaining qualified facilities for the amount determined in this subdivision.
The amount of the settlement for the remaining qualified facilities must be the amount that bears
the same proportion to the total estimated costs for the remaining facilities that the amount
payable under all of the insurer's existing settlements under this section bears to the aggregate of
the total estimated costs for the qualified facilities subject to those settlements.
Subd. 8. Scope of release by state; effect of settlement.
Except for any claims excluded
from the settlement process under subdivision 2, a settlement under this section shall release a
settling insurer, and its policyholders to the extent of their insurance coverage under policies of
that insurer, from all liability for all environmental response costs incurred and to be incurred by
the state related to the qualified facility or facilities that are the subject of the settlement, including
natural resource damages if addressed in the settlement. Except for claims excluded under
subdivision 2, the settlement shall release a settling insurer and its policyholders from liability
as described in this subdivision under all insurance policies issued by the insurer, regardless of
whether the policies or policyholders were identified by the commissioner or attorney general
Subd. 9. Other settlement terms.
(a) An insurer who enters a settlement under this section
is not liable for claims for contribution regarding matters addressed in the settlement. As a
condition of settlement, an insurer shall waive its rights to seek contribution for any amounts
paid in the settlement or to bring a subrogation action against any other person for any amounts
paid in the settlement.
(b) Settlement under this section does not discharge the liability of an insurer that has not
entered a settlement under this section nor of a person to whom a nonsettling insurer has issued
insurance coverage to the extent of that coverage.
(c) No settlement offer, settlement, or negotiation under this section shall affect any joint
and several liability for environmental response costs or damages related to the facility of any
person whose liability has not been settled under this section.
(d) A settlement under this section or section
115B.444, subdivision 2
, paragraph (b), reduces
the state's claims for environmental response costs, and natural resource damages if addressed in
the settlement, related to qualified facilities subject to the settlement by the amounts paid to the
state under the settlement for the facilities.
(e) A settlement agreement approved by the attorney general and the commissioner under
this section shall be presumed to be a reasonable settlement of the state's claims.
Subd. 10. Reduction of outstanding coverage.
Any amounts paid by an insurer pursuant
to a judgment under section
or settlement under this section reduce the outstanding
coverage available under policies of the insurer to the extent permitted under applicable law
and policy provisions.
History: 1996 c 370 s 3