115B.31 OTHER ACTIONS.
Subdivision 1. Subsequent action or claim prohibited in certain cases.
(a) A person who
has settled a claim for an eligible injury or eligible property damage with a responsible person,
either before or after bringing an action in court for that injury or damage, may not file a claim
with the fund for the same injury or damage. A person who has received a favorable judgment
in a court action for an eligible injury or eligible property damage may not file a claim with the
fund for the same injury or damage, unless the judgment cannot be satisfied in whole or in part
against the persons responsible for the release of the harmful substance. A person who has filed a
claim with the agency or its predecessor, the Harmful Substance Compensation Board, may not
file another claim with the agency for the same eligible injury or damage, unless the claim was
inactivated by the agency or board as provided in section
115B.32, subdivision 1
(b) A person who has filed a claim with the agency or board for an eligible injury or damage,
and who has received and accepted an award from the agency or board, is precluded from
bringing an action in court for the same eligible injury or damage.
(c) A person who files a claim with the agency for personal injury or property damage must
include all known claims eligible for compensation in one proceeding before the agency.
Subd. 2. Use of protected information and agency findings.
The findings and decision
of the agency are inadmissible in any court action. Protected information may not be used in
any court action except to the extent that the information is otherwise available to a party or
discovered under the applicable Rules of Civil or Criminal Procedure.
Subd. 3. Subrogation by state.
The state is subrogated to all the claimant's rights under
statutory or common law to recover losses compensated from the fund from other sources,
including responsible persons as defined in section
. The state may bring a subrogation
action in its own name or in the name of the claimant. The state may not bring a subrogation
action against a person who was a party in a court action by the claimant for the same eligible
injury or damage, unless the claimant dismissed the action prior to trial. Money recovered by
the state under this subdivision must be deposited in the fund. Nothing in sections
shall be construed to create a standard of recovery in a subrogation action.
Subd. 4. Simultaneous claim and court action prohibited.
A claimant may not commence
a court action to recover for any injury or damage for which the claimant seeks compensation
from the fund during the time that a claim is pending before the agency. A person may not file a
claim with the agency for compensation for any injury or damage for which the claimant seeks
to recover in a pending court action. The time for filing a claim under section
statute of limitations for any civil action is suspended during the period of time that a claimant is
precluded from filing a claim or commencing an action under this subdivision.
History: 1Sp1985 c 8 s 10; 1986 c 444; 1989 c 325 s 78; 1991 c 199 art 1 s 23; 2002 c 379
art 2 s 8-10; 2003 c 128 art 2 s 18-20; 2004 c 228 art 1 s 26