(a) A comprehensive assessment of the client's substance use disorder must be administered face-to-face by an alcohol and drug counselor within three calendar days after service initiation for a residential program or during the initial session for all other programs. If the comprehensive assessment is not completed during the initial session, the client-centered reason for the delay must be documented in the client's file and the planned completion date. If the client received a comprehensive assessment that authorized the treatment service, an alcohol and drug counselor must review the assessment to determine compliance with this subdivision, including applicable timelines. If available, the alcohol and drug counselor may use current information provided by a referring agency or other source as a supplement. Information gathered more than 45 days before the date of admission is not considered current. The comprehensive assessment must include sufficient information to complete the assessment summary according to subdivision 2 and the individual treatment plan according to section 245G.06. The comprehensive assessment must include information about the client's needs that relate to substance use and personal strengths that support recovery, including:
(1) age, sex, cultural background, sexual orientation, living situation, economic status, and level of education;
(2) circumstances of service initiation;
(3) previous attempts at treatment for substance misuse or substance use disorder, compulsive gambling, or mental illness;
(4) substance use history including amounts and types of substances used, frequency and duration of use, periods of abstinence, and circumstances of relapse, if any. For each substance used within the previous 30 days, the information must include the date of the most recent use and previous withdrawal symptoms;
(5) specific problem behaviors exhibited by the client when under the influence of substances;
(6) family status, family history, including history or presence of physical or sexual abuse, level of family support, and substance misuse or substance use disorder of a family member or significant other;
(7) physical concerns or diagnoses, the severity of the concerns, and whether the concerns are being addressed by a health care professional;
(8) mental health history and psychiatric status, including symptoms, disability, current treatment supports, and psychotropic medication needed to maintain stability; the assessment must utilize screening tools approved by the commissioner pursuant to section 245.4863 to identify whether the client screens positive for co-occurring disorders;
(9) arrests and legal interventions related to substance use;
(10) ability to function appropriately in work and educational settings;
(11) ability to understand written treatment materials, including rules and the client's rights;
(12) risk-taking behavior, including behavior that puts the client at risk of exposure to blood-borne or sexually transmitted diseases;
(13) social network in relation to expected support for recovery and leisure time activities that are associated with substance use;
(14) whether the client is pregnant and, if so, the health of the unborn child and the client's current involvement in prenatal care;
(15) whether the client recognizes problems related to substance use and is willing to follow treatment recommendations; and
(16) collateral information. If the assessor gathered sufficient information from the referral source or the client to apply the criteria in Minnesota Rules, parts 9530.6620 and 9530.6622, a collateral contact is not required.
(b) If the client is identified as having opioid use disorder or seeking treatment for opioid use disorder, the program must provide educational information to the client concerning:
(1) risks for opioid use disorder and dependence;
(2) treatment options, including the use of a medication for opioid use disorder;
(3) the risk of and recognizing opioid overdose; and
(4) the use, availability, and administration of naloxone to respond to opioid overdose.
(c) The commissioner shall develop educational materials that are supported by research and updated periodically. The license holder must use the educational materials that are approved by the commissioner to comply with this requirement.
(d) If the comprehensive assessment is completed to authorize treatment service for the client, at the earliest opportunity during the assessment interview the assessor shall determine if:
(1) the client is in severe withdrawal and likely to be a danger to self or others;
(2) the client has severe medical problems that require immediate attention; or
(3) the client has severe emotional or behavioral symptoms that place the client or others at risk of harm.
If one or more of the conditions in clauses (1) to (3) are present, the assessor must end the assessment interview and follow the procedures in the program's medical services plan under section 245G.08, subdivision 2, to help the client obtain the appropriate services. The assessment interview may resume when the condition is resolved.
(a) An alcohol and drug counselor must complete an assessment summary within three calendar days after service initiation for a residential program and within three sessions for all other programs. If the comprehensive assessment is used to authorize the treatment service, the alcohol and drug counselor must prepare an assessment summary on the same date the comprehensive assessment is completed. If the comprehensive assessment and assessment summary are to authorize treatment services, the assessor must determine appropriate services for the client using the dimensions in Minnesota Rules, part 9530.6622, and document the recommendations.
(b) An assessment summary must include:
(1) a risk description according to section 245G.05 for each dimension listed in paragraph (c);
(2) a narrative summary supporting the risk descriptions; and
(3) a determination of whether the client has a substance use disorder.
(c) An assessment summary must contain information relevant to treatment service planning and recorded in the dimensions in clauses (1) to (6). The license holder must consider:
(1) Dimension 1, acute intoxication/withdrawal potential; the client's ability to cope with withdrawal symptoms and current state of intoxication;
(2) Dimension 2, biomedical conditions and complications; the degree to which any physical disorder of the client would interfere with treatment for substance use, and the client's ability to tolerate any related discomfort. The license holder must determine the impact of continued chemical use on the unborn child, if the client is pregnant;
(3) Dimension 3, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive conditions and complications; the degree to which any condition or complication is likely to interfere with treatment for substance use or with functioning in significant life areas and the likelihood of harm to self or others;
(4) Dimension 4, readiness for change; the support necessary to keep the client involved in treatment service;
(5) Dimension 5, relapse, continued use, and continued problem potential; the degree to which the client recognizes relapse issues and has the skills to prevent relapse of either substance use or mental health problems; and
(6) Dimension 6, recovery environment; whether the areas of the client's life are supportive of or antagonistic to treatment participation and recovery.
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