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148B.18 Definitions.

Subdivision 1. Applicability. For the purposes of sections 148B.18 to 148B.289, the following terms have the meanings given them.

Subd. 2. Accredited program of social work. "Accredited program of social work" means a school of social work or other educational program that has been accredited by the Council on Social Work Education.

Subd. 2a. Applicant. "Applicant" means a person who has submitted an application, with the appropriate fee, for licensure, temporary licensure, or reinstatement of an expired license.

Subd. 3. Board. "Board" means the Board of Social Work created in section 148B.19.

Subd. 3a. Client. "Client" means an individual, couple, family, group, organization, or community that receives, received, or should have received services from an applicant or a licensee.

Subd. 4. County agency social worker. "County agency social worker" means an individual who is employed by a county social service agency in Minnesota in social work practice.

Subd. 4a. Licensee. "Licensee" means a person licensed by the board.

Subd. 5. State agency social worker. "State agency social worker" means an individual who is employed by a state social service agency in Minnesota in social work practice.

Subd. 6. Repealed, 1997 c 193 s 48

Subd. 7. Repealed, 1997 c 193 s 48

Subd. 8. Private practice. "Private practice" means social work practice conducted by a licensee practicing within the permissible scope of a license, as defined in subdivision 11, and under appropriate supervision, as defined in subdivisions 11 and 12, who is either self-employed, or a member of a partnership or of a group practice, rather than being employed by an agency, clinic, or other similar entity.

Subd. 9. Psychotherapy. "Psychotherapy" in clinical social work practice means the application of social work theory, methodology, and values in the treatment of a person or persons who have cognitive, emotional, behavioral, or social dysfunctions through psychosocial, psychological, or interpersonal methods. The treatment is a planned and structured program which is based on information from a differential diagnostic assessment, and is directed toward the accomplishment of goals provided in a plan of care. The person-in-situation/environment configuration is considered and integrated into the diagnosis and treatment. Psychotherapy may be conducted by licensed independent clinical social workers and by licensed graduate or licensed independent social workers who practice under the supervision of either a licensed independent clinical social worker or, if approved by the board, by another qualified mental health professional.

Subd. 10. Qualified mental health professional. "Qualified mental health professional" means a psychiatrist, board-certified or eligible for board certification, and licensed under chapter 147; a psychologist licensed under sections 148.88 to 148.98; an independent clinical social worker who has the qualifications in section 148B.21, subdivision 6; a psychiatric registered nurse with a master's degree from an accredited school of nursing, licensed under section 148.211, with at least two years of post-master's supervised experience in direct clinical practice; a marriage and family therapist who is licensed under sections 148B.29 to 148B.39; or an equivalent mental health professional, as determined by the board, who is licensed or certified by a board or agency in another state or territory.

Subd. 11. Social work practice. (a) "Social work practice" is the application of social work theory, knowledge, methods, and ethics to restore or enhance social, psychosocial, or biopsychosocial functioning of individuals, couples, families, groups, organizations, and communities, with particular attention to the person-in-environment configuration.

(b) For all levels of licensure, social work practice includes assessment, treatment planning and evaluation, case management, information and referral, counseling, advocacy, teaching, research, supervision, consultation, community organization, and the development, implementation, and administration of policies, programs, and activities.

(c) For persons licensed at the licensed independent clinical social worker level, and for persons licensed at either the licensed graduate social worker or the licensed independent social worker level who practice social work under the supervision of a licensed independent clinical social worker, social work practice includes the diagnosis and treatment of mental and emotional disorders in individuals, families, and groups. The treatment of mental and emotional disorders includes the provision of individual, marital, and group psychotherapy.

Subd. 12. Supervision. "Supervision" means the direction of social work practice in face-to-face sessions. Further standards for supervision shall be determined by the Board of Social Work. Supervision shall be provided:

(1) by a social worker licensed at least at the level of the worker being supervised and qualified under section 148B.21 to practice without supervision, except that a licensed graduate social worker may supervise a licensed social worker; or

(2) by another qualified professional or qualified mental health professional when the Board of Social Work determines that supervision by a social worker as required in clause (1) is unobtainable, or in other situations considered appropriate by the Board of Social Work.

Subd. 13. Temporary licensee. "Temporary licensee" means a person licensed by the board under section 148B.21, subdivision 7.

HIST: 1987 c 347 art 2 s 1; 1988 c 689 art 2 s 268; 1991 c 292 art 2 s 46; 1992 c 460 s 11,12,21; 1993 c 240 s 4,5; 1997 c 193 s 11-16,47; 2003 c 111 s 2,3