The following are fouls and will result in penalties if committed:
butting with the head;
eye gouging of any kind;
biting or spitting at an opponent;
groin attacks of any kind;
intentionally placing a finger in any opponent's orifice;
downward pointing of elbow strikes;
small joint manipulation;
strikes to the spine or back of the head;
throat strikes of any kind;
clawing, pinching, or twisting the flesh;
kicking the head of a grounded fighter;
kneeing the head of a grounded fighter;
stomping of a grounded fighter;
the use of abusive language in fighting area;
any unsportsmanlike conduct that causes an injury to opponent;
attacking an opponent on or during the break;
attacking an opponent who is under the referee's care at the time;
timidity (avoiding contact, or consistent dropping of mouthpiece, or faking an injury);
interference from a combatant's second;
throwing an opponent out of the fighting area;
flagrant disregard of the referee's instructions; and
spiking an opponent to the canvas on his or her head or neck.
Disqualification occurs after any combination of three of the fouls listed in item A or after a referee determines that a foul was intentional and flagrant.
Fouls will result in a point being deducted by the official scorekeeper from the offending combatant's score.
Only a referee can assess a foul. If the referee does not call the foul, judges shall not make that assessment on their own and cannot factor such into their scoring calculations.
A fouled combatant has up to five minutes to recuperate.
If a foul is committed, the referee shall:
check the fouled combatant's condition and safety; and
assess the foul to the offending combatant, deduct points, and notify each corner's second, the judges, and the official scorekeeper.
If a bottom combatant commits a foul, unless the top combatant is injured, the fight shall continue, so as not to jeopardize the top combatant's superior positioning at the time.
The referee shall verbally notify the bottom combatant of the foul.
When the round is over, the referee shall assess the foul and notify both corners' seconds, the judges, and the official scorekeeper.
The referee may terminate a contest if a foul results in an unnecessary injury caused by an intentional act. If a contest is terminated based upon a foul committed under this subitem, the combatant who committed the foul shall lose by disqualification.
MS s 341.25
34 SR 317; 42 SR 1258
April 30, 2018