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    Subdivision 1. Terms. For the purposes of subdivisions 2 to 13 and sections 32.56 to 32.645,
and acts amendatory thereof, the terms defined in subdivisions 2 to 13, and acts amendatory
thereof, have the meanings given them.
    Subd. 2. Frozen food. "Frozen foods" means ice cream, frozen custard, French ice cream,
French custard ice cream, ice milk, fruit sherbets, water ices, frozen malted milk, frozen milk
shakes, frozen malts, frozen yogurt, frozen low-fat yogurt, frozen nonfat yogurt, reduced-fat ice
cream, low-fat ice cream, nonfat ice cream, or any frozen food for which the commissioner has
established a standard of identity, but shall not include frozen vegetables, fruits, meats, poultry,
or bakery products.
    Subd. 3. Milk products. "Milk products" means pure, clean, and wholesome cream, dried
cream, plastic cream -- sometimes known as concentrated milk fat, butter, butter oil, milk,
concentrated milk, evaporated milk, sweetened condensed milk, superheated condensed milk,
dried milk, skim milk, concentrated skim milk, evaporated skim milk, condensed skim milk,
superheated condensed skim milk, sweetened condensed skim milk, sweetened condensed
part-skim milk, nonfat dry milk, sweet cream buttermilk, condensed sweet cream buttermilk,
dried sweet cream buttermilk, whey, concentrated whey, and dry whey, and shall include any of
the foregoing products from which lactose has been wholly or partially removed.
    Subd. 4. Mix, ice cream mix. "Mix" means the unfrozen combination of all ingredients of a
frozen food with or without fruit, fruit juices, candy, nut meats, flavoring, or coloring. "Ice cream
mix" means the mix from which ice cream is frozen, made from a combination of milk products
and such other ingredients in such quantities as are consistent with such ingredients and quantities
in definitions and standards established by the commissioner. Ice cream mix in concentrated or
condensed form shall contain such relative amounts of ingredients that, when diluted according to
directions, it shall comply with the definition of ice cream mix.
    Subd. 5. Mix base; ice cream mix base. "Mix base" means mix powder or dry base and
is the product resulting from the removal of water from mix and contains not more than five
percent of moisture.
"Ice cream mix base" means ice cream powder or dry ice cream mix and is the product
resulting from the removal of water from ice cream mix and contains not more than five percent
of moisture.
    Subd. 6.[Repealed, 1965 c 119 s 7]
    Subd. 7.[Repealed, 1965 c 119 s 7]
    Subd. 8.[Repealed, 1965 c 119 s 7]
    Subd. 9.[Repealed, 1965 c 119 s 7]
    Subd. 10.[Repealed, 1965 c 119 s 7]
    Subd. 11.[Repealed, 1965 c 119 s 7]
    Subd. 12. Imitation ice cream. "Imitation ice cream" means any frozen substance, mixture
or compound regardless of the name under which it is represented, which is made in imitation or
semblance of ice cream, or is prepared or frozen as ice cream is customarily prepared or frozen
and which is not a frozen food as provided for in this section.
    Subd. 13. Manufacture. "Manufacture" means processing or freezing, or both.
    Subd. 14. Frozen yogurt; frozen low-fat yogurt; frozen nonfat yogurt. "Frozen yogurt,"
"frozen low-fat yogurt," or "frozen nonfat yogurt" means a frozen dairy food made from a mix
containing safe and suitable ingredients including, but not limited to, milk products. All or a part
of the milk products must be cultured with a characterizing live bacterial culture that contains the
lactic acid producing bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococus thermopilus and may
contain other lactic acid producing bacteria.
    Subd. 15.[Repealed, 1Sp2001 c 2 s 162]
    Subd. 16.[Repealed, 1Sp2001 c 2 s 162]
    Subd. 17.[Repealed, 1Sp2001 c 2 s 162]
History: (3827-6) 1937 c 101 s 1; 1941 c 62 s 1; 1949 c 658 s 1; 1955 c 538 s 1-3; 1957 c 263
s 1; 1961 c 144 art 1 s 4; 1961 c 533 s 1-9; 1965 c 119 s 1-3,6; 1967 c 434 s 1,2; 1990 c 407 s 4-8

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes