62A.02 Policy forms.
Subdivision 1. Filing. For purposes of this section, "health plan" means a health plan as defined in section 62A.011 or a policy of accident and sickness insurance as defined in section 62A.01. No health plan shall be issued or delivered to any person in this state, nor shall any application, rider, or endorsement be used in connection with the health plan, until a copy of its form and of the classification of risks and the premium rates pertaining to the form have been filed with the commissioner. The filing for nongroup health plan forms shall include a statement of actuarial reasons and data to support the rate. For health benefit plans as defined in section 62L.02, and for health plans to be issued to individuals, the health carrier shall file with the commissioner the information required in section 62L.08, subdivision 8. For group health plans for which approval is sought for sales only outside of the small employer market as defined in section 62L.02, this section applies only to policies or contracts of accident and sickness insurance. All forms intended for issuance in the individual or small employer market must be accompanied by a statement as to the expected loss ratio for the form. Premium rates and forms relating to specific insureds or proposed insureds, whether individuals or groups, need not be filed, unless requested by the commissioner.
Subd. 2. Approval. (a) The health plan form shall not be issued, nor shall any application, rider, endorsement, or rate be used in connection with it, until the expiration of 60 days after it has been filed unless the commissioner approves it before that time.
(b) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), a rate filed with respect to a policy of accident and sickness insurance as defined in section 62A.01 by an insurer licensed under chapter 60A, may be used on or after the date of filing with the commissioner. Rates that are not approved or disapproved within the 60-day time period are deemed approved. This paragraph does not apply to Medicare-related coverage as defined in section 62A.31, subdivision 3, paragraph (q).
Subd. 3. Standards for disapproval. The commissioner shall, within 60 days after the filing of any form or rate, disapprove the form or rate:
(1) if the benefits provided are not reasonable in relation to the premium charged;
(2) if it contains a provision or provisions which are unjust, unfair, inequitable, misleading, deceptive or encourage misrepresentation of the health plan form, or otherwise does not comply with this chapter, chapter 62L, or chapter 72A;
(3) if the proposed premium rate is excessive or not adequate; or
(4) the actuarial reasons and data submitted do not justify the rate.
The party proposing a rate has the burden of proving by a preponderance of the evidence that it does not violate this subdivision.
In determining the reasonableness of a rate, the commissioner shall also review all administrative contracts, service contracts, and other agreements to determine the reasonableness of the cost of the contracts or agreement and effect of the contracts on the rate. If the commissioner determines that a contract or agreement is not reasonable, the commissioner shall disapprove any rate that reflects any unreasonable cost arising out of the contract or agreement. The commissioner may require any information that the commissioner deems necessary to determine the reasonableness of the cost.
For the purposes of this subdivision, the commissioner shall establish by rule a schedule of minimum anticipated loss ratios which shall be based on (i) the type or types of coverage provided, (ii) whether the policy is for group or individual coverage, and (iii) the size of the group for group policies. Except for individual policies of disability or income protection insurance, the minimum anticipated loss ratio shall not be less than 50 percent after the first year that a policy is in force. All applicants for a policy shall be informed in writing at the time of application of the anticipated loss ratio of the policy. "Anticipated loss ratio" means the ratio at the time of filing, at the time of notice of withdrawal under subdivision 4a, or at the time of subsequent rate revision of the present value of all expected future benefits, excluding dividends, to the present value of all expected future premiums.
If the commissioner notifies a health carrier that has filed any form or rate that it does not comply with this chapter, chapter 62L, or chapter 72A, it shall be unlawful for the health carrier to issue or use the form or rate. In the notice the commissioner shall specify the reasons for disapproval and state that a hearing will be granted within 20 days after request in writing by the health carrier.
The 60-day period within which the commissioner is to approve or disapprove the form or rate does not begin to run until a complete filing of all data and materials required by statute or requested by the commissioner has been submitted.
However, if the supporting data is not filed within 30 days after a request by the commissioner, the rate is not effective and is presumed to be an excessive rate.
Subd. 4. Repealed, 1992 c 549 art 3 s 23
Subd. 4a. Withdrawal of approval. The commissioner may, at any time after a 20-day written notice has been given to the insurer, withdraw approval of any form or rate that has previously been approved on any of the grounds stated in this section. It is unlawful for the health carrier to issue a form or rate or use it in connection with any health plan after the effective date of the withdrawal of approval. The notice of withdrawal of approval must advise the health carrier of the right to a hearing under the contested case procedures of chapter 14, and must specify the matters to be considered at the hearing.
The commissioner may request a health carrier to provide actuarial reasons and data, as well as other information, needed to determine if a previously approved rate continues to satisfy the requirements of this section. If the requested information is not provided within 30 days after request by the commissioner, the rate is presumed to be an excessive rate.
Subd. 5a. Hearing. The health carrier must request a hearing before the 20-day notice period has ended, or the commissioner's order is final. A request for hearing stays the commissioner's order until the commissioner notifies the health carrier of the result of the hearing. The commissioner's order may require the modification of any rate or form and may require continued coverage to persons covered under a health plan to which the disapproved form or rate applies.
Subd. 6. Appeal. Any order or decision of the commissioner under this section shall be subject to appeal in accordance with chapter 14.
Subd. 7. Filing by domestic insurers for purposes of complying with another state's filing requirements. A domestic insurer may file with the commissioner for informational purposes only a policy or certificate of insurance that is not intended to be offered or sold within this state. This subdivision only applies to the filing in Minnesota of a policy or certificate of insurance issued to an insured or certificate holder located outside of this state when the filing is for the express purpose of complying with the law of the state in which the insured or certificate holder resides. In no event may a policy or certificate of insurance filed under this subdivision for out-of-state use be issued or delivered in Minnesota unless and until the policy or certificate of insurance is approved under subdivision 2.
HIST: 1967 c 395 art 3 s 2; 1976 c 296 art 2 s 10,11; 1977 c 409 s 1; 1979 c 207 s 1; 1980 c 509 s 18; 1982 c 424 s 130; 1983 c 247 s 31; 1986 c 444; 1986 c 455 s 9,10; 1992 c 549 art 3 s 3-7; 1993 c 247 art 3 s 5; 1996 c 446 art 1 s 22; 2002 c 330 s 8; 2002 c 387 s 1
Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes