language to be deleted (2) new language
CHAPTER 585-S.F.No. 1788 An act relating to waste management; applying government waste reduction requirements to compilations of game and fish laws; clarifying the state's waste management goals; adding heat pumps to the definition of major appliances; requiring public education on reuse; authorizing larger capital assistance grants to resource recovery projects under certain circumstances; listing preferences for use of packaging; establishing enforcement of the authority of certain counties to inspect records of certain facilities; clarifying management of waste antifreeze and motor oil filters; establishing a process for resolution of disputes related to toxics in packaging and requiring a report; clarifying the prohibition on toxics in products and providing for exemptions; authorizing the issuance of field citations; prohibiting the venting of CFCs; requiring and authorizing training and certification of appliance recyclers and servicers respectively; removing the federal government from the definition of commercial transporter of medical waste; requiring medical waste management plans to contain information regarding mailing of sharps; banning sale of apparel containing mercury switches; modifying requirements for county service contracts; authorizing private ownership of solid waste facilities; permitting counties and local governments to impose certain conditions on disposal of unprocessed solid waste; authorizing counties to require record keeping; expanding the restriction on disposal of unprocessed waste from the metropolitan area; requiring reports; providing penalties and remedies; amending Minnesota Statutes 1992, sections 97A.051, subdivision 1; 115A.02; 115A.03, subdivision 17a; 115A.072, subdivision 4; 115A.5501, subdivisions 1, 2, and by adding subdivisions; 115A.554; 115A.557, subdivision 3; 115A.87; 115A.882, subdivision 3, and by adding a subdivision; 115A.9157, subdivisions 4 and 5; 115A.918, subdivision 1, and by adding a subdivision; 115A.919, subdivision 3; 115A.921, subdivision 1; 115A.9301, by adding a subdivision; 115A.95; 115A.9561, subdivision 2; 115A.965, subdivision 6, and by adding a subdivision; 116.07, subdivision 4h; 116.731, by adding a subdivision; 116.76, subdivision 4; 116.92, subdivision 8; 473.803, by adding a subdivision; 473.811, subdivisions 5 and 5a; 473.843, subdivision 1; 473.844, subdivision 1a; 473.845, subdivision 3; and 473.848, subdivisions 1 and 5; Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, sections 115A.54, subdivision 2a; 115A.5501, subdivision 3; 115A.916; 115A.929; 115A.9651; 115A.981, subdivision 3; 116.79, subdivision 1; 400.04, subdivision 4; 473.149, subdivision 6; and 473.846; proposing coding for new law in Minnesota Statutes, chapters 115A; 116; and 473; repealing Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 115A.542. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 97A.051, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [COMPILATION OF LAWS.] As soon as practicable after each legislative session, the commissioner, with the cooperation of the attorney general and the revisor of statutes, shall assemble the current laws and permanent rules relating to wild animals and index the laws and rules properly. This compilation shall be printed in pamphlet form of pocket size, and
50 copies distributed to each senator, 25 copies to each representative, andten copies shall be distributed to each county auditor. Section 3.195 governs distribution of copies to members of the legislature. Up to 10,000 additional copies may be printed for general distribution. Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.02, is amended to read: 115A.02 [LEGISLATIVE DECLARATION OF POLICY; PURPOSES.] (a) It is the goal of this chapter to improveprotect the state's land, air, water, and other natural resources and the public health by improving waste management in the state to serve the following purposes: (1) Reduction in the amount and toxicity of waste generated; (2) Separation and recovery of materials and energy from waste; (3) Reduction in indiscriminate dependence on disposal of waste; (4) Coordination of solid waste management among political subdivisions; and (5) Orderly and deliberate development and financial security of waste facilities including disposal facilities. (b) The waste management goal of the state is to foster an integrated waste management system in a manner appropriate to the characteristics of the waste stream and thereby protect the state's land, air, water, and other natural resources and the public health. The following waste management practices are in order of preference: (1) waste reduction and reuse; (2) waste recycling; (3) composting of yard waste and food waste; (4) resource recovery through mixed municipal solid waste composting or incineration; and (5) land disposal. Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.03, subdivision 17a, is amended to read: Subd. 17a. [MAJOR APPLIANCES.] "Major appliances" means clothes washers and dryers, dishwashers, hot water heaters, residentialheat pumps, furnaces, garbage disposals, trash compactors, conventional and microwave ovens, ranges and stoves, air conditioners, dehumidifiers, refrigerators, and freezers. Sec. 4. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.072, subdivision 4, is amended to read: Subd. 4. [EDUCATION, PROMOTION, AND PROCUREMENT.] The office shall include waste reduction and reuse, including packaging reduction and reuse, as an element of its program of public education on waste management required under this section. The waste reduction and reuse education program must include dissemination of information and may include an award program for model waste reduction and reuse efforts. Waste reduction and reuse educational efforts must also include provision of information about and promotion of the model procurement program developed by the commissioner of administration under section 115A.15, subdivision 7, or any other model procurement program that results in significant waste reduction and reuse. Sec. 5. Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 115A.54, subdivision 2a, is amended to read: Subd. 2a. [SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROJECTS.] (a) The director shall provide technical and financial assistance for the acquisition and betterment of solid waste management projects as provided in this subdivision and section 115A.52. Money appropriated for the purposes of this subdivision must be distributed as grants. (b) Except as provided in paragraph (c), a project may receive grant assistance up to 25 percent of the capital cost of the project or $2,000,000, whichever is less, except that projects constructed as a result of intercounty cooperative agreements may receive (1) grant assistance up to 25 percent of the capital cost of the project; or (2) $2,000,000 times the number of participating counties, whichever is less. (c) A recycling project or a project to compost or cocompost waste may receive grant assistance up to 50 percent of the capital cost of the project or $2,000,000, whichever is less, except that projects completed as a result of intercounty cooperative agreements may receive (1) grant assistance up to 50 percent of the capital cost of the project; or (2) $2,000,000 times the number of participating counties, whichever is less. The following projects may also receive grant assistance in the amounts specified in this paragraph: (1) a project to improve control of or reduce air emissions at an existing resource recovery facility; and (2) a project to substantially increase the recovery of materials or energy, substantially reduce the amount or toxicity of waste processing residuals, or expand the capacity of an existing resource recovery facility to meet the resource recovery needs of an expanded region if each county from which waste is or would be received has achieved a recycling rate in excess of the goals in section 115A.551, and is implementing aggressive waste reduction and household hazardous waste management programs. (d) Notwithstanding paragraph (e), the director may award grants for transfer stations that will initially transfer waste to landfills if the transfer stations are part of a planned resource recovery project, the county where the planned resource recovery facility will be located has a comprehensive solid waste management plan approved by the director, and the solid waste management plan proposes the development of the resource recovery facility. If the proposed resource recovery facility is not in place and operating within eight years of the date of the grant award, the recipient shall repay the grant amount to the state. (e) Projects without resource recovery are not eligible for assistance. (f) In addition to any assistance received under paragraph (b) or (c), a project may receive grant assistance for the cost of tests necessary to determine the appropriate pollution control equipment for the project or the environmental effects of the use of any product or material produced by the project. (g) In addition to the application requirements of section 115A.51, an application for a project serving eligible jurisdictions in only a single county must demonstrate that cooperation with jurisdictions in other counties to develop the project is not needed or not feasible. Each application must also demonstrate that the project is not financially prudent without the state assistance, because of the applicant's financial capacity and the problems inherent in the waste management situation in the area, particularly transportation distances and limited waste supply and markets for resources recovered. (h) For the purposes of this subdivision, a "project" means a processing facility, together with any transfer stations, transmission facilities, and other related and appurtenant facilities primarily serving the processing facility. The director shall adopt rules for the program by July 1, 1985. (i) Notwithstanding anything in this subdivision to the contrary, a project to construct a new mixed municipal solid waste transfer station that has an enforceable commitment of at least ten years, or of sufficient length to retire bonds sold for the facility, to serve an existing resource recovery facility may receive grant assistance up to 75 percent of the capital cost of the project if addition of the transfer station will increase substantially the geographical area served by the resource recovery facility and the ability of the resource recovery facility to operate more efficiently on a regional basis and the facility meets the criteria in paragraph (c), the second clause (2). A transfer station eligible for assistance under this paragraph is not eligible for assistance under any other paragraph of this subdivision. Sec. 6. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.5501, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [STATEWIDE WASTE PACKAGING REDUCTION GOAL.] It is the goal of the state that there be a minimum 25 percent statewide per capita reduction in the amount of discarded packaging delivered to solid waste composting, incineration, refuse derived fuel and disposalfacilities by December 31, 1995, based on a reasonable estimate of the amount of packaging that was delivered to solid waste composting, incineration, and disposalfacilities in calendar year 1992. Sec. 7. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.5501, subdivision 2, is amended to read: Subd. 2. [MEASUREMENT; PROCEDURES.] To measure the overall percentage of packaging in the statewide solid waste stream, the commissioner and the chair of the metropolitan council, in consultation with the director, shall each conduct an annual four-season solid waste composition study in the nonmetropolitan and metropolitan areas respectively or shall develop an alternative method that is as statistically reliable as a waste composition study to measure the percentage of packaging in the waste stream. Beginning in 1993, the chair of the council shall submit the results from the metropolitan area to the commissioner by March 1 of each year. The commissioner shall average the nonmetropolitan and metropolitan results and submit the statewide percentage, along with a statistically reliable margin of error, to the director by April 1 of each year. The director shall report the information to the legislative commission on waste management by July 1 of each year. The 1994 report must include a discussion of the reliability of data gathered under this subdivision and the methodology used to determine a statistically reliable margin of error. Sec. 8. Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 115A.5501, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [FACILITY COOPERATION AND REPORTS.] The owner or operator of a solid waste composting, incineration, refuse derived fuel or disposalfacility shall allow access upon reasonable notice to authorized office, agency, or metropolitan council staff for the purpose of conducting waste composition studies or otherwise assessing the amount of total packaging in the waste delivered to the facility under this section. Beginning in 1993, by February 1 of each year the owner or operator of a facility governed by this subdivision shall submit a report to the commissioner, on a form prescribed by the commissioner, specifying the total amount of solid waste received by the facility between January 1 and December 31 of the previous year. The commissioner shall calculate the total amount of solid waste delivered to solid waste facilities from the reports received from the facility owners or operators and shall report the aggregate amount to the director by April 1 of each year. The commissioner shall assess a nonforgivable administrative penalty under section 116.072 of $500 plus any forgivable amount necessary to enforce this subdivision on any owner or operator who fails to submit a report required by this subdivision. Sec. 9. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.5501, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 5. [RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER REDUCTION GOALS.] If the goal in subdivision 1 is met, the director shall include in the report required in subdivision 4 recommendations for appropriate goals for further reducing the amount of discarded packaging delivered to facilities. The report must include an analysis of the costs of further reductions. Sec. 10. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.5501, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 6. [DEFINITION.] For the purposes of this section, "facility" means a composting, incineration, refuse-derived fuel, or disposal facility that accepts mixed municipal solid waste or construction waste. Sec. 11. [115A.5502] [PACKAGING PRACTICES; PREFERENCES; GOALS.] Packaging forms a substantial portion of solid waste and contributes to environmental degradation and the costs of managing solid waste. It is imperative to reduce the amount and toxicity of packaging that must be managed as solid waste. In order to achieve significant reduction of packaging in solid waste and to assist packagers and others to meet the packaging reduction goal in section 115A.5501, the goal of the state is that items be distributed without any packaging where feasible and, only when necessary to protect health and safety or product integrity, with the minimal amount of packaging possible. The following categories of packaging are listed in order of preference for use by all persons who find it necessary to package items for distribution or use in the state: (1) minimal packaging that contains no intentionally introduced toxic materials and that is designed to be and actually is reused for its original purpose at least five times; (2) minimal packaging that contains no intentionally introduced toxic materials, that is recyclable, and is regularly collected through recycling collection programs available to at least 75 percent of the residents of the state; (3) minimal packaging that does not comply with clauses (1) and (2) because it is required under federal or state law and for which there does not exist a commercially feasible alternative that does comply with clauses (1) and (2); (4) packaging that contains no intentionally introduced toxic materials but does not comply with clauses (1) to (3); and (5) all other packaging. Sec. 12. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.554, is amended to read: 115A.554 [AUTHORITY OF SANITARY DISTRICTS.] A sanitary district with the authority to regulate solid wastehas the authorityauthorities and dutyduties of counties within the district's boundary for purposes of sections 115A.46, subdivision 4; 115A.48; 115A.551; 115A.552; 115A.553; 115A.919; 115A.929; 115A.93; 115A.96, subdivision 6; 115A.961; 115A.991; 375.18, subdivision 14; and400.08, subdivision 5except subdivision 4, paragraph (b); 400.16; and 400.161. Sec. 13. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.557, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [ELIGIBILITY TO RECEIVE MONEY.] (a) To be eligible to receive money distributed by the office under this section, a county shall within one year of October 4, 1989: (1) create a separate account in its general fund to credit the money; and (2) set up accounting procedures to ensure that money in the separate account is spent only for the purposes in subdivision 2. (b) In each following year, each county shall also: (1) have in place an approved solid waste management plan or master plan including a recycling implementation strategy under section 115A.551, subdivision 7, or 473.803, subdivision 1e, and a household hazardous waste management plan under section 115A.96, subdivision 6, by the dates specified in those provisions; (2) submit a report by MarchApril 1 of each year to the office detailing how the money was spent and the resulting gains achieved in solid waste management practices during the previous calendar year; and (3) provide evidence to the office that local revenue equal to 25 percent of the money sought for distribution under this section will be spent for the purposes in subdivision 2. (c) The office shall withhold all or part of the funds to be distributed to a county under this section if the county fails to comply with this subdivision and subdivision 2. Sec. 14. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.87, is amended to read: 115A.87 [JUDICIAL REVIEW; ATTORNEY GENERAL TO PROVIDE COUNSEL.] An action challenging a designation must be brought within 60 days of the approval of the designation by the reviewing authority. The action is subject to section 562.02. In any action challenging a designation ordinance or the implementation of a designation ordinance, the person bringing the challenge shall notify the attorney general. The attorney general may intervene in any administrative or court action to represent the state's interest in designation of solid waste, and, on request of a county whose designation ordinance has been challenged, provide legal representation for the county in any administrative or court action related to the challenge. Sec. 15. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.882, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [INSPECTION.] A person authorized by a county in which a designation ordinance is effective may, anywhere in the state: (1) upon presentation of identification and without a search warrant, inspect or copy the records required to be kept on a waste collection vehicle under subdivision 2 and inspect the waste on the vehicle at the time of deposit of the waste at a facility; (2) when reasonable notice under the circumstances has been given, upon presentation of identification and without a search warrant, inspect or copy the records of an owner or operator of a solid waste facility that are required to be maintained under subdivision 2; (3) request, in writing, copies of records of a solid waste collector that indicate the type, origin, and weight or, if applicable, the volume of waste collected, the identity of the facility at which the waste was deposited, and the date of deposit at the facility; and (4) upon presentation of identification and without a search warrant, inspect or copy that portion of the business records of a waste collector necessary to comply with clause (3) at the central record-keeping location of the waste collector only if the collector fails to provide copies of the records within 15 days of receipt of a written request for them, unless the time has been extended by agreement of the parties. Records or information received, inspected, or copied by a county under this section are classified as nonpublic data as defined in section 13.02, subdivision 9, and may be used by the county solely for enforcement of a designation ordinance. A waste collector or the owner or operator of a waste facility shall maintain business records needed to comply with this section for two years. Sec. 16. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.882, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 4. [CIVIL ENFORCEMENT; VENUE.] (a) A person who fails to comply with this section is subject to: (1) an action to compel performance or to restrain or enjoin any activity that interferes with the requirement to keep records in subdivision 2 or the requirement to allow timely entry and inspection in subdivision 3; (2) damages caused by the failure to keep records or by refusal to allow timely entry or inspection; (3) a civil penalty payable to the county seeking enforcement of up to $10,000 per day for each day of refusal to allow timely entry or inspection; or (4) any or all of the above. (b) A county in which a designation ordinance is in effect may enforce this section by commencing an action in district court in the county in which the facility is located or in the county in which the designation ordinance is in effect. The court may compel performance in any manner deemed appropriate by the court, including, but not limited to, issuance of an order to show cause, a temporary restraining order, or an injunction. In addition, the court may order payment of damages or a civil penalty or both. In an action brought by a county to enforce this section in which the county substantially prevails, the court may order payment by the defendant of the county's costs and disbursements, including reasonable attorney fees. Sec. 17. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.9157, subdivision 4, is amended to read: Subd. 4. [PILOT PROJECTS.] By April 15, 1992, manufacturers whose rechargeable batteries or products powered by rechargeable batteries are sold in this state shall implement pilot projects for the collection and proper management of all rechargeable batteries and the participating manufacturers' products powered by nonremovable rechargeable batteries. Manufacturers may act as a group or through a representative organization. The pilot projects must run for a minimum of 18 months and be designed to collect sufficient statewide data for the design and implementation of permanent collection and management programs that may be reasonably expected to collect at least 90 percent of waste rechargeable batteries and the participating manufacturers' products powered by rechargeable batteries that are generated in the state. By December 1, 1991, the manufacturers or their representative organization shall submit plans for the projects to the legislative commission. At least every six months during the pilot projects the manufacturers shall submit progress reports to the commission. The commission shall review the plans and progress reports.By November 1, 1993, the manufacturers or their representative organization shall report to the legislative commission the final results of the projects and plans for implementation of permanent programs. The commission shall review the final results and plans. By October 1, 1994, and by October 1, 1995, each manufacturer or a representative organization shall submit to the commission additional reports that detail progress made toward implementing permanent management programs. The October 1, 1995, report must include a description of the programs implemented under subdivision 5. These progress reports must include the estimated amount of rechargeable batteries subject to this section sold in the state by each manufacturer and the amount of batteries each collected during the previous year. A representative organization may report amounts in aggregate for all the members of the organization. Sec. 18. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.9157, subdivision 5, is amended to read: Subd. 5. [COLLECTION AND MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS.] By April 15, 1994September 20, 1995, the manufacturers or their representative organization shall implement permanent programs, based on the results of the pilot projects required in subdivision 4, that may be reasonably expected to collect 90 percent of the waste rechargeable batteries and the participating manufacturers' products powered by rechargeable batteries that are generated in the state. The batteries and products collected must be recycled or otherwise managed or disposed of properly. In every odd-numbered year after 1995, each manufacturer or a representative organization shall provide information to the commission that specifies at least the estimated amount of rechargeable batteries subject to this section sold in the state by each manufacturer and the amount of batteries each collected during the previous two years. A representative organization may report the amounts in aggregate for all the members of the organization. Sec. 19. Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 115A.916, is amended to read: 115A.916 [MOTOR AND VEHICLE FLUIDS AND FILTERS; PROHIBITIONS.] (a) A person may not knowingly place motor oil, brake fluid, power steering fluid, transmission fluid, motor oil filters, or antifreeze: (1) in solid waste or in a solid waste management facility other than a recycling facility or a household hazardous waste collection facility; (2) in or on the land, unless approved by the agency; or (3) in or on the waters of the state or in a stormwater or wastewater collection or treatment system. (b) For the purposes of this section, "antifreeze" does not include small amounts of antifreeze contained in water used to flush the cooling system of a vehicle after the antifreeze has been drained and does not include deicer that has been used on the exterior of a vehicle. (c) This section does not apply to antifreeze placed in a wastewater collection system that includes a publicly or privately owned treatment works that is permitted by the agency until July 1, 1995December 31, 1996. (d) Notwithstanding paragraph (a), motor oil filters and portions of motor oil filters may be processed at a permitted mixed municipal solid waste resource recovery facility that directly burns the waste if: (1) the facility is subject to an industrial waste management plan that addresses management of motor oil filters and the owner or operator of the facility can demonstrate to the satisfaction of the commissioner that the facility is in compliance with that plan; (2) the facility recovers ferrous metal after incineration for recycling as part of its operation; and (3) the motor oil filters are collected separately from mixed municipal solid waste and are not combined with it except for the purpose of incinerating the waste. Sec. 20. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.918, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [SCOPE.] The definitions in this section apply to this section and sections 115A.919 and 115A.921to 115A.929. Sec. 21. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.918, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 2a. [EQUIVALENT.] For mixed municipal solid waste, the measure of "equivalent" or "equivalent cubic yards of waste" is 3.33 cubic yards per ton of waste. Sec. 22. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.919, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [EXEMPTIONS.] (a) Waste residue from recycling facilities at which recyclable materials are separated or processed for the purpose of recycling, or from energy and resource recovery facilities at which solid waste is processed for the purpose of extracting, reducing, converting to energy, or otherwise separating and preparing solid waste for reuse shall be exempt from any fee imposed by a county under this section if there is at least an 85 percent volume reduction in the solid waste processed. Before any fee is reduced, the verification procedures of section 473.843, subdivision 1, paragraph (c), must be followed and submitted to the appropriate county, except that for facilities operating outside of the metropolitan area the commissioner shall prescribe procedures for verifying the required 85 percent volume reduction. (b) A facility permitted for the disposal of construction debris is exempt from 25 percent of a fee imposed under subdivision 1 if the facility has implemented a recycling program approved by the county and 25 percent if the facility contains a liner and leachate collection system approved by the agency. Sec. 23. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.921, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [MIXED MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE.] A city or town may impose a fee, not to exceed $1 per cubic yard of waste, or its equivalent, on operators of facilities for the disposal of mixed municipal solid waste located within the city or town. The revenue from the fees must be credited to the city or town general fund. Revenue produced by 25 cents of the fee must be used only for purposes of landfill abatement or for purposes of mitigating and compensating for the local risks, costs, and other adverse effects of facilities. Revenue produced by the balance of the fee may be used for any general fund purpose. Waste residue from recycling facilities at which recyclable materials are separated or processed for the purpose of recycling, or from energy and resource recovery facilities at which solid waste is processed for the purpose of extracting, reducing, converting to energy, or otherwise separating and preparing solid waste for reuse shall be exempt from the fee imposed by a city or town under this section if there is at least an 85 percent volume reduction in the solid waste processed. Before any fee is reduced, the verification procedures of section 473.843, subdivision 1, paragraph (c), must be followed and submitted to the appropriate city or town, except that for facilities operating outside of the metropolitan area the commissioner shall prescribe procedures for verifying the required 85 percent volume reduction. Sec. 24. Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 115A.929, is amended to read: 115A.929 [FEES; ACCOUNTING.] Each local government unitpolitical subdivision that provides for solid waste management shall account for all revenue collected from waste management fees, together with interest earned on revenue from the fees, separately from other revenue collected by the local government unitpolitical subdivision and shall report revenue collected from the fees and use of the revenue separately from other revenue and use of revenue in any required financial report or audit. For the purposes of this section, "waste management fees" means: (1) all fees, charges, and surcharges collected under sections 115A.919, 115A.921, and 115A.923; (2) all tipping fees collected at waste management facilities owned or operated by the local government unitpolitical subdivision; (3) all charges imposed by the local government unitpolitical subdivision for waste collection and management services; and (4) any other fees, charges, or surcharges imposed on waste or for the purpose of waste management, whether collected directly from generators or indirectly through property taxes or as part of utility or other charges for services provided by the local government unitpolitical subdivision. Sec. 25. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.9301, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 3. [ALTERNATIVE.] A local government unit may satisfy the requirements of this section by establishing at least three price categories for collection of household mixed municipal solid waste to include, for households that generate small volumes of waste, a waste collection unit that is smaller than and priced lower than for other generators if the local government unit: (1) operates or contracts for the operation of a residential recycling program that collects more categories of recyclable materials than required in section 115A.552; (2) has a residential participation rate in its recycling programs of at least 70 percent or in excess of the participation rate for the county in which it is located, whichever is greater; (3) is located in a county that has exceeded the recycling goals in section 115A.551; and (4) generates, by all waste generators in the city, an amount of mixed municipal solid waste that is managed by incineration, production of refuse-derived fuel, mixed municipal solid waste composting, or disposal that is no greater, in proportion to the total amount of waste managed as listed above by all waste generators in the county in which the city is located, than it was for calendar year 1993. Sec. 26. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.95, is amended to read: 115A.95 [RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.] A disposal facility or a resource recovery facility that is composting waste, burning waste, or converting waste to energy or to materials for combustion , and is owned or operated by a public agency or supported by public funds or by obligations issued by a public agency,may not accept source-separated recyclable materials, and a solid waste collector or transporter may not deliver source-separated recyclable materials to such a facility, except for recycling or transfer to a recycler, unless the director determines that no other person is willing to accept the recyclable materials. Sec. 27. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.9561, subdivision 2, is amended to read: Subd. 2. [RECYCLING REQUIRED.] Major appliances must be recycled or reused. Each county shall ensure that its residentshouseholds have the opportunity to recycle used major appliances. For the purposes of this section, recycling includes: (1) the removal of capacitors that may contain PCBs; (2) the removal of ballasts that may contain PCBs; (3) the removal of chlorofluorocarbon refrigerant gas; and (4) the recycling or reuse of the metals, including mercury. Sec. 28. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.965, subdivision 6, is amended to read: Subd. 6. [ RULESIMPLEMENTATION; DISPUTE RESOLUTION.] In lieu of adopting rules to implement this section, the commissioner of the pollution control agency , in consultation with the director of the office of waste management, shall adopt rules to implement this sectionshall seek membership in the toxics in packaging clearinghouse administered by the source reduction task force of the Coalition of Northeastern Governors for the purposes of implementation of this section and resolving issues and disputes that arise in connection with it. The commissioner shall seek a recommendation from the clearinghouse prior to making a decision on an issue or dispute of first impression and shall implement the recommendation unless the commissioner specifically finds that the recommended determination is not in the state's best interest. A package for which a request for exemption has been submitted to the commissioner is not subject to enforcement action pending the commissioner's determination. Sec. 29. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 115A.965, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 7. [REPORT.] By September 1 of each odd-numbered year, the commissioner shall prepare and submit to the legislative commission a report to include: (1) enforcement actions taken by the commissioner under this section for the reporting period; and (2) issues and disputes that have arisen under this section, the recommendations made by the toxics in packaging clearinghouse for resolution of those issues and disputes, and how those issues and disputes were finally resolved by the commissioner. Sec. 30. Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 115A.9651, is amended to read: 115A.9651 [TOXICS IN SPECIFIED PRODUCTS; ENFORCEMENT.] Subdivision 1. [PROHIBITION.] After July 1, 1994,(a) No person may deliberately introduce lead, cadmium, mercury, or hexavalent chromium intodistribute for sale or use in this state any ink, dye, pigment, paint, or fungicide that is intended for use or for sale in this statemanufactured after September 1, 1994, into which lead, cadmium, mercury, or hexavalent chromium has been intentionally introduced. Until July 1, 1997, this section does not apply to electrodeposition primer coating or primer coating used on aircraft, porcelain enamel coatings, medical devices, hexavalent chromium in the form of chromine acid when processed at a temperature of at least 750 degrees Fahrenheit, or ink used for computer identification markings.(b) For the purposes of this subdivision, "intentionally introduce" means to deliberately use a metal listed in paragraph (a) as an element during manufacture or distribution of an item listed in paragraph (a). Intentional introduction does not include the incidental presence of any of the prohibited elements. (c) The concentration of a listed metal in an item listed in paragraph (a) may not exceed 100 parts per million. Subd. 2. [TEMPORARY EXEMPTION.] (a) An item listed in subdivision 1 is exempt from this section until July 1, 1997, if the manufacturer of the item submits to the commissioner a written request for an exemption by August 1, 1994. The request must include at least: (1) an explanation of why compliance is not technically feasible at the time of the request; (2) how the manufacturer will comply by July 1, 1997; and (3) the name, address, and telephone number of a person the commissioner can contact for further information. (b) By September 1, 1994, a person who uses an item listed in subdivision 1, into which one of the listed metals has been intentionally introduced, may submit, on behalf of the manufacturer, a request for temporary exemption only if the manufacturer fails to submit an exemption request as provided in paragraph (a). The request must include: (1) an explanation of why the person must continue to use the item and a discussion of potential alternatives; (2) an explanation of why it is not technically feasible at the time of the request to formulate or manufacture the item without intentionally introducing a listed metal; (3) that the person will seek alternatives to using the item by July 1, 1997, if it still contains an intentionally introduced listed metal; and (4) the name, address, and telephone number of a person the commissioner can contact for further information. (c) A person who submits a request for temporary exemption under paragraph (b) may submit a request for a temporary exemption after September 1, 1994, for an item that the person will use as an alternative to the item for which the request was originally made as long as the new item has a total concentration level of all the listed metals that is significantly less than in the original item. An exemption under this paragraph expires July 1, 1997, and the person who requests it must submit the progress description required in paragraph (e). (d) By October 1, 1994, and annually thereafter if requests are received under paragraph (c), the commissioner shall submit to the legislative commission on waste management a list of manufacturers and persons that have requested an exemption under this subdivision and the items for which exemptions were sought, along with copies of the requests. (e) By July 1, 1996, each manufacturer on the list shall submit to the commissioner a description of the progress the manufacturer has made toward compliance with subdivision 1, and the date compliance has been achieved or the date on or before July 1, 1997, by which the manufacturer anticipates achieving compliance. By July 1, 1996, each person who has requested an exemption under paragraph (b) or (c) shall submit to the commissioner: (1) a description of progress made to eliminate the listed metal or metals from the item or progress made by the person to find a replacement item that does not contain an intentionally introduced listed metal; and (2) the date or anticipated date the item is or will be free of intentionally introduced metals or the date the person has stopped or will stop using the item. By October 1, 1996, the commissioner shall submit to the legislative commission a summary of the progress made by the manufacturers and other persons and any recommendations for appropriate legislative or other action to ensure that products are not distributed in the state after July 1, 1997, that violate subdivision 1. Subd. 3. [APPLICATION; ENFORCEMENT.] (a) This section does not apply to art supplies. (b) This section may be enforced under sections 115.071 and 116.072. The attorney general or the commissioner of the agency shall coordinate enforcement of this section with the director of the office. Sec. 31. Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 115A.981, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [REPORT.] (a) The commissioner shall report to the legislative commission on waste management by July 1 of each odd-numbered year on the economic status and outlook of the state's solid waste management sector including an estimate of the extent to which prices for solid waste management paid by consumers reflect costs related to environmental and public health protection, including a discussion of how prices are publicly and privately subsidized and how identified costs of waste management are not reflected in the prices. (b) In preparing the report, the commissioner shall: (1) consult with the director; the metropolitan council; local government units; solid waste collectors, transporters, and processors; owners and operators of solid waste facilities; and other interested persons; (2) consider and analyze information received under subdivision 2 and information available under section 115A.929; and (3) analyze information gathered and comments received relating to the most recent solid waste management policy report prepared under section 115A.411. The commissioner shall also recommend any legislation necessary to ensure adequate and reliable information needed for preparation of the report. (c) The report must also include: (1) statewide and facility by facility estimates of the total potential costs and liabilities associated with solid waste disposal facilities for closure and postclosure care, response costs under chapter 115B, and any other potential costs, liabilities, or financial responsibilities; (2) statewide and facility by facility requirements for proof of financial responsibility under section 116.07, subdivision 4h, and how each facility is meeting those requirements. Sec. 32. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 116.07, subdivision 4h, is amended to read: Subd. 4h. [FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY RULES.] (a) The agency shall adopt rules requiring the operator or owner of a solid waste disposal facility to submit to the agency proof of the operator's or owner's financial capability to provide reasonable and necessary response during the operating life of the facility and for 2030 years after closure for a mixed municipal solid waste disposal facility or for a minimum of 20 years after closure, as determined by agency rules, for any other solid waste disposal facility, and to provide for the closure of the facility and postclosure care required under agency rules. Proof of financial responsibility is required of the operator or owner of a facility receiving an original permit or a permit for expansion after adoption of the rules. Within 180 days of the effective date of the rules or by July 1, 1987, whichever is later, proof of financial responsibility is required of an operator or owner of a facility with a remaining capacity of more than five years or 500,000 cubic yards that is in operation at the time the rules are adopted. Compliance with the rules and the requirements of paragraph (b) is a condition of obtaining or retaining a permit to operate the facility. (b) A municipality, as defined in section 475.51, subdivision 2, including a sanitary district, that owns or operates a solid waste disposal facility that was in operation on May 15, 1989, may meet its financial responsibility for all or a portion of the contingency action portion of the reasonable and necessary response costs at the facility by pledging its full faith and credit to meet its responsibility. The pledge must be made in accordance with the requirements in chapter 475 for issuing bonds of the municipality, and the following additional requirements: (1) The governing body of the municipality shall enact an ordinance that clearly accepts responsibility for the costs of contingency action at the facility and that reserves, during the operating life of the facility and for 20 yearsthe time period required in paragraph (a) after closure, a portion of the debt limit of the municipality, as established under section 475.53 or other law, that is equal to the total contingency action costs. (2) The municipality shall require that all collectors that haul to the facility implement a plan for reducing solid waste by using volume-based pricing, recycling incentives, or other means. (3) When a municipality opts to meet a portion of its financial responsibility by relying on its authority to issue bonds, it shall also begin setting aside in a dedicated long-term care trust fund money that will cover a portion of the potential contingency action costs at the facility, the amount to be determined by the agency for each facility based on at least the amount of waste deposited in the disposal facility each year, and the likelihood and potential timing of conditions arising at the facility that will necessitate response action. The agency may not require a municipality to set aside more than five percent of the total cost in a single year. (4) A municipality shall have and consistently maintain an investment grade bond rating as a condition of using bonding authority to meet financial responsibility under this section. (5) The municipality shall file with the commissioner of revenue its consent to have the amount of its contingency action costs deducted from state aid payments otherwise due the municipality and paid instead to the environmental response, compensation, and compliance account created in section 115B.20, if the municipality fails to conduct the contingency action at the facility when ordered by the agency. If the agency notifies the commissioner that the municipality has failed to conduct contingency action when ordered by the agency, the commissioner shall deduct the amounts indicated by the agency from the state aids in accordance with the consent filed with the commissioner. (6) The municipality shall file with the agency written proof that it has complied with the requirements of paragraph (b). (c) The method for proving financial responsibility under paragraph (b) may not be applied to a new solid waste disposal facility or to expansion of an existing facility, unless the expansion is a vertical expansion. Vertical expansions of qualifying existing facilities cannot be permitted for a duration of longer than three years. Sec. 33. [116.073] [FIELD CITATIONS.] Subdivision 1. [AUTHORITY TO ISSUE.] Pollution control agency staff designated by the commissioner and department of natural resources conservation officers may issue citations to a person who disposes of solid waste as defined in section 116.06, subdivision 22, at a location not authorized by law for the disposal of solid waste without permission of the owner of the property. A citation issued under this subdivision must include a requirement that the person cited remove and properly dispose of or otherwise manage the waste or reimburse any government agency that has disposed of the waste for the reasonable costs of disposal. Subd. 2. [PENALTY AMOUNT.] The citation must impose the following penalty amounts: (1) $100 per major appliance, as defined in section 115A.03, subdivision 17a, up to a maximum of $2,000; (2) $25 per waste tire, as defined in section 115A.90, subdivision 11, up to a maximum of $2,000; (3) $25 per lead acid battery governed by section 115A.915, up to a maximum of $2,000; (4) $1 per pound of other solid waste or $20 per cubic foot up to a maximum of $2,000; and (5) up to $200 for any amount of waste that escapes from a vehicle used for the transportation of solid waste if, after receiving actual notice that waste has escaped the vehicle, the person or company transporting the waste fails to immediately collect the waste. Subd. 3. [APPEALS.] Citations may be appealed under the procedures in section 116.072, subdivision 6, if the person requests a hearing by notifying the commissioner in writing within 15 days after receipt of the citation. If a hearing is not requested within the 15-day period, the citation becomes a final order not subject to further review. Subd. 4. [ENFORCEMENT OF FIELD CITATIONS.] Field citations may be enforced under section 116.072, subdivisions 9 and 10. Subd. 5. [CUMULATIVE REMEDY.] The authority to issue field citations is in addition to other remedies available under statutory or common law, except that the state may not seek penalties under any other provision of law for the incident subject to the citation. Sec. 34. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 116.731, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 4a. [VENTING.] A person may not knowingly vent or otherwise release into the environment any CFC used as a refrigerant in appliances. Sec. 35. [116.735] [APPLIANCE RECYCLERS AND SERVICERS; TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION.] The agency shall develop standards of competence for persons who service or recycle appliances that may contain CFCs and the commissioner may conduct training programs for persons who service or recycle appliances. A person engaged in the business of recycling appliances as described in section 115A.9561, subdivision 2, shall, and a person who services appliances may, obtain from the commissioner a certificate of competence or equivalent federal certification that has been approved by the commissioner. The agency may adopt rules to implement this section. Sec. 36. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 116.76, subdivision 4, is amended to read: Subd. 4. [COMMERCIAL TRANSPORTER.] "Commercial transporter" means a person, other than the United States government, who transports infectious or pathological waste for compensation. Sec. 37. Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 116.79, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [PREPARATION OF MANAGEMENT PLANS.] (a) To the extent applicable to the facility, a person in charge of a facility that generates, stores, decontaminates, incinerates, or disposes of infectious or pathological waste must prepare a management plan for the infectious or pathological waste handled by the facility. A person may prepare a common management plan for all generating facilities owned and operated by the person. If a single plan is prepared to cover multiple facilities, the plan must identify common policy and procedures for the facilities and any management procedures that are facility specific. The plan must identify each generating facility covered by the plan. A management plan must list all physicians, dentists, chiropractors, podiatrists, veterinarians, certified nurse practitioners, certified nurse midwives, or physician assistants, employed by, under contract to, or working at the generating facilities, except hospitals or laboratories. A management plan from a hospital must list the number of licensed beds and from a laboratory must list the number of generating employees. (b) The management plan must describe, to the extent the information is applicable to the facility: (1) the type of infectious waste and pathological waste that the person generates or handles; (2) the segregation, packaging, labeling, collection, storage, and transportation procedures for the infectious waste or pathological waste that will be followed; (3) the decontamination or disposal methods for the infectious or pathological waste that will be used; (4) the transporters and disposal facilities that will be used for the infectious waste; (5) the steps that will be taken to minimize the exposure of employees to infectious agents throughout the process of disposing of infectious or pathological wastes; and (6) the name of the individual responsible for the management of the infectious waste or pathological waste. (c) If the generator mails sharps for storage, decontamination, or disposal, the plan must specify how the generator will comply with applicable federal laws and rules. The plan must also specify the name, address, and telephone number of the facility to which the sharps are mailed, the name of the person who receives the sharps at the facility, and the annual amount mailed to the facility. If the facility to which the sharps are mailed is not the disposal facility, the plan must also identify the disposal facility. (d) The management plan must be kept at the facility. (d)(e) To the extent applicable to the facility, management plans must be accompanied by a statement of the quantity of infectious and pathological waste generated, decontaminated, stored, incinerated, or disposed of at the facility during the previous two-year period. Quantities shall be reported in pounds. (e)(f) A management plan must be updated at least once every two years. Sec. 38. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 116.92, subdivision 8, is amended to read: Subd. 8. [BAN; TOYS OR, GAMES, AND APPAREL.] A person may not sell for resale or at retail in this state a toy or game that contains mercury, or an item of clothing or wearing apparel that is exempt from sales tax under section 297A.25, subdivision 8, that contains an electric switch that contains mercury. Sec. 39. Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 400.04, subdivision 4, is amended to read: Subd. 4. [MANAGEMENT AND SERVICE CONTRACTS.] Notwithstanding sections 375.21 and 471.345, a county may enter into contracts for the construction, installation, maintenance and operation of property and facilities on private or public lands and may contract for the furnishing of solid waste management services upon terms and conditions determined by the board, with or without advertisement for bids, including the use of conditional sales contracts and lease-purchase agreements. If a county contract is let by negotiation, without advertising for bids, the county shall conduct negotiations and award the contract using a fair and open procedure and in full compliance with section 471.705. If an agency permit is required for a solid waste service, a contract entered into under this subdivision is not binding until the permit is issued. Sec. 40. Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 473.149, subdivision 6, is amended to read: Subd. 6. [REPORT TO LEGISLATURE.] The council shall report on abatement to the legislative commission on waste management by July 1 of each year. The report must include an assessment of whether the objectives of the metropolitan abatement plan have been met and whether each county and each class of city within each county have achieved the objectives set for it in the council's plan. The report must recommend any legislation that may be required to implement the plan. The report shall include the reports required by sections 115A.551, subdivision 54; 473.846; and 473.848, subdivision 4. If in any year the council reports that the objectives of the council's abatement plan have not been met, the council shall evaluate and report on the need to reassign governmental responsibilities among cities, counties, and metropolitan agencies to assure implementation and achievement of the metropolitan and local abatement plans and objectives. The report in each even-numbered year must include a report on the operating, capital, and debt service costs of solid waste facilities in the metropolitan area; changes in the costs; the methods used to pay the costs; and the resultant allocation of costs among users of the facilities and the general public. The facility costs report must present the cost and financing analysis in the aggregate and broken down by county and by major facility. Sec. 41. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 473.803, is amended by adding a subdivision to read: Subd. 5. [ROLE OF PRIVATE SECTOR; COUNTY OVERSIGHT.] A county may include in its solid waste management master plan and in its plan for county land disposal abatement a determination that the private sector will achieve, either in part or in whole, the goals and requirements of sections 473.149 and 473.803, as long as the county: (1) retains active oversight over the efforts of the private sector and monitors performance to ensure compliance with the law and the goals and standards of the council and the county as expressed in the metropolitan solid waste management plan and the county master plan; (2) continues to meet its responsibilities under the law for ensuring proper waste management, including, at a minimum, enforcing waste management law, providing waste education, promoting waste reduction, and providing its residents the opportunity to recycle waste materials; and (3) continues to provide all required reports on the county's progress in meeting the waste management goals and standards of this chapter and chapter 115A. Sec. 42. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 473.811, subdivision 5, is amended to read: Subd. 5. [ORDINANCES; SOLID WASTE COLLECTION AND TRANSPORTATION.] (a) Each metropolitan county may adopt ordinances governing the collection of solid waste. A county may adopt, but may not be required to adopt, an ordinance that requires the separation from mixed municipal waste, by generators before collection, of materials that can readily be separated for use or reuse as substitutes for raw materials or for transformation into a usable soil amendment. (b) Each local unit of government within the metropolitan area shall adopt an ordinance governing the collection of solid waste within its boundaries. If the county within which it is located has adopted a collection ordinance, the local unit shall adopt either the county ordinance by reference or a more strict ordinance. If the county within which it is located has adopted a separation ordinance, the ordinance applies in all local units within the county that have failed to meet the local abatement performance standards, as stated in the most recent annual county report. (c) Ordinances of counties and local government units may establish reasonable conditions respecting but shall not prevent the transportation of solid waste by a licensed collector through and between counties and local units, except as required for the enforcement of any designation of a facility by a county under chapter 115A or for enforcement of the prohibition on disposal of unprocessed mixed municipal solid waste under sections 473.848 and 473.849. (d) A licensed collector or a metropolitan county or local government unit may request review by the council of an ordinance adopted under this subdivision. The council shall approve or disapprove the ordinance within 60 days of the submission of a request for review. The ordinance shall remain in effect unless it is disapproved. (e) Ordinances of counties and local units of government: (1) shall provide for the enforcement of any designation of facilities by the counties under chapter 115A .; (2) may require waste collectors and transporters to deliver unprocessed mixed municipal waste generated in the county to processing facilities; and (3) may prohibit waste collectors and transporters from delivering unprocessed mixed municipal solid waste generated in the county to disposal facilities for final disposal. (f) Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to limitlimits the authority of the local government unit to regulate and license collectors of solid waste or to require review or approval by the council for ordinances regulating collection. Sec. 43. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 473.811, subdivision 5a, is amended to read: Subd. 5a. [ORDINANCES; SOLID WASTE FACILITIES.] Each metropolitan county shall by ordinance establish and from time to time revise rules, regulations, and standards for solid waste facilities within the county, relating to location, sanitary operation, periodic inspection and monitoring, maintenance, termination and abandonment, and other pertinent matters. The county ordinance may require facilities accepting mixed municipal solid waste for disposal to install scales. The county ordinance may prohibit disposal facilities from accepting unprocessed mixed municipal solid waste for final disposal. The county ordinance shall require permits or licenses for solid waste facilities and shall require that such facilities be registered with a county office. Sec. 44. [473.812] [RECORDS; INSPECTION.] For the purpose of enforcing section 473.811 or ordinances adopted under that section, a county has the responsibilities and authorities for record inspection under section 115A.882, regardless of whether the county has adopted a designation ordinance under sections 115A.80 to 115A.893. Sec. 45. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 473.843, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [AMOUNT OF FEE; APPLICATION.] The operator of a mixed municipal solid waste disposal facility in the metropolitan area shall pay a fee on solid waste accepted and disposed at the facility as follows: (a) A facility that weighs the waste that it accepts must pay a fee of $2 per cubic yard based on equivalent cubic yards$6.66 per ton of waste accepted at the entrance of the facility. (b) A facility that does not weigh the waste but that measures the volume of the waste that it accepts must pay a fee of $2 per cubic yard of waste accepted at the entrance of the facility. This fee and the tipping fee must be calculated on the same basis. (c) Waste residue, from recycling facilities at which recyclable materials are separated or processed for the purposes of recycling, or from energy and resource recovery facilities at which solid waste is processed for the purpose of extracting, reducing, converting to energy, or otherwise separating and preparing solid waste for reuse, is exempt from the fee imposed by this subdivision if there is at least an 85 percent volume reduction in the solid waste processed. To qualify for exemption under this clause, waste residue must be brought to a disposal facility separately. The commissioner of revenue, with the advice and assistance of the council and the agency, shall prescribe procedures for determining the amount of waste residue qualifying for exemption. Sec. 46. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 473.844, subdivision 1a, is amended to read: Subd. 1a. [USE OF FUNDS.] (a) The money in the account may be spent only for the following purposes: (1) assistance to any person for resource recovery projects funded under subdivision 4 or projects to develop and coordinate markets for reusable or recyclable waste materials, including related public education, planning, and technical assistance; (2) grants to counties under section 473.8441; (3) program administration by the metropolitan council; (4) public education on solid waste reduction and recycling; and(5) solid waste research; and (6) grants to multicounty groups for regionwide planning for solid waste management system operations and use of management capacity. (b) The council shall allocate at least 50 percent of the annual revenue received by the account for grants to counties under section 473.8441. Sec. 47. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 473.845, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [EXPENDITURES FROM THE FUND.] Money in the fund may only be appropriated to the agency for expenditure for: (1) reasonable and necessary expenses for closure and postclosure care of a mixed municipal solid waste disposal facility in the metropolitan area for a 20-year30-year period after closure, if the agency determines that the operator or owner will not take the necessary actions requested by the agency for closure and postclosure in the manner and within the time requested; (2) reasonable and necessary response and postclosure costs at a mixed municipal solid waste disposal facility in the metropolitan area that has been closed for 2030 years in compliance with the closure and postclosure rules of the agency; or (3) reimbursement to a local government unit for costs incurred over $400,000 under a work plan approved by the commissioner of the agency to remediate methane at a closed disposal facility owned by the local government unit. Sec. 48. Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 473.846, is amended to read: 473.846 [REPORT TO LEGISLATURE.] The agency and metropolitan council shall submit to the senate finance committee, the house ways and means committee, and the legislative commission on waste management separate reports describing the activities for which money from the landfill abatement account and contingency action trust fund has been spent during the previous fiscal year. The agency shall report by November 1 of each year on expenditures during its previous fiscal year. The council shall report on expenditures during the previous calendar year and must incorporate its report in the report required by section 473.149, due July 1 of each year. The council shall make recommendations to the legislative commission on waste management on the future management and use of the metropolitan landfill abatement account. Sec. 49. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 473.848, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [RESTRICTION.] (a) After January 1, 1990For the purposes of implementing the waste management policies in section 115A.02 and metropolitan area goals related to landfill abatement established under this chapter, a person may not dispose of unprocessed mixed municipal solid waste generated in the metropolitan area at a waste disposal facilities located in the metropolitan areafacility unless the waste disposal facility meets the standards in section 473.849 and: (1) the waste has been certified as unprocessible by a county under subdivision 2; or (2)(i) the waste has been transferred to the disposal facility from a resource recovery facility; (ii) no other resource recovery facility inserving the metropolitan area is capable of processing the waste; and (iii) the waste has been certified as unprocessible by the operator of the resource recovery facility under subdivision 3. (b) For purposes of this section, mixed municipal solid waste does not include street sweepings, construction debris, mining waste, foundry sand, and other materials, if they are not capable of being processed by resource recovery as determined by the council. Sec. 50. Minnesota Statutes 1992, section 473.848, subdivision 5, is amended to read: Subd. 5. [DEFINITION.] For the purpose of this section, waste is "unprocessed" if it has not, after collection and before disposal, undergone at least one process, as defined in section 115A.03, subdivision 25, excluding storage, exchange, and transfer of the wasteseparation of materials for resource recovery through recycling, incineration for energy production, production and use of refuse-derived fuel, composting, or any combination of these processes so that the weight of the waste remaining that must be disposed of in a mixed municipal solid waste disposal facility is not more than 35 percent of the weight before processing, on an annual average. Sec. 51. [ELECTRONIC APPLIANCES; REPORT.] By July 1, 1995, the director of the office of waste management, in consultation with the commissioner of the pollution control agency and counties, shall submit a report to the legislative commission on waste management regarding management of waste electronic appliances that: (1) identifies types of electronic appliances that contain materials that pose problems in the solid waste management system; (2) explains how those waste appliances are presently managed and identifies any adverse environmental effects of present management; and (3) recommends, if necessary, legislation to govern management of waste electronic appliances. For the purposes of this section, "electronic appliances" includes at least audio, video, computing, printing, communication, and telecommunication equipment and apparatuses that contain electronic components, including but not limited to radios, televisions, computers, computer printers, small electronic kitchen appliances, telefacsimile equipment, and household and commercial communication transmission and reception equipment, but does not include major appliances as defined in Minnesota Statutes, section 115A.03, subdivision 17a. Sec. 52. [MERCURY IN PRODUCTS; REPORT.] By December 1, 1994, the commissioner of the pollution control agency, after consultation with interested manufacturers, retailers, public interest groups, political subdivisions, and other persons, shall prepare and submit to the legislative commission on waste management a report that: (1) identifies products and portions or elements of products into which mercury is intentionally introduced; (2) identifies whether the use of mercury in the products is essential, whether alternatives exist to using mercury, and what those alternatives are; and (3) recommends legislation to address public health and environmental protection in the distribution, sale, and use of products into which mercury has been intentionally introduced and to address reduction of mercury in the products and management of the products when they become waste, including recommendations for banning specific products when the costs of management as waste outweigh the benefits that accrue from distribution, sale, and use of the products. Sec. 53. [RECYCLING FACILITIES; REPORT.] By July 1, 1995, the commissioner of the pollution control agency shall submit to the legislative commission on waste management a report that contains: (1) a description of the different types of recycling facilities and the numbers of each type that are currently in operation; (2) a survey of recycling facilities that indicates, for each facility, the type of facility, the extent to which materials delivered to the facility are not actually recycled, and other information pertaining to the facility's performance; (3) a discussion of issues affecting the performance of recycling facilities; (4) a comparison of markets for commingled and source-separated recyclable materials; and (5) recommendations regarding performance standards for recycling facilities, including whether different standards should apply to different types of facilities. In preparing the report, the commissioner shall consult with the director of the office of waste management, the chair of the metropolitan council, counties, and the recycling industry. Sec. 54. [ADDITION TO FEE REPORT.] The director of the office of waste management shall include in the solid waste fee report due December 1, 1994, required under Laws 1993, chapter 172, section 92, an analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of expanding the authority of counties, under Minnesota Statutes, section 115A.919, to also authorize fees on waste delivered to transfer stations, incinerator ash disposal facilities, and industrial waste disposal facilities. This portion of the report must discuss at least: (1) arguments for and against expansion of the fees; (2) if expansion may be appropriate, whether expanded fee authority should be limited to the metropolitan area or should be applied statewide; (3) if expansion may be appropriate, whether the legislature should set the amount of the fees, place a maximum amount on fees in statute, or allow counties to determine the amount of the fees; (4) if expansion may be appropriate, how revenue from the fees should be used, how to avoid fees being paid for the same waste more than once and how to structure fees to have a minimal effect on cooperative agreements between counties governing waste management; and (5) how expanding or not expanding application of the fees will affect competition between similar types of facilities and will affect whether waste is managed in the most environmentally sound manner. Sec. 55. [DELAYED REPORTS.] The 1994 date for reports required under Minnesota Statutes, sections 115A.551, subdivision 4; and 115A.557, subdivision 4, is delayed until August 1, 1994. Sec. 56. [APPLICATION.] Sections 40 to 50 apply in the counties of Anoka, Carver, Dakota, Hennepin, Ramsey, Scott, and Washington. Sec. 57. [REPEALER.] Minnesota Statutes 1993 Supplement, section 115A.542, is repealed effective July 1, 1995. Sec. 58. [EFFECTIVE DATE.] Section 2 is effective July 1, 1980. Sections 30, 38, and 55 are effective the day following final enactment. Section 48 is effective June 1, 1994. Section 35 is effective January 1, 1995. Presented to the governor May 4, 1994 Signed by the governor May 6, 1994, 11:50 a.m.
Official Publication of the State of Minnesota
Revisor of Statutes