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12.31 National security or peacetime emergency; declaration.

Subdivision 1. Declaration of national security emergency. When information from the President of the United States, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Department of Defense, or the National Warning System indicates the imminence of a national security emergency within the United States, which means the several states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the occurrence within the state of Minnesota of a major disaster or public health emergency from enemy sabotage or other hostile action, the governor may, by proclamation, declare that a national security emergency exists in all or any part of the state. If the legislature is then in regular session or, if it is not, if the governor concurrently with the proclamation declaring the emergency issues a call convening immediately both houses of the legislature, the governor may exercise for a period not to exceed 30 days the powers and duties conferred and imposed by sections 12.31 to 12.37 and 12.381. The lapse of these emergency powers does not, as regards any act occurring or committed within the 30-day period, deprive any person, political subdivision, municipal corporation, or body politic of any right to compensation or reimbursement that it may have under this chapter.

Subd. 2. Declaration of peacetime emergency. (a) The governor may declare a peacetime emergency. A peacetime declaration of emergency may be declared only when an act of nature, a technological failure or malfunction, a terrorist incident, a public health emergency, an industrial accident, a hazardous materials accident, or a civil disturbance endangers life and property and local government resources are inadequate to handle the situation. A peacetime emergency must not be continued for more than five days unless extended by resolution of the Executive Council up to 30 days. An order, or proclamation declaring, continuing, or terminating an emergency must be given prompt and general publicity and filed with the secretary of state.

(b) This paragraph applies to a peacetime emergency declared as a result of a public health emergency. If the legislature is sitting in session at the time of the emergency declaration, the governor may exercise the powers and duties conferred by this chapter for the period allowed under paragraph (a). If the legislature is not sitting in session when a peacetime emergency is declared or renewed, the governor may exercise the powers and duties conferred by this chapter for the period allowed under paragraph (a) only if the governor issues a call convening both houses of the legislature at the same time the governor declares or renews the peacetime emergency.

Subd. 3. Effect of declaration of peacetime emergency. A declaration of a peacetime emergency in accordance with this section authorizes the governor to exercise for a period not to exceed the time specified in this section the powers and duties conferred and imposed by this chapter for a peacetime emergency and invokes the necessary portions of the state emergency operations plan developed pursuant to section 12.21, subdivision 3, relating to response and recovery aspects and may authorize aid and assistance under the plan.

HIST: 1951 c 694 s 301; 1959 c 34 s 1; 1961 c 561 s 5; 1979 c 65 s 2; 1986 c 444; 1996 c 344 s 20; 1999 c 250 art 2 s 1; 2001 c 7 s 3; 2002 c 402 s 7-9

* NOTE: The amendments to subdivisions 1, 2, and 3, by Laws *2002, chapter 402, sections 7 to 9, expire August 1, 2005. Laws *2002, chapter 402, section 21, as amended by Laws 2004, chapter 279, *article 11, section 7.