language to be deleted (2) new language
Laws of Minnesota 1992 CHAPTER 533-S.F.No. 1938 An act relating to landlords and tenants; providing for assignment to the county attorney of the landlord's right to evict for breach of the covenant not to sell drugs or permit their sale; clarifying the law on forfeiture of real estate interests related to contraband or controlled substance seizures; amending Minnesota Statutes 1990, sections 504.181, subdivision 2; 609.5311, subdivision 3; and 609.5317, subdivision 1. BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF MINNESOTA: Section 1. Minnesota Statutes 1990, section 504.181, subdivision 2, is amended to read: Subd. 2. [BREACH VOIDS RIGHT TO POSSESSION.] A breach of the covenant created by subdivision 1 voids the lessee's or licensee's right to possession of the residential premises. All other provisions of the lease or license, including but not limited to the obligation to pay rent, remain in effect until the lease is terminated by the terms of the lease or operation of law. If the lessor or licensee breaches the covenant created by subdivision 1, the landlord may bring, or assign to the county attorney of the county in which the residential premises are located, the right to bring an unlawful detainer action against the lessee or licensee. The assignment must be in writing on a form provided by the county attorney, and the county attorney may determine whether to accept the assignment. If the county attorney accepts the assignment of the landlord's right to bring an unlawful detainer action: (1) any court filing fee that would otherwise be required in an unlawful detainer action is waived; and (2) the landlord retains all the rights and duties, including removal of the lessee's or licensee's personal property, following issuance of the writ of restitution and delivery of the writ to the sheriff for execution. Sec. 2. Minnesota Statutes 1990, section 609.5311, subdivision 3, is amended to read: Subd. 3. [LIMITATIONS ON FORFEITURE OF CERTAIN PROPERTY ASSOCIATED WITH CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES.] (a) A conveyance device is subject to forfeiture under this section only if the retail value of the controlled substance is $25 or more and the conveyance device is associated with a felony-level controlled substance crime. (b) Real property is subject to forfeiture under this section only if the retail value of the controlled substance or contraband is $1,000 or more. (c) Property used by any person as a common carrier in the transaction of business as a common carrier is subject to forfeiture under this section only if the owner of the property is a consenting party to, or is privy to, the use or intended use of the property as described in subdivision 2. (d) Property is subject to forfeiture under this section only if its owner was privy to the use or intended use described in subdivision 2, or the unlawful use or intended use of the property otherwise occurred with the owner's knowledge or consent. (e) Forfeiture under this section of a conveyance device or real property encumbered by a bona fide security interest is subject to the interest of the secured party unless the secured party had knowledge of or consented to the act or omission upon which the forfeiture is based. A person claiming a security interest bears the burden of establishing that interest by clear and convincing evidence. (f) Notwithstanding paragraphs (d) and (e), property is not subject to forfeiture based solely on the owner's or secured party's knowledge of the unlawful use or intended use of the property: (1) if the owner or secured party took reasonable steps to terminate use of the property by the offender; or (2) the property is real property owned by the parent of the offender, unless the parent actively participated in, or knowingly acquiesced to, a violation of chapter 152, or the real property constitutes proceeds derived from or traceable to a use described in subdivision 2. Sec. 3. Minnesota Statutes 1990, section 609.5317, subdivision 1, is amended to read: Subdivision 1. [RENTAL PROPERTY.] (a) When contraband or a controlled substance manufactured, distributed, or acquired in violation of chapter 152 is seized on residential rental property incident to a lawful search or arrest, the county attorney shall give the notice required by this subdivision to (1) the landlord of the property or the fee owner identified in the records of the county assessor, and (2) the agent authorized by the owner to accept service pursuant to section 504.22. The notice is not required during an ongoing investigation. The notice shall state what has been seized and specify the applicable duties and penalties under this subdivision. The notice shall state that the landlord who chooses to assign the right to bring an unlawful detainer action retains all rights and duties, including removal of a tenant's personal property following issuance of the writ of restitution and delivery of the writ to the sheriff for execution. The notice shall also state that the landlord may contact the county attorney if threatened by the tenant. Notice shall be sent by certified letter, return receipt requested, within 30 days of the seizure. If receipt is not returned, notice shall be given in the manner provided by law for service of summons in a civil action. (b) Within 15 days after notice of the first occurrence, the landlord shall bring, or assign to the county attorney of the county in which the real property is located, the right to bring an unlawful detainer action against the tenant. The assignment must be in writing on a form prepared by the county attorney. Should the landlord choose to assign the right to bring an unlawful detainer action, the assignment shall be limited to those rights and duties up to and including delivery of the writ of restitution to the sheriff for execution. (c) Upon notice of a second occurrence on any residential rental property owned by the same landlord in the same county and involving the same tenant, and within one year after notice of the first occurrence, the property is subject to forfeiture under sections 609.531, 609.5311, 609.5313, and 609.5315, unless an unlawful detainer action has been commenced as provided in paragraph (b) or the right to bring an unlawful detainer action was assigned to the county attorney as provided in paragraph (b). If the right has been assigned and not previously exercised, or if the county attorney requests an assignment and the landlord makes an assignment, the county attorney may bring an unlawful detainer action rather than an action for forfeiture. Sec. 4. [EFFECTIVE DATE; APPLICATION.] Section 1 is effective August 1, 1992, and applies to breaches of the covenant occurring on or after that date. Section 2 is effective the day after final enactment and applies to forfeiture proceedings commenced or pending on or after that date. Section 3 is effective August 1, 1992, and applies to second occurrences on or after that date. Presented to the governor April 17, 1992 Signed by the governor April 27, 1992, 1:53 p.m.