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    Subdivision 1. Definitions. As used in sections 609.901 to 609.912, the following terms have
the meanings given them.
    Subd. 2. Criminal proceeding. "Criminal proceeding" means a criminal proceeding begun
under section 609.903.
    Subd. 3. Enterprise. "Enterprise" means a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation,
trust, or other legal entity, or a union, governmental entity, association, or group of persons,
associated in fact although not a legal entity, and includes illicit as well as legitimate enterprises.
    Subd. 4. Criminal act. "Criminal act" means conduct constituting, or a conspiracy or attempt
to commit, a felony violation of chapter 152, or a felony violation of section 297D.09; 299F.79;
299F.80; 299F.82; 609.185; 609.19; 609.195; 609.20; 609.205; 609.221; 609.222; 609.223;
609.2231; 609.228; 609.235; 609.245; 609.25; 609.27; 609.322; 609.342; 609.343; 609.344;
609.345; 609.42; 609.48; 609.485; 609.495; 609.496; 609.497; 609.498; 609.52, subdivision 2,
if the offense is punishable under subdivision 3, clause (3)(b) or clause 3(d)(v) or (vi); section
609.52, subdivision 2, clause (4); 609.527, if the crime is punishable under subdivision 3, clause
(4); 609.528, if the crime is punishable under subdivision 3, clause (4); 609.53; 609.561; 609.562;
609.582, subdivision 1 or 2; 609.668, subdivision 6, paragraph (a); 609.67; 609.687; 609.713;
609.86; 609.894, subdivision 3 or 4; 609.895; 624.713; 624.74; or 626A.02, subdivision 1, if the
offense is punishable under section 626A.02, subdivision 4, paragraph (a). "Criminal act" also
includes conduct constituting, or a conspiracy or attempt to commit, a felony violation of section
609.52, subdivision 2, clause (3), (4), (15), or (16), if the violation involves an insurance company
as defined in section 60A.02, subdivision 4, a nonprofit health service plan corporation regulated
under chapter 62C, a health maintenance organization regulated under chapter 62D, or a fraternal
benefit society regulated under chapter 64B.
    Subd. 5. Participation in a pattern of criminal activity. A person "participates in a
pattern of criminal activity" when the person is a principal with respect to conduct constituting
at least three of the criminal acts included in the pattern and two of the acts constitute felonies
other than conspiracy.
    Subd. 6. Pattern of criminal activity. "Pattern of criminal activity" means conduct
constituting three or more criminal acts that:
(1) were committed within ten years of the commencement of the criminal proceeding;
(2) are neither isolated incidents, nor so closely related and connected in point of time or
circumstance of commission as to constitute a single criminal offense; and
(3) were either: (i) related to one another through a common scheme or plan or a shared
criminal purpose or (ii) committed, solicited, requested, importuned, or intentionally aided by
persons acting with the mental culpability required for the commission of the criminal acts and
associated with or in an enterprise involved in those activities.
    Subd. 7. Personal property. "Personal property" includes personal property, an interest in
personal property, or a right, including a bank account, debt, corporate stock, patent, or copyright.
Personal property and a beneficial interest in personal property are deemed to be located where
the trustee is, the personal property is, or the instrument evidencing the right is.
    Subd. 8. Principal. "Principal" means a person who personally engages in conduct
constituting a violation or who is criminally liable under section 609.05 for the conduct of another
constituting a violation.
    Subd. 9. Prosecuting authority. "Prosecuting authority" means the office of a county
attorney or office of the attorney general.
    Subd. 10. Real property. "Real property" means any real property or an interest in real
property, including a lease of, or mortgage on, real property. A beneficial interest in real property
is deemed to be located where the real property is located.
History: 1989 c 286 s 6; 1991 c 325 art 17 s 1; 1992 c 564 art 1 s 54; 1993 c 326 art 5 s
11; 1994 c 636 art 5 s 16; 1997 c 239 art 3 s 20; 1998 c 367 art 2 s 32; 1999 c 142 s 3; 1999
c 244 s 4; 2000 c 354 s 6

Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes