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Minnesota Legislature

Office of the Revisor of Statutes

Key: (1) language to be deleted (2) new language

CHAPTER 158--S.F.No. 492

An act

relating to transportation; regulating use and operation of mini trucks on public roadways; authorizing administrative traffic citations;

amending Minnesota Statutes 2008, sections 6.74; 169.011, by adding a subdivision; 169.045; 169.985; 169.99, subdivision 1; 357.021, subdivision 6; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 169.

BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:

Section 1.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 6.74, is amended to read:

6.74 INFORMATION COLLECTED FROM LOCAL GOVERNMENTS.

The state auditor, or a designated agent, shall collect annually from all city, county, and other local units of government, information as to the assessment of property, collection of taxes, receipts from licenses and other sources including administrative fines assessed and collected pursuant to section 169.999, the expenditure of public funds for all purposes, borrowing, debts, principal and interest payments on debts, and such other information as may be needful. The data shall be supplied upon forms prescribed by the state auditor, and all public officials so called upon shall fill out properly and return promptly all forms so transmitted. The state auditor or assistants, may examine local records in order to complete or verify the information.

Sec. 2.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.011, is amended by adding a subdivision to read:

Subd. 40a.

Mini truck.

(a) "Mini truck" means a motor vehicle that has four wheels; is propelled by an electric motor with a rated power of 7,500 watts or less or an internal combustion engine with a piston displacement capacity of 660 cubic centimeters or less; has a total dry weight of 900 to 2,200 pounds; contains an enclosed cabin and a seat for the vehicle operator; commonly resembles a pickup truck or van, including a cargo area or bed located at the rear of the vehicle; and was not originally manufactured to meet federal motor vehicle safety standards required of motor vehicles in the Code of Federal Regulations, title 49, sections 571.101 to 571.404, and successor requirements.

(b) A mini truck does not include:

(1) a neighborhood electric vehicle or a medium-speed electric vehicle; or

(2) a motor vehicle that meets or exceeds the regulations in the Code of Federal Regulations, title 49, section 571.500, and successor requirements.

Sec. 3.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.045, is amended to read:

169.045 SPECIAL VEHICLE USE ON ROADWAY.

Subdivision 1.

Designation of roadway, permit.

The governing body of any county, home rule charter or statutory city, or town may by ordinance authorize the operation of motorized golf carts, or four-wheel all-terrain vehicles, or mini trucks, on designated roadways or portions thereof under its jurisdiction. Authorization to operate a motorized golf cart or, four-wheel all-terrain vehicle, or mini truck is by permit only. For purposes of this section, a four-wheel all-terrain vehicle is a motorized flotation-tired vehicle with four low-pressure tires that is limited in engine displacement of less than 800 cubic centimeters and total dry weight less than 600 pounds, and a mini truck has the meaning given in section 169.011, subdivision 40a.

Subd. 2.

Ordinance.

The ordinance shall designate the roadways, prescribe the form of the application for the permit, require evidence of insurance complying with the provisions of section 65B.48, subdivision 5 and may prescribe conditions, not inconsistent with the provisions of this section, under which a permit may be granted. Permits may be granted for a period of not to exceed one year, and may be annually renewed. A permit may be revoked at any time if there is evidence that the permittee cannot safely operate the motorized golf cart or, four-wheel all-terrain vehicle, or mini truck on the designated roadways. The ordinance may require, as a condition to obtaining a permit, that the applicant submit a certificate signed by a physician that the applicant is able to safely operate a motorized golf cart or, four-wheel all-terrain vehicle, or mini truck on the roadways designated.

Subd. 3.

Times of operation.

Motorized golf carts and four-wheel all-terrain vehicles may only be operated on designated roadways from sunrise to sunset. They shall not be operated in inclement weather or when visibility is impaired by weather, smoke, fog or other conditions, or at any time when there is insufficient light to clearly see persons and vehicles on the roadway at a distance of 500 feet.

Subd. 4.

Slow-moving vehicle emblem.

Motorized golf carts shall display the slow-moving vehicle emblem provided for in section 169.522, when operated on designated roadways.

Subd. 5.

Crossing intersecting highways.

The operator, under permit, of a motorized golf cart or, four-wheel all-terrain vehicle, or mini truck may cross any street or highway intersecting a designated roadway.

Subd. 6.

Application of traffic laws.

Every person operating a motorized golf cart or, four-wheel all-terrain vehicle, or mini truck under permit on designated roadways has all the rights and duties applicable to the driver of any other vehicle under the provisions of this chapter, except when those provisions cannot reasonably be applied to motorized golf carts or, four-wheel all-terrain vehicles, or mini trucks and except as otherwise specifically provided in subdivision 7.

Subd. 7.

Nonapplication of certain laws.

The provisions of chapter 171 are applicable to persons operating mini trucks, but are not applicable to persons operating motorized golf carts or four-wheel all-terrain vehicles under permit on designated roadways pursuant to this section. Except for the requirements of section 169.70, the provisions of this chapter relating to equipment on vehicles is are not applicable to motorized golf carts or four-wheel all-terrain vehicles operating, under permit, on designated roadways.

