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    Subdivision 1. Applicability. For the purposes of this chapter, the terms defined in this
section have the meanings given them, unless the context requires otherwise.
    Subd. 2. Agency. "Agency" means the Pollution Control Agency.
    Subd. 3.[Repealed, 1989 c 335 art 1 s 270]
    Subd. 3a. Arrange for management. "Arrange for management" means an activity
undertaken by a person that determines the ultimate disposition of solid waste that is under the
control of the person, including delivery of the waste to a transfer station for transport to another
solid waste management facility. Knowledge of the destination of waste by a generator is by itself
insufficient for arranging for management unless the generator knows that the destination is an
environmentally inferior facility as defined in this section, has the ability to redirect the waste
to an environmentally superior facility and ensure its delivery to that facility, and chooses not
to redirect the waste.
    Subd. 4. Cities. "Cities" means statutory and home rule charter cities and towns authorized
to plan under sections 462.351 to 462.364.
    Subd. 5. Collection. "Collection" means the aggregation of waste from the place at which it
is generated and includes all activities up to the time the waste is delivered to a waste facility.
    Subd. 6. Commercial waste facility. "Commercial waste facility" means a waste facility
established and permitted to sell waste processing or disposal services to generators other than the
owner and operator of the facility.
    Subd. 6a. Commissioner. "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Pollution Control
    Subd. 7. Construction debris. "Construction debris" means waste building materials,
packaging, and rubble resulting from construction, remodeling, repair, and demolition of
buildings and roads.
    Subd. 7a. Containment. "Containment" means isolating, controlling, and monitoring waste
in a waste facility in order to prevent a release of waste from the facility that would have an
adverse impact upon human health and the environment.
    Subd. 8. Development region. "Development region" means a region designated pursuant to
sections 462.381 to 462.397.
    Subd. 8a.[Repealed, 1Sp2005 c 1 art 2 s 162]
    Subd. 9. Disposal or dispose. "Disposal" or "dispose" means the discharge, deposit,
injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any waste into or on any land or water so that
the waste or any constituent thereof may enter the environment or be emitted into the air, or
discharged into any waters, including ground waters.
    Subd. 10. Disposal facility. "Disposal facility" means a waste facility permitted by the agency
that is designed or operated for the purpose of disposing of waste on or in the land, together with
any appurtenant facilities needed to process waste for disposal or transfer to another waste facility.
    Subd. 10a. Environmentally inferior. "Environmentally inferior" means a solid waste
management method that is lower on the list of preferred waste management methods in section
115A.02 than a solid waste management method chosen by a county or, as applied to a facility,
means a waste management facility that utilizes a waste management method that is lower on the
list of preferred waste management methods than the waste management method chosen by a
county. In addition, as applied to disposal facilities, a facility that does not meet the standards for
new facilities in Code of Federal Regulations, title 40, chapters 257 and 258, is environmentally
inferior to a facility that does meet these standards.
    Subd. 11. Generation. "Generation" means the act or process of producing waste.
    Subd. 12. Generator. "Generator" means any person who generates waste.
    Subd. 13. Hazardous waste. "Hazardous waste" has the meaning given it in section 116.06,
subdivision 11
    Subd. 13a. Industrial waste. "Industrial waste" means solid waste resulting from an
industrial, manufacturing, service, or commercial activity that is managed as a separate waste
    Subd. 14. Intrinsic hazard. "Intrinsic hazard" of a waste means the propensity of the waste
to migrate in the environment, and thereby to become exposed to the public, and the significance
of the harm or damage likely to result from exposure of natural resources or the public to the
waste, as a result of such inherent or induced attributes of the waste as its chemical and physical
stability, solubility, bioconcentratability, toxicity, flammability, and corrosivity.
    Subd. 15. Intrinsic suitability. "Intrinsic suitability" of a land area or site means that, based
on existing data on the inherent and natural attributes, physical features, and location of the land
area or site, there is no known reason why the waste facility proposed to be located in the area or
site cannot reasonably be expected to qualify for permits in accordance with agency rules. Agency
certification of intrinsic suitability shall be based on data submitted to the agency by the proposing
entity and data included by the administrative law judge in the record of any public hearing on
recommended certification, and applied against criteria in agency rules and any additional criteria
developed by the agency in effect at the time the proposing entity submits the site for certification.
In the event that all candidate sites selected by the board before May 3, 1984, are eliminated
from further consideration and a new search for candidate sites is commenced, "intrinsic
suitability" of a land area or site shall mean that, because of the inherent and natural attributes,
physical features, and location of the land area or site, the waste facility proposed to be located in
the area or site would not be likely to result in material harm to the public health and safety and
natural resources and that therefore the proposed facility can reasonably be expected to qualify
for permits in accordance with agency rules.
    Subd. 16.[Repealed, 1997 c 7 art 1 s 26]
    Subd. 17. Local government unit. "Local government unit" means cities, towns, and
    Subd. 17a. Major appliances. "Major appliances" means clothes washers and dryers,
dishwashers, hot water heaters, heat pumps, furnaces, garbage disposals, trash compactors,
conventional and microwave ovens, ranges and stoves, air conditioners, dehumidifiers,
refrigerators, and freezers.
    Subd. 18. Metropolitan area. "Metropolitan area" has the meaning given it in section
    Subd. 19. Metropolitan Council. "Metropolitan Council" means the council established
in chapter 473.
    Subd. 20.[Repealed, 1994 c 628 art 3 s 209]
    Subd. 21. Mixed municipal solid waste. (a) "Mixed municipal solid waste" means garbage,
refuse, and other solid waste from residential, commercial, industrial, and community activities
that the generator of the waste aggregates for collection, except as provided in paragraph (b).
(b) Mixed municipal solid waste does not include auto hulks, street sweepings, ash,
construction debris, mining waste, sludges, tree and agricultural wastes, tires, lead acid batteries,
motor and vehicle fluids and filters, and other materials collected, processed, and disposed of as
separate waste streams, but does include source-separated compostable materials.
    Subd. 22. Natural resources. "Natural resources" has the meaning given it in chapter 116B.
    Subd. 22a.[Repealed, 1Sp2005 c 1 art 2 s 162]
    Subd. 22b. Packaging. "Packaging" means a container and any appurtenant material that
provide a means of transporting, marketing, protecting, or handling a product. "Packaging"
includes pallets and packing such as blocking, bracing, cushioning, weatherproofing, strapping,
coatings, closures, inks, dyes, pigments, and labels.
    Subd. 23. Person. "Person" has the meaning given it in section 116.06, but does not include
the Pollution Control Agency.
    Subd. 24. Political subdivision. "Political subdivision" means any municipal corporation,
governmental subdivision of the state, local government unit, special district, or local or regional
board, commission, or authority authorized by law to plan or provide for waste management.
    Subd. 24a. Problem material. "Problem material" means a material that, when it is
processed or disposed of with mixed municipal solid waste, contributes to one or more of the
following results:
(1) the release of a hazardous substance, or pollutant or contaminant, as defined in section
115B.02, subdivisions 8, 13, and 15;
(2) pollution of water as defined in section 115.01, subdivision 13;
(3) air pollution as defined in section 116.06, subdivision 4; or
(4) a significant threat to the safe or efficient operation of a solid waste facility.
    Subd. 24b. Postconsumer material. "Postconsumer material" means a finished material that
would normally be discarded as a solid waste having completed its life cycle as a consumer item.
    Subd. 25. Processing. "Processing" means the treatment of waste after collection and before
disposal. Processing includes but is not limited to reduction, storage, separation, exchange,
resource recovery, physical, chemical, or biological modification, and transfer from one waste
facility to another.
    Subd. 25a. Recyclable materials. "Recyclable materials" means materials that are separated
from mixed municipal solid waste for the purpose of recycling, including paper, glass, plastics,
metals, automobile oil, and batteries. Refuse-derived fuel or other material that is destroyed
by incineration is not a recyclable material.
    Subd. 25b. Recycling. "Recycling" means the process of collecting and preparing recyclable
materials and reusing the materials in their original form or using them in manufacturing processes
that do not cause the destruction of recyclable materials in a manner that precludes further use.
    Subd. 25c. Recycling facility. "Recycling facility" means a facility at which materials are
prepared for reuse in their original form or for use in manufacturing processes that do not cause
the destruction of the materials in a manner that precludes further use.
    Subd. 26. Regional development commission. "Regional development commission" means
a commission established pursuant to sections 462.381 to 462.397.
    Subd. 26a. Resource conservation. "Resource conservation" means the reduction in the use
of water, energy, and raw materials.
    Subd. 27. Resource recovery. "Resource recovery" means the reclamation for sale, use, or
reuse of materials, substances, energy, or other products contained within or derived from waste.
    Subd. 28. Resource recovery facility. "Resource recovery facility" means a waste facility
established and used primarily for resource recovery, including related and appurtenant facilities
such as transmission facilities and transfer stations primarily serving the resource recovery facility.
    Subd. 28a. Retrievable storage. "Retrievable storage" means a method of disposal whereby
wastes are placed in a facility established pursuant to sections 115A.18 to 115A.30 for an
indeterminate period in a manner designed to allow the removal of the waste at a later time.
    Subd. 28b. Sanitary district. "Sanitary district" means a sanitary district with the authority
to regulate solid waste.
    Subd. 29. Sewage sludge. "Sewage sludge" means solid, semisolid, or liquid residue
generated during the treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment works. It includes, but is not
limited to, scum or solids removed in primary, secondary, or advanced wastewater treatment
processes and a material derived from sewage sludge. Sewage sludge does not include ash
generated during the firing of sewage sludge in a sewage sludge incinerator or grit and screenings
generated during preliminary treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment works. Sewage sludge
that is acceptable and beneficial for recycling on land as a soil conditioner and nutrient source
is also known as biosolids.
    Subd. 30. Sewage sludge disposal facility. "Sewage sludge disposal facility" means
property owned or leased by a political subdivision and used for interim or final disposal or
land spreading of sewage sludge.
    Subd. 31. Solid waste. "Solid waste" has the meaning given it in section 116.06, subdivision
    Subd. 32. Solid waste management district or waste district. "Solid waste management
district" or "waste district" means a geographic area extending into two or more counties in which
the management of solid waste is vested in a special district established pursuant to sections
115A.62 to 115A.72.
    Subd. 32a.MS 1994 [Renumbered subd 32c]
    Subd. 32a. Source-separated compostable materials. "Source-separated compostable
materials" means mixed municipal solid waste that:
(1) is separated at the source by waste generators for the purpose of preparing it for use as
(2) is collected separately from other mixed municipal solid wastes;
(3) is comprised of food wastes, fish and animal waste, plant materials, diapers, sanitary
products, and paper that is not recyclable because the commissioner has determined that no other
person is willing to accept the paper for recycling; and
(4) is delivered to a facility to undergo controlled microbial degradation to yield a humus-like
product meeting the agency's class I or class II, or equivalent, compost standards and where
process residues do not exceed 15 percent by weight of the total material delivered to the facility.
    Subd. 32b.MS 1994 [Renumbered subd 32d]
    Subd. 32b. Source-separated recyclable materials. "Source-separated recyclable materials"
means recyclable materials, including commingled recyclable materials, that are separated by the
    Subd. 32c. Stabilization. "Stabilization" means a chemical or thermal process in which
materials or energy are added to waste in order to reduce the possibility of migration of any
hazardous constituents of the resulting stabilized waste in preparation for placement of the waste
in a stabilization and containment facility.
    Subd. 32d. Stabilization and containment facility. "Stabilization and containment facility"
means a waste facility that is designed for stabilization and containment of waste, together with
other appurtenant facilities needed to process waste for stabilization, containment, or transfer to
another facility.
    Subd. 33. Transfer station. "Transfer station" means an intermediate waste facility in
which waste collected from any source is temporarily deposited to await transportation to another
waste facility.
    Subd. 34. Waste. "Waste" means solid waste, sewage sludge, and hazardous waste.
    Subd. 35. Waste facility. "Waste facility" means all property, real or personal, including
negative and positive easements and water and air rights, which is or may be needed or useful for
the processing or disposal of waste, except property for the collection of the waste and property
used primarily for the manufacture of scrap metal or paper. Waste facility includes but is not
limited to transfer stations, processing facilities, and disposal sites and facilities.
    Subd. 36. Waste management. "Waste management" means activities which are intended to
affect or control the generation of waste and activities which provide for or control the collection,
processing and disposal of waste.
    Subd. 36a. Waste management method chosen by a county. "Waste management method
chosen by a county" means:
(1) a waste management method that is mandated for waste generated in the county by
section 115A.415, 473.848, 473.849, or other state law, or by county ordinance based on the
county solid waste management plan developed, adopted, and approved under section 115A.46 or
458D.05 or the county solid waste management master plan developed, adopted, and approved
under section 473.803; or
(2) a waste management facility or facilities, developed under the county solid waste
management plan or master plan, to which solid waste generated in a county is directed by an
ordinance developed, adopted, and approved under sections 115A.80 to 115A.893.
    Subd. 36b. Waste reduction or source reduction. "Waste reduction" or "source reduction"
means an activity that prevents generation of waste or the inclusion of toxic materials in waste,
(1) reusing a product in its original form;
(2) increasing the life span of a product;
(3) reducing material or the toxicity of material used in production or packaging; or
(4) changing procurement, consumption, or waste generation habits to result in smaller
quantities or lower toxicity of waste generated.
    Subd. 37. Waste rendered nonhazardous. "Waste rendered nonhazardous" means (1) waste
excluded from regulation as a hazardous waste under the delisting requirements of United States
Code, title 42, section 6921 and any federal and state delisting rules, and (2) other nonhazardous
residual waste from the processing of hazardous waste.
    Subd. 38. Yard waste. "Yard waste" means garden wastes, leaves, lawn cuttings, weeds,
shrub and tree waste, and prunings.
History: 1980 c 564 art 1 s 3; 1981 c 352 s 1,2; 1983 c 373 s 5,6; 1984 c 640 s 32; 1984 c
644 s 1,2; 1985 c 274 s 1-3; 1986 c 425 s 12-17; 1987 c 348 s 1,2; 1988 c 524 s 1; 1988 c 685 s
3,4,21; 1989 c 325 s 3; 1989 c 335 art 1 s 128,129,269; 1Sp1989 c 1 art 18 s 3; art 20 s 1,2;
1991 c 303 s 1; 1991 c 337 s 6,7,44; 1992 c 593 art 1 s 5-7,28; 1993 c 249 s 7,8,61; 1994 c
548 s 1; 1994 c 585 s 3; 1994 c 639 art 5 s 3; 1995 c 220 s 96; 1995 c 247 art 1 s 66; 1996 c
470 s 2-5; 1Sp2005 c 1 art 2 s 161

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes