language to be deleted (2) new language
relating to health; establishing the Freedom to Breathe Act of 2007; establishing public policy to protect employees and the general public from the hazards of secondhand smoke; prohibiting smoking in certain areas; providing penalties;
amending Minnesota Statutes 2006, sections 116L.17, subdivision 1; 144.412; 144.413, subdivisions 2, 4, by adding subdivisions; 144.414; 144.416; 144.417; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapter 144; repealing Minnesota Statutes 2006, section 144.415.
BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA:
(a) For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the meanings given them in this subdivision.
(b) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of employment and economic development.
(c) "Dislocated worker" means an individual who is a resident of Minnesota at the time employment ceased or was working in the state at the time employment ceased and:
(1) has been permanently separated or has received a notice of permanent separation from public or private sector employment and is eligible for or has exhausted entitlement to unemployment benefits, and is unlikely to return to the previous industry or occupation;
(2) has been long-term unemployed and has limited opportunities for employment or reemployment in the same or a similar occupation in the area in which the individual resides, including older individuals who may have substantial barriers to employment by reason of age;
(3) has been self-employed, including farmers and ranchers, and is unemployed as a result of general economic conditions in the community in which the individual resides or because of natural disasters; or
is a displaced homemaker. A "displaced homemaker" is an individual who has spent a substantial number of years in the home providing homemaking service and (i) has been dependent upon the financial support of another; and now due to divorce, separation, death, or disability of that person, must find employment to self support; or (ii) derived the substantial share of support from public assistance on account of dependents in the home and no longer receives such support.
To be eligible under this clause, the support must have ceased while the worker resided in Minnesota.
(d) "Eligible organization" means a state or local government unit, nonprofit organization, community action agency, business organization or association, or labor organization.
(e) "Plant closing" means the announced or actual permanent shutdown of a single site of employment, or one or more facilities or operating units within a single site of employment.
(f) "Substantial layoff" means a permanent reduction in the workforce, which is not a result of a plant closing, and which results in an employment loss at a single site of employment during any 30-day period for at least 50 employees excluding those employees that work less than 20 hours per week.
The purpose of sections 144.411 to 144.417 is to protect the public health, comfort and environment by prohibiting smoking in areas where children or ill or injured persons are present, and by limiting smoking in public places and at public meetings to designated smoking areas.
"Public place" means any enclosed, indoor area used by the general public or serving as a place of work, including, but not limited to, restaurants, retail stores, offices and other commercial establishments, public conveyances, educational facilities other than public schools, as defined in section 120A.05, subdivisions 9, 11, and 13, hospitals, nursing homes, auditoriums, arenas, meeting rooms, and common areas of rental apartment buildings, but excluding private, enclosed offices occupied exclusively by smokers even though such offices may be visited by nonsmokers.
"Smoking" includes carrying a lighted cigar, cigarette, pipe, or any other lighted smoking equipment.
no person shall smoke in a public place or at a public meeting except in designated smoking areas. This prohibition does not apply in cases in which an entire room or hall is used for a private social function and seating arrangements are under the control of the sponsor of the function and not of the proprietor or person in charge of the place. Furthermore, this prohibition shall not apply to places of work not usually frequented by the general public, except that the state commissioner of health shall establish rules to restrict or prohibit smoking in factories, warehouses, and those places of work where the close proximity of workers or the inadequacy of ventilation causes smoke pollution detrimental to the health and comfort of nonsmoking employees.
Smoking is prohibited in a day care center licensed under Minnesota Rules, parts 9503.0005 to 9503.0175, or in a family home or in a group family day care provider home licensed under Minnesota Rules, parts 9502.0300 to 9502.0445, during its hours of operation.
(a) Smoking is prohibited in any area of a hospital, health care clinic, doctor's office, or other health care-related facility, other than a nursing home, boarding care facility, or licensed residential facility, except as allowed in this subdivision.
(b) Smoking by participants in peer reviewed scientific studies related to the health effects of smoking may be allowed in a separated room ventilated at a rate of 60 cubic feet per minute per person pursuant to a policy that is approved by the commissioner and is established by the administrator of the program to minimize exposure of nonsmokers to smoke.
The proprietor or other person in charge of a public place shall make reasonable efforts to prevent smoking in the public place by
(a) posting appropriate signs;
(b) arranging seating to provide a smoke-free area;
(c) asking smokers to refrain from smoking upon request of a client or employee suffering discomfort from the smoke; or
(d) any other means which may be appropriate
(b) Rules implementing sections 144.411 to 144.417 adopted after January 1, 2002, may not take effect until approved by a law enacted after January 1, 2002. This paragraph does not apply to a rule or severable portion of a rule governing smoking in office buildings, factories, warehouses, or similar places of work, or in health care facilities. This paragraph does not apply to a rule changing the definition of "restaurant" to make it the same as the definition in section 157.15, subdivision 12.
The state commissioner of health, a board of health as defined in section 145A.02, subdivision 2, or any affected party may institute an action in any court with jurisdiction to enjoin repeated violations of section 144.416 or 144.4165.
Presented to the governor May 14, 2007
Signed by the governor May 16, 2007, 11:01 a.m.