270.68 Legal action; confession of judgment.
Subdivision 1. Legal action. (a) In addition to all other methods authorized by law for the collection of tax, if any tax payable to the commissioner of revenue or to the department of revenue, including penalties and interest thereon, is not paid within 60 days after it is required by law to be paid, the commissioner of revenue may proceed under this subdivision. Within five years after the date of assessment of the tax or at any time a lien filed under section 270.69 is enforceable, or, if the action is to renew or enforce a judgment, at any time before the judgment's expiration, the commissioner may bring an action in court against the person liable for the payment or collection of the tax, in the name of the state, for the recovery of the tax and interest and penalties due in respect thereof. The action may be commenced by the commissioner in the same manner as any other civil action.
(b) The commissioner may also serve the summons and complaint by mailing a copy to the taxpayer's last known address by certified mail. Service by certified mail is complete when mailed in acceptable form with the United States Postal Service or with the central mail system of the state of Minnesota.
(c) The commissioner may call upon the county attorney or the attorney general to conduct the proceedings on behalf of the state. If a proceeding is referred to a county attorney, and the county attorney fails to issue or cause to be issued an indictment or criminal complaint within 30 days after the referral by the commissioner, the attorney general may conduct the proceeding.
Subd. 2. Appeals. Either party to an action or a judgment for the recovery of any taxes, interest, or penalties under subdivision 1 may appeal the judgment as in other civil cases.
Subd. 3. Tax presumed valid. The tax, as assessed by the commissioner, with any penalties included therein, shall be presumed to be valid and correctly determined and assessed, and the burden shall be upon the taxpayer to show its incorrectness or invalidity. A statement filed by the commissioner showing the amount of the tax and penalties as determined or assessed by the commissioner, is admissible in evidence and shall establish prima facie the facts set forth therein.
Subd. 4. Confession of judgment. (a) The commissioner may, within 3-1/2 years after any return or report is filed, notwithstanding section 541.09, enter judgment on any confession of judgment contained in the return or report after ten days' notice served upon the taxpayer by mail at the address shown in the return or report. The judgment shall be entered by the court administrator of district court upon the filing of a photocopy or similar reproduction of that part of the return or report containing the confession of judgment along with a statement of the commissioner or an agent that the tax has not been paid. The commissioner may prescribe the words for the confession of judgment statement contained on the return or report.
(b) Notwithstanding any other provision of the law to the contrary, the commissioner may, within five years after a written agreement is signed by the taxpayer and the commissioner under the provisions of section 270.67, subdivision 2, enter judgment on the confession of judgment contained within the agreement after ten days' notice served upon the taxpayer at the address shown in the agreement. Such judgment shall be entered by the court administrator of district court upon the filing of the agreement or a certified copy thereof along with a statement of the commissioner or an agent that the tax has not been paid.
HIST: 1982 c 523 art II s 7; 1983 c 247 s 118; 1985 c 101 s 4,5; 1Sp1985 c 14 art 1 s 6; 1986 c 444; 1Sp1986 c 3 art 1 s 82; 1990 c 480 art 2 s 7,8; 1990 c 594 art 1 s 63; 1991 c 291 art 16 s 3; 1997 c 84 art 5 s 3; 1999 c 143 s 1
Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes