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Office of the Revisor of Statutes

Key: (1) language to be deleted (2) new language


  

                         Laws of Minnesota 1983 

                        CHAPTER 198--S.F.No. 883
           An act relating to transportation; modifying the 
          definition of truck-tractor to include the power unit 
          of automobile carriers; adjusting the motor vehicle 
          registration tax on certain trailers; requiring proof 
          of payment of the federal heavy use tax on heavy 
          trucks; increasing the maximum allowable width on 
          vehicles from 8 to 8-1/2 feet; allowing special 
          permits for the transport of manufactured home frames; 
          modifying vehicle length requirements to allow longer 
          semitrailers and vehicle combinations; modifying the 
          gross weight seasonal increase to include all axle 
          combinations; modifying the distance a peace officer 
          may require a vehicle to travel to a scale and 
          defining a suitable place for unloading an overweight 
          vehicle; modifying the civil penalty for overweight 
          vehicles; increasing width requirement on loads of 
          baled hay before flashing amber lights are required; 
          requiring the commissioner to comply with criteria for 
          the addition of federal qualifying highways; amending 
          Minnesota Statutes 1982, sections 168.011, subdivision 
          12; 168.013, subdivision 1d, and by adding a 
          subdivision; 169.01, subdivision 7; 169.80, 
          subdivision 2; 169.81, subdivisions 2 and 3; 169.825, 
          subdivision 11; 169.85; 169.86, by adding a 
          subdivision; 169.862; and 169.871, subdivision 1, and 
          by adding a subdivision; proposing new law coded in 
          Minnesota Statutes, chapter 169; repealing Minnesota 
          Statutes 1982, sections 169.80, subdivision 2a; and 
          169.81, subdivisions 3a, 3b, and 7. 
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: 
    Section 1.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 168.011, 
subdivision 12, is amended to read: 
    Subd. 12.  [TRUCK-TRACTOR.] "Truck-tractor" means any:  
    (a) a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing 
other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other 
than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn; and 
    (b) a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing 
other vehicles used exclusively for transporting motor vehicles 
and capable of carrying motor vehicles on its own structure. 
    Sec. 2.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 168.013, 
subdivision 1d, is amended to read: 
    Subd. 1d.  [TRAILERS.] On trailers the annual tax shall be 
is based on total gross weight and shall be is 30 percent of the 
Minnesota base rate prescribed in subdivision 1e, when the gross 
weight is 15,000 pounds or less and when the gross weight of a 
trailer is more than 15,000 pounds, the tax for the first eight 
years of vehicle life is 100 percent of the tax imposed in the 
Minnesota base rate schedule and during the ninth and succeeding 
years of vehicle life the tax is 75 percent of the Minnesota 
base rate prescribed by subdivision 1e, but in no event less 
than $5, provided, that the tax on trailers with a total gross 
weight of 3,000 pounds or less shall be is payable biennially.  
     Farm trailers with a gross weight in excess of 10,000 
pounds and as described in section 168.011, subdivision 17, are 
taxed as farm trucks as prescribed in subdivision 1c. 
     Sec. 3.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 168.013, is 
amended by adding a subdivision to read: 
     Subd. 20.  [FEDERAL HEAVY VEHICLE USE TAX; PROOF OF 
PAYMENT.] No person may register a motor vehicle that, along 
with the trailers and semitrailers customarily used with the 
same type of motor vehicle, has a taxable gross weight of at 
least 33,000 pounds and is subject to the use tax imposed by the 
Internal Revenue Code of 1954, section 4481, unless proof of 
payment of the use tax, if required and in a form as may be 
prescribed by the secretary of the treasury, is presented.  
    Sec. 4.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 169.01, 
subdivision 7, is amended to read: 
    Subd. 7.  [TRUCK-TRACTOR.] "Truck-tractor" means:  
    (a) every a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for 
drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load 
other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn 
; and 
    (b) a motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing 
other vehicles used exclusively for transporting motor vehicles 
and capable of carrying motor vehicles on its own structure. 
    Sec. 5.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 169.80, 
subdivision 2, is amended to read: 
    Subd. 2.  [OUTSIDE WIDTH.] The total outside width of any a 
vehicle exclusive of rear view mirrors or load securement 
devices which are not an integral part of the vehicle and not 
exceeding three inches on each side, or the load thereon shall 
may not exceed eight feet 102 inches except that the outside 
width of a farm tractor, or a vehicle owned by a political 
subdivision and used exclusively for the purpose of handling 
sewage sludge from sewage treatment facilities to farm fields or 
disposal sites, shall may not exceed 12 feet, and except as 
otherwise provided in this section. 
    A vehicle exceeding eight feet 102 inches in total outside 
width, owned by a political subdivision and used for the purpose 
of transporting or applying sewage sludge to farm fields or 
disposal sites shall may not transport sludge for distances 
greater than 15 miles, nor shall may it be used for 
transportation of sewage sludge or return travel between the 
hours of sunset and sunrise, or at any other time when 
visibility is impaired by weather, smoke, fog, or other 
conditions rendering persons and vehicles not clearly 
discernible on the highway at a distance of 500 feet. 
    The total outside width of a low bed trailer or equipment 
dolly, and the load thereon, used exclusively for transporting 
farm machinery and construction equipment shall may not exceed 
nine feet in width except that any a low bed trailer or 
equipment dolly with a total outside width, including the load 
thereon, in excess of eight feet shall 102 inches may not be 
operated on any interstate highway without first having obtained 
a permit for the operation pursuant to under section 169.86.  
The vehicle shall must display 12-inch square red flags as 
markers at the front and rear of the left side of the vehicle. 
    The total outside width of a trackless trolley car or 
passenger motor bus, operated exclusively in any a city, or 
contiguous cities in this state, shall may not exceed nine feet. 
A passenger motor bus, not exceeding eight and one-half feet in 
width, may operate within and between the cities of this state.  
    The total outside width of loads of forest products when 
loaded crossways shall not exceed 100 inches, provided the load 
is securely bound with a chain attached to front and rear of the 
loading platform of the vehicle so as to hold the load securely 
in place.  
     Sec. 6.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 169.86, is 
amended by adding a subdivision to read:  
     Subd. 3a.  The commissioner or local authority may not deny 
a permit for the transport to a manufacturing plant of 
manufactured home frames not more than 15-1/2 feet in width 
during periods of seasonal weight restrictions unless the load 
exceeds the weight restrictions.  
    Sec. 7.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 169.81, 
subdivision 2, is amended to read: 
    Subd. 2.  [LENGTH OF VEHICLES.] (a) No single unit motor 
vehicle, except truck cranes which shall may not exceed 45 feet, 
unladen or with load shall may exceed a length of 40 feet 
extreme overall dimensions inclusive of front and rear bumpers, 
except that the governing body of any a city is hereby 
authorized by ordinance permit to provide for the maximum length 
of any a motor vehicle, or combination of motor vehicles, or the 
number of vehicles that may be fastened together, and which may 
be operated upon the streets or highways of such a city; 
provided, that such ordinance shall the permit may not prescribe 
a length less than that permitted by state law.  Any such A 
motor vehicle operated in compliance with such ordinance the 
permit on the streets or highways of such the city shall is 
not be deemed to be in violation of this chapter.  A truck 
tractor and semitrailer shall be regarded as a combination of 
vehicles for the purpose of determining lawful length.  
    (b) No single semitrailer may have an overall length, 
exclusive of non-cargo-carrying accessory equipment, including 
refrigeration units or air compressors, necessary for safe and 
efficient operation mounted or located on the end of the 
semitrailer adjacent to the truck or truck-tractor, in excess of 
48 feet, except as provided in paragraph (d).  No single trailer 
may have an overall length inclusive of tow bar assembly and 
exclusive of rear protective bumpers which do not increase the 
overall length by more than six inches, in excess of 45 feet. 
For determining compliance with the provisions of this 
subdivision, the length of the semitrailer or trailer must be 
determined separately from the overall length of the combination 
of vehicles.  
    (c) No semitrailer or trailer used in a three-vehicle 
combination may have an overall length, exclusive of 
non-cargo-carrying accessory equipment, including refrigeration 
units or air compressors, necessary for safe and efficient 
operation mounted or located on the end of the semitrailer or 
trailer adjacent to the truck or truck-tractor, and further 
exclusive of the tow bar assembly, in excess of 28-1/2 feet.  
     (d) The commissioner may issue an annual permit for a 
semitrailer in excess of 48 feet in length, if the distance from 
the kingpin to the centerline of the rear axle group of the 
semitrailer does not exceed 41 feet and if a combination of 
vehicles, which includes a semitrailer in excess of 48 feet for 
which a permit has been issued under this paragraph, does not 
exceed an overall length of 65 feet.  The annual fee for a 
permit issued under this paragraph is $36.  
    Sec. 8.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 169.81, 
subdivision 3, is amended to read: 
    Subd. 3.  [LENGTH OF VEHICLE COMBINATIONS AND SEMITRAILERS 
AND TRUCK-TRACTORS.] (a) Statewide, except as provided in clause 
(c) paragraph (b), no combination of vehicles coupled together, 
including truck-tractor and semitrailer, shall may consist of 
more than two units and no combination of vehicles, unladen or 
with load, shall may exceed a total length of 60 65 feet.  The 
length limitation shall does not apply to the transportation of 
telegraph poles, telephone poles, electric light and power 
poles, piling, or pole length pulpwood, and is subject to the 
following further exceptions:  the length limitations shall do 
not apply to vehicles when transporting pipe, or other objects 
by a public utility when required for emergency or repair of 
public service facilities or when operated under special permits 
as provided in this subdivision, but with respect to night 
transportation, a vehicle and the load shall must be equipped 
with a sufficient number of clearance lamps and marker lamps on 
both sides and upon the extreme ends of a projecting load to 
clearly mark the dimensions of the load.  Mount combinations may 
be drawn but the combinations may not exceed 65 feet in length.  
The limitation on the number of units shall does not apply to 
vehicles used for transporting milk from point of production to 
point of first processing, in which case no combination of 
vehicles coupled together unladen or with load, including 
truck-tractor and semitrailers, shall may consist of more than 
three units and no combination of those vehicles shall may 
exceed a total length of 60 65 feet.  Notwithstanding other 
provisions of this section, and except as provided in paragraph 
(b), no combination of vehicles consisting of a truck-tractor 
and semitrailer designed and used exclusively for the 
transportation of motor vehicles may exceed 65 feet in length. 
The load may extend a total of seven feet, but may not extend 
more than three feet beyond the front or four feet beyond the 
rear, and in no case may the overall length of the combination 
of vehicles, unladen or with load, exceed 65 feet.  For the 
purpose of registration, trailers coupled with a truck-tractor, 
semitrailer combination shall be deemed are semitrailers.  The 
state, as to state trunk highways, and a city or town, as to 
roads or streets located within the city or town, may issue 
permits authorizing the transportation of combinations of 
vehicles exceeding the limitations in this subdivision over 
highways, roads, or streets within their boundaries.  
Combinations of vehicles authorized by this subdivision may be 
restricted as to the use of highways by the commissioner, as to 
state trunk highways, and a road authority, as to highways or 
streets subject to its jurisdiction.  Nothing in this 
subdivision shall be deemed to alter alters or change changes 
the authority vested in local authorities under the provisions 
of section 169.04.  This subdivision shall not apply to the 
operation of combinations of vehicles subject to the provisions 
of section 169.861.  
    (b) No single semitrailer or trailer shall have an overall 
length, exclusive of rear protective bumpers which do not 
increase the overall length by more than six inches and further 
exclusive of accessory equipment mounted or located on the end 
of the semitrailer or trailer adjacent to the truck or 
truck-tractor, in excess of 45 feet, except for those 
semitrailers governed by subdivisions 3a, 3b and 7.  For 
purposes of determining compliance with the provisions of this 
subdivision, the length of the semitrailer or trailer shall be 
determined separate from the overall length of the combination 
of vehicles.  
    (c) A The following combination of vehicles between 55 and 
65 feet in length regularly engaged in the transportation of 
commodities and consisting of a truck and semitrailer or a 
truck-tractor and semitrailer drawing one additional semitrailer 
which may be equipped with an auxiliary dolly or a truck-tractor 
and semitrailer drawing one full trailer may operate only on 
divided highways having four or more lanes of travel, and on 
other highways as may be designated by the commissioner of 
transportation subject to section 169.87, subdivision 1, and 
subject to the approval of the authority having jurisdiction 
over the highway, for the purpose of providing reasonable access 
between the divided highways of four or more lanes of travel and 
truck terminals and marshalling yards, facilities for food, 
fuel, repair, and rest, and points of loading and unloading for 
household goods carriers, livestock carriers, or for the purpose 
of providing continuity of route.:  
    (1) a truck-tractor and semitrailer exceeding 65 feet in 
length;  
    (2) a combination of vehicles with an overall length 
exceeding 55 feet and including a truck-tractor and semitrailer 
drawing one additional semitrailer which may be equipped with an 
auxiliary dolly;  
    (3) a combination of vehicles with an overall length 
exceeding 55 feet and including a truck-tractor and semitrailer 
drawing one full trailer; and 
    (4) a truck-tractor and semitrailer designed and used 
exclusively for the transportation of motor vehicles and 
exceeding an overall length of 65 feet including the load.  
    All Vehicles operated under the provisions of this section 
shall must conform to the standards for those vehicles as 
prescribed by the United States Department of Transportation, 
Federal Highway Administration, Bureau of Motor Carrier Safety, 
and as may be amended.  The total length of the combination, 
unladen or with load, shall not exceed 65 feet.  For the purpose 
of registration, trailers coupled with a truck-tractor 
semitrailer combination shall be deemed semitrailers.  
    Sec. 9.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 169.825, 
subdivision 11, is amended to read: 
    Subd. 11.  [GROSS WEIGHT SEASONAL INCREASES.] (a) The 
limitations provided in this section shall be are increased:  
    (1) by ten percent from January 1 to March 7 each winter, 
statewide;  
    (2) by ten percent from December 1 through December 31 each 
winter in the zone bounded as follows:  beginning at Pigeon 
River in the northeast corner of Minnesota; thence in a 
southwesterly direction along the north shore of Lake Superior 
along Trunk Highway No. 61 to the junction with Trunk Highway 
No. 210; thence westerly along Trunk Highway No. 210 to the 
junction with Trunk Highway No. 10; thence northwesterly along 
Trunk Highway No. 10 to the junction with Trunk Highway No. 59;  
thence northerly along Trunk Highway No. 59 to the junction with 
Trunk Highway No. 2; thence westerly along Trunk Highway No. 2 
to the junction with Trunk Highway No. 32; thence northerly 
along Trunk Highway No. 32 to the junction with Trunk Highway 
No. 11; thence northeast along Trunk Highway No. 11 to the east 
line of Range 43W to the Minnesota-Canadian Border; thence 
easterly along said Border to Lake Superior;.  
    (b) The duration of any a ten percent increase shall be in 
load limits is subject to limitation by order of the 
commissioner;, subject to implementation of springtime load 
restrictions, or March 7.  
    (c) When the ten percent increase is in effect, a permit 
shall be is required for any a motor vehicle, trailer, or 
semitrailer combination that has a gross weight in excess of 
80,000 pounds, an axle group weight in excess of that prescribed 
in subdivision 10, or a single axle weight in excess of 20,000 
pounds and which travels on interstate routes;.  
    (d) In all cases where gross weights in an amount less than 
those that set forth in this section are fixed, limited, or 
restricted on any a highway or bridge by or pursuant to any 
other under another section of this chapter, the lesser gross 
weight as so fixed, limited, or restricted shall may not be 
exceeded and shall must control instead of the gross weights set 
forth in this section;.  
    (e) Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
subdivision, no vehicle shall may exceed a total gross vehicle 
weight of 80,000 pounds on routes which have not been designated 
by the commissioner pursuant to under section 169.832, 
subdivision 11. 
    Sec. 10.  [169.835] [FEDERAL QUALIFYING HIGHWAYS.] 
     The commissioner of transportation may not add routes to 
the system of federal qualifying highways submitted to the 
federal highway administration in accordance with the Surface 
Transportation Assistance Act of 1982, United States Code, title 
49, section 2311, except in compliance with the criteria 
established by the commissioner for the addition of routes.  
    Sec. 11.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 169.85, is 
amended to read: 
    169.85 [WEIGHING; PENALTY.] 
    The driver of any a vehicle which has been lawfully stopped 
may be required by a peace officer to submit the vehicle and 
load to a weighing by means of portable or stationary scales, 
and the peace officer may require that the vehicle be driven to 
the nearest available scales in the event the scales are within 
if the distance to the scales is no further than five miles, or 
if the distance from the point where the vehicle is stopped to 
the vehicle's destination is not increased by more than ten 
miles as a result of proceeding to the nearest available scales. 
Official traffic control devices as authorized by section 169.06 
may be used to direct the driver to the nearest scale.  When any 
a truck weight enforcement operation is conducted by means of 
portable or stationary scales and signs giving notice of the 
operation are posted within the highway right-of-way and 
adjacent to the roadway within two miles of the operation, the 
driver of every a truck or combination of vehicles registered 
for or weighing in excess of 12,000 pounds, and the driver of 
every a charter bus, except a bus registered in Minnesota, shall 
proceed to the scale site and submit the vehicle to weighing and 
inspection. 
    Upon weighing a vehicle and load, as provided in this 
section, an officer may require the driver to stop the vehicle 
in a suitable place and remain standing until a portion of the 
load is removed that is sufficient to reduce the gross weight of 
the vehicle to the limit permitted under section 169.825.  A 
suitable place is a location where loading or tampering with the 
load is not prohibited by federal, state, or local law, rule or 
ordinance.  A driver may be required to unload a vehicle only if 
the weighing officer determines that (a) on routes subject to 
the provisions of section 169.825, the weight on any an axle 
exceeds the lawful gross weight prescribed by section 169.825, 
by 2,000 pounds or more, or the weight on any a group of two or 
more consecutive axles in cases where the distance between the 
centers of the first and last axles of the group under 
consideration is ten feet or less exceeds the lawful gross 
weight prescribed by section 169.825, by 4,000 pounds or more; 
or (b) on routes designated by the commissioner in section 
169.832, subdivision 11, the overall weight of the vehicle or 
the weight on any an axle or group of consecutive axles exceeds 
the maximum lawful gross weights prescribed by section 169.825; 
or (c) the weight is unlawful on any an axle or group of 
consecutive axles on any a road restricted in accordance with 
section 169.87.  All Material so unloaded shall must be cared 
for by the owner or driver of the vehicle at the risk of the 
owner or driver. 
    Any A driver of a vehicle who fails or refuses to stop and 
submit the vehicle and load to a weighing as required in this 
section, or who fails or refuses, when directed by an officer 
upon a weighing of the vehicle, to stop the vehicle and 
otherwise comply with the provisions of this section, is guilty 
of a misdemeanor. 
    Sec. 12.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 169.862, is 
amended to read: 
    169.862 [PERMITS FOR WIDE LOADS OF BALED HAY.] 
    The commissioner of transportation, with respect to 
highways under his the commissioner's jurisdiction, and local 
authorities, with respect to highways under their jurisdiction, 
may issue an annual permit to enable a vehicle carrying round 
baled hay, with a total outside width of the vehicle or the load 
thereon not exceeding 11-1/2 feet, to be operated on public 
streets and highways.  Permits issued pursuant to under this 
section shall be are governed by the applicable provisions of 
section 169.86 except as otherwise provided herein, and, in 
addition shall, carry the following restrictions:  
    (a) The vehicles shall may not be operated between sunset 
and sunrise, when visibility is impaired by weather, fog, or 
other conditions rendering persons and vehicles not clearly 
visible at a distance of 500 feet, or on Saturdays, Sundays, and 
holidays.  
    (b) The vehicles shall may not be operated on interstate 
highways.  
    (c) The vehicles shall may not be operated on a trunk 
highway with a pavement less than 24 feet wide.  
    (d) A vehicle operated under the permit shall must be 
equipped with a retractable or removable mirror on the left side 
so located that it will reflect to the driver a clear view of 
the highway for a distance of at least 200 feet to the rear of 
the vehicle.  Simultaneous flashing amber lights, as provided in 
section 169.59, subdivision 4, shall must be displayed to the 
front and rear of the vehicle.  The flashing amber lights shall 
must be lighted only when the width of the load exceeds eight 
feet 102 inches.  The flashing amber light system shall be is in 
addition to and separate from the turn signal system and the 
hazard warning light system.  
    (e) A vehicle operated under the permit shall must display 
red, orange, or yellow flags, 12 inches square, as markers at 
the front and rear, and on both sides of the load.  The load 
shall must be securely bound to the transporting vehicle.  
    The fee for the permit shall be is $25.  
    Sec. 13.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 169.871, 
subdivision 1, is amended to read: 
    Subdivision 1.  [CIVIL LIABILITY.] The owner or lessee of a 
vehicle that is operated with a gross weight in excess of a 
weight limit imposed under sections 169.825 and 169.832 to 
169.851 and 169.87 or a shipper who ships or tenders goods for 
shipment in a single truck or combination vehicle that exceeds a 
weight limit imposed under sections 169.825 and 169.832 to 
169.851 and 169.87 is liable for a civil penalty as follows: 
    (a) If the total gross excess weight is not more than 3,000 
1,000 pounds, one cent per pound for each pound in excess of the 
legal limit; 
    (b) If the total gross excess weight is more than 3,000 
1,000 pounds but not more than 4,000 3,000 pounds, $10 plus five 
cents per pound for each pound in excess of the legal limit 
1,000 pounds; 
    (c) If the total gross excess weight is more than 4,000 
3,000 pounds but not more than 6,000 5,000 pounds, $110 plus 
15 ten cents per pound for each pound in excess of the legal 
limit 3,000 pounds; or 
    (d) If the total gross excess weight is more than 6,000 
5,000 pounds but not more than 7,000 pounds, $310 plus 30 15 
cents per pound for each pound in excess of the legal limit 
5,000 pounds;  
    (e) If the total gross excess weight is more than 7,000 
pounds, $610 plus 20 cents per pound for each pound in excess of 
7,000 pounds. 
    Any penalty imposed upon a defendant under this section 
subdivision shall not exceed the maximum penalty prescribed by 
this subdivision.  Any fine paid by the defendant in a criminal 
overweight action that arose from the same overweight violation 
shall be applied toward payment of the civil penalty under this 
subdivision.  A peace officer who cites a driver for a violation 
of the weight limitations established by sections 169.81 to 
169.851 and 169.87 shall give written notice to the driver that 
he or another may also be liable for the civil penalties 
provided herein in the same or separate proceedings.  
    Sec. 14.  Minnesota Statutes 1982, section 169.871, is 
amended by adding a subdivision to read: 
    Subd. 1a.  The owner or lessee of a vehicle that is 
operated with a gross weight in excess of a weight limit imposed 
by permit under sections 169.86 and 169.862 and a shipper who 
ships or tenders goods for shipment in a single truck or 
combination vehicle that exceeds a weight limit permitted under 
sections 169.86 or 169.862 is liable for a civil penalty at a 
rate of five cents per pound for each pound in excess of the 
weight permitted under section 169.86 or 169.862, or $100, 
whichever is greater.  
    Any penalty imposed upon a defendant under this subdivision 
shall not exceed the penalty prescribed by this subdivision. Any 
fine paid by the defendant in a criminal overweight action that 
arose from the same overweight violation may not be applied 
toward payment of the civil penalty under this subdivision.  A 
peace officer who cites a driver for a violation of the weight 
limitations established by permit pursuant to section 169.86 or 
169.862 shall give written notice to the driver that the driver 
or another may also be liable for the civil penalty provided in 
this subdivision in the same or separate proceedings.  
    Sec. 15.  [REPEALER.] 
    Minnesota Statutes 1982, sections 169.80, subdivision 2a; 
and 169.81, subdivisions 3a, 3b, and 7, are repealed.  
    Sec. 16.  [EFFECTIVE DATE.] 
    Sections 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 14 are 
effective the day following final enactment.  Sections 2 and 3 
are effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 
1983.  Section 13 is effective July 1, 1983. 
    Approved May 19, 1983