115A.54 WASTE PROCESSING FACILITIES.
Subdivision 1. Purposes; public interest; declaration of policy.
The legislature finds that
the establishment of waste processing facilities and transfer stations serving such facilities is
needed to manage properly the solid waste generated in the state and to conserve and protect the
natural resources in the state and the health, safety, and welfare of its citizens; that opportunities
to establish the facilities and transfer stations are not being fully realized by individual political
subdivisions or by agreements among subdivisions; and that therefore it is necessary to provide
capital assistance to stimulate and encourage the acquisition and betterment of the facilities
and transfer stations.
Subd. 2. Administration; assurance of funds.
The commissioner shall provide technical
and financial assistance for the acquisition and betterment of the facilities and transfer stations
from revenues derived from the issuance of bonds authorized by section
. Facilities for
the incineration of solid waste without resource recovery are not eligible for assistance. Money
appropriated for the purposes of the demonstration program may be distributed as grants or loans.
An individual project may receive assistance totaling up to 100 percent of the capital cost of the
project and grants up to 50 percent of the capital cost of the project. No grant or loan shall be
disbursed to any recipient until the commissioner has determined the total estimated capital cost
of the project and ascertained that financing of the cost is assured by funds provided by the state,
by an agency of the federal government within the amount of funds then appropriated to that
agency and allocated by it to projects within the state, by any person, or by the appropriation of
proceeds of bonds or other funds of the recipient to a fund for the construction of the project.
Subd. 2a. Solid waste management projects.
(a) The commissioner shall provide technical
and financial assistance for the acquisition and betterment of solid waste management projects
as provided in this subdivision and section
. Money appropriated for the purposes of
this subdivision must be distributed as grants.
(b) Except as provided in paragraph (c), a project may receive grant assistance up to 25
percent of the capital cost of the project or $2,000,000, whichever is less, except that projects
constructed as a result of intercounty cooperative agreements may receive (1) grant assistance up
to 25 percent of the capital cost of the project; or (2) $2,000,000 times the number of participating
counties, whichever is less.
(c) A recycling project or a project to compost or cocompost waste may receive grant
assistance up to 50 percent of the capital cost of the project or $2,000,000, whichever is less,
except that projects completed as a result of intercounty cooperative agreements may receive (1)
grant assistance up to 50 percent of the capital cost of the project; or (2) $2,000,000 times the
number of participating counties, whichever is less. The following projects may also receive grant
assistance in the amounts specified in this paragraph:
(1) a project to improve control of or reduce air emissions at an existing resource recovery
(2) a project to substantially increase the recovery of materials or energy, substantially
reduce the amount or toxicity of waste processing residuals, or expand the capacity of an existing
resource recovery facility to meet the resource recovery needs of an expanded region if each
county from which waste is or would be received has achieved a recycling rate in excess of
the goals in section
, and is implementing aggressive waste reduction and household
hazardous waste management programs.
(d) Notwithstanding paragraph (e), the commissioner may award grants for transfer stations
that will initially transfer waste to landfills if the transfer stations are part of a planned resource
recovery project, the county where the planned resource recovery facility will be located has a
comprehensive solid waste management plan approved by the commissioner, and the solid waste
management plan proposes the development of the resource recovery facility. If the proposed
resource recovery facility is not in place and operating within 16 years of the date of the grant
award, the recipient shall repay the grant amount to the state.
(e) Projects without resource recovery are not eligible for assistance.
(f) In addition to any assistance received under paragraph (b) or (c), a project may receive
grant assistance for the cost of tests necessary to determine the appropriate pollution control
equipment for the project or the environmental effects of the use of any product or material
produced by the project.
(g) In addition to the application requirements of section
, an application for a
project serving eligible jurisdictions in only a single county must demonstrate that cooperation
with jurisdictions in other counties to develop the project is not needed or not feasible. Each
application must also demonstrate that the project is not financially prudent without the state
assistance, because of the applicant's financial capacity and the problems inherent in the waste
management situation in the area, particularly transportation distances and limited waste supply
and markets for resources recovered.
(h) For the purposes of this subdivision, a "project" means a processing facility, together
with any transfer stations, transmission facilities, and other related and appurtenant facilities
primarily serving the processing facility. The commissioner shall adopt rules for the program
by July 1, 1985.
(i) Notwithstanding anything in this subdivision to the contrary, a project to construct a new
mixed municipal solid waste transfer station that has an enforceable commitment of at least ten
years, or of sufficient length to retire bonds sold for the facility, to serve an existing resource
recovery facility may receive grant assistance up to 75 percent of the capital cost of the project
if addition of the transfer station will increase substantially the geographical area served by
the resource recovery facility and the ability of the resource recovery facility to operate more
efficiently on a regional basis and the facility meets the criteria in paragraph (c), the second clause
(2). A transfer station eligible for assistance under this paragraph is not eligible for assistance
under any other paragraph of this subdivision.
Subd. 3. Obligations of recipient.
No grant or loan for any project shall be disbursed until
the governing body of the recipient has made an irrevocable undertaking, by resolution, to use
all funds made available exclusively for the capital cost of the project and to pay any additional
amount by which the cost of the project exceeds the estimate by appropriation to the construction
fund of additional funds or proceeds of additional bonds of the recipient. The resolution shall
also indicate that any subsequent withdrawal of allocated or additional funds of the recipient
will impair the obligation of contract between the state of Minnesota, the recipient, and the
bondholders. The resolution shall pledge payment to the debt service account of all revenues of
the project to the extent that they exceed costs and shall also obligate the recipient to levy a
tax sufficient to make timely payments under the loan agreement, if a deficiency occurs in the
amount of user charges, taxes, special assessments, or other money pledged for payment under the
loan agreement. Each loan made to a recipient shall be secured by resolutions adopted by the
commissioner of the Pollution Control Agency and the governing body of the recipient, obligating
the recipient to repay the loan to the commissioner of finance in annual installments including
both principal and interest. Installments shall be in an amount sufficient to pay the principal
amount within the period required by the commissioner of the Pollution Control Agency. The
interest on the loan shall be calculated on the declining balance at a rate not less than the average
annual interest rate on the state bonds of the issue from which proceeds of the loan were made.
The resolution shall obligate the recipient to provide money for the repayment from user charges,
taxes, special assessments or any other funds available to it.
Subd. 4. Termination of obligations; good-faith effort.
Notwithstanding the provisions of
, the commissioner may terminate the obligations of a grant or loan recipient
under this section, if the commissioner finds that the recipient has made a good-faith effort to
exhaust all options in trying to comply with the terms and conditions of the grant or loan. In lieu
of declaring a default on a grant or a loan under this section, the commissioner may identify
additional measures a recipient should take in order to meet the good-faith test required for
terminating the recipient's obligations under this section. By December 15 of each year, the
commissioner shall report to the legislature the defaults and terminations the commissioner has
ordered in the previous year, if any. No decision on termination under this section is effective until
the end of the legislative session following the commissioner's report.
History: 1980 c 564 art 6 s 6; 1981 c 352 s 26; 1983 c 373 s 38; 1985 c 274 s 5; 1Sp1985 c
15 s 34; 1987 c 348 s 22; 1989 c 325 s 7; 1989 c 335 art 1 s 269; 1990 c 594 art 1 s 50; 1993
c 249 s 11; 1994 c 585 s 5; 1994 c 639 art 5 s 3; 1997 c 216 s 95; 1Sp2001 c 2 s 123; 2003 c
112 art 2 s 50; 2003 c 128 art 1 s 125; 1Sp2005 c 1 art 2 s 161