Subd. 7a.

Required equipment on mini trucks.

Notwithstanding sections 169.48 to 169.68, or any other law, a mini truck may be operated under permit on designated roadways if it is equipped with:

(1) at least two headlamps;

(2) at least two taillamps;

(3) front and rear turn-signal lamps;

(4) an exterior mirror mounted on the driver's side of the vehicle and either (i) an exterior mirror mounted on the passenger's side of the vehicle or (ii) an interior mirror;

(5) a windshield;

(6) a seat belt for the driver and front passenger; and

(7) a parking brake.

Subd. 8.

Insurance.

In the event persons operating a motorized golf cart or, four-wheel, all-terrain vehicle, or mini truck under this section cannot obtain liability insurance in the private market, that person may purchase automobile insurance, including no-fault coverage, from the Minnesota Automobile Assigned Risk Insurance Plan under sections 65B.01 to 65B.12, at a rate to be determined by the commissioner of commerce.

Sec. 4.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.985, is amended to read:

169.985 TRAFFIC CITATION QUOTA PROHIBITED.

A law enforcement agency may not order, mandate, require, or suggest to a peace officer a quota for the issuance of traffic citations, including administrative citations authorized under section 169.999, on a daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, or yearly basis.

Sec. 5.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 169.99, subdivision 1, is amended to read:

Subdivision 1.

Form.

(a) Except as provided in subdivision 3, and section 169.999, subdivision 3, there shall be a uniform ticket issued throughout the state by the police and peace officers or by any other person for violations of this chapter and ordinances in conformity thereto. Such uniform traffic ticket shall be in the form and have the effect of a summons and complaint. Except as provided in paragraph (b), the uniform ticket shall state that if the defendant fails to appear in court in response to the ticket, an arrest warrant may be issued. The uniform traffic ticket shall consist of four parts, on paper sensitized so that copies may be made without the use of carbon paper, as follows:

(1) the complaint, with reverse side for officer's notes for testifying in court, driver's past record, and court's action, printed on white paper;

(2) the abstract of court record for the Department of Public Safety, which shall be a copy of the complaint with the certificate of conviction on the reverse side, printed on yellow paper;

(3) the police record, which shall be a copy of the complaint and of the reverse side of copy (1), printed on pink paper; and

(4) the summons, with, on the reverse side, such information as the court may wish to give concerning the Traffic Violations Bureau, and a plea of guilty and waiver, printed on off-white tag stock.

(b) If the offense is a petty misdemeanor, the uniform ticket must state that a failure to appear will be considered a plea of guilty and waiver of the right to trial, unless the failure to appear is due to circumstances beyond the person's control.

Sec. 6.

[169.999] ADMINISTRATIVE CITATIONS FOR CERTAIN TRAFFIC OFFENSES.

Subdivision 1.

Authority.

(a) Except for peace officers employed by the state patrol, prior to a peace officer issuing an administrative citation under this section, the governing body for the local unit of government that employs the peace officer must pass a resolution that:

(1) authorizes issuance of administrative citations;

(2) obligates the local unit of government to provide a neutral third party to hear and rule on challenges to administrative citations; and

(3) bars peace officers from issuing administrative citations in violation of this section.

(b) A peace officer may issue an administrative citation to a vehicle operator who:

(1) violates section 169.14, and the violation consists of a speed under ten miles per hour in excess of the lawful speed limit;

(2) fails to obey a stop line in violation of section 169.30; or

(3) operates a vehicle that is in violation of sections 169.46 to 169.68 and 169.69 to 169.75.

(c) The authority to issue an administrative citation is exclusively limited to those offenses listed in this subdivision.

(d) A peace officer who issues an administrative citation for the infraction of speeding under ten miles per hour over the speed limit must use the actual speed a violator's vehicle was traveling at the time of the infraction and may not reduce the recorded speed for purposes of qualifying the offense for an administrative citation. An administrative citation issued for speeding must list the actual speed the vehicle was traveling at the time of the infraction.

(e) A local unit of government shall notify the commissioner of public safety after it passes a resolution described in paragraph (a).

Subd. 2.

Officer's authority.

The authority to issue an administrative citation is reserved exclusively to licensed peace officers. An officer may not be required by ordinance or otherwise to issue a citation under this section instead of a criminal citation.

Subd. 3.

Uniform citation.

There must be a uniform administrative citation issued throughout the state by licensed peace officers for violations of this section. No other citation is authorized for violations of this section. The commissioner of public safety shall prescribe the detailed form of the uniform administrative citation and shall revise the uniform administrative citation on such subsequent occasions as necessary and proper. The uniform administrative citation must include notification that the person has the right to contest the citation.

Subd. 4.

Right to contest citation.

(a) A peace officer who issues an administrative citation must inform the vehicle operator that the person has the right to contest the citation.

(b) Except as provided in paragraph (c), the local unit of government that employs the peace officer who issues an administrative citation must provide a civil process for a person to contest the administrative citation. The person must be allowed to challenge the citation before a neutral third party. A local unit of government may employ a person to hear and rule on challenges to administrative citations or contract with another local unit of government or a private entity to provide the service.

(c) The state patrol may contract with local units of government or private entities to collect administrative fines and to provide a neutral third party to hear and rule on challenges to administrative citations. An administrative citation issued by a state patrol trooper must clearly state how and where a violator can challenge the citation.

Subd. 5.

Fines; disbursement.

(a) A person who commits an administrative violation under subdivision 1 must pay a fine of $60.

(b) Except as provided in paragraph (c), two-thirds of a fine collected under this section must be credited to the general revenue fund of the local unit of government that employs the peace officer who issued the citation, and one-third must be transferred to the commissioner of finance to be deposited in the state general fund. A local unit of government receiving fine proceeds under this section must use at least one-half of the funds for law enforcement purposes. The funds must be used to supplement but not supplant any existing law enforcement funding.

(c) For fines collected under this section from administrative citations issued by state patrol troopers, one-third must be credited to the general fund of the local unit of government or entity that collects the fine and provides a hearing officer and two-thirds must be transferred to the commissioner of finance to be deposited in the state general fund.

Subd. 6.

Commercial drivers' licenses and commercial vehicles; exceptions.

An administrative citation may not be issued under this section to (1) the holder of a commercial driver's license, or (2) the driver of a commercial vehicle in which the administrative violation was committed.

Subd. 7.

Driving records.

A violation under this section may not be recorded by the Department of Public Safety on the violator's driving record and does not constitute grounds for revocation or suspension of the violator's driver's license.

Subd. 8.

Administrative penalty reporting.

(a) A county, statutory or home rule city, or town that employs peace officers who issue administrative citations and that collects administrative fines under this section must include that information and the amount collected as separate categories in any financial report, summary, or audit.

(b) The state auditor shall annually report to the commissioner of public safety information concerning administrative fines collected by local units of government under section 169.999. Upon request, the commissioner of public safety shall report to the chairs and ranking minority members of the senate and house of representatives committees having jurisdiction over criminal justice policy and funding summarizing the reports the commissioner received under this paragraph.

Subd. 9.

Local preemption.

The authority to issue an administrative citation is exclusively limited to those offenses listed in subdivision 1. Notwithstanding any contrary charter provision or ordinance, no statutory or home rule charter city, county, or town may impose administrative penalties to enforce any other provision of this chapter.

Sec. 7.

Minnesota Statutes 2008, section 357.021, subdivision 6, is amended to read:

Subd. 6.

Surcharges on criminal and traffic offenders.

(a) Except as provided in this paragraph, the court shall impose and the court administrator shall collect a $75 surcharge on every person convicted of any felony, gross misdemeanor, misdemeanor, or petty misdemeanor offense, other than a violation of a law or ordinance relating to vehicle parking, for which there shall be a $4 surcharge. In the Second Judicial District, the court shall impose, and the court administrator shall collect, an additional $1 surcharge on every person convicted of any felony, gross misdemeanor, misdemeanor, or petty misdemeanor offense, including a violation of a law or ordinance relating to vehicle parking, if the Ramsey County Board of Commissioners authorizes the $1 surcharge. The surcharge shall be imposed whether or not the person is sentenced to imprisonment or the sentence is stayed. The surcharge shall not be imposed when a person is convicted of a petty misdemeanor for which no fine is imposed.

(b) If the court fails to impose a surcharge as required by this subdivision, the court administrator shall show the imposition of the surcharge, collect the surcharge, and correct the record.

(c) The court may not waive payment of the surcharge required under this subdivision. Upon a showing of indigency or undue hardship upon the convicted person or the convicted person's immediate family, the sentencing court may authorize payment of the surcharge in installments.

(d) The court administrator or other entity collecting a surcharge shall forward it to the commissioner of finance.

(e) If the convicted person is sentenced to imprisonment and has not paid the surcharge before the term of imprisonment begins, the chief executive officer of the correctional facility in which the convicted person is incarcerated shall collect the surcharge from any earnings the inmate accrues from work performed in the facility or while on conditional release. The chief executive officer shall forward the amount collected to the commissioner of finance.

(f) The surcharge does not apply to administrative citations issued pursuant to section 169.999.

Sec. 8.

COMMISSIONER OF PUBLIC SAFETY; CREATE UNIFORM ADMINISTRATIVE CITATION.

No later than October 1, 2009, the commissioner of public safety shall create a uniform administrative citation to be issued under Minnesota Statutes, section 169.999. The commissioner shall consult with representatives from the Sheriff's Association of Minnesota, the Minnesota Chiefs of Police Association, and the Minnesota Police and Peace Officers Association on the form and content of the uniform administrative citation.

Sec. 9.

SEVERABILITY.

If any provision of this act, or the applicability of any provision to any person or circumstance, is held to be invalid by a court of competent jurisdiction, the remainder of this act is not affected and must be given effect to the fullest extent practicable.

Sec. 10.

EFFECTIVE DATE.

Sections 2 and 3 are effective August 1, 2009, and the amendments made in sections 2 and 3 to Minnesota Statutes, sections 169.011 and 169.045, expire July 31, 2012.

Presented to the governor May 20, 2009

Signed by the governor May 21, 2009, 10:36 a.m.